Skip to main content

Table 2 Summary of results

From: A review of published literature on emergency medicine training programs in low- and middle-income countries

Theme Description
General program details Countries described in articles meeting final inclusion criteria:
Malaysia, Turkey, South Africa, Peru, Armenia, Cameroon, China, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Jordan, Papua New Guinea
Number of programs per country:
1 per country with the exception of:
Malaysia 16, Turkey 14, South Africa 4, Peru 2
Duration and structure:
1-2 year fellowship programs for general practitioners, 2–5 year direct entry after medical school, 4–6 year master’s degree programs
Please see Table 1 for details
Curriculum Two traditional models of EM systems: Anglo-American and Franco-German (see text for details)
Modeling of curriculum based on existing developed EM training programs:
Bosnia, Turkey, Brazil, Costa Rica – used the North American training program curricula to inform their own program development with variable modifications to suit local needs and resources
Cameroon – guidance from the French training program for own program development
China, Armenia – advice from US partners but original curriculum developed to suit local needs
No particular model described for the remaining countries
Curriculum details and other scholarly activities:
See Table 1 and text for further details
International partnerships/exchanges Existing international partnerships/exchanges:
Bosnia, Armenia, China – USA
Jordan – UK, USA
Cameroon – France
Malaysia, Papua New Guinea – Australia
Costa Rica – USA, Latin American collaborations
Peru – USA, Colombia, other Latin American collaborations
South Africa - UK
None mentioned for the remaining countries.
See Table 1 and text for further details
Graduate retention Discussed or identified as an ongoing issue:
Papua New Guinea – low retention; ongoing problem
Malaysia, Costa Rica, Peru, South Africa – high retention
  No graduate retention strategies discussed for the remaining countries