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Table 1 Descriptive statistics, item analysis and factor analysis

From: Cross-cultural challenges in assessing medical professionalism among emergency physicians in a Middle Eastern Country (Bahrain): feasibility and psychometric properties of multisource feedback

Q   N M SD %UA Self SD Factors identified by factor analysis
Comm Colla Profe
Q1 Maintains confidentiality of patients. 254 4.26 0.78 12.2 4.75 0.45    0.59
Q2 Recognizes boundaries when dealing with other physicians 258 4.24 0.81 11.3 4.76 0.44 0.54   
Q3 Recognizes boundaries when dealing with other healthcare professionals 259 4.18 0.91 10.6 4.60 0.60 0.63   
Q4 Shows professional and ethical behavior 261 4.28 0.85 10.3 4.70 0.47 0.79   
Q5 Is punctual and performs tasks in a time-appropriate manner 253 4.25 0.81 13.0 4.60 0.68    0.54
Q6 Is able to handle situations in a professional manner and exhibits self-control, avoiding emotional outbursts in stressful situations 260 4.13 0.89 10.6 4.45 0.68 0.67   
Q7 Respects patient’s autonomy and right to be involved in his/her own management 254 4.27 0.78 12.2 4.50 0.57 0.62   
Q8 Is reliable and responsible when performing his duties 260 4.23 0.94 10.6 4.70 0.56 0.66   
Q9 Is honest and handles his/her duties in a dignified manner 258 4.33 0.86 11.3 4.85 0.36 0.68   
Q10 Accepts constructive criticism and develops goals for improvement 248 4.10 0.92 14.7 4.60 0.50 0.64   
Q11 Respects cultural, individual, and role differences including age, gender, race, religion, disability, language, sexual orientation, and socioeconomic status. 254 4.28 0.85 12.2 4.80 0.36 0.70   
Q12 Follows institutional policies and procedures 255 4.28 0.87 12.3 4.55 0.61    0.63
Q13 Arrives on time to scheduled appointments and hospital activities 243 4.41 0.70 16.4 4.65 0.67    0.62
Q14 Manages healthcare resources efficiently 255 4.29 0.74 12.3 4.45 0.68    0.65
Q15 Leads with respect and fair treatment of colleagues 259 4.26 0.95 10.6 4.80 0.41 0.57   
Q16 Communicates efficiently and in a clear, understandable fashion with colleagues within his/her team. 261 4.32 0.80 10.3 4.75 0.44 0.63   
Q17 Communicates efficiently and in a clear, understandable, and compassionate way with patients. 256 4.29 0.78 12.0 4.55 0.51 0.59   
Q18 Allows the patient to elaborate about his condition 253 4.30 0.75 13.0 4.60 0.50    0.71
Q19 Communicates efficiently and in a clear, understandable, and compassionate way with patient’s families 257 4.29 0.77 11.6 4.55 0.60    0.67
Q20 Communicates clearly and effectively with other healthcare workers, e.g., nurses 257 4.28 0.83 11.6 4.70 0.47 0.66   
Q21 Explains what is being done for the patient during examination or procedures 243 4.28 0.82 16.4 4.70 0.57    0.77
Q22 Communicates purpose and results of investigations to patients well 250 4.25 0.77 14.1 4.65 0.58    0.76
Q23 Follows up appropriately and in a timely manner on patients’ hospital course 254 4.16 0.79 12.2 4.57 0.50    0.66
Q24 Communicates management options to patients in a clear, understandable way, taking into account the patients’ opinion 247 4.29 0.75 15.1 4.65 0.49    0.69
Q25 Displays empathy in dealing with patients by eye contact and verbal responses 249 4.20 0.87 14.4 4.70 0.57 0.52   
Q26 Summarizes the information given for the patient in small quantities, with concrete explanations, and understandable language 252 4.23 0.82 13.4 4.72 0.47 0.59   
Q27 Maintains calm in emergency situations, in order to communicate information clearly to his/her seniors 258 4.19 0.91 11.3 4.50 0.60 0.61   
Q28 Communicates accurate patient information to physicians from other departments when required to do so 259 3.35 0.75 10.6 4.70 0.47 0.58   
Q29 Manages to work well as part of a healthcare team 262 4.29 0.80 9.90 4.79 0.42   0.56  
Q30 Facilitates the learning of medical colleagues and coworkers 240 4.15 0.83 17.1 4.45 0.76   0.68  
Q31 Collaborates well with nurses and other healthcare workers 259 4.19 0.94 10.6 4.15 1.21   0.69  
Q32 Concerned about the safety of patients and coworkers 254 4.36 0.81 12.2 4.51 1.14   0.75  
Q33 Coordinates patient care efficiently 262 4.25 0.89 0.99 4.42 1.18   0.73  
Q34 Collaborates with other healthcare workers in order to achieve optimal patient care 259 4.28 0.82 10.6 4.50 1.14   0.76  
Q35 Participates in a system of call in order to provide care for patients 239 4.22 0.84 17.8 4.38 1.23   0.74  
Q36 Provides appropriate guidance and help to team members on regular bases 248 4.14 0.94 14.7 4.25 1.16   0.80  
Q37 Takes on extra work, when appropriate, to help the team 241 3.95 1.34 17.1 4.50 1.19   0.63  
Q38 Enables the team to achieve agreements for team process and collaborative completion of assignment 245 4.19 0.87 15.8 4.40 1.18   0.80  
Q39 Participates fully in collaborative process and fulfilled team agreements 236 4.16 0.91 18.9 4.58 0.98   0.78