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  1. Trauma is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in children globally. The burden of injury shows substantial geographical differences, with a significant mortality reduction in children in Norway during the...

    Authors: Eirik Nesje, Nadine Nalini Valøy, Andreas Jorstad Krüger and Oddvar Uleberg
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:18
  2. Although emergency medical services (EMS) and pre-hospital care have existed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) since 1934, emergency medicine (EM) is a relatively new medical field in the country that was n...

    Authors: Eyad Khattab, Abdulrahman Sabbagh, Nawfal Aljerian, Hashim Binsalleeh, Mobarak Almulhim, Abdulrahman Alqahtani and Majid Alsalamah
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:16
  3. In the patient entrapped after a motor vehicle collision (MVC), advanced airway management may need to be performed before extrication. The aim of this study was to compare four airway management devices utili...

    Authors: Robin Pap and Charl van Loggerenberg
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:15
  4. This paper sought to characterize pediatric clonidine ingestions, report trends in incidence, and evaluate outcomes using the Florida Poison Center’s data over a period of 15 years, from 2002 to 2016.

    Authors: Kendra Amico, Rolando Cabrera and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:14
  5. The authors present seven winning strategies for maintaining a rich academic environment for learners while working in a busy emergency department with expected productivity metrics.

    Authors: Tracy MacIntosh, David C. Lebowitz and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:13
  6. Early discrimination of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) due to a left main trunk (LMT) lesion provided by straightforward electrocardiographic criteria is useful for prompt treatment. The purpose of...

    Authors: Toshiharu Fujii, Misaki Hasegawa, Junichi Miyamoto and Yuji Ikari
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:12
  7. Approximately 5% of emergency department (ED) patients with altered mental status (AMS) have non-convulsive seizures (NCS). Patients with NCS should be diagnosed with EEG as soon as possible to initiate antiep...

    Authors: Geetha Chari, Kabir Yadav, Daniel Nishijima, Ahmet Omurtag and Shahriar Zehtabchi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:11
  8. Several scoring systems are used to evaluate the severity of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGB) and the risk of rebleeding or death. The most commonly used scoring systems include the Rockall ...

    Authors: Vladimir Bagin, Evgenii Tarasov, Maria Astafyeva, Evgenii Nishnevich, Vladimir Rudnov and Mikhail Prudkov
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:10
  9. Physicians are occasionally faced with patients requesting full resuscitation against medical advice. More commonly, neither patients nor their family members make such a request, but physicians simply presume...

    Authors: Loukas Georgiou and Anastasios Georgiou
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:9
  10. New applications for virtual healthcare have resulted in an expansion of medical care beyond traditional healthcare settings. However, the rapid development of telemedicine as a field has resulted in poor stan...

    Authors: Rahul Sharma, Sapir Nachum, Karina W. Davidson and Michael Nochomovitz
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:8
  11. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a mode of non-invasive ventilation used to treat a variety of respiratory conditions in the emergency department and intensive care unit. In low-resource settings ...

    Authors: Brendan H. Milliner, Suzanne Bentley and James DuCanto
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:7
  12. Team-based learning (TBL) as an instructional pedagogy is increasingly recognized to improve student engagement, value of teamwork, and performance on standardized assessments when compared to traditional lect...

    Authors: Arif Alper Cevik, Margaret ElZubeir, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan and Sami Shaban
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:6
  13. Triage protocols standardize and improve patient care in accident and emergency departments (A&Es). Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH), the largest public tertiary hospital in East Africa, is resource-limited an...

    Authors: Ali A. Wangara, Katherine M. Hunold, Sarah Leeper, Frederick Ndiawo, Judith Mweu, Shaun Harty, Rachael Fuchs, Ian B. K. Martin, Karen Ekernas, Stephen J. Dunlop, Michèle Twomey, Alice W. Maingi and Justin Guy Myers
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:5
  14. Crowding is a major challenge faced by EDs and is associated with poor outcomes.

    Authors: Mahshid Abir, Jason E. Goldstick, Rosalie Malsberger, Andrew Williams, Sebastian Bauhoff, Vikas I. Parekh, Steven Kronick and Jeffrey S. Desmond
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:4
  15. Emergency medicine (EM) is a new specialty in Tanzania. Little is known about how to introduce EM to health care providers (HCPs) in hospitals without EM. We determined the impact of a 2-day EM training progra...

    Authors: Peter S. Mabula, Hendry R. Sawe, Victor Mwafongo, Juma A. Mfinanga, Michael S. Runyon and Brittany L. Murray
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:3
  16. Quality of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills may influence out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes. We analyzed how the level of CPR training related to indicators of good CPR quality...

    Authors: Inger Lund-Kordahl, Maria Mathiassen, Jørgen Melau, Theresa Mariero Olasveengen, Kjetil Sunde and Knut Fredriksen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:2
  17. Recent studies suggest that hypotension thresholds in current guidelines might be too low for older patients due to arterial stiffening, possibly leading to insufficient fluid resuscitation. We compared intraveno...

    Authors: Sin Y. Ko, Laura M. Esteve Cuevas, Merel Willeboer, Annemieke Ansems, Laura C. Blomaard, Jacinta A. Lucke, Simon P. Mooijaart and Bas de Groot
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:1
  18. Although emergency medical service (EMS) providers recognize that both male and female paramedics are necessary, Saudi EMSs are currently fully staffed by men. Cultural bias against care provision by male para...

    Authors: Nesrin Alharthy, Sara Alswaes, Alanoud Almaziad, Nourah Alenazi, Maha Abdallah and Moeed Alshehry
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:57
  19. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that one of the authors’ names is spelled incorrectly. In this Correction the incorrect and correct author name are shown.

    Authors: Hadeel Alkhaneen, Faisal Alhusain, Khalid Alshehri and Nawfal Al Jerian
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:56

    The original article was published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:14

  20. Bleeding complications are a risk associated with all anticoagulants. Currently, the treatment options for the management of direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC)-associated bleeding are limited. Prothrombin comple...

    Authors: Maureane Hoffman, Joshua N. Goldstein and Jerrold H. Levy
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:55
  21. In critical care situations, there are often neither the means nor the time to weigh each patient before administering strict weight-based drugs/procedures. A convenient, quick and accurate method is a priorit...

    Authors: Daniel D. Kokong, Ishaya C. Pam, Ayuba I. Zoakah, Solomon S. Danbauchi, Emmanuel S. Mador and Barnabas M. Mandong
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:54
  22. Emergency medical services (EMS) is defined as the system that organizes all aspects of care provided to patients in the pre-hospital or out-of-hospital environment. Hence, EMS is a critical component of the h...

    Authors: Amber Mehmood, Armaan Ahmed Rowther, Olive Kobusingye and Adnan A. Hyder
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:53
  23. The availability of resources, knowledge, and will to expand access to high-quality emergency care in low- and middle-income countries has made strong progress in recent years. While the possibility for interv...

    Authors: Thomas Shanahan, Nicholas Risko, Junaid Razzak and Zulfiqar Bhutta
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:52
  24. Trauma is the leading cause of death for adults under 44 years of age. Survival after traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has been reported to be poor, and its epidemiology is not well defined. A f...

    Authors: Minaz Mawani, Masood Kadir, Iqbal Azam and Junaid Abdul Razzak
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:50
  25. Pharyngitis is one of the major and commonly seen presentations in pediatric emergency departments. While it could be caused by both bacterial and viral pathogens, antibiotics are improperly prescribed regardl...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Alkhazi, Khalid M. Alessa, Ahmed M. Almutairi, Hamad A. Almadi, Abdullah Akkam, Mohammed K. Almutairi, Omar A. Alhamad and Hadeel S. Ghazal
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:49
  26. Acetaminophen is one of the most common causes of poisoning among developed countries. The emergency department observation unit (EDOU) has been increasingly used in the management of various conditions to red...

    Authors: Dilin Tang, Wui Ling Chan and Dong Haur Phua
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:48
  27. In cases of severe accidental hypothermia, it was recommended that resuscitation should be continued until the patient has rewarmed, as hypothermia itself can preserve cerebral function, and hypothermic cardia...

    Authors: Naofumi Bunya, Keigo Sawamoto, Ryuichiro Kakizaki, Kenshiro Wada, Yoichi Katayama, Hirotoshi Mizuno, Hiroyuki Inoue, Shuji Uemura, Keisuke Harada and Eichi Narimatsu
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:46
  28. Phenazopyridine-induced methemoglobinemia is relatively rare with fewer than ten cases reported over the past 35 years. We describe a case of phenazopyridine-induced methemoglobinemia that is unique in the way...

    Authors: Travis Murphy and Melinda Fernandez
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:45
  29. The transfer of patients from community emergency departments to tertiary care centers is a daily occurrence in the practice of emergency medicine, but the completeness of medical data in the transfer document...

    Authors: Jason J. Lewis, David W. Schoenfeld and Alden Landry
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:44
  30. The 3-h high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) algorithm is the most commonly used scheme to diagnose acute myocardial infarction. The 1-h hs-cTnT algorithm has recently been approved by the European So...

    Authors: Onlak Ruangsomboon, Pattaraporn Mekavuthikul, Tipa Chakorn, Apichaya Monsomboon, Nattakarn Prapruetkit, Usapan Surabenjawong, Chok Limsuwat, Sattha Riyapan and Wansiri Chaisirin
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:43
  31. Worldwide, emergency department (ED) attendances and admissions to acute care have increased significantly. Many EDs are adding physiotherapists to their team thereby allowing doctors to see more cases that ar...

    Authors: Rosalie Barrett and Louise Terry
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:42
  32. Dabigatran is one of the four drugs currently used as a direct oral anticoagulant in Japan. Idarucizumab, which specifically targets dabigatran, was recently approved in Japan. We present a case of intracrania...

    Authors: Shuhei Maruyama, Koichi Hayakawa, Shuji Kanayama, Hiromu Iwamura, Daiki Wada, Fukuki Saito, Yasushi Nakamori and Yasuyuki Kuwagata
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:41
  33. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a key component of emergency care following cardiac arrest. A better understanding of factors that influence CPR outcomes and their prognostic implications would help gui...

    Authors: Umme Salama Moosajee, Syed Ghazanfar Saleem, Sundus Iftikhar and Lubna Samad
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:40
  34. Measuring milestones, competencies, and sub-competencies as residents progress through a training program is an essential strategy in Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)’s attempts to ...

    Authors: Prathiba Natesan, Nicholas J. Batley, Rinad Bakhti and Philippe Z. El-Doueihi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:39
  35. To design and implement a replicable disaster training curriculum for the first on-call medical student hazardous materials response team.

    Authors: Joshua Verson, Nicholas Dyga, Nestor Agbayani, Fred Serafin and Louis Hondros
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:38
  36. The effect of bystander interventions has been extensively evaluated by cerebral function after 1 month post-resuscitation. However, patients who received bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) and ach...

    Authors: Hiroshi Otani, Ryo Sagisaka, Hideharu Tanaka, Hiroshi Takyu, Takahiro Hara, Toru Shirakawa, Shota Tanaka and Akira Maki
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:37
  37. Intracranial subdural hematoma occurring as a result of a procedure that causes a puncture of the spinal dura mater is extremely rare, with less than 100 cases reported. Often, this condition is initially misd...

    Authors: Victor Szeto, Justin Kosirog and Wesley Eilbert
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:36
  38. Nationwide optimization of the emergency department (ED) landscape is being discussed in The Netherlands. The emphasis is put mostly on the number of EDs actually present at the time versus a proposed minimum ...

    Authors: Menno I. Gaakeer, Rebekka Veugelers, Joris M. van Lieshout, Peter Patka and Robbert Huijsman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:35
  39. Foreign body airway obstruction is a significant public health issue around the world. Mochi, a traditional sticky rice cake in Japan, has gained popularity in many countries including the USA. However, the as...

    Authors: Shimpei Nagata, Sung-Ho Kim, Yasuaki Mizushima and Tatsuya Norii
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:34
  40. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) 2004 Falls guideline was developed to improve the assessment and management of falls and prevention of future falls. However, adherence to the guide...

    Authors: Helen McEwan, Richard Baker, Natalie Armstrong and Jay Banerjee
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:33
  41. Migraines are a commonly seen complaint in the emergency department, but migraines with extensive skin markings have rarely been reported and so the cause is still unknown.

    Authors: Sabrina Berdouk and Sobia Khan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:32
  42. The published recommendations for international emergency medicine curricula cover the content, but exclude teaching and learning methods, assessment, and evaluation. We aim to provide an overview on available...

    Authors: Arif Alper Cevik, Elif Dilek Cakal and Fikri M. Abu-Zidan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:31
  43. Elevated blood pressure (BP) is common among emergency department (ED) patients. While some data exist on the association between ED BP and hypertension (HTN) in the USA, little is known about this relationshi...

    Authors: Taneisha T. Wilson, Jean Williams-Johnson, Maxine Gossel-Williams, Elizabeth M. Goldberg, Rainford Wilks, Shuvra Dasgupta, Georgiana M. Gordon-Strachan, Eric W. Williams and Philip D. Levy
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:30
  44. Infectious disease is the second most common cause of death in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). When presenting to the emergency department (ED) with fever, it remains a diagnostic challenge to distinguis...

    Authors: Nicholas Villalon, Neda Farzan and Kathryn Freeman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:29
  45. In-hospital observation is typically recommended for patients who present to the emergency department with symptomatic hypoglycemia who are taking oral diabetes medications or long acting insulin. Individuals ...

    Authors: David P. Betten, David J. Castle, Mary J. Hughes and Jason N. Henney
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:28
  46. Free open access to medical education (FOAM, #FOAM) is the free availability of educational materials on various medicine topics. We hope to evaluate the use of social media and FOAM by emergency medical servi...

    Authors: Joshua Bucher, Colleen Donovan and Jonathan McCoy
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:27
  47. Inefficient processes of care delivery during acute resuscitation can compromise the “Golden Hour,” the time when quick interventions can rapidly determine the course of the patient’s outcome. Checklists have ...

    Authors: Ronaldo Sevilla-Berrios, John C. O’Horo, Christopher N. Schmickl, Aysen Erdogan, Xiaomei Chen, Lisbeth Y. Garcia Arguello, Yue Dong, Oguz Kilickaya, Brain Pickering, Rahul Kashyap and Ognjen Gajic
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:26

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