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  1. Developing nations have many challenges to the growth of emergency medical systems. This development in Afghanistan is also complicated by many factors that plague post-conflict countries including an unstable...

    Authors: John R. Acerra, Kara Iskyan, Zubair A. Qureshi and Rahul K. Sharma
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:106
  2. Carbon monoxide poisoning has been reported as a result of exposure to various sources of smoke, such as car exhaust fumes, home water heaters and tobacco smoke. We describe a case of symptomatic, moderately s...

    Authors: Beng Leong Lim, Ghee Hian Lim and Eillyne Seow
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:97
  3. We present a user-friendly visual representation of The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease and the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network criteria so as to enhance recognition of anaphylaxis an...

    Authors: Veena Manivannan, Wyatt W. Decker, Latha G. Stead, James T. C. Li and Ronna L. Campbell
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:93
  4. Electrolyte values are measured both by arterial blood gas (ABG) analyzers and central laboratory auto-analyzers (AA), but a significant time gap exists between the availability of both these results, with the...

    Authors: Anunaya Jain, Imron Subhan and Mahesh Joshi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:91
  5. The usual method for initial assessment of an acute asthma attack in the emergency room includes the use of peak flow measurement and clinical parameters. Both methods have their own disadvantages such as poor...

    Authors: N. A. R. Nik Hisamuddin, A. Rashidi, K. S. Chew, J. Kamaruddin, Z. Idzwan and A. H. Teo
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:88
  6. Two cases of violent, drug-intoxicated patients who presented considerable problems in management, and were resistant to standard sedative agents, are described. Effective and safe sedation, without the need f...

    Authors: Marten C. Howes and Werner Janse van Rensburg
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:85
  7. Language barriers hinder health care delivery in settings with culturally diverse populations. Interventions to accommodate non-English-speaking patients have been shown to shorten length of stay and reduce no...

    Authors: Alice Han, Humberto Laranjo and Steven M. Friedman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:81
  8. The elderly population is increasing in absolute and relative terms in most developed countries, and this is protected to have a major impact on the delivery of health care, particularly acute and emergency se...

    Authors: Veronica W. T. Yim, Colin A. Graham and Timothy H. Rainer
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:87
  9. In 2003, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) published the Recommended Guidelines for Uniform Reporting of Data from Drowning: the “Utstein style” (“Utstein Style for Drowning,” USFD) ...

    Authors: Štefek Grmec, Matej Strnad and Dejan Podgoršek
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:84
  10. Prehospital spinal immobilization criteria are useful in identifying those at risk for spinal fractures, while reducing the number of patients unnecessarily immobilized. The use of immobilization criteria, wit...

    Authors: Lucas A. Myers, Christopher S. Russi, Daniel G. Hankins, Kathleen S. Berns and Scott P. Zietlow
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:82
  11. Germany has a long tradition of having physicians, often anesthesiologists with additional training in emergency medicine, deliver prehospital emergency care. Hospital-based emergency medicine in Germany also ...

    Authors: Tareg A. Bey, Sigrid A. Hahn and Heinzpeter Moecke
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:76
  12. Displaced distal forearm fractures are frequently reduced in emergency departments. Not infrequently, some are not done adequately and require the tedious process of repeating the procedure, with repeated X-ra...

    Authors: Christopher Ern-Yoong Wong, Angelina Su-Yin Ang and Kee-Chong Ng
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:72
  13. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa and other high prevalence regions continues to overwhelm health care systems. While there has been a global response to improve the deliver...

    Authors: Michael J. Waxman, Paul Muganda, E. Jane Carter and Neford Ongaro
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:65
  14. Providing discharge instructions to emergency department (ED) patients is not a standard practice and there is wide disparity in its implementation. There is evidence that ED discharge instructions, especially...

    Authors: Nagendra Naidu D V, Parivalavan Rajavelu and Arjun Rajagopalan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:77
  15. No published study has analyzed emergency department (ED) utilization by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive adults in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era.

    Authors: Arvind Venkat, Brian Shippert, Douglas Hanneman, Chadd Nesbit, David M. Piontkowsky, Sunil Bhat and Morgen Kelly
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:66
  16. Despite the development of evidence-based practice guidelines in many countries for asthma treatment in children, there is limited evidence that using such guidelines improves patient care.

    Authors: Johann Gildenhuys, Mark Lee and Geoffrey K. Isbister
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 2:63
  17. Survival after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) using standard vasopressor therapy is disappointing. Vasopressin is a potent vasopressor that could become a useful therapeutic alternative in the treatment o...

    Authors: Štefek Grmec, Matej Strnad, Darko Čander and Štefan Mally
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:73
  18. Prehospital ultrasound has been deployed in certain areas of the USA and Europe. Physicians, emergency medical technicians, and flight nurses have utilized a variety of medical and trauma ultrasound assessment...

    Authors: Bret P. Nelson and Kevin Chason
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:75
  19. Despite the importance of early effective chest compressions to improve the chance of survival of an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victim, it is still largely unknown how willing our Malaysian population is t...

    Authors: Keng Sheng Chew and Mohd Noh Abu Yazid
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:70
  20. To determine which specialty was performing rapid sequence intubation (RSI) in the emergency departments and to determine drug preferences of emergency physicians during RSI in Turkey.

    Authors: Ozlem Guneysel, Ozge Ecmel Onur, Haldun Akoglu, Serkan Eroglu and Arzu Denızbası
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:69
  21. The in-training examination is a national and yearly exam administered by the American Board of Emergency Medicine to all emergency medicine residents in the USA. The purpose of the examination is to evaluate ...

    Authors: David Cheng
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:68
  22. Blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) is a diagnostic challenge to the emergency physician (EP). The introduction of bedside ultrasound provides another diagnostic tool for the EP to detect intra-abdominal injuries.

    Authors: Chi Leung Tsui, Hin Tat Fung, Kin Lai Chung and Chak Wah Kam
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:50
  23. A rapidly increasing number of countries are developing their capacities to respond to acute illness and injury and organizing emergency medicine training programs. This article offers some insight into the wa...

    Authors: Chris Curry
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:56
  24. Over the last decade, the diffusion of ultrasound technology to nontraditional users has been rapid and far-reaching. Much research and effort has been focused on developing an ultrasound curriculum and traini...

    Authors: Sachita Shah, Vicki E. Noble, Irenee Umulisa, J. M. V. Dushimiyimana, Gene Bukhman, Joia Mukherjee, Michael Rich and Henry Epino
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:53
  25. Rapid urban growth in developing countries has outpaced the development of health infrastructure, including trauma centers, leading to potential delays in trauma care. This study was conducted in Karachi, a ci...

    Authors: Roomasa Channa, Hira Altaf Jaffrani, Aamir Javed Khan, Talal Hasan and Junaid Abdul Razzak
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:51
  26. Authors: Wei-Jing Lee, Yung-Ze Cheng and Hung-Jung Lin
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:39
  27. Research on cardiac resuscitation has led to various changes in the techniques and drug administration involved in modern advanced life support. Besides improving primary cardiac survival, interest is increasi...

    Authors: Michael T. Pawlik, Timo F. Seyfried, Christian Riegger, Werner Klingler and Christoph Selig
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:37
  28. One of the highest rates of illicit cocaine consumption in Europe is in Spain. Our objective was to study the incidence and impact of undisclosed cocaine consumption in patients attending the emergency departm...

    Authors: Guillermo Burillo-Putze, Juan María Borreguero León, Jose Antonio García Dopico, Jose Francisco Fernández Rodríguez, Maria Angeles Pérez Carrillo, Maria Jesús Jorge Pérez, Antonia María de Vera González, Eva Vallbona Afonso and Alejandro Jiménez Sosa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 1:22

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