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Table 3 All-cause, emergency center, and inpatient mortality stratified by time period

From: Emergency medicine matters: epidemiology of medical pathology and changes in patient outcomes after implementation of a post-graduate training program at a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Kigali, Rwanda

All-cause mortality Pre-residency (N = 929) Post-residency
implementation (N = 775)
Chi2
Overall 170 (19.9) 97 (14.0) 0.002
Gastrointestinal 29 (12.8) 18 (9.9) 0.4
Infectious disease 37 (30.0) 23 (22.1) 0.2
Neurologic 24 (24.0) 12 (12.1) 0.3
Cardiovascular 18 (25.4) 9 (18.4) 0.4
Cancer 23 (32.4) 17 (42.5) 0.3
Pulmonary 14 (22.6) 7 (13.2) 0.2
EC mortality
 Overall 86 (10.0) 10 (1.4) < 0.0001
 Gastrointestinal 14 (6.2) 1 (0.6) 0.003
 Infectious disease 19 (15.5) 5 (4.8) 0.009
 Neurologic 15 (14.9) 0 (0) 0.001
 Cardiovascular 12 (16.9) 1 (2.0) 0.009
 Cancer 5 (8.1) 1 (1.9) 0.1
 Pulmonary 5 (6.9) 2 (5.0) 0.7
Inpatient mortalitya N = 522 N = 539  
 Overall 84 (16.1) 87 (16.1) 1.0
 Gastrointestinal 15 (10.9) 17 (12.0) 0.8
 Infectious disease 18 (22.5) 18 (24.3) 0.8
 Neurologic 9 (15.3) 12 (21.1) 0.4
 Pulmonary 9 (36.0) 6 (16.7) 0.1
 Cardiovascular 6 (14.6) 8 (18.2) 0.7
 Urologic or renal 3 (9.1) 5 (12.5) 0.6
  1. aIncidence of inpatient mortality calculated from amongst those admitted