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Table 4 MANOVA on differences between groups in self-reported skills

From: Relationship between level of CPR training, self-reported skills, and actual manikin test performance—an observational study

Self-reported skills MANOVA (mean ± standard deviation) Follow-up univariate ANOVA Tukey’s post hoc test
Group Ia Group IIb Group IIIc p value p value Group I vs. group II (p value) Group III vs. group I (p value) Group III vs. group II (p value)
“Confident to examine a critical ill patient” 4.29 ± 1.67 5.92 ± 1.92 7,00 ± 2,26 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 0.022
“Well trained in CPR algorithm” 6,81 ± 1.83 7.87 ± 1.72 8.75 ± 1,20 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 0.062
“Well prepared to do a CPR” 6,84 ± 2,04 7,60 ± 1.76 8.64 ± 1.28 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 0,033
“Did a systematic assessment” 3.91 ± 1.40 7.5 ± 2.12 6.1 ± 1.30 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 0.069
“Performed good quality CPR” 5.61 ± 1.40 8.12 ± 1.71 7.13 ± 2.10 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 0.091
“Would perform the same on a patient” 6.72 ± 1.50 8.73 ± 1.81 6.12 ± 2.10 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.005 0.073
  1. Figures presented as mean ± SD
  2. aGroup I: basic level of life support training
  3. bGroup II: advanced level of training
  4. cGroup III: advanced level plus additional courses.
  5. MANOVA multivariate analysis of variance, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation