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Table 1 Patient presenting characteristics, triage vital signs, and shock index by time period (January–September 2013 and September 2015–June 2016)

From: Emergency medicine matters: epidemiology of medical pathology and changes in patient outcomes after implementation of a post-graduate training program at a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Kigali, Rwanda

  Pre-residency (N = 929) Post-residency implementation (N = 775)
Sex (%)
 Male 491 (52.9) 418 (53.9)
 Female 438 (47.2) 357 (46.1)
Missing 0 (0) 0 (0)
Age (%)
 Overall median (IQR) 41 (29, 59) 40 (28, 60)
 16–44 515 (55.4) 446 ( 57.6)
 45–65 255 (27.5) 182 (23.5)
 > = 65 159 (17.1) 147 (19.0)
Missing 0 (0) 0 (0)
Vital signs, median (IQR)
 Heart rate 98 (83, 115) 96 (81, 112)
 Respiratory rate 20 (20, 22) 20 (18, 20)
 Systolic blood pressure 123 (107, 141) 119 (106, 135)
Shock index (%)
 </= 0.9 466 (50.2) 388 (50.1)
 > 0.9 269 (29.0) 215 (27.7)
  Missing 194 (20.0) 172 (22.2)