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  1. A considerable number of patients who made a carbon monoxide (CO) suicidal attempt are treated with urgent hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). For these patients at potential persistent risk of suicide, the hype...

    Authors: Alessandra Costanza, Julia Ambrosetti, Philippe Spagnoli, Andrea Amerio, Andrea Aguglia, Gianluca Serafini, Mario Amore, Guido Bondolfi, François Sarasin and Rodrigue Pignel

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:61

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  2. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires all emergency medicine (EM) training programs to evaluate resident performance and also requires core faculty to attend didactic confer...

    Authors: Andrew Pugh, Tabitha Ford, Troy Madsen, Christine Carlson, Gerard Doyle, Robert Stephen, Susan Stroud and Megan Fix

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:60

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  3. Air in the venous system may cause vascular air embolism, which is a potentially life-threatening event. The presence of air in venous system after basilar skull fracture is very rare.

    Authors: Hiroki Kai, Tomoya Hirose, Takaya Nishiura, Takashi Noma, Yoshihito Ogawa, Tomoki Yamada, Haruhiko Nakae and Yasuaki Mizushima

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:59

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Herpes zoster (HZ) also known as shingles is a common dermatological pathology seen in the emergency department. Multidermatomal involvement is an uncommon presentation and usually is linked to immunocompromis...

    Authors: Mohammed Alhayyas, Mehmood Chaudhry and Sabrina Berdouk

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:58

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Ultrasound-guided fascia iliaca compartment block (US-FICB) is not part of the learning curriculum of the emergency physicians (EP) and is usually performed by anesthesiologists. However, several studies promo...

    Authors: Julien Celi, Christophe A. Fehlmann, Olivier T. Rutschmann, Iris Pelieu-Lamps, Roxane Fournier, Mathieu Nendaz, François Sarasin and Frédéric Rouyer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:57

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  6. Spontaneous esophageal rupture, or Boerhaave syndrome, is a fatal disorder caused by an elevated esophageal pressure owing to forceful vomiting. Patients with Boerhaave syndrome often present with chest pain, ...

    Authors: Yuichiro Haba, Shungo Yano, Hikaru Akizuki, Takashi Hashimoto, Toshio Naito and Naoyuki Hashiguchi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:56

    Content type: Case report

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  7. This was a survey of the general non-healthcare-worker USA population regarding their knowledge and attitudes toward the COVID-19 pandemic. Almost everyone practiced social distancing. Women were significantly...

    Authors: Christopher Hogan, Massud Atta, Paul Anderson, Tej Stead, Matthew Solomon, Paul Banerjee, Bryan Sleigh, John Shivdat, Amanda Webb McAdams and Latha Ganti

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:53

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  8. Cannabis use is on the rise. Several cases of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome, secondary to chronic cannabis intoxication, have been described worldwide, but few cases have described this entity in pregnant w...

    Authors: Julien Flament, Nathan Scius and Henri Thonon

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:52

    Content type: Case report

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  9. This is a brief report of a 57-year-old Caucasian female presented with a 4-day history of worsening left ear pain. Her symptoms began with left otalgia and otorrhea which progressed to helical erythema, promp...

    Authors: Eli Bress and Jason E. Cohn

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:51

    Content type: Clinical Image

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  10. During the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries instituted closure of borders from international and local travels. Stranded citizens appeal to their governments to embark on citizen repatriation missions. Betwee...

    Authors: Sarah Shaikh Abdul Karim, Fariza Anis Md Tahir, Umul Khair Mohamad, Marlina Abu Bakar, Khairul Nizam Mohamad, Maria Suleiman, Hussein Omar Khan and Julina Md Noor

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:50

    Content type: Notes from the field

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  11. Previous research has demonstrated that patients leaving the emergency department (ED) have poor recall and understanding of their discharge information. The teach-back method is an easy technique that can be ...

    Authors: Mandhkani Mahajan, Janine Alida Hogewoning, Jeroen Joseph Antonius Zewald, Margreet Kerkmeer, Mathilde Feitsma and Daphne Annika van Rijssel

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:49

    Content type: Original Research

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  12. Zinc phosphide (ZnP) is the basic component of several insecticides easily accessible worldwide. Intentional or accidental intoxication may lead to severe complications and multiple organ failure, resulting in...

    Authors: Gergely Bilics, Júlia Héger, Éva Pozsgai, Gábor Bajzik, Csaba Nagy, Csilla Somoskövi and Csaba Varga

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:48

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common life-threatening condition with non-specific clinical presentations. The diagnosis of PE depends highly on imaging studies, which may also provide prognostic information. Th...

    Authors: Omran Al Dandan, Ali Hassan, Hossain AbuAlola, Alaa Alzaki, Abrar Alwaheed, Mohannad Alalwan, Malak Al Shammari, Nouf AlShamlan and Hind S. Alsaif

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:47

    Content type: Original Research

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  14. Fecal impaction may complicate chronic constipation. We report a fatal case of fecal impaction in a patient treated with long-term neuroleptic treatment.

    Authors: Elsa Logre, Lauriane Degravi, Gaëtan Plantefève and Damien Contou

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:46

    Content type: Clinical Image

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  15. Hemoptysis is a clinical condition encountered in the emergency department (ED) and must be managed and investigated urgently to maintain the patient’s hemostasis. The management of hemoptysis depends on treat...

    Authors: Fatimah Alabdrabalnabi, Mohammed Alshahrani and Nadia Ismail

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:45

    Content type: Case report

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  16. COVID-19 pandemia is a major challenge to worldwide health care systems. Whereas the majority of disease presents with mild symptoms that can be treated as outpatients, severely ill COVID-19 patients and patie...

    Authors: David Fistera, Dirk Pabst, Annalena Härtl, Benedikt Michael Schaarschmidt, Lale Umutlu, Sebastian Dolff, Carola Holzner, Clemens Kill and Joachim Risse

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:44

    Content type: Original Research

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  17. Chest pain is the most common potentially life-threatening presentation to the emergency department (ED). Furthermore, the identification of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) including its risk stratification and ...

    Authors: Shanaz Matthew Sajeed, Michael P. De Dios, Dan Wei Jun Ong and Amila Clarence Punyadasa

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:43

    Content type: Original Research

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  18. Kratom is a habit-forming opioid-like substance with an acute toxidrome of various symptoms such as diaphoresis, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Chronic users require increasing dosages for the analgesic effe...

    Authors: Vir Singh, Nadir Mulla, James Link Wilson, Aaron Umansky, Jenny Lee, Trilok Stead and Latha Ganti

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:42

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Various risk scores have been proposed that are useful for the management of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), which is an important disease in emergency medicine. Few studies have examined the usefulnes...

    Authors: Shinya Kita, Yasuyuki Shirai, Tomoharu Yoshida, Kei Shiraishi, Ayako Nakamura, Michitaka Kawano, Yoshihiro Kinoshita, Tatsuya Noguchi and Syunsuke Ito

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:41

    Content type: Original Research

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  20. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to 198 countries, with approximately 2.4 million confirmed cases and 150,000 deaths globally as of April 18. Frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) face a substa...

    Authors: Natasha Shaukat, Daniyal Mansoor Ali and Junaid Razzak

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:40

    Content type: Review

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  21. In this paper, the authors review the safety and practicality of elastomeric respirators for protecting themselves and others from the novel coronavirus or COVID-19. They also describe the safe donning and dof...

    Authors: James Chiang, Andrew Hanna, David Lebowitz and Latha Ganti

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:39

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  22. This unblinded randomised crossover study compares two endotracheal tube introducers (ETIs): the FROVA and the “Flexible Tip Bougie” (FTB), in an airway manikin mimicking difficult intubation with a percentage...

    Authors: John Cormack, Bridget Langley, Louisa-Rose Bhanabhai and Roman Kluger

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:38

    Content type: Original Research

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  23. To create an interactive mass casualty incident (MCI) curriculum for emergency medicine residents and to integrate them into the hospital disaster response, thereby creating a “trainee-specific emergency prepa...

    Authors: Ayanna D. Walker, Nicholas Fusco, Joshua Tsau and Latha Ganti

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:37

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  24. Trauma teams (TTs) improve outcomes in trauma patients. A multidisciplinary TT was conformed in September 2015 in a tertiary level I trauma university hospital in southwestern Colombia, a middle-income war-inf...

    Authors: Sandra Carvajal, Francisco L Uribe-Buritica, Ana Maria Ángel-Isaza, María Camila López-Girón, Andres González, Julian Chica, Manuel Benitez and Alberto F García

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:36

    Content type: Original Research

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  25. For patients with ischemic stroke, rapid reperfusion therapy is extremely important. In April 2015, our medical center introduced a rapid response-type doctor car (RRC) system. Here, an emergency medical team,...

    Authors: Yuki Yoshioka, Mina Gamo, Ryuhei Yoneda, Naoki Matsunaga, Tadaaki Takada, Yasushi Fukuta and Koichi Sato

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:35

    Content type: Original Research

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  26. Case management has been shown to reduce the amount of unnecessary emergency department visits among Medicaid or uninsured patients. This study aims to determine whether case management is associated with decr...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Kelly, Cara C. Keller, Megan R. Sax and Rocco A. Rossi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:34

    Content type: Original Research

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  27. Emergency department (ED) workplace violence is increasingly recognized as an important issue for ED providers. Most studies have occurred in developed countries with established laws and repercussions for vio...

    Authors: Kevin Davey, Veda Ravishankar, Nikita Mehta, Tania Ahluwalia, Janice Blanchard, Jeffrey Smith and Katherine Douglass

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:33

    Content type: Original Research

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  28. The COVID-19 disease outbreak that first surfaced in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, has taken the world by storm and ravaged almost every country in the world. Emergency departments (ED) in hospitals are on t...

    Authors: Li Juan Joy Quah, Boon Kiat Kenneth Tan, Tzay-Ping Fua, Choon Peng Jeremy Wee, Chin Siah Lim, Gayathri Nadarajan, Nur Diana Zakaria, Shi-En Joanna Chan, Paul Weng Wan, Lin Tess Teo, Ying Ying Chua, Evelyn Wong and Anantharaman Venkataraman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:32

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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  29. Immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential for survival from sudden cardiac arrest (CA). Current CPR guidelines recommend that dispatchers assist lay rescuers performing CPR (dispatch...

    Authors: Hidetada Fukushima, Hideki Asai, Tadahiko Seki, Keisuke Takano and Francesco Bolstad

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:31

    Content type: Original Research

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  30. Paricalcitol is known to attenuate ischemic-reperfusion injury of various organs. However, it is not known whether paricalcitol prevents neuronal injury after global cerebral ischemia. The purpose of this stud...

    Authors: Sung Wook Kim, Joo Suk Oh, Jungtaek Park, Hyun Ho Jeong, Young Min Oh, Semin Choi and Kyoung Ho Choi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:30

    Content type: Original Research

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  31. Early bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is one of the most important predictors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) survival. There is a dearth of literature on CPR engagement in countries su...

    Authors: Martina Anto-Ocrah, Nick Maxwell, Jeremy Cushman, Emmanuel Acheampong, Ruth-Sally Kodam, Christopher Homan and Timmy Li

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:29

    Content type: Original Research

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  32. Despite its continued use in many low-volume emergency departments (EDs), 3-level triage systems have not been extensively studied, especially on live triage cases. We have modified from the Australasian Triag...

    Authors: Rex Pui Kin Lam, Shing Lam Kwok, Vi Ka Chaang, Lujie Chen, Eric Ho Yin Lau and Kin Ling Chan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:28

    Content type: Original Research

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  33. PEM-Database.​org is an unaffiliated, not-for-profit website, dedicated to the field’s advancement of pediatric emergency medicine. PEM-Database published the first early access pediatric-related SARS-CoV-2 articl...

    Authors: Oren Feldman, Amit Boukai and Itai Shavit

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:27

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  34. The burden of trauma-related-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in developing countries like Pakistan remains largely unexplored due to a lack of organized pre-hospital systems. In order to estimate the bur...

    Authors: Minaz Mawani, Iqbal Azam, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Zainab Samad and Junaid Abdul Razzak

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:26

    Content type: Original Research

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  35. Mesenteric cysts are intra-abdominal masses of congenital origin, which most frequently occur in children, with an incidence of approximately 1 case per 20,000 pediatric admissions. Its progression can be asym...

    Authors: Rocio del Pilar Pereira-Ospina, Laura Catherine Montoya-Sanchez, Diana María Abella-Morales, Javier Yesid Pinzón-Salamanca, José Miguel Suescún-Vargas and Sergio Rueda-Martínez

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:24

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and life-threatening medical condition with non-specific clinical presentation. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CT-PA) has been the diagnostic modality of choice,...

    Authors: Omran Al Dandan, Ali Hassan, Afnan Alnasr, Mohammed Al Gadeeb, Hossain AbuAlola, Sarah Alshahwan, Malak Al Shammari and Alaa Alzaki

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:23

    Content type: Original Research

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  37. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF), non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is generally recommended and has proven its benefits by reducing endotracheal intub...

    Authors: PE Fubini and L Suppan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:22

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Trauma is a common aetiology of acute pain in the emergency setting, and traumatic injuries have been recognised as a global public health crisis leading to numerous deaths and disabilities. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Andrit Lourens, Romy Parker and Peter Hodkinson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:21

    Content type: Original Research

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  39. Emergency medical services (EMS) is crucial to any healthcare system, especially in urban countries. The Kingdom of Bahrain has always strived to develop healthcare services throughout the Kingdom including EM...

    Authors: Feras H. Abuzeyad, Ghada Al Qasim, Leena Alqasem and Mudhaffar I. Al Farras

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:20

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:55

  40. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a fundamental skill that should be acquired by all medical community members. This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of junior doctors and medical studen...

    Authors: Zeinab Mohammed, Ahmed Arafa, Yaseen Saleh, Mohamed Dardir, Asmaa Taha, Hassnaa Shaban, Eman Mohammed AbdelSalam and Jon Mark Hirshon

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:19

    Content type: Original Research

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  41. Manual ventilations during cardiac arrest are frequently performed outside of recommended guidelines. Real-time feedback has been shown to improve chest compression quality, but the use of feedback to guide ve...

    Authors: Jeffrey R. Gould, Lisa Campana, Danielle Rabickow, Richard Raymond and Robert Partridge

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:18

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  42. General medicine commonly adopts a strategy based on the analytic approach utilizing the hypothetico-deductive method. Medical emergency care and education have been following similarly the same approach. Howe...

    Authors: Nasser Hammad Al-Azri

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:17

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  43. Large, multicentre studies are required in emergency medicine to advance clinical care and improve patient outcomes. The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine clinical trials network is available to rese...

    Authors: Katie Walker, Shijie Ian Tan, Daniel Fatovich, Gina Watkins, Melanie Stephenson, Joseph Ting, Richard Whittome, Wei Wang and Jonathan Knott

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:16

    Content type: Original Research

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  44. Lung ultrasound is an effective tool for the evaluation of undifferentiated dyspnea in the emergency department. Impact of lung ultrasound on clinical decisions for the evaluation of patients with dyspnea in r...

    Authors: Darlene R. House, Yogendra Amatya, Benjamin Nti and Frances M. Russell

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:14

    Content type: Original Research

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  45. In conjunction with an automated external defibrillator (AED) placement program at various locations within a public university in Malaysia, a series of structured training programs were conducted. The objecti...

    Authors: Siew Yee Liaw, Keng Sheng Chew, Ahmad Zulkarnain, Shirly Siew Ling Wong, Nariman Singmamae, Dev Nath Kaushal and Hiang Chuan Chan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:13

    Content type: Original Research

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  46. Pediatric Advanced Life Support provides guidelines for resuscitating children in cardiopulmonary arrest. However, the role physicians’ attitudes and beliefs play in decision-making when terminating resuscitat...

    Authors: Rashida T. Campwala, Anita R. Schmidt, Todd P. Chang and Alan L. Nager

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:12

    Content type: Original Research

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