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Table 3 Results of national studies of pediatric emergency care

From: National survey of pediatric services available in US emergency departments

  Athey ( Pediatr Emerg Care, 2001) Gausche-Hill ( Pediatrics, 2007) Current study
Year of survey 1998 2003 2009
Survey methods Mailed survey (100% response rate, n = 101) Mailed survey (29% response rate, n = 1,489) Telephone survey (85% response rate, n = 279)
Department of Pediatrics 33% 57% 36%
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit 10% 18% 11%
Separate pediatric ED 7% 6% 10%
Pediatric consultant 64% NA 66%
Pediatric ED coordinator NA 18% Physician; 12% nurse coordinator 13% Physician; 14% nurse coordinator
  1. Abbreviations: ED, emergency department; NA, not available.