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Table 1 Kirkpatrick 4-step assessment model

From: Feasible and effective use of a simulation-based curriculum for post-graduate emergency medicine trainees in India to improve learner self-efficacy, knowledge, and skills

Level Measurement Measurement in this study
1 Reaction: the degree that participants enjoyed the training Simulation evaluation forms: pre-questionnaire and post-questionnaire
2 Learning: the degree that participants gained knowledge, skills, and confidence by participating in the study Skill evaluation forms: pre-test and post-test
3 Behavior: the degree that participants applied what they gained from the training Skill evaluation forms during simulation and by 6-month follow-up survey
4 Results: the degree that targeted outcomes occur as a result of training Six-month follow-up survey