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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the patients enrolled in the study (n = 218)

From: Quick SOFA vs Rockall preendoscopy scores for risk assessment in patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristics qSOFA = 0 (n = 145) qSOFA = 1 (n = 45) qSOFA = 2 (n = 19) qSOFA = 3 (n = 9) P valuea
Gender male, n (%) 100 (69.0) 28 (62.2) 11 (57.9) 6 (66.7) 0.706
Age, years, median (IQR) 57 (43–70) 60 (46–67) 62 (43–76) 64 (58–67) 0.519
CCI, median (IQR) 3 (1–4) 2 (1–4) 4 (1–5) 4 (3–5) 0.036
Diagnosis
 – Peptic gastric/duodenal ulcer, n (%) 50 (34.5) 15 (33.3) 8 (42.1) 6 (66.7) 0.247
 – Gastric/duodenal erosion, n (%) 42 (28.9) 17 (37.8) 3 (15.8) 2 (22.2) 0.356
 – Mallory-Weiss tear, n (%) 28 (19.3) 7 (15.6) 3 (15.8) 0 (0.0) 0.647
 – Malignancy, n (%) 15 (10.3) 1 (2.2) 3 (15.3) 1 (11.1) 0.158
 – Erosive gastritis, n (%) 8 (5.5) 5 (11.1) 1 (5.3) 0 (0.0) 0.527
 – Other, n (%) 2 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (5.3) 0 (0.0) 0.432
Hemoglobin level, g/dL, median (IQR) 101.0 (76.0–123.0) 88.0 (75.0–105.0) 70.0 (58.0–76.0) 68.0 (60.0–80.0) < 0.001
Hemoglobin level < 7 g/dL, n (%) 24 (16.6) 8 (17.8) 10 (52.6) 5 (55.6) < 0.001
Vasopressors, n (%) 4 (2.8) 7 (15.6) 7 (36.8) 5 (55.6) < 0.001
Endoscopic therapy, n (%) 35 (24.1) 13 (28.9) 7 (36.8) 2 (22.2) 0.642
  1. qSOFA quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, IQR interquartile range, CCI Charlson comorbidity index
  2. aP value comparing qSOFA = 0, qSOFA = 1, qSOFA = 2, and qSOFA = 3