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  1. Content type: Review

    Bleeding complications are a risk associated with all anticoagulants. Currently, the treatment options for the management of direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC)-associated bleeding are limited. Prothrombin comple...

    Authors: Maureane Hoffman, Joshua N. Goldstein and Jerrold H. Levy

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:55

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  2. Content type: Original Research

    In critical care situations, there are often neither the means nor the time to weigh each patient before administering strict weight-based drugs/procedures. A convenient, quick and accurate method is a priorit...

    Authors: Daniel D. Kokong, Ishaya C. Pam, Ayuba I. Zoakah, Solomon S. Danbauchi, Emmanuel S. Mador and Barnabas M. Mandong

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:54

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  3. Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

    Emergency medical services (EMS) is defined as the system that organizes all aspects of care provided to patients in the pre-hospital or out-of-hospital environment. Hence, EMS is a critical component of the h...

    Authors: Amber Mehmood, Armaan Ahmed Rowther, Olive Kobusingye and Adnan A. Hyder

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:53

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  4. Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

    The availability of resources, knowledge, and will to expand access to high-quality emergency care in low- and middle-income countries has made strong progress in recent years. While the possibility for interv...

    Authors: Thomas Shanahan, Nicholas Risko, Junaid Razzak and Zulfiqar Bhutta

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:52

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  5. Content type: Original Research

    Trauma is the leading cause of death for adults under 44 years of age. Survival after traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has been reported to be poor, and its epidemiology is not well defined. A f...

    Authors: Minaz Mawani, Masood Kadir, Iqbal Azam and Junaid Abdul Razzak

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:50

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  6. Content type: Original Research

    Acetaminophen is one of the most common causes of poisoning among developed countries. The emergency department observation unit (EDOU) has been increasingly used in the management of various conditions to red...

    Authors: Dilin Tang, Wui Ling Chan and Dong Haur Phua

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:48

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  7. Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

    Pharyngitis is one of the major and commonly seen presentations in pediatric emergency departments. While it could be caused by both bacterial and viral pathogens, antibiotics are improperly prescribed regardl...

    Authors: Ahmed A. Alkhazi, Khalid M. Alessa, Ahmed M. Almutairi, Hamad A. Almadi, Abdullah Akkam, Mohammed K. Almutairi, Omar A. Alhamad and Hadeel S. Ghazal

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:49

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  8. Content type: Case report

    In cases of severe accidental hypothermia, it was recommended that resuscitation should be continued until the patient has rewarmed, as hypothermia itself can preserve cerebral function, and hypothermic cardia...

    Authors: Naofumi Bunya, Keigo Sawamoto, Ryuichiro Kakizaki, Kenshiro Wada, Yoichi Katayama, Hirotoshi Mizuno, Hiroyuki Inoue, Shuji Uemura, Keisuke Harada and Eichi Narimatsu

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:46

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Phenazopyridine-induced methemoglobinemia is relatively rare with fewer than ten cases reported over the past 35 years. We describe a case of phenazopyridine-induced methemoglobinemia that is unique in the way...

    Authors: Travis Murphy and Melinda Fernandez

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:45

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  10. Content type: Original Research

    The transfer of patients from community emergency departments to tertiary care centers is a daily occurrence in the practice of emergency medicine, but the completeness of medical data in the transfer document...

    Authors: Jason J. Lewis, David W. Schoenfeld and Alden Landry

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:44

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  11. Content type: Original Research

    The 3-h high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) algorithm is the most commonly used scheme to diagnose acute myocardial infarction. The 1-h hs-cTnT algorithm has recently been approved by the European So...

    Authors: Onlak Ruangsomboon, Pattaraporn Mekavuthikul, Tipa Chakorn, Apichaya Monsomboon, Nattakarn Prapruetkit, Usapan Surabenjawong, Chok Limsuwat, Sattha Riyapan and Wansiri Chaisirin

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:43

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  12. Content type: Review

    Worldwide, emergency department (ED) attendances and admissions to acute care have increased significantly. Many EDs are adding physiotherapists to their team thereby allowing doctors to see more cases that ar...

    Authors: Rosalie Barrett and Louise Terry

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:42

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Dabigatran is one of the four drugs currently used as a direct oral anticoagulant in Japan. Idarucizumab, which specifically targets dabigatran, was recently approved in Japan. We present a case of intracrania...

    Authors: Shuhei Maruyama, Koichi Hayakawa, Shuji Kanayama, Hiromu Iwamura, Daiki Wada, Fukuki Saito, Yasushi Nakamori and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:41

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  14. Content type: Original Research

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a key component of emergency care following cardiac arrest. A better understanding of factors that influence CPR outcomes and their prognostic implications would help gui...

    Authors: Umme Salama Moosajee, Syed Ghazanfar Saleem, Sundus Iftikhar and Lubna Samad

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:40

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  15. Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

    Measuring milestones, competencies, and sub-competencies as residents progress through a training program is an essential strategy in Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)’s attempts to ...

    Authors: Prathiba Natesan, Nicholas J. Batley, Rinad Bakhti and Philippe Z. El-Doueihi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:39

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  16. Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

    To design and implement a replicable disaster training curriculum for the first on-call medical student hazardous materials response team.

    Authors: Joshua Verson, Nicholas Dyga, Nestor Agbayani, Fred Serafin and Louis Hondros

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:38

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  17. Content type: Original Research

    The effect of bystander interventions has been extensively evaluated by cerebral function after 1 month post-resuscitation. However, patients who received bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) and ach...

    Authors: Hiroshi Otani, Ryo Sagisaka, Hideharu Tanaka, Hiroshi Takyu, Takahiro Hara, Toru Shirakawa, Shota Tanaka and Akira Maki

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:37

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Intracranial subdural hematoma occurring as a result of a procedure that causes a puncture of the spinal dura mater is extremely rare, with less than 100 cases reported. Often, this condition is initially misd...

    Authors: Victor Szeto, Justin Kosirog and Wesley Eilbert

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:36

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  19. Content type: Original Research

    Nationwide optimization of the emergency department (ED) landscape is being discussed in The Netherlands. The emphasis is put mostly on the number of EDs actually present at the time versus a proposed minimum ...

    Authors: Menno I. Gaakeer, Rebekka Veugelers, Joris M. van Lieshout, Peter Patka and Robbert Huijsman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:35

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Foreign body airway obstruction is a significant public health issue around the world. Mochi, a traditional sticky rice cake in Japan, has gained popularity in many countries including the USA. However, the as...

    Authors: Shimpei Nagata, Sung-Ho Kim, Yasuaki Mizushima and Tatsuya Norii

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:34

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  21. Content type: Original Research

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) 2004 Falls guideline was developed to improve the assessment and management of falls and prevention of future falls. However, adherence to the guide...

    Authors: Helen McEwan, Richard Baker, Natalie Armstrong and Jay Banerjee

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:33

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  22. Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

    The published recommendations for international emergency medicine curricula cover the content, but exclude teaching and learning methods, assessment, and evaluation. We aim to provide an overview on available...

    Authors: Arif Alper Cevik, Elif Dilek Cakal and Fikri M. Abu-Zidan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:31

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Migraines are a commonly seen complaint in the emergency department, but migraines with extensive skin markings have rarely been reported and so the cause is still unknown.

    Authors: Sabrina Berdouk and Sobia Khan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:32

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  24. Content type: Original Research

    Elevated blood pressure (BP) is common among emergency department (ED) patients. While some data exist on the association between ED BP and hypertension (HTN) in the USA, little is known about this relationshi...

    Authors: Taneisha T. Wilson, Jean Williams-Johnson, Maxine Gossel-Williams, Elizabeth M. Goldberg, Rainford Wilks, Shuvra Dasgupta, Georgiana M. Gordon-Strachan, Eric W. Williams and Philip D. Levy

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:30

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  25. Content type: Original Research

    Infectious disease is the second most common cause of death in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). When presenting to the emergency department (ED) with fever, it remains a diagnostic challenge to distinguis...

    Authors: Nicholas Villalon, Neda Farzan and Kathryn Freeman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:29

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  26. Content type: Original Research

    Free open access to medical education (FOAM, #FOAM) is the free availability of educational materials on various medicine topics. We hope to evaluate the use of social media and FOAM by emergency medical servi...

    Authors: Joshua Bucher, Colleen Donovan and Jonathan McCoy

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:27

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  27. Content type: Original Research

    In-hospital observation is typically recommended for patients who present to the emergency department with symptomatic hypoglycemia who are taking oral diabetes medications or long acting insulin. Individuals ...

    Authors: David P. Betten, David J. Castle, Mary J. Hughes and Jason N. Henney

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:28

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  28. Content type: Original Research

    Inefficient processes of care delivery during acute resuscitation can compromise the “Golden Hour,” the time when quick interventions can rapidly determine the course of the patient’s outcome. Checklists have ...

    Authors: Ronaldo Sevilla-Berrios, John C. O’Horo, Christopher N. Schmickl, Aysen Erdogan, Xiaomei Chen, Lisbeth Y. Garcia Arguello, Yue Dong, Oguz Kilickaya, Brain Pickering, Rahul Kashyap and Ognjen Gajic

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:26

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  29. Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

    Global health research has become a priority in most international medical projects. However, it is a difficult endeavor, especially for a busy clinician. Navigating the ethics, methods, and local partnerships...

    Authors: Rasha D. Sawaya, Kristen A. Breslin, Eiman Abdulrahman, Jennifer I. Chapman, Dafina M. Good, Lili Moran, Paul C. Mullan and Oluwakemi Badaki-Makun

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:25

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  30. Content type: Original Research

    Although emergency departments provide acute care learning opportunities for medical students, student exposure to recommended curriculum presentations and procedures are limited. In this perspective, clinical...

    Authors: Arif Alper Cevik, Sami Shaban, Margret El Zubeir and Fikri M. Abu-Zidan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:24

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a severe, devastating soft tissue infection characterised by rapidly progressing tissue necrosis. This rare condition has a high mortality rate and poses diagnostic and management...

    Authors: Lekha Agarwal and Athar Yasin

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:23

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  32. Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

    In many resource-limited settings, emergency medicine (EM) is underdeveloped and formal EM training limited. Residencies and fellowships are an ideal long-term solution but cannot meet immediate needs for emer...

    Authors: Shada A. Rouhani, Kerling Israel, Fernet Leandre, Sosthène Pierre, Brennan Bollman and Regan H. Marsh

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:22

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  33. Content type: Original research

    Diagnosis and management of patients presenting with acute dyspnea is one of the major challenges for physicians in emergency department (ED). A correct diagnosis is frequently delayed and difficult to ascerta...

    Authors: Siva Nageswara Rao Guttikonda and Kiran Vadapalli

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:21

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  34. Content type: Review

    Emergency medicine practice in the UK and Ireland offers a junior and middle grade doctor great learning opportunities that force engagement with multiple specialties, life-saving procedures, exposure to a myr...

    Authors: John Quinn, Tomas Zeleny, Venu Rajaratnam, Dan-Lucian Ghiurluc and Vladimir Bencko

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:20

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  35. Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

    Competence in emergency airway management is key in order to improve patient safety and outcome. The scope of compulsory training for emergency physicians or paramedics is quite limited, especially in Austria....

    Authors: Helmut Trimmel, Christoph Beywinkler, Sonja Hornung, Janett Kreutziger and Wolfgang G. Voelckel

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:19

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  36. Content type: Original Research

    The actual baseline of radiation exposure used in evaluating pediatric trauma is not known and has relied on estimates in the literature that may not reflect clinical reality. Our objectives were to determine ...

    Authors: Raquel M. Schears, Zainab Farzal, Zehra Farzal and Anne C. Fischer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:18

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  37. Content type: Original Research

    Emergency medicine is a young specialty in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although many patients seeking emergency or acute care are children, little information is available about the needs an...

    Authors: Mackensie A. Yore, Matthew C. Strehlow, Lily D. Yan, Elizabeth A. Pirrotta, Joan L. Woods, Koy Somontha, Yim Sovannra, Lauren Auerbach, Rebecca Backer, Christophe Grundmann and Swaminatha V. Mahadevan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:17

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  38. Content type: Original Research

    The accessibility of laboratory test results is crucial to the performance of emergency departments and to the safety of patients. This study aims to develop a better understanding of which laboratory informat...

    Authors: Louis Raymond, Guy Paré, Éric Maillet, Ana Ortiz de Guinea, Marie-Claude Trudel and Josianne Marsan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:15

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  39. Content type: Original Research

    This study aimed to describe the pathological findings and to analyze clinical predictors of abnormal imaging findings in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with syncope.

    Authors: Kerem Ozturk, Esra Soylu, Cem Bilgin, Bahattin Hakyemez and Mufit Parlak

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:16

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  40. Content type: Original Research

    Lung ultrasound is an effective tool for diagnosing pneumonia in developed countries. Diagnostic accuracy in resource-limited countries where pneumonia is the leading cause of death is unknown. The objective o...

    Authors: Yogendra Amatya, Jordan Rupp, Frances M. Russell, Jason Saunders, Brian Bales and Darlene R. House

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:8

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  41. Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

    Choosing a medical specialty is a poorly understood process. Although studies conducted around the world have attempted to identify the factors that affect medical students’ choice of specialty, data is scarce...

    Authors: Hadeel Alkhaneen, Faisal Alhusain, Khalid Alshahri and Nawfal Al Jerian

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:14

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  42. Content type: Original Research

    Pulmonary embolism (PE) during pregnancy remains one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in the developed world. However, there is a paucity of high-quality evidence resulting in a lack o...

    Authors: Hyun Choi and Dinesh Krishnamoorthy

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:10

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  43. Content type: Correction

    Following the publication of the original article [1], it was brought to our attention that author Leena Alqasem was erroneously included as Leena Alqusem.

    Authors: Feras Abuzeyad, Leena Alqasem, Mudhaffar I. Al Farras, Shaikha S. Al Jawder, Ghada Al Qasim and Salah Alghanem

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:13

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    The original article was published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:4

  44. Content type: Original Research

    The treatment of acute pain in the emergency department is not always optimal. Peripheral nerve blocks using “blind” or nerve stimulator techniques have substantial disadvantages. Ultrasound-guided regional an...

    Authors: Rein Ketelaars, Joram T. Stollman, Evelien van Eeten, Ties Eikendal, Jörgen Bruhn and Geert-Jan van Geffen

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:12

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  45. Content type: Original Research

    Clinical ultrasound is commonly used in medical practices worldwide due to the multiple benefits the modality offers clinicians. Rigorous credentialing standards are necessary to safeguard patients against ope...

    Authors: Hein Lamprecht, Gustav Lemke, Daniel van Hoving, Thinus Kruger and Lee Wallis

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:11

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  46. Content type: Original Research

    Sudden cardiac death is one of the most frequent causes of death in Germany and the third leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Yet, the percentage of people providing first aid in the case of su...

    Authors: Manuela Malsy, Richard Leberle and Bernhard Graf

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:9

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  47. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of our study is to investigate rates of individual procedures performed by residents in our emergency medicine (EM) residency program. Different programs expose residents to different training envi...

    Authors: Joshua T. Bucher, Christopher Bryczkowski, Grant Wei, Renee L. Riggs, Anoop Kotwal, Brian Sumner and Jonathan V. McCoy

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:7

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  48. Content type: Original research

    Clinical care review is the process of retrospectively examining potential errors or gaps in medical care, aiming for future practice improvement. The objective of our systematic review is to identify the curr...

    Authors: Laura E. Walker, David M. Nestler, Torrey A. Laack, Casey M. Clements, Patricia J. Erwin, Lori Scanlan-Hanson and M. Fernanda Bellolio

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018 11:6

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