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Table 4 Top 5 specific diagnoses within the top 6 diagnosis categories.

From: Emergency medicine matters: epidemiology of medical pathology and changes in patient outcomes after implementation of a post-graduate training program at a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Kigali, Rwanda

Gastrointestinal Infectious disease Neurologic
Intestinal obstruction (20.7%) Malaria (29.8%) Stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) (32.9%)
Gastritis/gastric ulcer (13.4%) Tuberculosis (27.7%) Meningitis/encephalitis (15.1%)
Acute abdomen/peritonitis (12.3%) HIV/AIDS-related illness (20.8%) Headache (13.5%)
Hernia (8.2%) Sepsis (unknown source) (9.4%) Seizure (7.8%)
Cirrhosis (5.5%) Other (3.8%) Other (7.3%)
Pulmonary Cardiovascular Urologic/renal
Asthma/COPD (41.5%) Acute heart failure (34.2%) Chronic kidney failure with
acute exacerbation (21.7%)
Pneumonia (28.9%) Hypertension/hypertensive emergency (33.3%) Urinary tract infection (20.0%)
Pulmonary effusion (8.9%) Dilated cardiomyopathy (10.3%) Acute kidney injury (10.0%)
Pulmonary embolism (5.2%) Valvular disease (5.1%) Benign prostatic hypertrophy (7.5%)
Other (5.2%) Other (4.3%) Other (7.5%)