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Table 4 Predictor variables and their relationship with disease progression among septic patients

From: Predictors of early progression to severe sepsis or shock among emergency department patients with nonsevere sepsis

Variable Univariate model Multivariate model
  Odds ratio 95 % CI p value Odds ratio 95 % CI p value
Age    0.18    0.17a
 1st age quartile (18–44 years) (Ref) (Ref)   1.88 1.00–3.54  
 2nd age quartile (45–55 years) 1.81 0.98–3.35   1.63 0.87–3.06  
 3rd age quartile (56–68 years) 1.75 0.95–3.20   1.17 0.61–2.24  
 4th age quartile (69–101 years) 1.28 0.68–2.40     
Diastolic (<52 mmHg) 4.66 1.71–12.71 <0.01 4.59 1.57–13.39 <0.01
Hemoglobin (<10 g/dL) 1.48 0.87–2.51 0.15    
Albumin (<3.5 g/dL) 5.11 2.60–10.0 <0.01 4.82 2.40–9.69 <0.01
Bicarbonate (<20 mEq/L) 1.88 0.90–3.92 0.09    
Serum sodium (>145 mEq/L) 2.03 0.85–4.79 0.11    
Serum glucose (>300 or <60 mg/dL) 0.63 0.27–1.43 0.27    
Nursing home resident 1.51 0.89–2.55 0.12    
Race    0.92    
 Hispanics (Ref) (Ref)     
 Blacks 0.87 0.52–1.46     
 Whites 1.06 0.54–2.08     
 Other 1.08 0.58–2.01     
Sex (women) 1.19 0.78–1.80 0.42    
Clinical suspicion for pneumonia in the ER 1.37 0.87–2.15 0.17    
Patient has a dialysis catheter 0.73 0.16–3.29 0.68    
History of DM 0.84 0.54–1.32 0.46    
History of CHF 0.93 0.45–1.90 0.84    
History of CAD 1.41 0.77–2.58 0.26    
History of liver diseaseb 1.71 0.89–3.28 0.11    
History of kidney diseasec 1.46 0.79–2.73 0.23    
History of obstructive lung diseased 1.38 0.85–2.24 0.19    
History of CVA 1.79 0.96–3.32 0.06    
History of AIDS 2.44 1.05–5.64 0.04    
History of cancer 1.47 0.80–2.70 0.21    
History of alcohol abuse 1.24 0.52–2.96 0.62    
  1. CI confidence interval, DM diabetes mellitus, CHF congestive heart failure, CAD coronary artery disease, CVA cerebrovascular accident, AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome, defined as a CD4 count <200
  2. aIncluded in the model a priori
  3. bLiver disease was defined as cirrhosis or a diagnosis of hepatitis B or C
  4. cKidney disease was defined as renal replacement therapy (dialysis) or creatinine >2
  5. dObstructive lung disease was defined as COPD or asthma