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Table 1 Characteristics of suspected stroke patients who were transported to hospital by ambulance between 2015 and 2018

From: Prehospital time of suspected stroke patients treated by emergency medical service: a nationwide study in Thailand

Characteristics Total Years
2015 2016 2017 2018
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
53,536 (100) 9829 (100) 11,844 (100) 14,456 (100) 17,407 (100)
Regions
 North 4736 (8.8) 764 (7.8) 1088 (9.2) 1306 (9) 1578 (9.1)
 North-East 20,831 (38.9) 4100 (41.7) 4565 (38.5) 5645 (39) 6521 (37.5)
 West 3587 (6.7) 684 (7) 815 (6.9) 895 (6.2) 1193 (6.9)
 Middle 9926 (18.5) 1761 (17.9) 2085 (17.6) 2761 (19.1) 3319 (19.1)
 East 3482 (6.5) 583 (5.9) 776 (6.6) 949 (6.6) 1174 (6.7)
 South 8072 (15.1) 1523 (15.5) 1752 (14.8) 2140 (14.8) 2657 (15.3)
 Bangkok 2902 (5.4) 414 (4.2) 763 (6.4) 760 (5.3) 965 (5.5)
Shift
 06.00-18.00 41,476 (77.5) 7634 (77.7) 9169 (77.4) 11,264 (77.9) 13,409 (77)
 18.00-06.00 12,060 (22.5) 2195 (22.3) 2675 (22.6) 3192 (22.1) 3998 (23)
Levels
 ALS 26,813 (50.1) 4855 (49.4) 5910 (49.9) 7336 (50.7) 8712 (50)
 ILS and BLS 8502 (15.9) 1718 (17.5) 1877 (15.8) 2135 (14.8) 2772 (15.9)
 FR 18,221 (34) 3256 (33.1) 4057 (34.3) 4985 (34.5) 5923 (34)
Dispatch triage
 Emergency 27,940 (52.2) 5041 (51.3) 6157 (52) 7641 (52.9) 9101 (52.3)
 Urgency 25,596 (47.8) 4788 (48.7) 5687 (48) 6815 (47.1) 8306 (47.7)
Distance (km), median (IQR) 5 (2, 9) 5 (2, 9) 5 (2, 9) 5 (2, 9) 5 (2, 9)
 ≤ 10 km 42,921 (80.2) 7893 (80.3) 9563 (80.7) 11,541 (79.8) 13,924 (80)
 > 10 km 10,615 (19.8) 1936 (19.7) 2281 (19.3) 2915 (20.2) 3483 (20)
Dispatch time
 > 1 min 4417 (8.3) 726 (7.4) 1018 (8.6) 1131 (7.8) 1542 (8.9)
 ≤ 1 min 49,119 (91.7) 9103 (92.6) 10,826 (91.4) 13,325 (92.2) 15865 (91.1)
Activation time
 > 2 min 6262 (11.7) 1038 (10.6) 1368 (11.6) 1698 (11.7) 2158 (12.4)
 ≤ 2 min 47,274 (88.3) 8791 (89.4) 10,476 (88.4) 12,758 (88.3) 15,249 (87.6)
Response time
 > 8 min 27,661 (51.7) 4900 (49.9) 6009 (50.7) 7578 (52.4) 9174 (52.7)
 ≤ 8 min 25,875 (48.3) 4929 (50.1) 5835 (49.3) 6878 (47.6) 8233 (47.3)
Scene time
 > 15 min 2682 (5.0) 419 (4.3) 646 (5.5) 732 (5.1) 885 (5.1)
 ≤ 15 min 50,854 (95.0) 9410 (95.7) 11,198 (94.5) 13,724 (94.9) 16,522 (94.9)
  1. ALS advanced life support, BLS basic life support, FR first responder, ILS intermediate life support, IQR interquartile range