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  1. There are few data on the clinical outcomes of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in cities over 1000 m above sea level (masl).

    Authors: David Rene Rodriguez Lima, Ángela María Pinzón Rondón, Cristhian Rubio Ramos, Darío Isaías Pinilla Rojas, Maria José Niño Orrego, Mateo Andrés Díaz Quiroz, Nicolás Molano-González, Jorge Enrique Ceballos Quintero, Alex Francisco Arroyo Santos and Ángela María Ruiz Sternberg
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:22
  2. Eczema herpeticum, also known as Kaposi varicelliform eruption, is a potentially life-threatening disseminated cutaneous viral infection. In the majority of cases, this condition develops as a complication in ...

    Authors: Manal Almoalem, Ibrahim AlAlharith, Hussa Alomer, Azzam Almarri, Awadh Alyami, Rakan Hamzah, Othub Albalawi and Salwa Alnoaimi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:21
  3. A well-known anesthetic, lidocaine is the most widely used local anesthetic. Local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) is a life-threatening event with common and prominent presentations of central nervous sys...

    Authors: Wei-Chen Chen, Hsien-Yi Chen, Te-I. Weng and Chun-Kuei Chen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:19
  4. Administration of antibiotics to septic patients within 1 h was recommended in 2018 by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) as a strategy to improve survival outcomes. The use of sepsis screening tools in emerg...

    Authors: Karn Suttapanit, Kamonwan Dangprasert, Pitsucha Sanguanwit and Praphaphorn Supatanakij
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:18
  5. Stoma creations are common procedures in surgical specialties. They can be created either as a temporary or a permanent measure. Despite advancements in surgical technique and stoma care, complications are com...

    Authors: Rodrick Babakhanlou, Kelly Larkin, Angel G. Hita, John Stroh and Sai-Ching Yeung
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:17
  6. Acute airway angioedema commonly occurs through two distinct mechanisms: histamine- and bradykinin-dependent. Although they respond to distinct treatments, these two potentially life-threatening states present...

    Authors: Jacques Hébert, Jean-Nicolas Boursiquot, Hugo Chapdelaine, Benoit Laramée, Marylin Desjardins, Rémi Gagnon, Nancy Payette, Oleksandra Lepeshkina and Matthieu Vincent
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:15
  7. Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) is a rare pathologic growth of histologically normal nonencapsulated adipose tissue in the epidural space. It can cause myelopathy or radiculopathy. Etiologies include chronic...

    Authors: Hanae Ramdani, Manal Jidal, Rachida Saouab, Imad-Eddine Sahri, Hassan En-Nouali and Jamal El Fenni
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:14
  8. Appropriate antibiotics prescribing is key to treatment and to preventing mortality in patients with sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the appropriate timing, spectrum, and dose of a...

    Authors: Pitsucha Sanguanwit, Chonpisit Monthonn, Thidathit Prachanukool and Karn Suttapanit
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:13
  9. Patients experiencing cardiac arrest outside medical facilities are at greater risk of death and might have negative neurological outcomes. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration affects neurological outcomes ...

    Authors: Hissah Albinali, Arwa Alumran and Saja Alrayes
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:12
  10. Hypothyroidism can manifest as several important cardiac abnormalities. There are few reports of ventricular dysrhythmias (VDs) in hypothyroidism. We described a rare case of VDs in severe hypothyroidism and r...

    Authors: Berlin Lee, Wei Feng Lee and Beng Leong Lim
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:11
  11. During the COVID-19 pandemic, hospital capacity in the Netherlands has been pushed to its limits. In order to prevent hospitals from collapse due to capacity issues, hospitalized COVID-19 patients were redistr...

    Authors: Dennis G. Barten, Remco van Zijl, Frank W. J. Körver and Nathalie A. L. R. Peters
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:10
  12. Monoclonal antibody (MCA) therapies have been utilized under emergency use authorization (EUA) for high-risk pediatric patients with mild to moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the outpatient setti...

    Authors: Jesse De Los Santos, Donna Bhisitkul, Matthew Carman, Kayla Wilson, Shannon Hasara, Karen Homa, Pedro Reyes, Andrew Bugajski and Andrew Barbera
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:9
  13. Leriche syndrome is caused by atherosclerosis and is often characterized by symptoms such as intermittent claudication and numbness and coldness of the lower limbs. Its exact prevalence and incidence are unkno...

    Authors: Genki Yoshimura, Ryo Kamidani, Tomotaka Miura, Hideaki Oiwa, Yosuke Mizuno, Ryu Yasuda, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Tetsuya Fukuta, Takahito Miyake, Haruka Okamoto, Norihide Kanda, Tomoaki Doi, Hideshi Okada, Takahiro Yoshida, Shozo Yoshida and Shinji Ogura
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:8
  14. Arterial lactate (AL) level is an important predictor of patient prognosis. AL and peripheral venous lactate (PVL) in blood gas analysis have a low concordance rate, and PVL cannot be used as a substitute for ...

    Authors: Yasufumi Oi, Kosuke Mori, Hidehiro Yamagata, Ayako Nogaki, Tomoaki Takeda, Chikara Watanabe, Yusuke Sakaguchi, Fumihiro Ogawa, Takeru Abe, Shouhei Imaki and Ichiro Takeuchi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:7
  15. Many documented secondary neurologic manifestations are associated with COVID-19, including mild peripheral and central nervous system disorders (such as hypo/anosmia, hypo/ageusia, and cranial nerve VII palsy...

    Authors: Maya Alexandri, Bradford Z. Reynolds, Hunter Smith, Bradley Michael Golden, Hartmut Gross and Jeffrey A. Switzer
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:6
  16. Patient satisfaction is an important indicator of emergency care quality and has been associated with information dispensation at the emergency department (ED). Optimal information dispensation could improve p...

    Authors: Marank de Steenwinkel, Juanita A. Haagsma, Esther C. M. van Berkel, Lotte Rozema, Pleunie P. M. Rood and Marna G. Bouwhuis
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:5
  17. Undergraduate emergency medicine (EM) training is important because all medical graduates are expected to have basic emergency knowledge and skills regardless of their future speciality. EM clerkship should pr...

    Authors: Arif Alper Cevik, Elif Dilek Cakal, David Alao, Margret Elzubeir, Sami Shaban and Fikri Abu-Zidan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:4
  18. Since the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), more and more atypical presentations of COVID-19 are being re...

    Authors: Sofie Moorthamers, Thierry Preseau, Saïd Sanoussi and Marie-Dominique Gazagnes
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:3
  19. The COVID-19 pandemic has pressured post-graduate medical education programs to shift from traditional in-person teaching to remote teaching and learning. Remote learning in medical education has been describe...

    Authors: Joseph D. Ciano, John Acerra and Aimee Tang
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:2
  20. Emergency medicine (EM) in Brazil has achieved critical steps toward its development in the last decades including its official recognition as a specialty in 2016. In this article, we worked in collaboration w...

    Authors: Lucas Oliveira J. e Silva, Henrique Herpich, Henrique Alencastro Puls, Justin Guy Myers, Daniel Ujakow Correa Schubert, Ana Paula Freitas, Jule Santos, Marcus Vinicius Melo de Andrade and Hélio Penna Guimarães
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:79
  21. Current sepsis screening tools are predominantly based on vital signs. However, patients with serious infections frequently present with normal vital signs and there has been an increased interest to include o...

    Authors: Ulrika Margareta Wallgren, Eric Larsson, Anna Su, Jennifer Short, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson and Lisa Kurland
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:78
  22. Yamakagashi venom is a prothrombin activator, leading to disseminated intravascular coagulation. We report a fatal case of severe coagulopathy from head trauma assumed to be caused by a yamakagashi bite.

    Authors: Daisuke Ueno, Shiino Yasukazu, Jiro Takahashi, Satomi Miyamoto and Takahiro Inoue
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:77
  23. Recently, bone fixation materials have been developed as surgical materials. Bioabsorbable materials offer several advantages over other materials and are widely used. We report a rare case of the fracture of ...

    Authors: Kohei Igarashi, Atsushi Kuge, Hiroshi Homma, Tetsu Yamaki, Rei Kondo, Shinjiro Saito and Yukihiko Sonoda
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:75
  24. Tizanidine, an α-2 adrenoceptor agonist, is widely prescribed for the management of spasticity in adults. Case reports on pediatric tizanidine overdose are limited. Here, we report a case of pediatric tizanidi...

    Authors: Doaa Bader, Ahmed Adam, Mohamed Shaban and Bader Alyahya
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:73
  25. Due to the high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Tanzania, provider-initiated HIV testing for patients attending any health care setting is recommended. However, follow-up and linkage to car...

    Authors: Gimbo M. Hyuha, Hendry R. Sawe, Said Kilindimo, Raya Y. Mussa, Masuma A. Gulamhussein, Shamila S. Rwegoshora, Frida Shayo, Winnie Mdundo, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:72
  26. Workplace violence and abuse in the emergency department (ED) has increasingly become a serious and alarming phenomenon worldwide where health care professionals are more prone to violence compared with other ...

    Authors: Mohammed Alshahrani, Razan Alfaisal, Khalid Alshahrani, Leyan Alotaibi, Hissah Alghoraibi, Eman Alghamdi, Lulwah Almusallam, Zaineh Saffarini, Salihah Alessa, Faten Alwayel, Lubna Saffarini, Ali Alrawdhan, Charlene Mapusao, Laila Perlas Asonto, Amal Alsulaibikh and Mohammed Aljumaan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:71
  27. We report a peculiar case of acute non-traumatic coma due to neuromuscular hypoventilation syndrome caused by a non-traumatic spinal cord injury (NTSCI). A 21-year-old patient presented to the emergency room c...

    Authors: Ranjana Chandrikasing, Sudeshkoemar Ramnarain, Rakesh Bansie, Harvey Yang, Huibert Ponssen and Navin Ramdhani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:70
  28. For emergency department (ED) patients with suspected infection, a vital sign-based clinical rule is often calculated shortly after the patient arrives. The clinical rule score (normal or abnormal) provides in...

    Authors: Gideon H. P. Latten, Judith Polak, Audrey H. H. Merry, Jean W. M. Muris, Jan C. Ter Maaten, Tycho J. Olgers, Jochen W. L. Cals and Patricia M. Stassen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:69
  29. (1) To determine the prevalence of hepatopancreatic injury in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. (2) To correlate hepatopancreatic injury in COVID-19 with mortality, disease severity, and length of ...

    Authors: Vaibhav Rastogi, Ranjit Banwait, Devina Singh, Hale Toklu, Lexie Finer, Dipendra Parajuli and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:68
  30. Ureterosciatic hernia is a rare type of pelvic floor herniation that occurs through the sciatic foramen. The resulting ureteral obstruction may lead to hydronephrosis and to further complications including uri...

    Authors: Kohei Kakimoto, Mayu Hikone, Ko Nagai, Jun Yamakawa, Kazuhiro Sugiyama and Yuichi Hamabe
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:67
  31. Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) is an uncommon disease but has to be carefully considered in patients with isolated unilateral upper limb swelling due to its potential to cause devastating complic...

    Authors: Gregory Tan and Mingwei Ng
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:66
  32. Psychosis in pregnancy is rare and could be life-threatening. It requires prompt evaluation and proper management accordingly. Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAr) encephalitis following herpes simp...

    Authors: Lamia Kouba and Dalia Alhosain
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:65
  33. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of all pediatric emergency department visits (focusing on mental health-related visits versus total visits) at the University Children’s Hospital of Nice (France) from 1 J...

    Authors: Arnaud Fernandez, Morgane Gindt, Phillipe Babe and Florence Askenazy
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:64
  34. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is a part of emergency medicine (EM) examinations such as the Masters of Medicine in Emergency Medicine (MMed) examination and the equivalent Member of the ...

    Authors: Magdalene Hui Min Lee, Dong Haur Phua and Kenneth Wei Jian Heng
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:62
  35. At the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, early intubation was recommended on the basis of worldwide observations of severe hypoxemia. However, some patients were ultimately able to benefit from high-flow nasal c...

    Authors: Elophe Dubie, François Morin, Dominique Savary, Amaury Serruys and Pascal Usseglio
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:61
  36. Spinal epidural hematomas usually occur under certain conditions; they rarely occur spontaneously. The prevalence of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is ~ 0.1 per 100,000, and the male-to-female ratio is a...

    Authors: Ooi Chin Sheng, Ren-Chieh Wu and I-Hsin Chang
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:60
  37. A binary triage system based on infectivity and facilitated by departmental restructuring was developed to manage suspected COVID-19 patients with an aim to provide effective prevention and control of infectio...

    Authors: Mahathar Abd. Wahab, Sufian Safaai and Ismail Mohd Saiboon
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:59
  38. Patients with acute respiratory failure, impaired consciousness, and impaired airway reflexes will require invasive mechanical ventilation. Monitoring of such patients is important. The use of ventilator scala...

    Authors: Amarja Ashok Havaldar, Abdul Rahim Fazal and Abhilash Chennabasappa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:58
  39. Communication in emergency departments (ED) in India is complicated by the country’s immense language diversity. Prior research has revealed challenges in language and communication as barriers to care. Our ob...

    Authors: Katherine Douglass, Lalit Narayan, Rebecca Allen, Jay Pandya and Zohray Talib
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:57
  40. Clostridium botulinum remains a major threat to a select population of subcutaneous and intramuscular drug users. We conducted a retrospective study of patients who were diagnosed with wound botulism and their...

    Authors: Michael M. Neeki, Fanlong Dong, Chuck Emond, Carol Lee, Arianna S. Neeki, Keeyon Hajjafar, Megan Messinger, Caitlyn O. Anderson, Reza Hajjafar and Rodney Borger
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:56
  41. Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease, common in China. TB bacteria can invade multiple organs throughout the body, but they rarely cause critical illness. We present a complex critically ill case ...

    Authors: Ning Yang, Liping Zhou, Xiaoye Mo, Guoqing Huang and Ping Wu
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:55
  42. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates remain fairly low through most communities despite multiple interventions through the years. Understanding the attitudes and fears behind CPR training and pe...

    Authors: Susmita Roy Chowdhury and Venkataraman Anantharaman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:54
  43. Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is a condition that involves the development of pulmonary hypertension due to the presence of microscopic tumor emboli of the peripheral pulmonary arteries. He...

    Authors: Ryo Kamidani, Keisuke Kumada, Hideshi Okada, Genki Yoshimura, Tomohiro Kanayama, Hiroyuki Tomita, Tomotaka Miura, Hideaki Oiwa, Yosuke Mizuno, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Ryu Yasuda, Tetsuya Fukuta, Takahito Miyake, Tomoaki Doi, Takahiro Yoshida, Shozo Yoshida…
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:53
  44. The ketogenic (“keto”) diet has been gaining more attention lately in the medical literature and the lay media as a potentially effective method for weight control and management of type 2 diabetes. Though rar...

    Authors: Joseph Choi, Tayler L. Young and Lucas B. Chartier
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:52

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