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Table 1 Characteristics of the self-referred patients ( n= 436)

From: Self-referred patients at the Emergency Department: patient characteristics, motivations, and willingness to make a copayment

  Percentage Number pvaluea
Gender Male 58 251 <0.01
Female 42 185
Age categories (years) 18 to 35 54 234 <0.01
35 to 65 40 173
65+ 7 29
Residence Inner city 70 305 <0.01
Urban area 21 90
Netherlands, outside urban study area 6 27
Abroad 3 14
Nationality Dutch 67 290 <0.01
Other 33 146
Level of education Low or intermediate 73 315 <0.01
High 27 116
Civil status Single, no children 42 182 <0.01
Partner with children 24 105
Single with children 18 77
Partner, no children 12 53
Other 4 17
Shift Day 45 198 <0.01
Evening 35 153
Night 20 85
  1. aChi-square test.