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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with bowel ischemia, Uganda study, 2012

From: Serum lactate and phosphate as biomarkers of intestinal ischemia in a Ugandan tertiary hospital: a cross-sectional study

Baseline characteristic N = 70 (100%) total number Normal bowel 30 (43%) Ischemic bowel 40 (57%) p-value (normal vs. ischemic bowel)
Gender, n (%)     
Female 24 (34) 7 (23) 17 (43) 0.128**
Male 46 (66) 23 (77) 23 (58)
Age (years), median (IQR) 38 (52–25) 36 (45–25) 41.5 (64–24) 0.251*
Symptom duration, median (IQR)     
Abdominal pain 72 (120–36) 48 (96–24) 96 (14–48) 0.012*
Absolute constipation 48 (96–24) 48 (84–24) 72 (96–48) 0.252*
Relative constipation 24 (48–12) 18 (24–12) 36 (72–20) 0.285*
Abdominal swelling 72 (96–24) 48 (72–24) 72 (120–48) 0.011*
Vomiting 48 (96–24) 24 (96–18) 72 (120–24) 0.103*
Biomarker levels     
Lactate (mmol/l), median (IQR) 1.72 (2.46-1.26) 1.66 (2.1-1.37) 1.77 (2.66-1.21) 0.59*
Phosphate (mmol/l), median (IQR) 1.30 (1.70-1.10) 1.20 (1.5-1.00) 1.40 (1.92-1.10) 0.19*
  1. *Mann-Whitney U test, **Fisher’s exact test. Biomarker values measured by Mulago Hospital Laboratory.