Skip to main content

Ting JY: Letter to the Editors: The potential role of prehospital thrombolysis and time-critical stroke transfers in the northern Norway aeromedical retrieval system

In our study [1], we reported a lengthy 3 h 33 min one-way transfer time from the Norwegian Arctic to the mainland. However, I fully agree with Ting that we should have focused more on the present system where ECGs may be communicated digitally from the ambulances, district medical centers and local hospitals to cardiologists at the main hospitals. This was however mentioned in our previous article on ambulances [2]. In practice, patients in the Svalbard Islands are now transported to the small hospital unit in Longyearbyen for diagnosis (ECG) and initial treatment. The ECG is then communicated digitally to the cardiologist on duty at the University Hospital of North Norway (UNN) located on the mainland (city of Tromsø). The recognition of STEMI can be achieved and advice concerning prehospital thrombolysis given by the cardiologist prior to the lengthy transfer to the mainland. In some settings ECGs may also be communicated from minor bases in the Arctic, but be aware of communication problems this far to the north [3]. I am aware of one case where an ECG was sent by fax from a remotely located base (Jan Mayen) in the Norwegian Arctic to the UNN.

Concerning neurological/stroke patients, there is at present intense debate about whether the small hospital unit at Longyearbyen on the Svalbard Islands should be equipped with a CT scanner. Such a tool would make diagnosis of patients suitable for thrombolysis possible. However, such an investment will not be cost-effective with a low volume of patients and must be considered only from a preparedness point of view. I agree with Ting that it is uncertain whether more Arctic tourism will increase the aeromedical workload. However, the increasing activity with regard to oil and gas installations together with shipping should also be considered in this setting [3].


  1. Norum J, Elsbak TM: Air ambulance services in the Arctic: a Nowegian study. Int J Emerg Med 2010, 3: 69–74. 10.1007/s12245-010-0166-z

    Article  PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Norum J, Elsbak TM: The ambulance services in northern Norway 2004–2008: improved competence, more tasks, better logistics and increased costs. Int J Emerg Med 2011, 4: 1. [] 10.1186/1865-1380-4-1

    Article  PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Norum J: Cardiovascualr disease (CVD) in the Norwegian Arctic. Air ambulance operations 1999–2009 and future challenges in the regions. Int Marit Health 2010, 62: 117–22.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jan Norum.

Additional information

Competing interests

The author declares that they have no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Norum, J. Ting JY: Letter to the Editors: The potential role of prehospital thrombolysis and time-critical stroke transfers in the northern Norway aeromedical retrieval system. Int J Emerg Med 4, 43 (2011).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI:


  • Medical Center
  • Retrieval System
  • Present System
  • Local Hospital
  • Transfer Time