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  1. Dehydration due to acute gastroenteritis is one of the leading causes of mortality in children worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) scale, the Gorelick scale, and the Clinical Dehydration Scale (CDS)...

    Authors: Kimberly Pringle, Sachita P Shah, Irenee Umulisa, Richard B Mark Munyaneza, Jean Marie Dushimiyimana, Katrina Stegmann, Juvenal Musavuli, Protegene Ngabitsinze, Sara Stulac and Adam C Levine
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:58
  2. Fever is a common presenting complaint in the developing world, but there is a paucity of literature to guide investigation and treatment of the adult patient presenting with fever and no localizing symptoms.

    Authors: Sudhagar Thangarasu, Piruthiviraj Natarajan, Parivalavan Rajavelu, Arjun Rajagopalan and Jeremy S Seelinger Devey
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:57
  3. Internal carotid intracranial aneurysms are a relatively rare form of intracranial aneurysm that presents with diplopia, retro-orbital pain and unilateral headaches. The symptoms are progressive and the diagno...

    Authors: Brian T Kloss, Rahul Patel and Anne Marie Sullivan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:56
  4. Air ambulance service in Norway has been upgraded during the last years. European regulations concerning pilots' working time and new treatment guidelines/strategies have called for more resources.

    Authors: Jan Norum and Trond M Elsbak
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:55
  5. N-acetylcysteine is used to treat acetaminophen toxicity and is available in both intravenous and oral formulations. Our report describes a patient treated with intravenous N-acetylcysteine for acetaminophen t...

    Authors: Andrew R Elms, Kelly P Owen, Timothy E Albertson and Mark E Sutter
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:54
  6. Studies have shown that vein size is an important predictor of successful ultrasound-guided vascular access. The objective of this study is to evaluate maneuvers designed to increase basilic vein size, which c...

    Authors: Simon A Mahler, Greta Massey, Liliana Meskill, Hao Wang and Thomas C Arnold
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:53
  7. Studies on computer-aided instruction and web-based learning have left many questions unanswered about the most effective use of technology-assisted education in graduate medical education.

    Authors: Sharhabeel Jwayyed, Kirk A Stiffler, Scott T Wilber, Alison Southern, John Weigand, Rudd Bare and Lowell W Gerson
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:51
  8. Squamous cell carcinoma is a common cancer to the head and neck region that is typically diagnosed when it is 2 cm in size. This case report illustrates a patient who had neglected an auricular carcinoma for o...

    Authors: Brian Kloss, Jeff Lapoint and Katherine Dougher
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:50
  9. We sought to evaluate the test characteristics of the acute cardiac ischemia time-insensitive predictive instrument (ACI-TIPI) in relation to 30-day major adverse cardiac events (MACE) among patients who prese...

    Authors: Jonathan S Ilgen, Alex F Manini, Udo Hoffmann, Vicki E Noble, Ediza Giraldez, Supapan Nualpring and J Stephen Bohan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:49
  10. A major incident is defined as an event that owing to the number of casualties has the potential to overwhelm the available resources. This paper attempts to describe the incidence and epidemiology of major in...

    Authors: Hunniya Waseem, Luca Carenzo, Junaid Razzak and Rizwan Naseer
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:48
  11. In recent years there has been increasing interest shown in the nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt traumatic injury. The growing use of NOM for blunt abdominal organ injury has been made possible because o...

    Authors: Cornelis H van der Vlies, Dominique C Olthof, Menno Gaakeer, Kees J Ponsen, Otto M van Delden and J Carel Goslings
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:47
  12. Trauma to the elbow caused by lifting heavy objects frequently involves rupture of the tendon of the biceps brachii muscle. Less frequently a rupture of the brachialis muscle occurs. To our knowledge, only fiv...

    Authors: Titus JA Schönberger and Miranda F Ernst
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:46
  13. The role for prehospital thrombolysis for ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction and time-critical stroke transfers in the northern Norway aeromedical retrieval system as well as the aero-evacuation impact o...

    Authors: Joseph Y Ting
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:45
  14. The goal of this study was to identify publications in the medical literature that support the efficacy or value of Emergency Medicine (EM) as a medical specialty and of clinical care delivered by trained emer...

    Authors: C James Holliman, Terrence M Mulligan, Robert E Suter, Peter Cameron, Lee Wallis, Philip D Anderson and Kathleen Clem
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:44
  15. International emergency medicine aims to understand different systems of emergency care across the globe. To date, however, international emergency medicine lacks common descriptors that can encompass the wide...

    Authors: Anne P Steptoe, Blanka Corel, Ashley F Sullivan and Carlos A Camargo Jr
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:42
  16. Although the majority of the snakebite cases in Malaysia are due to non-venomous snakes, venomous bites cause significant morbidity and mortality if treatment measures, especially ant-venom therapy, are delayed.

    Authors: Keng Sheng Chew, Heng Wei Khor, Rashidi Ahmad and Nik Hisamuddin Nik Abdul Rahman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:41
  17. The acute management of patients on warfarin with spontaneous or traumatic intracranial hemorrhage continues to be debated in the medical literature. The objective of this paper was to conduct a structured rev...

    Authors: Brett F Bechtel, Timothy C Nunez, Jennifer A Lyon, Bryan A Cotton and Tyler W Barrett
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:40
  18. Dealing with a student who is perceived as difficult to work with or teach is inevitable in any academic physician's career. This paper will outline the basic categories of these difficulties pertinent to Emer...

    Authors: Sarah E Ronan-Bentle, Jennifer Avegno, Cullen B Hegarty and David E Manthey
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:39
  19. The US Preventive Services Task Force has recommended daily folic acid supplementation for women planning on becoming pregnant in an effort to prevent fetal neural tube defects. We evaluated pregnant patients ...

    Authors: Jacob Steenblik, Erika Schroeder, Burke Hatch, Steven Groke, Camille Broadwater-Hollifield, Michael Mallin, Matthew Ahern and Troy Madsen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:38
  20. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) rises with cardiac injury/ischemia. We evaluated its efficacy in aiding in the identification of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients (pts) admitted to the ...

    Authors: Deborah B Diercks, J Douglas Kirk, Seif Naser, Samuel Turnipseed and Ezra A Amsterdam
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:37
  21. Emergency electroencephalography (EEG) is indicated in the diagnosis and management of non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) underlying an alteration in the level of consciousness. NCSE is a frequent, treat...

    Authors: Samah G Abdel Baki, Ahmet Omurtag, André A Fenton and Shahriar Zehtabchi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:36
  22. In the care of patients with traumatic injuries, focus is placed on hypothermia secondary to its deleterious impact on the coagulation cascade. However, there is scant information on the mortality effect of hy...

    Authors: Charles E Wade, José Salinas, Brian J Eastridge, John G McManus and John B Holcomb
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:35
  23. Datura stramonium L. (DS) is a wild-growing plant widely distributed and easily accessible. It contains a variety of toxic anticholinergic alkaloids such as atropine, hyoscamine, and scopolamine. Voluntary or ac...

    Authors: Asma Bouziri, Asma Hamdi, Aida Borgi, Sarra Bel Hadj, Zohra Fitouri, Khaled Menif and Nejla Ben Jaballah
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:31
  24. This observational study was designed to investigate plasma levels of albuterol enantiomers among patients with acute severe asthma or COPD presenting to the emergency department, and the relationship with ext...

    Authors: Kwang Choon Yee, Glenn A Jacobson, Richard Wood-Baker and E Haydn Walters
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:30
  25. Providing emergency department (ED) wait time information to the public has been suggested as a mechanism to reduce lengthy ED wait times (by enabling patients to select the ED site with shorter wait time), bu...

    Authors: Bin Xie and Sabrina Youash
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:29
  26. To determine whether the establishment of a dedicated obstetric and neonatal flying squad resulted in improved performance within the setting of a major metropolitan area.

    Authors: Shaheem De Vries, Lee A Wallis and David Maritz
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:28
  27. This study aims to identify the prevalence and at-risk situations of alcohol use disorders among patients examined in the emergency department and to compare the scales commonly used to identify alcohol use di...

    Authors: Charlotte Richoux, Isabelle Ferrand, Enrique Casalino, Benoit Fleury, Christine Ginsburg and Michel Lejoyeux
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:27
  28. Emphysematous cystitis (EC) is the presence of intramural gas, with or without luminal gas, within the bladder as a result of a primary infection of the lower urinary tract with a gas-producing organism. It is...

    Authors: Ahmed-Ramadan Sadek, Helen Blake and Anand Mehta
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:26
  29. There are few recommendations about the use of cardiac markers in the investigation and management of atrial fibrillation/flutter. Currently, it is unknown how many patients with atrial fibrillation/flutter un...

    Authors: Nazanin Meshkat, Emily Austin, Rahim Moineddin, Hamidreza Hatamabadi, Behzad Hassani, Ali Abdalvand and Amanda Marcuzzi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:25
  30. To examine behavioral factors that lead patients to consider quitting smoking and features associated with readiness to quit among adults who are seeking treatment in the emergency department (ED) for respirat...

    Authors: Beth C Bock, Ernestine Jennings, Bruce M Becker, Robert Partridge and Raymond S Niaura
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:24
  31. We report the experience of a case of acute stroke in a patient affected by Rendu Osler syndrome and atrial fibrillation. The combination of dynamic computerized tomography perfusion scans and the use of a hig...

    Authors: Andrea Saletti, Ilaria Morghen, Luca Finessi and Enrico Fainardi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:23
  32. We studied the prevalence of polypharmacy in attenders aged 75 years and over to an emergency department (ED) in North London over a period of 1 month. We identified 467 patients in this age group. Analysis of...

    Authors: Ashis Banerjee, David Mbamalu, Sayed Ebrahimi, Arshad Ali Khan and Toong Foo Chan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:22
  33. Malrotation in children is due to either an incomplete or non-rotation of the foetal mid-gut during perinatal development. Presentation is usually in the first few weeks of life, often with life-threatening vo...

    Authors: Rachael Mathews, Sam Thenabadu and Thiagarajan Jaiganesh
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:21
  34. Acute aortic occlusion is a rare but catastrophic disease with a high mortality rate. Severe perioperative complications could result from revascularization of infarcted muscles. Muscle cell ischaemia and mass...

    Authors: Joseph Y Ting and Arash Dehdary
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:20
  35. Biliary stones are usually found in the gallbladder, but about 10-20% may spontaneously migrate into the common bile duct where they either remain trapped or migrate subsequently via the papilla of Vater into ...

    Authors: Jean Louis Frossard and Florent Bonvin
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:18
  36. The clinical findings of Takatsubo Cardiomyopathy and acute myocardial infarction can be very similar. While Takatsubo cardiomyopathy rarely leads to severe complications, acute myocardial infarction can be li...

    Authors: Asma Saba Syed and Umair Khalid
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:17
  37. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of additional (two versus one session) basic life support (BLS) training of university students on knowledge and attitude concerning the performance of cardi...

    Authors: Damjan Lešnik, Bojan Lešnik, Jerneja Golub, Miljenko Križmarić, Štefan Mally and Štefek Grmec
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:16
  38. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), also known as Ogilvie syndrome, is a massive dilation of the colon in the absence of mechanical obstruction. Treatment measures may include anticholinergic agents such ...

    Authors: Derek R Cooney and Norma L Cooney
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:15
  39. Non-traumatic hemoperitoneum may be catastrophic if it is not promptly diagnosed and treated. It is critical to identify this clinical picture and treat any active bleeding. We report the first case in the lit...

    Authors: Picozzi Stefano Carlo Maria, Massimo Mauri and Luca Carmignani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:13
  40. To quantify injuries in children that result from toppled televisions.

    Authors: Servan Gokhan, Ozkan Kose, Ayhan Ozhasenekler, Murat Orak, Mehmet Ustundag and Cahfer Guloglu
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:11

    The original article was published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:s12245-010-0226-4

  41. Intussusception is an uncommon cause of abdominal pain in adults and poses diagnostic challenges for emergency physicians, due to its varied presenting symptoms and time course. Diagnosis is thus often delayed...

    Authors: Sanooj Soni, Philip Moss and Thiagarajan Jaiganesh
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:8

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