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Table 6 Characteristics of toxic exposure

From: Demographics of toxic exposures presenting to three public hospital emergency departments in Singapore 2001–2003

  Accidental Non-accidental Total
Number of agents
 1 3,527 4,553 8,080 (88.5%)
 2 46 628 674 (7.3%)
 >2 25 283 308 (3.3%)
Missing data: 150    
Route of exposure
 Oral 635 4,927 5,562
 Cutaneous 1,028 59 1,087
 Inhalation 174 546 720
 Ocular 370 7 377
 Parenteral 4 5 9
 Bites and stings 1,428 15 1,443
 Unknown 9 5 14
Place of exposure
 Home 1,385 2,222 3,607 (39.2%)
 Work 832 45 877 (9.5%)
 Recreational places, e.g. pubs, etc. 120 217 337 (3.7%)
 Non-specified 1,309 3,069 4,378 (47.6%)
Missing data: 13    
Time delay to presentation at the ED
 <1 h 416 262 678 (7.4%)
 1–2 h 447 378 825 (8.9%)
 2–6 h 474 853 1,327 (14.4%)
 6–24 h 351 861 1,212 (13.1%)
 >24 h 285 81 366 (4.0%)
 Unknown 1,676 3,128 4,804 (52.1%)