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  1. Basal encephaloceles are rare clinical entities. Intrasphenoidal encephalocele (ISE) is a rare form of basal encephalocele. The clinical presentation is often subtle and may remain undetected. Only a limited n...

    Authors: Muhammad Waseem, Ruchi Upadhyay, Husayn Al-Husayni and Samuel Agyare

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:45

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  2. Intestinal ischemia is a common complication of intestinal obstruction and arises from impaired perfusion. The resultant local and systemic inflammatory response and bacterial translocation come with a signifi...

    Authors: Ronald Kintu-Luwaga, Moses Galukande and Francis N Owori

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:44

    Content type: Original Research

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  3. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among postoperative patients. Its incidence has been reported to range between 16% and 38% among general surgery patients and may be as ...

    Authors: Andrew L Muleledhu, Moses Galukande, Patson Makobore, Tom Mwambu, Faith Ameda and Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:43

    Content type: Original Research

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  4. Dutch out-of-hours (OOH) centers find it difficult to attract sufficient triage staff. They regard home-based triage as an option that might attract employees. Specially trained nurses are supposed to conduct ...

    Authors: Ramona Backhaus, Job van Exel and Antoinette de Bont

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:42

    Content type: Original Research

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  5. In The Netherlands, the state of emergency department (ED) crowding is unknown. Anecdotal evidence suggests that current ED patients experience a longer length of stay (LOS) compared to some years ago, which i...

    Authors: Christien van der Linden, Resi Reijnen, Robert W Derlet, Robert Lindeboom, Naomi van der Linden, Cees Lucas and John R Richards

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:41

    Content type: Original Research

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  6. Lemierre’s syndrome is a condition characterized by thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and bacteremia caused by primarily anaerobic organisms, following a recent oropharyngeal infection. This has be...

    Authors: Wesley Eilbert and Nitin Singla

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:40

    Content type: Review

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  7. In Japan, ultrathin transnasal esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with a 4.9-mm diameter endoscope (Olympus XP260) is routinely used to examine the upper gastrointestinal tract. This procedure does not require s...

    Authors: Masato Miyauchi, Makiko Hayashida and Hiroyuki Yokota

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:39

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  8. Pre-hospital laryngoscopic endotracheal intubation (ETI) is potentially a life-saving procedure but is a technique difficult to acquire. This study aimed to obtain a recommendation for the number of times ETI ...

    Authors: Junko Toda, Alexis Akira Toda and Johji Arakawa

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:38

    Content type: Original Research

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  9. We performed a multicenter controlled trial to assess the knowledge and attitude (KA) about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among secondary school children in a district in Malaysia.

    Authors: Nik Hisamuddin NA Rahman, Chew Keng Sheng, Tuan Hairulnizam T Kamauzaman, Abu Yazid Md Noh, Shaik Farid A Wahab, Ida Zarina Zaini, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Andey Ab Rahman and Nur Shahidah Dzulkifli

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:37

    Content type: Original Research

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  10. The Emergency Severity Index (ESI) has earned reliability and validity in adult populations but has not been adequately evaluated in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of t...

    Authors: Amir Hossein Jafari-Rouhi, Sara Sardashti, Ali Taghizadieh, Hassan Soleimanpour and Mohammad Barzegar

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:36

    Content type: Original Research

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  11. Increase in waiting time often results in patients leaving the emergency department (ED) without being seen, ultimately decreasing patient satisfaction. We surveyed low-acuity patients in the ED waiting room t...

    Authors: Michael F Kamali, Minal Jain, Anunaya R Jain and Sandra M Schneider

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:35

    Content type: Original Research

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  12. To improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival rates in Japan, implementation of a community first responder (CFR) system is considered one of the most effective emergency medical service options. W...

    Authors: Yoshiki Toyokuni, Masayuki Suzukawa, Keisuke Yamashita, Chikara Yonekawa, Katsuaki Kubota, Yasuharu Yasuda, Akihiro Kobayashi and Hiroki Matsubara

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:34

    Content type: Original Research

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  13. The incidence of delayed emergency calls and the outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) may differ among public facilities when emergency calls are placed by institutional staff. The purpose of this ...

    Authors: Yutaka Takei, Taiki Nishi, Keiko Takase, Takahisa Kamikura and Hideo Inaba

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:33

    Content type: Original Research

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  14. Fracture of the penis is an uncommon injury presenting to the emergency department (ED). Personal embarrassment and social scenarios associated with this condition may result in underreporting. Patients often ...

    Authors: Muhammad Waseem, Ruchi Upadhyay, Ramnath Kapoor and Samuel Agyare

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:32

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  15. Skier’s thumb is a partial or complete rupture of the ulnar collateral ligament of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb. It is an often-encountered injury and can lead to chronic pain and instability whe...

    Authors: Mandhkani Mahajan and Steven J Rhemrev

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:31

    Content type: Review

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  16. The Netherlands’ 3-year training in Emergency Medicine (EM) was formally approved and introduced in November 2008. To identify areas for improvement, we conducted the first evaluation of this curriculum from t...

    Authors: Salomon Willem Koning, Menno Iskander Gaakeer and Rebekka Veugelers

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:30

    Content type: Original Research

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  17. The specialty of Emergency Medicine has enjoyed recognition for nearly 20 years in Turkey. However, the majority of underserved and rural Turkish emergency departments are staffed by general practitioners who ...

    Authors: Jennifer Whitfield Bellows, Katherine Douglass, Ridvan Atilla, Jeffrey Smith and G Bobby Kapur

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:29

    Content type: Original Research

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  18. The RightSpotpH™ indicator is a new device designed to facilitate pH-based confirmation of nasogastric tube placement while minimizing exposure of the operator to nasogastric contents. Study objectives: In viv...

    Authors: Charles R Lambert, David Varlotta, Marjorie Posey, Jadie L Heberlein and Janice M Shirley

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:28

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  19. Typical emergency department (ED) shifts are physically demanding. The aim of this study was to assess the hydration status of ED physicians and nurses by the end of their shifts.

    Authors: Mohammed Z Alomar, Abdullah Akkam, Samer Alashqar and Abdelmoneim Eldali

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:27

    Content type: Original Research

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  20. The objective of this review is to identify and critically evaluate the published literature on emergency medicine (EM) training programs in resource-limited health-care settings in order to provide insight fo...

    Authors: Anna K Nowacki, Megan Landes, Aklilu Azazh and Lisa M Puchalski Ritchie

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:26

    Content type: Original Research

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  21. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is potentially fatal and often requires emergency management. Because PE associated with shock and/or hypotension carries a high risk of sudden death, emergency clinicians must rapidly ...

    Authors: Patrick Goldstein, Ismaïl Elalamy, Kurt Huber, Nicolas Danchin and Eric Wiel

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:25

    Content type: Review

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  22. Emergency departments (EDs) are an essential component of any developed health care system. There is, however, no national description of EDs in Switzerland. Our objective was to establish the number and locat...

    Authors: Bienvenido Sanchez, Alexandre H Hirzel, Roland Bingisser, Annette Ciurea, Aris Exadaktylos, Beat Lehmann, Hans Matter, Kaspar Meier, Joseph Osterwalder, Robert Sieber, Bertrand Yersin, Carlos A Camargo Jr and Olivier Hugli

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:23

    Content type: State of International Emergency Medicine

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  23. Consultation is a common and important aspect of emergency medicine practice. We examined the frequency of consultations, the level of agreement and factors of disagreement with regard to the disposition of pa...

    Authors: Mitsunaga Iwata, Katsuo Yamanaka and Yoshimi Kitagawa

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:22

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  24. Overcrowding in the emergency department (ED) is an increasing problem worldwide. In The Netherlands overcrowding is not a major issue, although some urban hospitals struggle with increased throughput. In 2004...

    Authors: Martijn Anneveld, Christien van der Linden, Diana Grootendorst and Martha Galli-Leslie

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:21

    Content type: Original Research

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  25. Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems are designed to increase safety and improve quality of care; however, their impact on efficiency in the ED has not yet been validated. This study examined the ...

    Authors: Shahbaz Syed, Dongmei Wang, Debbie Goulard, Tom Rich, Grant Innes and Eddy Lang

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:20

    Content type: Original Research

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  26. Since 2008, training for emergency physicians (EPs) in the Netherlands has been based on a national 3-year curriculum. However, it has become increasingly evident that it needs to expand beyond its initial fou...

    Authors: Menno I Gaakeer, Crispijn L van den Brand, Amanda Bracey, Joris M van Lieshout and Peter Patka

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:19

    Content type: State of International Emergency Medicine

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  27. With the recent growth of fellowships in international emergency medicine, the authors sought to evaluate medical students’ attitudes toward international emergency medicine and to determine the effects these ...

    Authors: Elissa M Schechter-Perkins, Nicolas P Forget and William K Mallon

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:18

    Content type: Original Research

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  28. Use of backboards as part of routine trauma care has recently come into question because of the lack of data to support their effectiveness. Multiple authors have noted the potential harm associated with backb...

    Authors: Derek R Cooney, Harry Wallus, Michael Asaly and Susan Wojcik

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:17

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  29. Ambulance offload delay (AOD) has been recognized by the National Association of EMS Physicians (NAEMSP) as an important quality marker. AOD is the time between arrival of a patient by EMS and the time that th...

    Authors: Derek R Cooney, Susan Wojcik, Naveen Seth, Corey Vasisko and Kevin Stimson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:15

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  30. Co-fact©, prothrombin complex concentrate, is used for restoring the international normalized ratio (INR) in patients on vitamin K antagonists (VKA) presenting with acute bleeding. In this prospective cohort stud...

    Authors: Floris Roodheuvel, Jack JM Ligtenberg and Jan C ter Maaten

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:14

    Content type: Original Research

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  31. Children account for nearly 20% of all US emergency department (ED) visits, yet previous national surveys found that many EDs lack specialized pediatric care. In response, a 2001 joint policy statement recomme...

    Authors: Ashley F Sullivan, Susan A Rudders, Amanda L Gonsalves, Anne P Steptoe, Janice A Espinola and Carlos A Camargo Jr

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:13

    Content type: Original Research

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  32. Although the number of elderly increases disproportionately throughout the industrialised nations and intubation-related cardiovascular compromise is associated with hospital mortality, no emergency medicine l...

    Authors: Kohei Hasegawa, Yusuke Hagiwara, Taichi Imamura, Takuyo Chiba, Hiroko Watase, Calvin A Brown 3rd and David FM Brown

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:12

    Content type: Original Research

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  33. There is a growing interest in emergency departments (EDs) and the development of emergency medicine in The Netherlands. In the last decade several policy reports have stated that the quality of emergency care...

    Authors: Wendy AMH Thijssen, Jan Koetsenruijter, Paul Giesen and Michel Wensing

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:11

    Content type: Original Research

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  34. The number of international emergency medicine (IEM) fellowships available in the US has grown dramatically since the inception of subspecialty training in 1994 Bayram et al. (Acad Emerg Med 17:748–757, 2010)....

    Authors: David I Beran and Jennifer Avegno

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:10

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  35. The development of sepsis risk prediction models and treatment guidelines has largely been based on patients presenting in the emergency department (ED) with severe sepsis or septic shock. Therefore, in this s...

    Authors: Ewoud ter Avest, Maarten de Jong, Ineke Brűmmer, Götz JK Wietasch and Jan C ter Maaten

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:9

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  36. Early use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to be beneficial within the setting of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE). The Boussignac CPAP system (BCPAP) was therefore introduc...

    Authors: Eva Eiske Spijker, Maarten de Bont, Matthijs Bax and Maro Sandel

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:8

    Content type: Original Research

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  37. A prospective multicentre clinical study was initiated to evaluate the safety and potential clinical benefit of non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS) for the treatment of bronchoconstriction exacerbation...

    Authors: Elmin Steyn, Zunaid Mohamed and Carla Husselman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:7

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  38. Status epilepticus (SE) is a medical emergency that requires immediate action. The clinical and demographic features of SE are known to be highly variable. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect...

    Authors: Jonas Hillman, Kai Lehtimäki, Jukka Peltola and Suvi Liimatainen

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:6

    Content type: Original Research

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  39. To characterize the patterns of presentation of adults with head injury to the Emergency Department.

    Authors: Latha Ganti Stead, Aakash N Bodhit, Pratik Shashikant Patel, Yasamin Daneshvar, Keith R Peters, Anna Mazzuoccolo, Sudeep Kuchibhotla, Christa Pulvino, Kelsey Hatchitt, Lawrence Lottenberg, Marie-Carmelle Elie-Turenne, Robyn M Hoelle, Abhijna Vedula, Andrea Gabrielli, Bayard D Miller, John H Slish…

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:5

    Content type: Original Research

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  40. It is not known whether lack of recognition of organ failure explains the low compliance with the “Surviving Sepsis Campaign” (SSC) guidelines. We evaluated whether compliance was higher in emergency departmen...

    Authors: Dirkjan Kakebeeke, Alice Vis, Ernie RJT de Deckere, Maro H Sandel and Bas de Groot

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:4

    Content type: Original Research

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  41. Withholding analgesics in acute abdomen for fear of masking clinical features and impairing diagnosis and decision-making is still being practiced despite recent evidence to the contrary. This study assesses t...

    Authors: Olayide Agodirin, Adetunji Oguntola, Moses Adeoti, Austin Agbakwuru, Kehinde Oluwadiya and Babatunde Olofinbiyi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:3

    Content type: Original Research

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  42. Mental health related presentations are common in Australian Emergency Departments (EDs). We sought to better understand ED staff knowledge and levels of confidence in treating people with mental health relate...

    Authors: George A Jelinek, Tracey J Weiland, Claire Mackinlay, Marie Gerdtz and Nicole Hill

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:2

    Content type: Original Research

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  43. The increasing demand for acute care and restructuring of hospitals resulting in emergency department (ED) closures and fewer inpatient beds are reasons to improve ED efficiency. The approach towards the patie...

    Authors: Daisy Roxanna Johanna Christina Koks, Maartje Elisabeth Zonderland and Christian Heringhaus

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 6:1

    Content type: Original Research

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  44. Patellar dislocations are a common injury in the emergency department. The conservative management consists of immobilisation with a cylinder cast, posterior splint or removable knee brace. No consensus seems ...

    Authors: Johanna P van Gemert, Lisette M de Vree, Roger A P A Hessels and Menno I Gaakeer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:45

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  45. The mortality rate of patients complicated with sepsis-associated organ failure remains high in spite of intensive care treatment. The purpose of this study was to define the duration of systemic inflammatory ...

    Authors: Hiroki Sugita, Yoshihiro Kinoshita and Hideo Baba

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:44

    Content type: Original Research

    Published on:

  46. An increasing number of emergency medicine (EM) residency training programs have residents interested in participating in clinical rotations in other countries. However, the policies that each individual train...

    Authors: Janis P Tupesis, Christine Babcock, Doug Char, Kumar Alagappan, Braden Hexom and G Bobby Kapur

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:43

    Content type: Original Research

    Published on:

  47. Enhancing CPG acceptance and implementation can play a major role in the development and establishment of emergency medicine as a specialty in many parts of the world. A Guideline International Network special...

    Authors: Samar Aboulsoud, Sue Huckson, Peter Wyer and Eddy Lang

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:42

    Content type: Original Research

    Published on:

  48. A growing elderly population along with advances in equipment and approaches for pre-hospital resuscitation necessitates up-to-date information when developing policies to improve elderly out-of-hospital cardi...

    Authors: Manabu Akahane, Seizan Tanabe, Soichi Koike, Toshio Ogawa, Hiromasa Horiguchi, Hideo Yasunaga and Tomoaki Imamura

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:41

    Content type: Original Research

    Published on:

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