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Table 1 Initial characteristics of patients transported via ground ambulance and helicopter

From: A retrospective comparison of helicopter transport versus ground transport in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock

  Ground ambulance (N = 121) Helicopter (N = 60) p value
Age (year), median (IQR) 73 (60–80) 64 (55–78) 0.06
Male, n (%) 62 (51) 35 (58) 0.36
BMI, median (IQR) 28.6 (25–35) 28.8 (24–34) 0.85
Initial creatinine (mg/dL), median (IQR) 1.0 (0.83–1.5) 0.9 (0.7–1.23) 0.12
Initial lactate (mmol/L), median (IQR) 1.7 (1.2–3) 2.2 (1.7–4.22) 0.13
Distance traveled (miles), median (IQR) 58 (44–67) 63 (44–86) 0.053
Transport time (h), median (IQR) 1.7 (1.4–2.3) 1.3 (1.1–1.8) <0.01*
Time (h) from arrival to sepsis criteria met (h) median (IQR) 2.9 (1.5–6.4) 1.18 (0.6–3.5) <0.01*
Charlson score, median (IQR) 5 (3–6) 5 (2–6) 0.18
APACHE 3 score, median (IQR) 58 (47–72) 63 (47–86) 0.18
SOFA score, median (IQR) 7 (5–10) 9 (6.2–12) <0.01*
Fluid (L) first 3 h, median (IQR) 2.2 (1.0–4.1) 2.6 (1.2–4.6) 0.47
Fluid (L) first 6 h, median (IQR) 3.6 (1.7–5.9) 4.0 (2.2–6.2) 0.43
Time to antibiotics from sepsis criteria met (h), median (IQR) 0.25 (−1.35–1.18) 0.63 (−0.46–1.64) 0.073
  1. *Statistically significant difference