Skip to main content

Table 2 Demographic, clinical, and analytical data

From: Point-of-care capillary HbA1c measurement in the emergency department: a useful tool to detect unrecognized and uncontrolled diabetes

  n = 187
Age, years (mean ± SD) 57.1 ± 19.2
Male, n (%) 101 (54)
Emergency room diagnosis, n (%)
 Neurological
  Stroke 6 (3.2)
  Epileptic seizure 2 (1.1)
  Headache 3 (1.6)
  Other 2 (1.1)
 Cardiorespiratory
  COPD 5 (2.7)
  Respiratory infection 16 (8.6)
  Asthma 2 (1.1)
  Chest pain 10 (5.3)
  Cardiac arrhythmia 14 (7.5)
  IHD 6 (3.2)
  CHF 12 (6.4)
  Other 9 (4.8)
 Gastrointestinal
  Biliary diseases 6 (3.2)
  GB 2 (1.1)
  Abdominal pain 17 (9.1)
  AGE 7 (3.7)
  Appendicitis 3 (1.6)
  Other 9 (4.8)
 Renal
  UTI 5 (2.7)
  Other 4 (2.2)
 Psychiatry
  Anxiety 2 (1.1)
  Other 5 (2.7)
 Gynaecology 3 (1.6)
 Musculoskeletal 15 (8)
 Other 28 (15)
Diabetes prevalence, n (%)
 Prior known DM 32 (17.1)
 Prior undiagnosed DM 10 (5.4)
 Unknown DM 11 (5.9)
 Total estimated DM 51 (28.5)
Capillary blood glucose in ED (mean + SD), mg/dL 114.8 ± 44.9
Laboratory blood glucose (mean + SD), mg/dL 117.3 ± 42.1
Capillary HbA1c in ED (mean + SD), % units 5.78 ± 1.26
Laboratory HbA1c (mean ± SD), % units 6.10 ± 1.12
  1. IHD ischaemic heart disease, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, AGE acute gastroenteritis, GB gastrointestinal bleeding, CHF chronic heart failure, UTI urinary tract infection, SD standard deviation, HbA1c glycated haemoglobin