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Table 2 Outcome measures of patients transported via ground ambulance and helicopter

From: A retrospective comparison of helicopter transport versus ground transport in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock

  Ground ambulance (N = 121) Helicopter (N = 60) p value
ARDS, n (%) 22 (18) 23 (38) 0.013*
Invasive mechanical ventilation, n (%) 50 (41) 36 (60) 0.014*
Ventilator days, median (IQR) 2.75 (1.3–5.8) 4.1 (0.9–7) 0.41
Acute kidney injury RIFLE 2 or more, n (%) 59 (49) 35 (58) 0.22
Need for dialysis, n (%) 26 (21) 18 (30) 0.21
Early goal-directed therapy goals met, n (%) 82 (68) 39 (65) 0.74
ICU length of stay, median (IQR) 2.8 (1.4–5.1) 4.1 (1.9–8.1) 0.051
Hospital length of stay, median (IQR) 8.9 (5.7–15.7) 10.9 (5.7–17.9) 0.31
ICU mortality, n (%) 5 (4.1) 8 (13.3) 0.024*
Hospital mortality, n (%) 20 (17) 18 (30) 0.04*
  1. *Statistically significant difference