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  1. Subarachnoid hemorrhage accounts for more than 30,000 cases of stroke annually in North America and encompasses a 4.4% mortality rate. Since a vast number of subarachnoid hemorrhage cases present in a younger ...

    Authors: Sima Patel, Amay Parikh and Okorie Nduka Okorie

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:31

    Content type: Review

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  2. Sabah in Malaysian Borneo is among the Malaysian states which reported a high number of detected COVID-19 cases during the current pandemic. Due to geographical challenges and limited resources, clinicians dev...

    Authors: Phee Kheng Cheah, Evelyn Marie Steven, Khai Keam Ng, Muammar Iqbal Hashim, Mohamed Hakimi Abdul Kadir and Nicholas Paul Roder

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:30

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  3. Cardiac tumors are very uncommon compared to other cardiac diseases. Their clinical symptoms can vary from absent to non-specific. The most common symptoms are arrhythmias, blood flow obstruction due to valvul...

    Authors: Lilla Prenek, Klára Csupor, Péter Beszterczán, Krisztina Boros, Erika Kardos, András Vorobcsuk, Miklós Egyed, Ádám Kellner, Péter Rajnics and Csaba Varga

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:29

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) often face significant challenges related to providing effective pre-hospital care services. Barriers to providing care include lack of financial resources, poor road i...

    Authors: Claire L. Jacobson, Samjhana Basnet, Ajay Bhatt, Shreejesh Parajuli and Sanu Krishna Shrestha

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:28

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  5. Emergency anterior neck access may be performed if intubation and ventilation fail. Practicing this life-saving procedure with manikins before facing a real-life emergency anterior neck access is required to d...

    Authors: Sumidtra Prathep, Wilasinee Jitpakdee, Pittayapon Pitathawatchai and Sittichoke Anuntaseree

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:27

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  6. Tetanus is a rare disease caused by Clostridium tetani, which produces tetanolysin and tetanospasmin. In 2018, there were only approximately ten tetanus cases reported in Indonesia. Despite widespread vaccination...

    Authors: Dzulfikar D. L. Hakim, Ahmad Faried, Adila Nurhadiya, Ericko H. Laymena, Muhammad Z. Arifin, Akhmad Imron and Iwan Abdulrachman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:25

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may not elicit lifelong protective immunity and reinfection could occur. Liver function impairment is a common manifestation of coronav...

    Authors: Bader Aldossary, Ali Hassan, Mohamed Moussa, Hind S. Alsaif and Dunya Alfaraj

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:24

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Hypoglycemia usually includes various neurological symptoms, which are the consequence of neuroglycopenia. When it is severe, it is associated with altered mental status, even coma.

    Authors: Thomas Loeb, Anna Ozguler, Geraldine Baer and Michel Baer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:23

    Content type: Case report

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  9. The study was done to evaluate levels of missing and invalid values in the Michigan (MI) National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) (MI-EMSIS) and explore possible causes to inform improve...

    Authors: Mahshid Abir, Rekar K. Taymour, Jason E. Goldstick, Rosalie Malsberger, Jane Forman, Stuart Hammond and Kathy Wahl

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:22

    Content type: Original Research

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  10. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a common cause of death worldwide (Neumar et al., Circulation 122:S729–S767, 2010), affecting about 300,000 persons in the USA on an annual basis; 92% of them die (Roge...

    Authors: Mohammed S. Alshahrani and Hassan W. Aldandan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:21

    Content type: Original Research

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  11. Psoas muscle hematoma is defined as a spontaneous or traumatic retroperitoneal collection of blood involving the psoas muscle. Early symptoms of an iliopsoas hematoma include lower abdominal or severe groin pa...

    Authors: Lotfolah Abedini, Saadat Mehrabi, Reza Hosseinpour, Mohammad Bagher Jahantab, Vahid Salehi and Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:20

    Content type: Case report

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  12. The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed a suboptimal response to this threatening global disaster, including the response to the psychological impact. Both the economic hardship and the continuous media coverage of ...

    Authors: Mohamud Sheek-Hussein, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan and Emmanuel Stip

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:19

    Content type: Review

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  13. The COVID-19 pandemic has generated worldwide scarcity of critical resources to protect against and treat disease. Shortages of face masks and other protective equipment place health workers, already on the fr...

    Authors: Lauren O’Neal, Michele Heisler, Ranit Mishori and Rohini J. Haar

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:18

    Content type: Original Research

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  14. This paper was written to explain the process and steps and to describe the experience with building a women-only operated collegiate emergency medical service (EMS) system in the largest women-only university...

    Authors: Wajdan Alassaf, Sameer Al Hamid, Osama Kentab, Abdullah Al Otaibi and Bandar Al Mufareh

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:16

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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  15. Nasal inhalation of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) seems an effective anti-emetic for the symptomatic treatment of nausea in the emergency department (ED) compared to conventional anti-emetics (Ondansetron and Metocl...

    Authors: Peter Veldhuis, Maartje Melse and Nieke Mullaart

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:15

    Content type: Original Research

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  16. Older patients discharged from the emergency department (ED) are at increased risk for adverse outcomes. Transitional care programs offer close surveillance after discharge, but are costly. Telephone follow-up...

    Authors: Merel van Loon-van Gaalen, Britt van Winsen, M. Christien van der Linden, Jacobijn Gussekloo and Roos C. van der Mast

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:13

    Content type: Review

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  17. The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted traditional global point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) education and training, as a result of travel restrictions. It has also provided an opportunity for innovation using a vi...

    Authors: Onyinyechi F. Eke, Patricia C. Henwood, Grace W. Wanjiku, Abiola Fasina, Sigmund J. Kharasch and Hamid Shokoohi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:12

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  18. Most sudden cardiac arrests occur at home, with low rates of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation being performed. We aimed to assess knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation among individuals in Riyadh C...

    Authors: Reema M. Alhussein, Mansoor M. Albarrak, Abdulaziz A. Alrabiah, Nawfal A. Aljerian, Hashim M. Bin Salleeh, Ahmad S. Hersi, Tariq A. Wani and Zohair A. Al Aseri

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:11

    Content type: Original Research

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  19. Cannabis is the most prevalent illegal drug used and the second most common cause of ED drug-related complaints in the USA. Recently, newer more potent strains, concentrated THC products, and consumption metho...

    Authors: Kevin M. Takakuwa and Raquel M. Schears

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:10

    Content type: Review

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  20. Emergency care is a new but growing specialty across Africa where medical conditions have been estimated to account for 92% of all disability-adjusted life years. This study describes the epidemiology of medic...

    Authors: Katelyn Moretti, Doris Lorette Uwamahoro, Sonya Naganathan, Chantal Uwamahoro, Naz Karim, Menales Nkeshimana and Adam R. Aluisio

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:9

    Content type: Original Research

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  21. The WHO defines a possible case of COVID-19 as a person experiencing fever, cough, shortness of breath, and neurological signs including anosmia, ageusia, or dysgeusia. However, experiences from hospitals all ...

    Authors: Teresa Alvarez-Cisneros, Aldo Lara-Reyes and Stephanie Sansón-Tinoco

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:8

    Content type: Case report

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  22. The liver is the second most injured organ following blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) after the spleen. Although the computed tomography (CT) scan is considered as the gold standard for diagnosing liver injury in ...

    Authors: Anup Shrestha, Harish Chandra Neupane, Kishor Kumar Tamrakar, Abhishek Bhattarai and Gaurav Katwal

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:7

    Content type: Original Research

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  23. Early diagnosis and treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is thought to be critical for improving outcomes. We examined whether racial or ethnic disparities exist in acute care processes in the first hou...

    Authors: Chun Mei Su, Andrew Warren, Cassie Kraus, Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos, Kori S. Zachrison, Anand Viswanathan, Christopher Anderson, M. Edip Gurol, Steven M. Greenberg and Joshua N. Goldstein

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:6

    Content type: Original Research

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  24. To develop comprehensive guidance that captures international impacts, causes, and solutions related to emergency department crowding and access block

    Authors: A. P. Javidan, K. Hansen, I. Higginson, P. Jones and E. Lang

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:4

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  25. Armenia, an ex-Soviet Republic in transition since independence in 1991, has made remarkable strides in development. The crisis of prioritization that has plagued many post-Soviet republics in transition has m...

    Authors: Sharon Chekijian, Nune Truzyan, Taguhi Stepanyan and Alexander Bazarchyan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:5

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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  26. Retropharyngeal hematoma can cause suffocation if there is delay in securing the airway by intubation. However, there are also concerns about complications that can arise with intubation; it is still unknown w...

    Authors: Gaku Sugiura, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Yoshihisa Kodama and Satoshi Nara

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:3

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Quite a few changes and challenges have arisen in society in general as technology has advanced and the aging population has increased. These can lead to the recognition of the shortcomings of a society’s trad...

    Authors: Kentaro Shimizu, Seikei Hibino, Michelle H. Biros, Taro Irisawa and Takeshi Shimazu

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:2

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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  28. Emergency pediatric care curriculum (EPCC) was developed to address the need for pediatric rapid assessment and resuscitation skills among out-of-hospital emergency providers in Armenia. This study was designe...

    Authors: Aline Baghdassarian, Al M. Best, Anushavan Virabyan, Claire Alexanian, Shant Shekherdimian, Sally A. Santen and Hambartzum Simonyan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:1

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  29. Annually, over 1 billion people sustain traumatic injuries, resulting in over 900,000 deaths in Africa and 6 million deaths globally. Timely response, intervention, and transportation in the prehospital settin...

    Authors: Alexander F. Bedard, Lina V. Mata, Chelsea Dymond, Fabio Moreira, Julia Dixon, Steven G. Schauer, Adit A. Ginde, Vikhyat Bebarta, Ernest E. Moore and Nee-Kofi Mould-Millman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:64

    Content type: Review

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  30. The cardiac arrest is still an emergency with a bad prognosis. The growing adoption of bedside ultrasound allowed to classify PEA in two groups: the true PEA and the pseudo-PEA. pPEA is used to describe a pati...

    Authors: German Devia Jaramillo, Norberto Navarrete Aldana and Zaira Rojas Ortiz

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:62

    Content type: Original Research

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  31. A considerable number of patients who made a carbon monoxide (CO) suicidal attempt are treated with urgent hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). For these patients at potential persistent risk of suicide, the hype...

    Authors: Alessandra Costanza, Julia Ambrosetti, Philippe Spagnoli, Andrea Amerio, Andrea Aguglia, Gianluca Serafini, Mario Amore, Guido Bondolfi, François Sarasin and Rodrigue Pignel

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:61

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  32. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires all emergency medicine (EM) training programs to evaluate resident performance and also requires core faculty to attend didactic confer...

    Authors: Andrew Pugh, Tabitha Ford, Troy Madsen, Christine Carlson, Gerard Doyle, Robert Stephen, Susan Stroud and Megan Fix

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:60

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  33. Air in the venous system may cause vascular air embolism, which is a potentially life-threatening event. The presence of air in venous system after basilar skull fracture is very rare.

    Authors: Hiroki Kai, Tomoya Hirose, Takaya Nishiura, Takashi Noma, Yoshihito Ogawa, Tomoki Yamada, Haruhiko Nakae and Yasuaki Mizushima

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:59

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Herpes zoster (HZ) also known as shingles is a common dermatological pathology seen in the emergency department. Multidermatomal involvement is an uncommon presentation and usually is linked to immunocompromis...

    Authors: Mohammed Alhayyas, Mehmood Chaudhry and Sabrina Berdouk

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:58

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Ultrasound-guided fascia iliaca compartment block (US-FICB) is not part of the learning curriculum of the emergency physicians (EP) and is usually performed by anesthesiologists. However, several studies promo...

    Authors: Julien Celi, Christophe A. Fehlmann, Olivier T. Rutschmann, Iris Pelieu-Lamps, Roxane Fournier, Mathieu Nendaz, François Sarasin and Frédéric Rouyer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:57

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  36. Spontaneous esophageal rupture, or Boerhaave syndrome, is a fatal disorder caused by an elevated esophageal pressure owing to forceful vomiting. Patients with Boerhaave syndrome often present with chest pain, ...

    Authors: Yuichiro Haba, Shungo Yano, Hikaru Akizuki, Takashi Hashimoto, Toshio Naito and Naoyuki Hashiguchi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:56

    Content type: Case report

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  37. This was a survey of the general non-healthcare-worker USA population regarding their knowledge and attitudes toward the COVID-19 pandemic. Almost everyone practiced social distancing. Women were significantly...

    Authors: Christopher Hogan, Massud Atta, Paul Anderson, Tej Stead, Matthew Solomon, Paul Banerjee, Bryan Sleigh, John Shivdat, Amanda Webb McAdams and Latha Ganti

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:53

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  38. Cannabis use is on the rise. Several cases of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome, secondary to chronic cannabis intoxication, have been described worldwide, but few cases have described this entity in pregnant w...

    Authors: Julien Flament, Nathan Scius and Henri Thonon

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:52

    Content type: Case report

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  39. This is a brief report of a 57-year-old Caucasian female presented with a 4-day history of worsening left ear pain. Her symptoms began with left otalgia and otorrhea which progressed to helical erythema, promp...

    Authors: Eli Bress and Jason E. Cohn

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:51

    Content type: Clinical Image

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  40. During the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries instituted closure of borders from international and local travels. Stranded citizens appeal to their governments to embark on citizen repatriation missions. Betwee...

    Authors: Sarah Shaikh Abdul Karim, Fariza Anis Md Tahir, Umul Khair Mohamad, Marlina Abu Bakar, Khairul Nizam Mohamad, Maria Suleiman, Hussein Omar Khan and Julina Md Noor

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:50

    Content type: Notes from the field

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  41. Previous research has demonstrated that patients leaving the emergency department (ED) have poor recall and understanding of their discharge information. The teach-back method is an easy technique that can be ...

    Authors: Mandhkani Mahajan, Janine Alida Hogewoning, Jeroen Joseph Antonius Zewald, Margreet Kerkmeer, Mathilde Feitsma and Daphne Annika van Rijssel

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:49

    Content type: Original Research

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  42. Zinc phosphide (ZnP) is the basic component of several insecticides easily accessible worldwide. Intentional or accidental intoxication may lead to severe complications and multiple organ failure, resulting in...

    Authors: Gergely Bilics, Júlia Héger, Éva Pozsgai, Gábor Bajzik, Csaba Nagy, Csilla Somoskövi and Csaba Varga

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:48

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common life-threatening condition with non-specific clinical presentations. The diagnosis of PE depends highly on imaging studies, which may also provide prognostic information. Th...

    Authors: Omran Al Dandan, Ali Hassan, Hossain AbuAlola, Alaa Alzaki, Abrar Alwaheed, Mohannad Alalwan, Malak Al Shammari, Nouf AlShamlan and Hind S. Alsaif

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:47

    Content type: Original Research

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  44. Fecal impaction may complicate chronic constipation. We report a fatal case of fecal impaction in a patient treated with long-term neuroleptic treatment.

    Authors: Elsa Logre, Lauriane Degravi, Gaëtan Plantefève and Damien Contou

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:46

    Content type: Clinical Image

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