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Table 3 Differences between care facilities and other facilities in characteristics of OHCA patients

From: Misplaced links in the chain of survival due to an incorrect manual for the emergency call at public facilities

  Care facilities High schools and universities Others p-value Odds ratio (95% CI)
  (n= 556) (n= 8) (n= 386)   
   Other public facilities   
   (n= 394)   
Region 262 (47.1) 7 (87.5) 192 (49.7) 0.4290* 0.900 (0.694–1.168)*
Central or urban (%) 199 (50.5) 0.3037 0.873 (0.674–1.131)
Patient’s gender 197 (35.4) 6 (75.0) 299 (77.5) <0.0001* 0.160 (0.119–0.215)*
Male (%) 305 (77.4) <0.0001 0.160 (0.119–0.215)
Patient’s age, years, median (25–75%) 86 (81–91) 17 (16–64) 68 (56–78) <0.0001* Undefined
  68 (55–78) <0.0001 Undefined
Patient’s prior disabilities 137 (24.6) 8 (100) 318 (82.4) <0.0001* 0.070 (0.051–0.097)*
None (%) 326 (82.7) <0.0001 0.068 (0.049–0.094)
Etiology 280 (50.4) 3 (37.5) 222 (57.5) 0.0303* 0.749 (0.577–0.973)*
Cardiac (%) 225 (57.1) 0.0399 0.762 (0.588–0.988)
Arrest 324 (58.3) 2 (25.0) 217 (55.1) 0.5304* 1.088 (0.837–1.414)*
Witnessed (%) 219 (55.6) 0.4093 1.116 (0.860–1.448)
Interval from arrest recognition/collapse to call, min, median (10-25-75-90%) 2 2.5 2 0.0006* Undefined
(0-1-7-9) (0-1-4-8)
(−1-1-6-13) 2 (0-1-4-8) 0.0007 Undefined
CPR before EMT arrival (%) 455 (81.8) 5 (62.5) 182 (47.2) <0.0001* 5.050 (3.763–6.775)*
187 (47.5) <0.0001 4.987 (3.712–6.681)
CPR performer 339/455 (74.5) 0/5 (0) 33/182 (18.1) <0.0001* 12.719 (8.293–19.505)*
Healthcare provider, n/total BCPR (%) 33/193 (17.1) <0.0001 13.208 (8.622–20.234)
CPR first, n/total BCPR (%) 245/455 (53.9) 3/5 (60.0) 89/182 (48.9) 0.4994 1.219 (0.864–1.720)*
92/187 (49.2) 0.2839 1.205 (0.857–1.694)
CPR first for preventable reason, n/total CPR first (%) 80/81 (98.8) 0/2 (0) 20/31 (64.5) <0.0001 44 (5.362–361.091)*
20/33 (60.6) <0.0001 52 (6.418–421.316)
Interval from call to arrival of EMT at patient, min, median (25–75%) 8 (6–11) 5 (5–6.5) 7 (5–9) <0.0001* Undefined
7 (5–9) <0.0001 Undefined
Emergency call placed by institution staff, n/total (%) 538/542 (99.3) 6/7 (85.7) 91/164 (55.5%) <0.0001* 107.9 (38.5–302.4)*
   97/171 (56.7) <0.0001 102.6 (36.7–287.2)
  1. CI confidence interval, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, EMT emergency medical technician, BCPR bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
  2. *Comparison between care facilities and other facilities excluding schools.