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  1. Content type: Original Research

    The Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) Geriatric Emergency Medicine Task Force recommends assessment of delirium for all elderly emergency department (ED) patients. Little is known about emergency ...

    Authors: Jiraporn Sri-on, Gregory Philip Tirrell, Prasit Wuthisuthimethawee and Shan Woo Liu

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:38

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Lemierre's syndrome is a rare condition characterized by thrombophlebitis of internal jugular vein, septicemia and septic metastatic infection of different organs. It is preceded by an oropharyngeal infection ...

    Authors: Sonali Sihindi Chapa Gunatilake, Lakmini Gunarathna Yapa, Malinga Gallala, Rohitha Gamlath, Chaturaka Rodrigo and Harith Wimalaratna

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:39

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  3. Content type: Brief Research Report

    We aimed to compare the clinical judgments of a reference panel of emergency medicine academic physicians against evidence-based likelihood ratios (LRs) regarding the diagnostic value of selected clinical and ...

    Authors: Seyed-Foad Ahmadi, Shahin Khoshkish, Kamran Soltani-Arabshahi, Peyman Hafezi-Moghadam, Golara Zahmatkesh, Parisa Heidari, Davood Baba-Beigloo, Hamid R Baradaran and Shahram Lotfipour

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:34

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  4. Content type: Case report

    In the advent of mass voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for the partial prevention of HIV, previously rare adverse events associated with adult male circumcision are likely to be encountered with high...

    Authors: Moses Galukande, Dennis Bbaale Sekavuga, Alex Muganzi and Alex Coutinho

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:37

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  5. Content type: Original Research

    Acute pain assessment in the emergency department (ED) is important in particular during the triage process. Early pain assessment and management improve outcome. The objective of this study was to determine t...

    Authors: Nik Hisamuddin NA Rahman and Cecilia Ananthanosamy

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:36

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  6. Content type: Brief Research Report

    The aims of the study were to identify the characteristics of elderly frequent attenders to the emergency department (ED) presenting with chest pain and to assess the 1-year prognosis for developing adverse ca...

    Authors: Faraz Zarisfi, Qi En Hong, Pauline See Joon Seah, Huihua Li, Susan Yap and Marcus Eng Hock Ong

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:35

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage often present with electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities that mimic cardiac ischemia, but documented left ventricular regional wall-motion dysfunction...

    Authors: Mai Shimada and Jonathan D Rose

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:33

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  8. Content type: Original Research

    Emergency Medicine (EM) is increasingly becoming an international field. The number of fellowships in International EM in the USA is growing along with opportunities to complete international health electives ...

    Authors: Steve O’Donnell, David H Adler, Pholaphat Charles Inboriboon, Hermenegildo Alvarado, Raul Acosta and Daniel Godoy-Monzon

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:24

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  9. Content type: Original Research

    In many countries, including the Netherlands, a substantial number of patients visit the Emergency Department (ED) without a referral by a general practitioner. The goal of this study was to determine the char...

    Authors: Janneke de Valk, Elisabeth M Taal, Mariette S Nijhoff, Maren H Harms, Esther MM Lieshout, Peter Patka and Pleunie PM Rood

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:30

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:15

  10. Content type: Original Research

    Nearly all Dutch citizens have a general practitioner (GP), acting as a gatekeeper to secondary care. Some patients bypass the GP and present to the emergency department (ED). To make best use of existing emer...

    Authors: M Christien van der Linden, Robert Lindeboom, Naomi van der Linden, Crispijn L van den Brand, Rianne C Lam, Cees Lucas, Rob de Haan and J Carel Goslings

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:28

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  11. Content type: Original Research

    In our level I trauma center, it is considered common practice to repeat blood haemoglobin measurements in patients within 2 h after admission. However, the rationale behind this procedure is elusive and can b...

    Authors: Joanne C Sierink, Pieter Joosse, Steve MM de Castro, Niels WL Schep and J Carel Goslings

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:26

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  12. Content type: Original Research

    Early warning score (EWS) is a system that assists in the timely recognition of hospitalized patients outside critical care areas with potential or established critical illness at risk of deteriorating and who...

    Authors: Nuno Correia, Rui Paulo Rodrigues, Márcia Carvalho Sá, Paula Dias, Luís Lopes and Artur Paiva

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:22

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Polymicrobial Gram-negative pericarditis is a rare entity in the immune-competent patient, and purulent pericarditis due to bacteria complicated by tamponade is a life-threatening condition with high mortality...

    Authors: Carl Frederik Brandt Simonÿ, Mikkel Malham, Jacob Kanstrup, Piotr Wojtek, Folmer Lynggaard and Stig Andersen

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:21

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  14. Content type: Original Research

    Trauma is the leading cause of death in the developed world. Accurate assessment of severity of injuries is critical in informing treatment choices. Current models of assessing severity of injury are not witho...

    Authors: Michael Okello, Patson Makobore, Robert Wangoda, Alex Upoki and Moses Galukande

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:20

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  15. Content type: Review

    The right person in the right place and at the right time is not always possible; telemedicine offers the potential to give audio and visual access to the appropriate clinician for patients. Advances in inform...

    Authors: Ahjoku Amadi-Obi, Peadar Gilligan, Niall Owens and Cathal O’Donnell

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:29

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  16. Content type: Original Research

    Unscheduled return visits to the emergency department (ED) may reflect shortcomings in care. This study characterized ED return visits with respect to incidence, risk factors, reasons and post-ED disposition. ...

    Authors: M Christien van der Linden, Robert Lindeboom, Rob de Haan, Naomi van der Linden, Ernie RJT de Deckere, Cees Lucas, Steven J Rhemrev and J Carel Goslings

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:23

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  17. Content type: Case report

    A 70-year-old patient was referred to our emergency department with severe retrosternal pain after forceful vomiting. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a left-sided oesophageal rupture with accompanying p...

    Authors: Gerben van der Weg, Marald Wikkeling, Maarten van Leeuwen and Ewoud ter Avest

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:27

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  18. Content type: Original Research

    A possible downstream effect of high in-hospital bed occupancy is that patients in the emergency department (ED) who would benefit from in-hospital care are denied admission. The present study aimed at evaluat...

    Authors: Mathias C Blom, Fredrik Jonsson, Mona Landin-Olsson and Kjell Ivarsson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:25

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  19. Content type: Original Research

    Pneumonia is among the foremost causes of hospitalization and mortality in patients residing in extended care facilities. Despite its prevalence, there is currently little literature focusing on the course and...

    Authors: Syed Imran Ayaz, Nadia Haque, Claire Pearson, Patrick Medado, Duane Robinson, Robert Wahl, Marcus Zervos and Brian J O’Neil

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:19

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  20. Content type: Original Research

    Seniors comprise 14% to 21% of all emergency department (ED) visits, yet are disproportionately larger users of ED and inpatient resources. ED care coordinators (EDCCs) target seniors at risk for functional de...

    Authors: Christopher Matthew Bond, Elizabeth A Freiheit, Lesley Podruzny, Alianu Akawakun Kingsly, Dongmei Wang, Jamie Davenport, Abram Gutscher, Cathy Askin, Allison Taylor, Vivian Lee, Queenie Choo and Eddy Samuel Lang

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:18

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  21. Content type: Original Research

    The objective of the current study was to assess the effect of an unusual 10-day snow and ice period on the prevalence of fractures in an emergency department (ED) in the Netherlands. Furthermore, patients wit...

    Authors: Crispijn L van den Brand, M Christien van der Linden, Naomi van der Linden and Steven J Rhemrev

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:17

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  22. Content type: Original Research

    Emergency Department (ED) crowding has been studied for the last 20 years, yet many questions remain about its impact on patient care. In this study, we aimed to determine if ED crowding influenced patient tri...

    Authors: Erin O’Connor, Mathieu Gatien, Cindy Weir and Lisa Calder

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:16

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  23. Content type: Original Research

    One hundred ninety-four member nations turn to the World Health Organization (WHO) for guidance and assistance during disasters. Purposes of disaster communication include preventing panic, promoting appropria...

    Authors: Laura N Medford-Davis and G Bobby Kapur

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:15

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  24. Content type: Brief Research Report

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lactate is a potential biomarker for bacterial meningitis in children. To this end, we performed a single-center retrospective cohort study of children from Sao Paulo, Brazil, with CS...

    Authors: Eduardo Mekitarian Filho, Sérgio Massaru Horita, Alfredo Elias Gilio and Lise E Nigrovic

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:14

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  25. Content type: Original Research

    Some reports indicate financial concerns as a factor affecting ED patients leaving the acute care setting against medical advice (AMA). In India, no person is supposed to be denied urgent care because of inabi...

    Authors: Sassan Naderi, John R Acerra, Kathryn Bailey, Pinaki Mukherji, Taraknath Taraphdar, Tirtha Mukherjee, Abin Pal, Mary Frances Ward, Kathryn Miele, Maxwell Mathias, Richard Tan, Myriam Kline, Kumar Alagappan and Robert Silverman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:13

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  26. Content type: Original Research

    Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical abdominal emergency. Delayed treatment increases the incidence of complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the presentation, incidence, and predict...

    Authors: Richard Nshuti, Deirdré Kruger and Thifheli E Luvhengo

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:12

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  27. Content type: Original Research

    Out-of-hospital emergency care is at an early stage of development in Armenia, with the current emergency medical services (EMS) system having emergency physicians (EPs) work on ambulances along with nurses. W...

    Authors: Aline A Baghdassarian, Ross I Donaldson, Andrew D DePiero, Nancy L Chernett and Harsh Sule

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:11

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  28. Content type: Original Research

    Appropriate disposition of emergency department (ED) patients with chest pain is dependent on clinical evaluation of risk. A number of chest pain risk stratification tools have been proposed. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Ellen Burkett, Thomas Marwick, Ogilvie Thom and Anne-Maree Kelly

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:10

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  29. Content type: Original Research

    Patients with high emergency department (ED) utilization account for a disproportionate number of ED visits. The existing research on high ED utilization has raised doubts about the homogeneity of the frequent...

    Authors: M Christien van der Linden, Crispijn L van den Brand, Naomi van der Linden, Anna HJH Rambach and Caro Brumsen

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:9

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  30. Content type: Original Research

    Emergency medicine (EM) is a growing specialty in Colombia with five residency programs in the country. EM leadership is interested in incorporating point-of-care (POC) ultrasound into a standardized national ...

    Authors: Patricia C Henwood, David Beversluis, Alissa A Genthon, Christina N Wilson, Brendan Norwood, Daniel Silva, Mark Foran, Mauricio G Romero, Yury B Martinez, Luis E Vargas, Alejandro C Ocampo, Carlos E Vallejo and Christian Arbelaez

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:7

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  31. Content type: Original Research

    To improve efficiency, emergency departments (EDs) use dedicated observation units (OUs) to manage patients who are unable to be discharged home, yet do not clearly require inpatient hospitalization. However, ...

    Authors: Atthasit Komindr, Christopher W Baugh, Shamai A Grossman and J Stephen Bohan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 7:6

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