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  1. Content type: Original Research

    In many countries, including the Netherlands, a substantial number of patients visit the Emergency Department (ED) without a referral by a general practitioner. The goal of this study was to determine the char...

    Authors: Janneke de Valk, Elisabeth M Taal, Mariette S Nijhoff, Maren H Harms, Esther MM Lieshout, Peter Patka and Pleunie PM Rood

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:30

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:15

  2. Content type: Original Research

    Nearly all Dutch citizens have a general practitioner (GP), acting as a gatekeeper to secondary care. Some patients bypass the GP and present to the emergency department (ED). To make best use of existing emer...

    Authors: M Christien van der Linden, Robert Lindeboom, Naomi van der Linden, Crispijn L van den Brand, Rianne C Lam, Cees Lucas, Rob de Haan and J Carel Goslings

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:28

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  3. Content type: Original Research

    In our level I trauma center, it is considered common practice to repeat blood haemoglobin measurements in patients within 2 h after admission. However, the rationale behind this procedure is elusive and can b...

    Authors: Joanne C Sierink, Pieter Joosse, Steve MM de Castro, Niels WL Schep and J Carel Goslings

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:26

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  4. Content type: Original Research

    Early warning score (EWS) is a system that assists in the timely recognition of hospitalized patients outside critical care areas with potential or established critical illness at risk of deteriorating and who...

    Authors: Nuno Correia, Rui Paulo Rodrigues, Márcia Carvalho Sá, Paula Dias, Luís Lopes and Artur Paiva

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:22

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Polymicrobial Gram-negative pericarditis is a rare entity in the immune-competent patient, and purulent pericarditis due to bacteria complicated by tamponade is a life-threatening condition with high mortality...

    Authors: Carl Frederik Brandt Simonÿ, Mikkel Malham, Jacob Kanstrup, Piotr Wojtek, Folmer Lynggaard and Stig Andersen

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:21

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  6. Content type: Original Research

    Trauma is the leading cause of death in the developed world. Accurate assessment of severity of injuries is critical in informing treatment choices. Current models of assessing severity of injury are not witho...

    Authors: Michael Okello, Patson Makobore, Robert Wangoda, Alex Upoki and Moses Galukande

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:20

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  7. Content type: Review

    The right person in the right place and at the right time is not always possible; telemedicine offers the potential to give audio and visual access to the appropriate clinician for patients. Advances in inform...

    Authors: Ahjoku Amadi-Obi, Peadar Gilligan, Niall Owens and Cathal O’Donnell

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:29

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  8. Content type: Original Research

    Unscheduled return visits to the emergency department (ED) may reflect shortcomings in care. This study characterized ED return visits with respect to incidence, risk factors, reasons and post-ED disposition. ...

    Authors: M Christien van der Linden, Robert Lindeboom, Rob de Haan, Naomi van der Linden, Ernie RJT de Deckere, Cees Lucas, Steven J Rhemrev and J Carel Goslings

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:23

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  9. Content type: Case report

    A 70-year-old patient was referred to our emergency department with severe retrosternal pain after forceful vomiting. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a left-sided oesophageal rupture with accompanying p...

    Authors: Gerben van der Weg, Marald Wikkeling, Maarten van Leeuwen and Ewoud ter Avest

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:27

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  10. Content type: Original Research

    A possible downstream effect of high in-hospital bed occupancy is that patients in the emergency department (ED) who would benefit from in-hospital care are denied admission. The present study aimed at evaluat...

    Authors: Mathias C Blom, Fredrik Jonsson, Mona Landin-Olsson and Kjell Ivarsson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:25

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  11. Content type: Original Research

    Pneumonia is among the foremost causes of hospitalization and mortality in patients residing in extended care facilities. Despite its prevalence, there is currently little literature focusing on the course and...

    Authors: Syed Imran Ayaz, Nadia Haque, Claire Pearson, Patrick Medado, Duane Robinson, Robert Wahl, Marcus Zervos and Brian J O’Neil

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:19

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  12. Content type: Original Research

    Seniors comprise 14% to 21% of all emergency department (ED) visits, yet are disproportionately larger users of ED and inpatient resources. ED care coordinators (EDCCs) target seniors at risk for functional de...

    Authors: Christopher Matthew Bond, Elizabeth A Freiheit, Lesley Podruzny, Alianu Akawakun Kingsly, Dongmei Wang, Jamie Davenport, Abram Gutscher, Cathy Askin, Allison Taylor, Vivian Lee, Queenie Choo and Eddy Samuel Lang

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:18

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  13. Content type: Original Research

    The objective of the current study was to assess the effect of an unusual 10-day snow and ice period on the prevalence of fractures in an emergency department (ED) in the Netherlands. Furthermore, patients wit...

    Authors: Crispijn L van den Brand, M Christien van der Linden, Naomi van der Linden and Steven J Rhemrev

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:17

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  14. Content type: Original Research

    Emergency Department (ED) crowding has been studied for the last 20 years, yet many questions remain about its impact on patient care. In this study, we aimed to determine if ED crowding influenced patient tri...

    Authors: Erin O’Connor, Mathieu Gatien, Cindy Weir and Lisa Calder

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:16

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  15. Content type: Original Research

    One hundred ninety-four member nations turn to the World Health Organization (WHO) for guidance and assistance during disasters. Purposes of disaster communication include preventing panic, promoting appropria...

    Authors: Laura N Medford-Davis and G Bobby Kapur

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:15

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  16. Content type: Brief Research Report

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lactate is a potential biomarker for bacterial meningitis in children. To this end, we performed a single-center retrospective cohort study of children from Sao Paulo, Brazil, with CS...

    Authors: Eduardo Mekitarian Filho, Sérgio Massaru Horita, Alfredo Elias Gilio and Lise E Nigrovic

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:14

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  17. Content type: Original Research

    Some reports indicate financial concerns as a factor affecting ED patients leaving the acute care setting against medical advice (AMA). In India, no person is supposed to be denied urgent care because of inabi...

    Authors: Sassan Naderi, John R Acerra, Kathryn Bailey, Pinaki Mukherji, Taraknath Taraphdar, Tirtha Mukherjee, Abin Pal, Mary Frances Ward, Kathryn Miele, Maxwell Mathias, Richard Tan, Myriam Kline, Kumar Alagappan and Robert Silverman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:13

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  18. Content type: Original Research

    Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical abdominal emergency. Delayed treatment increases the incidence of complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the presentation, incidence, and predict...

    Authors: Richard Nshuti, Deirdré Kruger and Thifheli E Luvhengo

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:12

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  19. Content type: Original Research

    Out-of-hospital emergency care is at an early stage of development in Armenia, with the current emergency medical services (EMS) system having emergency physicians (EPs) work on ambulances along with nurses. W...

    Authors: Aline A Baghdassarian, Ross I Donaldson, Andrew D DePiero, Nancy L Chernett and Harsh Sule

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:11

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  20. Content type: Original Research

    Appropriate disposition of emergency department (ED) patients with chest pain is dependent on clinical evaluation of risk. A number of chest pain risk stratification tools have been proposed. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Ellen Burkett, Thomas Marwick, Ogilvie Thom and Anne-Maree Kelly

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:10

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  21. Content type: Original Research

    The association between emergency department (ED) overcrowding and poor patient outcomes is well described, with recent work suggesting that the phenomenon causes delays in time-sensitive interventions, such a...

    Authors: Mathias C Blom, Fredrik Jonsson, Mona Landin-Olsson and Kjell Ivarsson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:8

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  22. Content type: Original Research

    To improve efficiency, emergency departments (EDs) use dedicated observation units (OUs) to manage patients who are unable to be discharged home, yet do not clearly require inpatient hospitalization. However, ...

    Authors: Atthasit Komindr, Christopher W Baugh, Shamai A Grossman and J Stephen Bohan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:6

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  23. Content type: Original Research

    Patients with high emergency department (ED) utilization account for a disproportionate number of ED visits. The existing research on high ED utilization has raised doubts about the homogeneity of the frequent...

    Authors: M Christien van der Linden, Crispijn L van den Brand, Naomi van der Linden, Anna HJH Rambach and Caro Brumsen

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:9

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  24. Content type: Original Research

    Emergency medicine (EM) is a growing specialty in Colombia with five residency programs in the country. EM leadership is interested in incorporating point-of-care (POC) ultrasound into a standardized national ...

    Authors: Patricia C Henwood, David Beversluis, Alissa A Genthon, Christina N Wilson, Brendan Norwood, Daniel Silva, Mark Foran, Mauricio G Romero, Yury B Martinez, Luis E Vargas, Alejandro C Ocampo, Carlos E Vallejo and Christian Arbelaez

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:7

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Occipital condyle fractures (OCF) are rare traumatic injuries and are of critical clinical importance because of the anatomic considerations of the occipitoatlantoaxial joint complex. OCF can be a diagnostic c...

    Authors: Muhammad Waseem, Ruchi Upadhyay, Husayn Al-Husayni and Samuel Agyare

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:5

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  26. Content type: State of International Emergency Medicine

    It has been a decade since emergency medicine was recognized as a specialty in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In this short time, emergency medicine has established itself and developed rapidly in the UAE. La...

    Authors: Saleh Fares, Furqan B Irfan, Robert F Corder, Μuneer Abdulla Al Marzouqi, Ahmad Hasan Al Zaabi, Marwa Mubarak Idrees and Michael Abbo

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:4

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  27. Content type: Original Research

    Parecoxib sodium is the first parenteral COX-2 inhibitor used for pain management licensed for postoperative pain. However, no study has assessed the usage of parecoxib for acute traumatic pain in the emergenc...

    Authors: Kamarul Aryffin Baharuddin, Nik Hisamuddin NA Rahman, Shaik Farid Abdull Wahab, Nurkhairulnizam A Halim and Rashidi Ahmad

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:2

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  28. Content type: Original Research

    We aimed to observe the preparedness level of final year medical students in approaching emergencies by computer-based simulation training and evaluate the efficacy of the program.

    Authors: Akan Karakus and Nurettin Şenyer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:3

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  29. Content type: Original Research

    The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of sublingual buprenorphine with intravenous morphine sulfate for acute renal colic in the emergency department.

    Authors: Pooya Payandemehr, Mohammad Jalili, Babak Mostafazadeh Davani and Ahmad Reza Dehpour

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:1

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  30. Content type: Brief Research Report

    Pneumocephalus is uncommon in craniofacial trauma and a rare occurrence in non-contact sports. It may be asymptomatic or present with signs of increased intracranial pressure and the majority of cases will res...

    Authors: Eamon C Francis, Eimhear Quinn and John Ryan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:46

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  31. Content type: Brief Research Report

    Basal encephaloceles are rare clinical entities. Intrasphenoidal encephalocele (ISE) is a rare form of basal encephalocele. The clinical presentation is often subtle and may remain undetected. Only a limited n...

    Authors: Muhammad Waseem, Ruchi Upadhyay, Husayn Al-Husayni and Samuel Agyare

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:45

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  32. Content type: Original Research

    Intestinal ischemia is a common complication of intestinal obstruction and arises from impaired perfusion. The resultant local and systemic inflammatory response and bacterial translocation come with a signifi...

    Authors: Ronald Kintu-Luwaga, Moses Galukande and Francis N Owori

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:44

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  33. Content type: Original Research

    Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among postoperative patients. Its incidence has been reported to range between 16% and 38% among general surgery patients and may be as ...

    Authors: Andrew L Muleledhu, Moses Galukande, Patson Makobore, Tom Mwambu, Faith Ameda and Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:43

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  34. Content type: Original Research

    Dutch out-of-hours (OOH) centers find it difficult to attract sufficient triage staff. They regard home-based triage as an option that might attract employees. Specially trained nurses are supposed to conduct ...

    Authors: Ramona Backhaus, Job van Exel and Antoinette de Bont

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:42

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  35. Content type: Original Research

    In The Netherlands, the state of emergency department (ED) crowding is unknown. Anecdotal evidence suggests that current ED patients experience a longer length of stay (LOS) compared to some years ago, which i...

    Authors: Christien van der Linden, Resi Reijnen, Robert W Derlet, Robert Lindeboom, Naomi van der Linden, Cees Lucas and John R Richards

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:41

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  36. Content type: Review

    Lemierre’s syndrome is a condition characterized by thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and bacteremia caused by primarily anaerobic organisms, following a recent oropharyngeal infection. This has be...

    Authors: Wesley Eilbert and Nitin Singla

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:40

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  37. Content type: Brief Research Report

    In Japan, ultrathin transnasal esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with a 4.9-mm diameter endoscope (Olympus XP260) is routinely used to examine the upper gastrointestinal tract. This procedure does not require s...

    Authors: Masato Miyauchi, Makiko Hayashida and Hiroyuki Yokota

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:39

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