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Table 4 Variables that influence students’ career interests at medical school

From: Factors influencing medical students’ choice of emergency medicine as a career specialty—a descriptive study of Saudi medical students

Factor % of the students Results of ANOVA
EM
n = 32
CL
n = 80
PC
n = 163
SS
n = 133
F P value
Wide variety of patient problems 3.97 3.15 3.27 3.35 3.96 0.008
Narrower variety of patient problems 2.41 3.4 3.22 3.13 4.88 0.002
Good match to career 2.75 2.55 2.55 2.38 0.86 0.464
Patient population is interesting 4.13 3.9 3.94 3.95 0.36 0.783
Focus on in-hospital care 3.41 3.45 3.63 3.8 2.4 0.067
Focus on patients in community 2.87 3.4 3.61 3.12 6.53 < 0.001
Focus on urgent care 4.25 2.63 2.9 3.74 26.5 < 0.001
Focus on non-urgent care 2.47 3.56 3.39 3.03 10.2 < 0.001
Intervention results immediate 4.22 2.99 3.32 3.98 18.84 < 0.001
High income potential 3.13 3.55 3.27 3.72 5.35 0.001
Long-term patient relationship 2.28 3.02 3.16 2.73 6.16 < 0.001
Status among colleagues 2.97 3.07 3.17 3.19 0.44 0.726
Acceptable on-call schedule 3.31 3.68 3.28 2.94 6.38 < 0.001
Do not like uncertainty 2.81 3.09 3.04 3.04 0.44 0.728
Prefer medical to social problems 3.53 3.04 3.26 3.44 2.08 0.102
Emulate physician 3.03 2.64 3.09 3.28 3.56 0.014
Research interest 3.03 3.59 3.26 3.28 1.82 0.143
Social commitment 2.84 2.86 2.98 2.65 1.73 0.16
Stable/secure future 2.31 2.54 2.36 2.48 0.56 0.644
Health promotion is important 3.06 3.68 3.67 3.28 5.25 0.001
Acceptable hours of practice 3.66 3.81 3.52 3.1 7.54 < 0.001
Flexibility inside of medicine 3.69 3.62 3.64 3.26 4.06 0.007
Flexibility outside of medicine 3.44 3.51 3.28 2.96 4.49 0.004
Keep options open 3.53 3.19 3.59 3.17 4.76 0.003
Meaningful past experience 3.5 2.71 2.96 3.11 3.21 0.023
Short postgraduate training 2.75 2.26 2.68 2.24 3.9 0.009
Less intense residency program 2.53 2.36 2.53 2.23 1.54 0.204
Experiences in health fields during medical school 3.13 2.78 3.02 3.1 1.1 0.35
Experiences with role models during medical school 3.31 2.74 3.07 3.14 2.53 0.057
Able to spend appropriate time with my family 3.63 3.45 3.5 2.98 6.06 < 0.001
  1. ANOVA analysis of variance, EM emergency medicine, CL controllable lifestyle, PC primary care, SS surgical specialty