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Table 1 Classification of internal hospital crises or disasters

From: When disasters strike the emergency department: a case series and narrative review

Internal disasters
 Internal fire
 Internal flood
 Structural damage
 Power failure
 Water loss
 Loss of medical gasses
 Elevator failure
 ICT failure
 Chemical spill
 Radiation accident
 Violence
 Terrorist attack*
Combined external and internal disasters
Natural disasters
  Geophysical
   Earthquake
   Volcanic eruption
   Tsunami
   Landslide
  Climate-related
   Storm, hurricane, tornado
   Flood
   Wildfire
   Lightning strike
  Infectious disease outbreak
   Epidemic ~ pandemic
Manmade disasters
  Nuclear and radiation accident
  Chemical spill
  Infrastructural disaster
  Warfare
  Terrorist attack*
  1. *Can either be an internal or combined external and internal disaster