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  1. In-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) is a major cause of mortality globally, and over 50% of the survivors will require institutional care as a result of poor neurological outcome. It is important that physicians...

    Authors: David Olukolade Alao, Snaha Abraham, Emad Dababneh, Roxanne Roby, Mohammed Farid, Nada Mohammed, Natalia Rojas-Perilla and Arif Alper Cevik
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:86
  2. Severe multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) and severe dengue are challenging to identify during the COVID-19 pandemic in dengue-endemic areas. Fever, multiorgan involvement, and shock charact...

    Authors: Anggraini Alam, Fina Meilyana Andriyani and Stanza Uga Peryoga
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:85
  3. The allocation of resident physicians to clinical rotations presents a complex challenge that requires balancing multiple objectives with the goals of providing optimal patient care, maintaining adequate depar...

    Authors: Rawan Eskandarani, Ahmed Almuhainy and Abdulrahman Alzahrani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:84
  4. Workplace violence (WPV) in Emergency Departments (EDs) is an increasingly recognized challenge healthcare providers face in low-resource settings. While studies have highlighted the increased prevalence of WP...

    Authors: Tania Ahluwalia, Sukhpreet Singh, Navvin Gandhi, Serkan Toy, Katherine Douglass, Janice Blanchard and Kevin Davey
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:83
  5. The presentation of acute aortic dissection can pose a challenge for emergency physicians, as it may occur without pain. Atypical presentations can lead to significant delays in diagnosis and increased mortali...

    Authors: Viviane Donner, Hadrien Beuret, Simon Savoy, Vincent Ribordy and Christine D. Sadeghi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:80
  6. Mesenteric arterial thrombosis is an extremely rare thrombotic event, especially during pregnancy, that can cause rapid fatal consequences unless the patient receives early definitive treatment.

    Authors: Dóra Melicher, Szabolcs Gaál, Tamás Berényi, Bánk Gábor Fenyves, Norbert Nagy, Péter Hegedűs, András Fülöp, Attila Szijártó and Csaba Varga
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:79
  7. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a crucial skill for emergency medical services. As high-risk-low-frequency events pose an immense mental load to providers, concepts of crew resource management, non-technical ...

    Authors: Felix Patricius Hans, Leo Benning, Jan-Steffen Pooth and Hans-Jörg Busch
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:78
  8. Clinical criteria are essential for diagnosing urinary tract infections (UTIs) followed by urine testing, including urinalysis (UA). No study has evaluated the potential related factors that may guide the appr...

    Authors: Nada M. Alateeq, Manal B. Mohammed, Albandari T. Alsubaie, Amal A. Alshehri, Dalya Attallah, Salem Agabawi and Abrar K. Thabit
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:77
  9. Traumatic shock is the leading cause of preventable death with most patients dying within the first six hours from arriving to the hospital. This underscores the importance of prehospital interventions, and gr...

    Authors: Eva V. Zadorozny, Tyler Weigel, Samuel M. Galvagno Jr., Christian Martin-Gill, Joshua B. Brown and Francis X. Guyette
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:76
  10. Many cases of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are diagnosed in the emergency department, and abbreviated lower extremity venous point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has already shown an accuracy comparable to that of s...

    Authors: Soo Yeon Kang, Ik Joon Jo, Sejin Heo, Hansol Chang, Guntak Lee, Jong Eun Park, Taerim Kim, Se Uk Lee, Min Ji Kim and Hee Yoon
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:75
  11. Sepsis remains a worldwide major cause of hospitalization, mortality, and morbidity. To enhance the identification of patients with suspected sepsis at high risk of mortality and adverse outcomes in the emerge...

    Authors: João P. M. Bidart, Regis G. Rosa, Marina Bessel, Luana G. Pedrotti and Luciano Z. Goldani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:74
  12. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that Asia and Africa have the highest Chronic Liver Disease (CLD) mortality rate. Cirrhosis, responsible for 22.2 fatalities per 100,000 people, is India’s 10th most...

    Authors: Salva Ameena M S, Vempalli Nagasubramanyam, Anand Sharma, Nidhi Kaeley, Bharat Bhushan Bhardwaj, Poonam Arora, Althaf Assis, Takshak Shankar, Hari Prasad, Mukund Rajta and Ashwani Pundir
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:73
  13. Falls among older individuals contribute significantly to the rise in ambulance transport use. To recognize the importance of future countermeasures, we estimated the projected number and percentage of fall-re...

    Authors: Shuji Uemura, Ryuichi Nakayama, Masayuki Koyama, Yukiko Taguchi, Naofumi Bunya, Keigo Sawamoto, Hirofumi Ohnishi and Eichi Narimatsu
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:72
  14. Refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has a very poor prognosis, with survival rates at around 10%. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for patients in refractory arrest, known as ECPR, aims ...

    Authors: Matthew Oliver, Andrew Coggins, Natalie Kruit, Brian Burns, Brian Plunkett, Steve Morgan, Tim J. Southwood, Richard Totaro, Paul Forrest, Saartje Berendsen Russell, Ruaidhri Carey and Mark Dennis
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:71
  15. This manuscript is a consensus document of an expert panel on the Evaluation and Treatment of Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Patients Taking Anticoagulants Presenting to the Emergency Department, sponsored by th...

    Authors: Adam J. Singer, Neena S. Abraham, Latha Ganti, W. Frank Peacock, Janaé Dark, Hajirah Ishaq, Ana Negrete, Brandon Mount and James Neuenschwander
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:70
  16. Emergency medicine (EM) physicians routinely care for patients with serious life-limiting illnesses. Educating EM residents to have general skills and competencies in palliative medicine is a global priority. ...

    Authors: Thana Harhara, Rasha Buhumaid, Leen Oyoun Alsoud and Halah Ibrahim
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:69
  17. Delayed discharge from hospital to home or other care institutions is a significant problem and has been investigated in the international scientific literature for many years.

    Authors: Lavinia Gentile, Martina Scaramella, Giuseppe Liotta, Andrea Magrini, Maria Franca Mulas, Giuseppe Quintavalle and Leonardo Palombi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:66
  18. Cellulitis is defined as a bacterial infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue that can cause multiple complications, such as sepsis and necrotizing fasciitis. In extreme cases, it may lead to multiorgan f...

    Authors: Welawat Tienpratarn, Chaiyaporn Yuksen, Joseph Daniel Pauly, Diana Vu, Anisa Noiwong Benbourenane and Nuttamon Sangskul
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:68
  19. The skills of coping with stress and pressure within emergency medicine are conveyed informally and inconsistently throughout residency training. This study aims to identify key psychological competencies used...

    Authors: Gabrielle Trepanier, Viviane Falardeau, Gurpreet Sohi and Veronique Richard
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:67
  20. Emergency medical services (EMS) are paramount to boosting health indices in lower-middle income countries (LMICs); however, lack of uniform data collection and analysis hinders system improvement efforts. In ...

    Authors: Ani Arzoumanian, Anya Agopian, Marine Hovhannisyan, Sharon Chekijian and Aline Baghdassarian
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:65
  21. The COVID-19 pandemic was associated with a decrease in emergency department (ED) visits. However, contradictory, and sparse data regarding children could not yet answer the question, how pediatric ED utilizat...

    Authors: Michael von Rhein, Aziz Chaouch, Vivian Oros, Sergio Manzano, Gianluca Gualco, Marc Sidler, Ursula Laasner, Michelle Dey, Julia Dratva and Michelle Seiler
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:64
  22. Boerhaave’s syndrome, also known as spontaneous esophageal rupture, is a rare but life-threatening condition characterized by a tear in the esophagus. It is most commonly caused by a sudden increase in intraes...

    Authors: Said Kortli and Hery Andrianjafy
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:62
  23. Emergency department (ED) crowding is a common healthcare issue with multiple causes. One important knowledge area is understanding where patients arrived from and what care they received prior to ED admission...

    Authors: Målfrid Asheim Nummedal, Sarah Elizabeth King, Oddvar Uleberg, Sindre Andre Pedersen and Lars Petter Bjørnsen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:61
  24. Guanfacine is an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist that decreases norepinephrine release and sympathetic outflow. With the increased use of guanfacine for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), reports of g...

    Authors: Ichiro Hirayama, Yoshito Kamijo, Hiroko Abe, Minaho Nonaka, Tetsuhiro Yano, Mitsuru Ishii and Yoshiteru Tominaga
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:60
  25. Widespread vaccinations have significantly decreased the number of tetanus cases in developed countries. Today, most cases of tetanus affect the elderly and those with inadequate immunization in developed coun...

    Authors: Mitsutoshi Okuda, Atsushi Morizane, Sunao Asaba, Saika Tsurui, Ryutaro Tsuno, Mariko Hatakenaka, Tomoko Sugimura and Yuichi Saisaka
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:59
  26. Domestic violence, including violence against women, is a global public health concern with significant implications for women’s health and well-being. Despite its prevalence, healthcare providers often face b...

    Authors: Sarah Almuammar and Wijdan Alhowig
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:58
  27. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is an alternative method for patients with reversible causes of cardiac arrest (CA) after conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR). However, cardiop...

    Authors: Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Ibrahim Fawzy Hassan, Farshid Rahimi-Bashar, Hussam Elmelliti, Anzila Akbar, Ahmed Labib Shehata, Abdulsalam Saif Ibrahim and Ali Ait Hssain
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:56
  28. For most acute conditions, the phase prior to emergency department (ED) arrival is largely unexplored. However, this prehospital phase has proven an important part of the acute care chain (ACC) for specific ti...

    Authors: Lieke Claassen, Laura Magdalena Ritter, Gideon Hubertus Petrus Latten, Noortje Zelis, Jochen Willo Lennert Cals and Patricia Maria Stassen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:55
  29. The continual increase in patient attendance at the emergency department (ED) is a worldwide health issue. The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of a secondary prioritization software reduces ...

    Authors: Thomas Lun, Jessica Schiro, Emeline Cailliau, Julien Tchokokam, Melany Liber, Claire de Jorna, Alain Martinot and François Dubos
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:53
  30. Substance use-related emergency department (ED) visits have increased substantially in North America. Screening for substance use in EDs is recommended; best approaches are unclear. This systematic review synt...

    Authors: Jessica Moe, Justin Koh, Jennifer A. Ma, Lulu X. Pei, Eleanor MacLean, James Keech, Kaitlyn Maguire, Claire Ronsley, Mary M. Doyle-Waters and Jeffrey R. Brubacher
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:52
  31. The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated the nursing shortage, which is predicted to continue to worsen with significant numbers of nurses planning to retire within the next 5 years. There remains a lack of published...

    Authors: Nicole R. Hodgson, Richard Kwun, Chad Gorbatkin, Jeanie Davies and Jonathan Fisher
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:51
  32. The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) chat programs has opened two distinct paths, one enhancing interaction and another potentially replacing personal understanding. Ethical and legal concerns arise d...

    Authors: Sharanya Gande, Murdoc Gould and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:50
  33. D-dimer is a marker of coagulation and fibrinolysis widely used in clinical practice for assessing thrombotic activity. While it is commonly ordered in the Emergency Department (ED) for suspected venous thromb...

    Authors: Mohammed Alshalhoub, Faisal Alhusain, Feras Alsulaiman, Abdulaziz Alturki, Saud Aldayel and Majid Alsalamah
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:47
  34. Greece is a parliamentary republic in southeastern Europe populated by over 10 million permanent residents: 9 million reside on the mainland, with almost 4 million in the greater Athens area. The remaining 1 m...

    Authors: Dimitrios Tsiftsis, Andrew Ulrich, George Notas, Anna Patrikakou and Eleanor Reid
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:46
  35. Ondansetron is one of the most commonly used drugs in the emergency department (ED) for treating nausea and vomiting, particularly in intravenous (IV) form. Nevertheless, it has been shown to prolong QT interv...

    Authors: Mohammad Rezaei Zadeh Rukerd, Fatemeh Rafiei Shahrbabaki, Mitra Movahedi, Amin Honarmand, Pouria Pourzand and Amirhossein Mirafzal
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:49
  36. Given the limited specificity of D-dimer, there is a perceived need to discover a more precise marker for diagnosing individuals who are suspected of having pulmonary embolism (PE). In this study, by evaluatin...

    Authors: Alireza Mehrban, Fatemeh Ahmadi Hajikolaei, Mehdi Karimi, Reza Khademi, Akram Ansari, Durdi Qujeq, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki and Mahmood Monadi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:48
  37. Shortages of mechanical ventilation have become a constant problem in Emergency Departments (EDs), thereby affecting the timely deployment of medical interventions that counteract the severe health complicatio...

    Authors: Miguel Ortiz-Barrios, Antonella Petrillo, Sebastián Arias-Fonseca, Sally McClean, Fabio de Felice, Chris Nugent and Sheyla-Ariany Uribe-López
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:45
  38. This case illustrates chest scars after piston-based chest compression device resuscitation and raises the awareness of the potential benefits of following up survivors of critical illness.

    Authors: Viviane Donner, Mathieu Affaticati, Elodie Izydorczyk and Sara Cereghetti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:44
  39. We report a case of anaphylaxis induced by natto (fermented soybeans) allergy that occurred following dermal sensitization from a jellyfish sting.

    Authors: Ayami Shigeno, Tsuyoshi Suzuki, Masakazu Obayashi, Kei Asada and Satoru Matsushima
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:43
  40. Most sepsis patients could potentially experience advantageous outcomes from targeted medical intervention, such as fluid resuscitation, antibiotic administration, respiratory support, and nursing care, prompt...

    Authors: Ming-Shun Hsieh, Kuan-Chih Chiu, Amrita Chattopadhyay, Tzu-Pin Lu, Shu-Hui Liao, Chia-Ming Chang, Yi-Chen Lee, Wei-En Lo, Vivian Chia-Rong Hsieh, Sung-Yuan Hu and Chorng-Kuang How
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:42
  41. Emergency airway management in resource-limited settings presents multifaceted challenges due to shortages in essential medical resources, healthcare professionals, and infrastructure.

    Authors: Gbolahan Olatunji, Emmanuel Kokori, Nicholas Aderinto and Mohammed Alsabri Hussein Alsabri
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:41
  42. Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is an urgent condition arising from restricted blood flow through the SVC, often linked to factors like malignancy, thrombosis, or infections. Typically, confirmation of the d...

    Authors: Noman Ali, Alan Tan and Jordan Chenkin
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:40
  43. In the Emergency Department (ED), patients may present with various injuries that damage muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bony structures. Fractures, joint dislocations, strains, and sprains are prevalent amon...

    Authors: Noman Ali, Alan Tan and Jordan Chenkin
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:39
  44. Jejunogastric intussusception (JGI) is a rare but potentially lethal complication following gastrectomy or gastrojejunostomy surgeries. Diagnosis of this condition can be challenging due to its rarity and non-...

    Authors: Souhaib Atri, Mahdi Hammami, Amine Sebai, Rany Aifia, Meriem Ben Brahim, Youssef Chaker, Fadhel Samir Fteriche and Montassar Kacem
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:38
  45. The assessment of illness severity in the prehospital setting is essential for guiding appropriate medical interventions. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) score is a validated tool common...

    Authors: Michael Eichinger, Sandro Reiterer, Martin Rief, Michael Eichlseder, Alexander Pichler, Philipp Zoidl and Gerhard Prause
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:36

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