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Table 1 Demographics and clinical characteristics in the cohort

From: Lack of racial and ethnic-based differences in acute care delivery in intracerebral hemorrhage

Variable Overall Non-Hispanic White Minorities p value
No. (%) 459 (100%) 346 (75%) 113 (25%) < 0.001**
Age (years) 73 (13.0) 75 (11.6) 68 (15.1) < 0.001**
Male (%) 251 (55%) 188 (54%) 63 (56%) 0.88
Race (%)     < 0.001**
 White 366 (80%) 346 (100%) 20 (18%)
 Black 43 (9%) 0 (0%) 43 (38%)
 Asian 38 (8%) 0 (0%) 38 (34%)
 Hispanic 2 (0%) 0 (0%) 2 (2%)
 Other 8 (2%) 0 (0%) 8 (7%)
 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 American Indian/Alaskan Native 1 (0%) 0 (0%) 1 (1%)
 More than one race 1 (0%) 0 (0%) 1 (1%)
 Unknown 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Ethnicity (%)     < 0.001**
 Hispanic 30 (7%) 0 (0%) 30 (25%)
 Non-Hispanic 369 (80%) 296 (86%) 73 (65%)
 Unknown 60 (13%) 50 (14%) 10 (9%)
English is native language (%)     < 0.001**
 Yes 289 (63%) 257 (74%) 32 (28%)
 No 87 (19%) 29 (8%) 58 (51%)
 Unknown 83 (18%) 60 (17%) 23 (20%)
Day of ED arrival (%)     1.0
 Weekday 326 (71%) 246 (71%) 80 (71%)
 Weekend 133 (29%) 100 (29%) 33 (29%)
ED arrival hour of day (%)     0.02*
 Day (7:00 am–3:00 pm) 206 (45%) 166 (48%) 40 (35%)
 Evening (3:00 pm–11:00 pm) 181 (39%) 134 (39%) 47 (42%)
 Overnight (11:00 pm–7:00 am) 72 (16%) 46 (13%) 26 (23%)
Health insurance (%)     0.22
 Commercial 142 (31%) 105 (30%) 37 (33%)
 Government 306 (67%) 235 (68%) 71 (63%)
 Other 11 (2%) 6 (2%) 5 (4%)
Initial GCS, median [IQR] 13 [7] 14 [7] 13 [7.2] 0.62
Discharge GOS, median [IQR] 3 [2] 3 [2] 3 [2] 0.15
Discharge mRS, median [IQR] 5 [2] 5 [2] 4 [2] 0.05*
In-hospital mortality (%) 166 (36%) 136 (39%) 30 (27%) 0.02*
90-day mortality (%) 206 (45%) 165 (48%) 41 (36%) 0.04*
Comfort Measures Only (CMO) status (%)     0.19
 Made CMO within 24 h of ED arrival 45 (10%) 38 (11%) 7 (6%)
 Not made CMO within 24 h of ED arrival 414 (90%) 308 (89%) 106 (94%)
ED arrival to CT scan (minutes), median [IQR] 43 [55] 45 [59] 40 [47] 0.29
CT scan to bed request (minutes), median [IQR] 62 [81] 66.5 [89.5] 50 [56] 0.005*
Bed request to admission (minutes), median [IQR] 142 [137] 142.5 [147.2] 139 [113] 0.49
  1. Data are represented as n (%), mean (SD), or median [IQR]. Percentages with decimal places might not add up to exactly 100% due to rounding. Because the distributions for ED arrival to CT scan time, CT scan to bed request time, and bed request to admission time are right-skewed, the median and IQR are presented here
  2. GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, GOS Glasgow Outcome Scale, mRS modified Rankin Scale
  3. *p < 0.05
  4. **p < 0.01