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Table 4 Kirkpatrick's four levels of evaluation

From: Technology-assisted education in graduate medical education: a review of the literature

Level Focus of level Possible measurement method
Reaction Student's perception of or satisfaction with training method Survey, focus groups
Learning To measure if students' knowledge/skills/attitude changed Control group
Objective pretest/post test of knowledge/skills
Direct observation Checklist
Behavior Determine if the new knowledge/skills/attitudes are being used by the student Control group
Direct observation checklist
Before/after interview or survey of student's direct contacts or supervisors
Results The trainings impact on the organization An improvement in quality, productivity, reduction in cost, increase profit or some other tangible benefit to the organization
  1. Adapted from Kirkpatrick [18]