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Table 1 Milestones of emergency medicine development in Brazil

From: Emergency medicine in Brazil: historical perspective, current status, and future challenges

1992    Emergency Medicine course created as part of medical school curriculum of University of São Paulo (São Paulo, SP, Brazil)
1996    First Emergency Medicine residency program—Hospital de Pronto Socorro (Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil)
2003    Implementation of the National Emergency Care Policy and the creation of SAMU 192 as a national prehospital strategy.
2007    First national conference of Emergency Medicine (Gramado, RS, Brazil)
               “Letter of Gramado” (Gramado, RS, Brazil)
2008    Creation of the Brazilian Association of Emergency Medicine (ABRAMEDE)
               Second Emergency Medicine residency program—Hospital de Messejana (Fortaleza, CE, Brazil)
               Implementation of Emergency Care Units (in Portuguese, Unidades de Posto Atendimento [UPA])
2009    Second national conference of Emergency Medicine (Fortaleza, CE, Brazil).
2010    “Letter of Porto Alegre” (Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil)
               First national political forum to discuss emergency care in Brasília, DF (capital of Brazil)
2011    Second national political forum to discuss emergency care in Brasília, DF (capital of Brazil). The need for the recognition of the specialty is acknowledged as a key priority.
               Third national conference of Emergency Medicine (São Paulo, SP, Brazil)
2012    Third national political forum to discuss emergency care in Brasília, DF (capital of Brazil)
2013    Fourth national conference of Emergency Medicine (Curitiba, PR, Brazil)
2015    Emergency medicine approved to become an official medical specialty by the key national regulatory bodies.
2016    Official recognition of Emergency Medicine as a specialty (on August 2016 the official document is released by the Federal Council of Medicine).
               Several new Emergency Medicine residency programs were launched nationally.