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Table 2 Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis. N = 79 patients

From: Cerebrospinal fluid findings and hypernatremia in COVID-19 patients with altered mental status

  Type/detail N (%) Result
Pathogen antigen/antibody Streptococcus pneumonia 54 (74.0) 99% negative 1 positive for Streptococcus pneumonia 1 false positive for West Nile virus
Adenovirus ADV 13 (17.8)
Cryptococcus sp. 3 (4.1)
Herpes simplex virus HSV 3 (4.1)
VDRL 2 (2.7)
Cytomegalovirus 2 (2.7)
Enterovirus 2 (2.7)
Escherichia col 2 (2.7)
Varicella zoster 2 (2.7)
Influenza 2 (2.7)
West Nile 2 (2.7)
Total 73 patients (97 results)
Antibody Immunoglobulin G 2 1 normal +1 high
LDH Lactate dehydrogenase 2 normal
NSE Neuron specific enolase 1 Very high (fourfold)
CSF analysis Clarity 8 7 clear +1 cloudy
Color 8 7 colorless +1 red
Glucose 8 7 high
1 normal
Total protein 8 5 high
3 normal
Total cell count 10 3 high
7 normal
WBC 10 4 high
6 normal
Total   79 patients (130 results)  
  1. ADV adenovirus; HSV herpes simplex virus; LDH lactate dehydrogenase; NSE neuron-specific enolase; VDRL Venereal Disease Research Laboratory; WBC white blood cells; IRB Institutional Review Board