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Table 3 Univariate analysis of presence of clinical and laboratory signs of organ failure of septic ED patients admitted to the ward and ICU

From: Lack of clinically evident signs of organ failure affects ED treatment of patients with severe sepsis

Variable ICU Ward P
No. (%) 125 (39) 198 (61)  
Clinically evident signs of organ failure    
Respiratory difficulty 70 (56) 89 (45) 0.034
Septic shock 36 (29) 27 (14) <0.001
Altered mental status 54 (43) 59 (30) 0.003
Febrile chills 22 (18) 49 (25) 0.259
Laboratory signs of organ failure    
Lactate >4 42 (34) 56 (28) 1.0
Urea >7.14 mmol/l 85 (68) 143 (72) 0.895
Thrombocytopenia 28 (22) 38 (19) 0.335
Total PIRO score 12.8 ± 4.3 11.8 ± 5.1 0.054
  1. Clinically evident and laboratory signs of organ failure were defined as in the PIRO score [17]. Liver dysfunction was not shown since it occurred in only three cases because of sepsis. Abbreviations: ED, emergency department; PIRO, predisposition, infection, response, organ failure score.