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Table 3 64 comparative articles

From: Technology-assisted education in graduate medical education: a review of the literature

Author Category Outcomes
measured A
Methods
compared
Study
characteristics B
Number of
subjects
in study C
Study
subjects
Type of resident C Magnitude
of benefit % D
Type of
assessment E
Preferred
method
Country
of study
Uranus et al. Clinical medicine Cs,Ap VR to Sim Cs 62 Attendings/med students NR "Sig Better" DO Technology-VR Austria
Wehrs Clinical medicine K,At,S,Ap Trad to CAI C,L 38 Attendings NR 22 T,S Technology Germany
Casebeer CME K,S,Ap,Ac Trad to WBL C,R 210 Attendings NR 15 T,S Technology USA
Short et al. CME K Trad to CAI C,R 52 Attendings NR NRA S Standard USA
Butzlaff et al. Clinical medicine K,Ap,Ac Trad to WBL C,R 72 Attendings NR NA T,S No difference Germany
Forester et al. Basic science K Trad to WBL C 477 Med students NR 9 T,S Technology USA
Krippendorf Basic science K,S,Ap Trad to CAI/VR C,Cs 206 Med students NR 2 T,S Technology USA
Hudson et al. Basic science K Trad to CAI C,R 100 Med students NR 11 T,S Technology UK
Taradi et al. Basic science K,At,S,Ap,Ac Trad to WBL Cs 220 Med students NR 10 T,S Technology Croatia
Thatcher Basic science K,At,S,Ap Trad to CAI Cs 22 Med students NR 22 T,S Technology USA
McNulty Basic science K Trad to CAI Cs 130 Med students NR 2 T,S, CL Technology USA
Noimark et al. Clinical medicine K Trad to WBL Cs 346 Med students NR 15 T Technology UK
Leong et al. Clinical medicine K,S Trad to CAI Cs 379 Med students NR 12 T,S Technology USA
Prinz Clinical medicine K Trad to CAI C,R 172 Med students NR 7/16/19* T,S Technology Austria
Degnan et al. Clinical medicine K Trad to CAI C,R 48 Med students NR NRA DO,CL Technology UK
Burgess et al. Clinical medicine K,At,S,Ap,Ac Trad to WBL Cs 91 Med students NR NRA S Technology UK
Vivekananda-Schmidt et al. Clinical medicine K,Cs,At,S,Ap Trad to CAI C,R,Cs 354 Med students NR "Sig better" DO, S Technology UK
Callas et al. Clinical medicine S,Ap,Ac Trad to WBL Cs 903 Med students NR NRA S Technology USA
Ganai et al. Clinical Medicine Cs VR to Trad C,R 19 Med students NR 40 DO, T Technology USA
Duque et al. Clinical medicine Cs Trad to WBL C,L 100 Med students NR NRA T,S Technology Canada
Stolz et al. Clinical medicine K,S,Ap,Ac Trad to WBL - NR Med students NR 10 T,S Technology Germany
Duque et al. Clinical medicine Cs,At,S Trad to WBL C,R 133 Med students NR 14 T,S,CKL Technology Canada
Vash et al. Clinical medicine K VR to TRAD C,R 48 Med students NR NRA T Technology (in 1/4 content areas) Iran
Schilling et al. Clinical medicine K,S,Ap Trad to WBL C,R 238 Med students NR 26/46* T,S Technology USA
Roesch et al. Clinical medicine K,S Trad to WBL L 3050 Med students NR 10 T,S Technology Germany
Ridgway et al. Clinical medicine K,S,Ap,Ac,At Trad to WBL Cs 88 Med students NR 4/10* T,S, CL Technology Ireland
Qayumi et al. Clinical medicine K,S,Cs,At,Ap, Trad to CAI C,R 99 Med students NR Sig improvement T,S,DO Technology Japan
Shokar et al. Clinical medicine K,Cs Trad to WBL C 179 Med students NR 5/4* T,DO Technology USA
Glittenberg et al. Clinical medicine K,At,S Trad to CAI C,R 140 Med students NR 17 T,S Technology Austria
Friedl et al. Clinical medicine K,Cs Trad to CAI C 195 Med students Surg 15/18 Cs only T,DO Standard (no diff K, CAI > Cs) Germany
Engum et al. Clinical medicine K,Cs,S Trad to VR C,R 163 Med students NR NRA T,S, CKL Standard USA
Hariri et al. Basic science K,S Sim to Trad C,R 29 Med students NR NA T,S No difference USA
Kumar et al. Basic science K,At,S,Ap,Ac Trad to CAI Cs 212 Med students NR NRA S Technology Australia
Cox et al. Clinical medicine K,At,S Trad to WBL C,R 100 Med students NR NA T,S No difference USA
Chou et al. Clinical medicine K VR to Trad C,R 16 Med students NR NA CKL No difference USA
Hahne et al. Clinical medicine K,At,S Trad to CAI C,R 167 Med students NR NA T,S No difference Germany
Curran et al. Clinical medicine K,Cs,At,S Sim to Trad C,R 60 Med students NR NA T,S, CKL No difference Canada
Wahlgren et al. Clinical medicine K,At,S,Ap,Ac Trad to CAI C,R,L 116 Med students NR NA T,S, CL No difference Sweden
Raij et al. Clinical medicine Cs,Ap VR to Trad C 82 Med students NR NA S,CL No difference USA
Nackman et al. Clinical medicine Cs Trad to WBL Cs 198 Med students NR NA T No difference USA
Karnath et al. Clinical medicine Cs Trad to CAI C,R 192 Med students NR NA T No difference USA
Feeg et al. Clinical medicine K,At Trad to CAI C,R 125 Nurses NR 10 T Technology USA
Anderson et al. Clinical medicine K,Cs Trad to WBL Cs 180 Nurses NR NA S No difference USA
Dee et al. Basic science K Trad to CAI L 98 Other NR NRA S Technology USA
Errichetti et al. Clinical medicine Cs Trad to CAI C,R 40 Med students NR NRA CL Technology USA
Ryan et al. Basic science K Trad to CAI C 23 Med students NR NA S No difference Ireland
Gold et al. Basic science K,S Trad to CAI C,R 138 Residents Surg NRA T,S,CL Technology USA
Roche et al. Basic science K Trad to CAI C,R 38 Residents Peds 11 T,S Technology USA
Gold et al. Basic ccience K,S Trad to CAI C,R 138 Residents Surg NRA T,S,CL Technology USA
Barsuck et al. Clinical medicine K,Cs Sim to Trad Cs 72 Residents NR 47/31* T,CL Technology Israel
Xiao et al. Clinical medicine K,Cs Trad to CAI/WBL C,R,Cs 50 Residents EM/Surg 41 CL Technology USA
Knoll et al. Clinical medicine Cs Sim to Trad C,R 30 Residents/attendings GU NRA CL,CKL Technology Germany
Mahnke et al. Clinical medicine Cs Trad to CAI Cs 40 Residents Peds 21 T Technology USA
Park et al. Clinical medicine Cs Sim to Trad C,R 24 Residents IM/Surg NRA CL,CKL Technology Canada
Schijven et al. Clinical medicine K,S,Ap VR to Trad C 24 Residents Surg NRA DO, S Technology Netherlands
Maiss et al. Clinical medicine Cs Sim to Other C,R 35 Residents IM NRA CL Technology France
Jonas et al. Clinical medicine Cs Sim to Trad C,R 14 Residents/med students Ophthal NRA CKL Technology Germany
Sedlack et al. Clinical medicine Cs Sim to Trad C 38 Residents IM NRA S,CKL Technology USA
Corton et al. Basic science K,S,Ap Trad to CAI C,R,L 39 Residents GYN NA T,S No difference USA
Jowett et al. Clinical medicine Cs Trad to CAI C,R,L 30 Residents Surg NA T No difference Canada
Chung et al. Clinical medicine K Trad to WBL C,R,L 63 Residents EM NA T,S,CL No difference USA
Davis et al. Clinical medicine K,At Trad to CAI C,R 55 Residents NR residents NA T,S No difference UK
Ferguson et al. Clinical medicine K Trad to WBL O 19 Residents Surg NA T,CL No difference USA
Bridgemohan et al. Clinical medicine K,At,S Trad to CAI R 46 Residents Peds NA T,S No difference USA
  1. Legend: outcomes measured A
  2. Ac: Access (can students get to and use the learning material); Ap: Applicability (can you teach with this method); At: Attitude; Cs: Clinical Skills (e.g.: H+P skills, EKG, CXR interpretation); Cs: Cost; K: Knowledge retention/learning; O: Other; S: Satisfaction.
  3. Legend: study characteristics B
  4. C: Controlled (there was a control group); Cs: Cross sectional (single point in time); L: Longitudinal (more than one point in time); O: Other; R: Random (randomization of groups.)
  5. Legend: number of subjects in study/type of resident C
  6. NR: Not reported
  7. Legend: magnitude of benefit % D
  8. NRA: Not readily available; NA: Not applicable; * Multiple measurements
  9. Legend: type of assessment E
  10. DO: Direct observation; T: Test; S: Survey; CL: Computer log; CKL: Check list.