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  1. Coins are made of metal, which is generally radiopaque, and so physicians often have the misconception that all coins are detectable by radiography. Here, we report a case of intentionally swallowed coins in t...

    Authors: Jin Takahashi, Takashi Shiga and Hiraku Funakoshi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:27
  2. Nail abnormalities in childhood are generally uncommon. Recently, onychomadesis is described as a rare, late complication of hand-foot-mouth disease, which is a viral illness commonly seen in the pediatric age...

    Authors: Ibrahim Mortada, Rola Mortada and Mohamad Al Bazzal
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:26
  3. The objective of this study was to determine the attitude of patients, healthcare professionals, and noninjured lay persons towards adding a video with discharge instructions to patient care for patients with ...

    Authors: Amber E. Hoek, Maaike van den Hamer, Carianne K. Deelstra, Ed F. van Beeck, Diederik W. J. Dippel, Juanita A. Haagsma and Pleunie P. M. Rood
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:25
  4. In order to enhance patient safety during resuscitation of critically ill patients, we need to optimize team communication and enhance team situational awareness but little is known about resuscitation team co...

    Authors: Lisa Anne Calder, George Mastoras, Mitra Rahimpour, Benjamin Sohmer, Brian Weitzman, A. Adam Cwinn, Tara Hobin and Avi Parush
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:24
  5. Patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus may present repeatedly to the emergency department (ED) for management and treatment of hyperglycemic episodes, including diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmola...

    Authors: Justin W. Yan, Katherine M. Gushulak, Melanie P. Columbus, Kristine van Aarsen, Alexandra L. Hamelin, George A. Wells and Ian G. Stiell
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:23
  6. Pesticides are identified as one of the dangerous poisons globally in children and are associated with increased short- and long-term morbidity. Pesticide poisoning is the most common method of self-poisoning ...

    Authors: Kavinda Chandimal Dayasiri, Shaluka F. Jayamanne and Chamilka Y. Jayasinghe
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:22
  7. Innovative methods for delivering healthcare via the use of technology are rapidly growing. Despite the passage of the Affordable Care Act, emergency department visits have continued to rise nationally. Health...

    Authors: Rahul Sharma, Peter Fleischut and Daniel Barchi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:21
  8. Mass Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) training using less expensive and easily portable manikins is one way to increase the number of trained laypeople in a short time. The easy-to-carry, low-cost CPR trai...

    Authors: Shota Tanaka, Alexander E. White, Ryo Sagisaka, Guanseng Chong, Eileen Ng, Jinny Seow, Nurul Asyikin MJ, Hideharu Tanaka and Marcus Eng Hock Ong
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:20
  9. Hospitalization and early anticoagulation therapy remain standard care for patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with pulmonary embolism (PE). For PEs discovered incidentally, however, optimal ...

    Authors: Srinivas R. Banala, Sai-Ching Jim Yeung, Terry W. Rice, Cielito C. Reyes-Gibby, Carol C. Wu, Knox H. Todd, W. Frank Peacock and Kumar Alagappan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:19
  10. Time is a crucial factor for the successful early management of the multi-trauma patient. Hybrid operating theaters, which support the integration of surgical treatment and interventional radiology, provide op...

    Authors: Naofumi Bunya, Keisuke Harada, Yosuke Kuroda, Tsubasa Toyohara, Takashi Toyohara, Narumi Kubota, Ryuichiro Kakizaki, Hideto Irifune, Shuji Uemura and Eichi Narimatsu
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:18
  11. Loop diuretics are common therapy for emergency department (ED) patients with acute heart failure (AHF). Diuretic resistance (DR) is a term used to describe blunted natriuretic response to loop diuretics. It w...

    Authors: Andrew Doering, Cathy A. Jenkins, Alan B. Storrow, JoAnn Lindenfeld, Gregory J. Fermann, Karen F. Miller, Matthew Sperling and Sean P. Collins
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:17
  12. Pain is among the most commonly treated symptoms in the emergency department, and opioids are commonly prescribed from the emergency department to treat moderate to severe pain. Prescription drug monitoring pr...

    Authors: Henry W. Young II, Joseph A. Tyndall and Linda B. Cottler
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:16
  13. The goal of this article was to provide an overview of the literature available on carbon dioxide intoxication. Articles were included based on their focus on medical or physiological effects of carbon dioxide...

    Authors: Kris Permentier, Steven Vercammen, Sylvia Soetaert and Christian Schellemans
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:14
  14. Natural disasters affected millions of people worldwide every year. Evaluation of disaster health and health response interventions is faced with several methodological challenges. This study aimed (1) to desc...

    Authors: Karin Hugelius, Mervyn Gifford, Per Örtenwall and Annsofie Adolfsson
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:13
  15. We report the ultrasound finding of ascariasis in a patient with hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS). Although ascariasis is common in low-resource settings, there has been no previous report associating as...

    Authors: Giles N. Cattermole and Jean-Paul Nzabandora
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:12
  16. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common presentation of type I diabetes mellitus to the emergency departments. Most children with DKA are initially managed in community emergency departments where providers ma...

    Authors: Janine E. Zee-Cheng, Emily C. Webber and Samer Abu-Sultaneh
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:11
  17. The concept of emergency medical services (EMS) is new to Sri Lanka. This article describes the development, delivery, and future ideas for EMS in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka also faces frequent natural hazards that ...

    Authors: Kelum Wimalaratne, Jeong IL Lee, Kang Hyun Lee, Hee Young Lee, Jung Hun Lee and In Hye Kang
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:10
  18. The key guidelines in the management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) include the 2010 British Thoracic Society (BTS) Pleural Disease guideline and 2001 American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) Con...

    Authors: Jiyoon Yoon, Parthipan Sivakumar, Kevin O’Kane and Liju Ahmed
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:9
  19. In several European countries, emergency departments (EDs) now employ a dedicated team of full-time emergency medicine (EM) physicians, with a distinct leadership and bed-side emergency training, in all simila...

    Authors: Pedro Ramos and José Artur Paiva
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:8
  20. Stercoral colitis is an inflammatory process involving the colonic wall related to fecal impaction. This rare condition is associated with high morbidity-mortality.

    Authors: Abdelghafour Elkoundi, Mustapha Bensghir and Charki Haimeur
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:7
  21. Implementing procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department is still is a challenge on an international scale. Here, we describe the Dutch setting of emergency medicine and explain the strategie...

    Authors: Maybritt I. Kuypers, Frans B. Plötz and Francis Mencl
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:6
  22. Blood product transfusion occurs in a significant percentage of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Pulmonary complications, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), occurring in the setting of tran...

    Authors: Alexander Beyer, Ryan Rees, Christopher Palmer, Brian T. Wessman and Brian M. Fuller
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:5
  23. Tension gastrothorax is a kind of obstructive shock with prolapse and distention of the stomach into the thoracic cavity. Progressive gastric distension leads to mediastinal shift, reduced venous return, decre...

    Authors: Naofumi Bunya, Keigo Sawamoto, Shuji Uemura, Takashi Toyohara, Yukino Mori, Ryoko Kyan, Kei Miyata, Hideto Irifune, Keisuke Harada and Eichi Narimatsu
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:4
  24. Hyperkalemia is a common electrolyte abnormality and has well-recognized early electrocardiographic manifestations including PR prolongation and symmetric T wave peaking. With severe increase in serum potassiu...

    Authors: Shareez Peerbhai, Luke Masha, Adrian DaSilva-DeAbreu and Abhijeet Dhoble
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:3
  25. Burns occur disproportionately within low-socioeconomic populations. The Western Cape Province of South Africa represents a middle-income setting with a high rate of burns, few specialists and few burn centres...

    Authors: Rachel L. Allgaier, Lucie Laflamme and Lee A. Wallis
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:2
  26. Although rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is the method of choice in emergency department (ED) airway management, data to support the use of RSI remain scarce. We sought to compare the effectiveness of airway m...

    Authors: Masashi Okubo, Koichiro Gibo, Yusuke Hagiwara, Yukiko Nakayama and Kohei Hasegawa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:1
  27. Afterload reduction with bolus enalaprilat is used by some for management of acute hypertensive heart failure (HF) but existing data on the safety and effectiveness of this practice are limited. The purpose of...

    Authors: Syed Imran Ayaz, Craig M. Sharkey, Gregory M. Kwiatkowski, Suprat Saely Wilson, Reba S. John, Rosa Tolomello, Arushi Mahajan, Scott Millis and Phillip D. Levy
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:28
  28. Funding for global health has grown significantly over the past two decades. Numerous funding opportunities for international development and research work exist; however, they can be difficult to navigate. Th...

    Authors: Bhakti Hansoti, Adam Levine, Latha Ganti, Rockefeller Oteng, Taylor DesRosiers, Payal Modi and Jeremy Brown
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:27
  29. Traumatic injuries have become a substantial but neglected epidemic in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), but emergency rooms (ERs) in these countries are often staffed with healthcare providers who hav...

    Authors: Rifat Latifi, Jayleen K. L. Gunn, John A. Stroster, Edmond Zaimi, Fatos Olldashi, Agron Dogjani, Mihal Kerci, Xheladin Draçini, Julian Kuçani, Zhaneta Shatri, Agim Kociraj, Arian Boci and Ross I. Donaldson
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:26
  30. The teaching modality of “flipping the classroom” has garnered recent attention in medical education. In this model, the lecture and homework components are reversed. The flipped classroom lends itself to more...

    Authors: Edward K. Lew
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:25
  31. The purpose of this study was to examine the emergency physician (EP) practice of prescribing prophylactic antibiotics for patients with oral lacerations. A secondary outcome measure was the infection rate of ...

    Authors: Suzanne Lilley Katsetos, Roxanne Nagurka, Jaclyn Caffrey, Steven E. Keller and Tiffany Murano
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:24
  32. Intracranial abscesses are rare and life-threatening conditions that typically originate from direct extension from nearby structures, hematogenous dissemination or following penetrating cerebral trauma or neu...

    Authors: David Traficante, Alexander Riss and Steven Hochman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:23
  33. Acupuncture is a form of traditional Chinese medicine being increasingly used as complementary therapy in many countries. It is relatively safe and rarely associated with deep infections.

    Authors: Jing Jing Chan and Jen Jen Oh
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:22
  34. Injuries are a major public health problem worldwide. Despite increasing morbidity and mortality from injuries in Nepal, it is not recognised in the government’s policy and programmes and few population-based ...

    Authors: Santosh Bhatta, Puspa Raj Pant and Julie Mytton
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:21
  35. Sepsis has a high mortality. Early recognition and timely treatment are essential for patient survival. The aim of this study is to examine the factors that influence the knowledge and recognition of systemic ...

    Authors: L. C. van den Hengel, T. Visseren, P. E. Meima-Cramer, P. P. M. Rood and S. C. E. Schuit
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:19
  36. The objectives of the study is to review and assess the implementation of the applied modified five-level triage and acuity scale triage system in AL-Yarmook Urgent Care Center (UCC), King Abdulaziz Residentia...

    Authors: Abdullah Arafat, Ali Al-Farhan and Hiba Abu Khalil
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:17
  37. Adequate pain control through sedation and anesthesia for emergency procedures is a crucial aspect of pediatric emergency care. Resources for administering such anesthesia are extremely limited in many low-inc...

    Authors: Kevin R. Schwartz, Karla Fredricks, Zaid Al Tawil, Taylor Kandler, Stella A. Odenyo, Javan Imbamba, Brett D. Nelson and Thomas F. Burke
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:16
  38. Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) extend the reach of a tertiary care center significantly. However, its role in septic patients is unclear. Our study was performed to clarify the role of HEMS in se...

    Authors: Rahul Kashyap, Peter W. Anderson, Abhay Vakil, Christopher S. Russi and Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:15
  39. Diving is, besides professional reasons, an increasingly popular leisure activity. Whilst statistically compared to other sports safe, diving accidents can result in serious complications. In order to treat th...

    Authors: J. W. Smithuis, E. Gips, T. P. van Rees Vellinga and M. I. Gaakeer
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:14
  40. “Floating shoulder” is a rare injury complex resulting from high-energy blunt force trauma to the shoulder, resulting in scapulothoracic dissociation. It is commonly associated with catastrophic neurovascular ...

    Authors: Kenneth Heng
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:13
  41. Locked-in syndrome, although a notoriously famous clinical entity, the rarity of the condition coupled with the variability of clinical features on acute presentation represents a potential diagnostic pitfall ...

    Authors: Lasanthi Aryasinghe, Yasmin Kazim, Hamza F. Obeid and Husnain Hashim
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:12
  42. Diaphragmatic hernia is an important cause of emergency hospital admission associated with significant morbidity. It usually results from congenital defect or rupture in the diaphragm due to trauma. Prompt and...

    Authors: Pradeep Kumar Vyas, Chintamani Godbole, Susheel Kumar Bindroo, Rajiv S. Mathur, Bharathi Akula and Nilesh Doctor
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:11
  43. Progression from nonsevere sepsis—i.e., sepsis without organ failure or shock—to severe sepsis or shock among emergency department (ED) patients has been associated with significant mortality. Early recognitio...

    Authors: Andre L. Holder, Namita Gupta, Elizabeth Lulaj, Miriam Furgiuele, Idaly Hidalgo, Michael P. Jones, Tiphany Jolly, Paul Gennis and Adrienne Birnbaum
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:10
  44. Paramedic trainees in developing countries face complex and chaotic clinical environments that demand effective leadership, communication, and teamwork. Providers must rely on non-technical skills (NTS) to man...

    Authors: Aditya Mantha, Nathaniel L. Coggins, Aditya Mahadevan, Rebecca N. Strehlow, Matthew C. Strehlow and S.V. Mahadevan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:9
  45. We designed this study to expand the usage of ultrasound to detect early occurrence of hypovolemia. We explore the potential use of inferior vena cava (IVC) and abdominal aorta (AA) diameter index (IVC:AA) mea...

    Authors: Nik Hisamuddin NA Rahman, Rashidi Ahmad, Meera Mohaideen Kareem and Mohammad Iqhbal Mohammed
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:8
  46. Inpatient hyperglycaemia and diabetes mellitus (DM) are common and are associated with an increased risk of complications and mortality. The severity of hyperglycaemia determines the rate of complications in p...

    Authors: Fernando Gomez-Peralta, Cristina Abreu, Leonor Andreu-Urioste, Ana Cristina Antolí, Carmen Rico-Fontsaré, David Martín-Fernández, Rosa Resina-Rufes, Juan Jesús Pérez-García, Ángela Negrete-Muñoz, Daniel Muñoz-Álvarez and Guillermo E. Umpierrez
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:7
  47. Trauma is a major public health concern. Worldwide, injuries resulted in 4.8 million deaths in 2013, an increase of 11 % since 1990. The majority of deaths from trauma in low-and middle-income countries occur ...

    Authors: Cátia Luciana Abdulfattáhe Taibo, Troy D. Moon, Orvalho A. Joaquim, Carlos R. Machado, Amina Merchant, Kelly McQueen, Mohsin Sidat and Elena Folgosa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:6

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