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Table 1 Characteristics of patients that sustained return of spontaneous circulation and those who survived till discharge

From: Outcomes following cardiopulmonary resuscitation in an emergency department of a low- and middle-income country

  Total (n = 468) ROSC achieved (n = 128) Survival to discharge (n = 35)
Age (years)
 Mean ± SD 56 ± 17 52 ± 18 49 ± 16
 Median (range) 60 (18–97) 53 (18–97) 48 (18–80)
Gender, n (%)
 Male 287 (61) 71 (55) 21 (60)
 Female 181 (39) 57 (45) 14 (40)
No. of co-morbidities, n (%)
 No 142 (30) 34 (27) 7 (20)
 One 144 (31) 43 (33) 13 (37)
 Two 142 (30) 44 (34) 13 (37)
 Greater than 2 40 (9) 7 (6) 2 (6)
CPC score, n(%)
 ≤ 2 452 (97) 124 (98) 34 (97)
 > 2 15 (3) 3 (2) 1 (3)
Initial cause of arrest, n (%)
 Cardiopulmonary 302 (65) 74 (58) 21 (60)
 Non-cardiopulmonary 166 (35) 54 (42) 14 (40)
Location of arrest, n (%)
 In-hospital (ED) 154 (33) 62 (48) 22 (63)
 Out-of-hospital 314 (67) 66 (52) 13 (37)
Witnessed arrest, n (%) 279 (60) 110 (86) 31 (89)
Bystander performed CPR, n (%) 158 (34) 67 (52) 22 (63)
First documented rhythm, n
 Non-shockable, n (%) 351 68 17
  Asystole 185 (40) 25 (20) 3 (9)
  Pulseless electrical activity 166 (35) 43 (34) 14 (40)
 Shockable, n (%) 117 60 18
  Ventricular fibrillation 81 (17) 43 (34) 15 (42)
  Pulseless ventricular tachycardia 36 (8) 17 (13) 3 (9)
No. of shocks given, n (%)
 0 351 (75) 67 (52) 17 (49)
 1–4 58 (12) 38 (30) 11 (31)
 > 4 59 (13) 23 (18) 7 (20)
Interval between collapse to start CPR (min), n (%)
 Mean ± SD 30 ± 22 15 ± 12 13 ± 12
 Median (range) 30 (1–90) 10 (1–60) 10 (1–60)
CPR duration (min), n (%)
 Mean ± SD 20 ± 9 22 ± 9 21 ± 9
 Median (range) 20 (5–50) 20 (5–40) 20 (10–40)
Doctors shift, n (%)
 Morning 179 (38) 54 (42) 14 (40)
 Evening 105 (22) 27 (21) 9 (26)
 Night 184 (39) 47 (37) 12 (34)
Team leader, n (%)
 Resident 311 (66) 85 (66) 24 (69)
 Staff 157 (34) 43 (34) 11 (31)
Initial serum glucose, n (%)
 Mean ± SD 185 ± 125 170 ± 106 151 ± 91
 Median (range) 133 (30–660) 133 (30–477) 127 (30–456)
Epinephrine, n (%)
 Less than 5 ampoules 315 (67) 73 (57) 20 (57)
 5 or more ampoules 153 (33) 55 (43) 15 (43)