Lafrance JP, Rahme E, Lelorier J, Iqbal S. Vascular access-related infections: definitions, incidence rates, and risk factors. Am J Kidney Dis. 2008;52(5):982–93. Epub 2008 Aug 29
Sarnak MJ, Jaber BL. Mortality caused by sepsis in patients with end-stage renal disease compared with the general population. Kidney Int. 2000;58(4):1758–64.
Ponce P, Cruz J, Ferreira A, Oliveira C, Vinhas J, Silva G, Pina E. A prospective study on incidence of bacterial infections in Portuguese dialysis units. Nephron Clin Pract. 2007;107(4):c133–8. Epub 2007 Oct 22
O’Seaghdha CM, Foley RN. Septicemia, access, cardiovascular disease, and death in dialysis patients. Perit Dial Int. 2005;25:534.
Evers J. Approach to fever in dialysis patients. Nephron. 1995;69(1):110.
Harel Z, Wald R, McArthur E, et al. Rehospitalizations and emergency department visits after hospital discharge in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2015;26(12):3141–50. https://doi.org/10.1681/ASN.2014060614.
Lovasik BP, Zhang R, Hockenberry JM, et al. Emergency department use and hospital admissions among patients with end-stage renal disease in the United States. JAMA Intern Med. 2016;22 https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.4975. Published online August
Ichiho HM, Robles B, Aitaoto N. An assessment of non-communicable diseases, diabetes, and related risk factors in the commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands: a systems perspective. Hawai’i J Med Public Health. 2013;72(5 Suppl 1):19–29.
Hagiwara MKI, Miyamura J, Yamada S, Sentell T. Younger and sicker: comparing micronesians to other ethnicities in Hawaii. Am J Public Health. 2016;106(3):485–91. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302921.
Dagher GA, Harmouche E, Jabbour E, Bachir R, Zebian D, Chebl RB. Sepsis in hemodialysis patients. BMC Emergency Medicine. 2015;15:30. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12873-015-0057-y.
Fysaraki M, Samonis G, Valachis A, et al. Incidence, clinical, microbiological features and outcome of bloodstream infections in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Int J Med Sci. 2013;10(12):1632–8. https://doi.org/10.7150/ijms.6710.
Suzuki M, Satoh N, Nakamura M, Horita S, Seki G, Moriya K. Bacteremia in hemodialysis patients. World J Nephrol. 2016;5(6):489–96. https://doi.org/10.5527/wjn.v5.i6.489.
Dalrymple LS, Mu Y, Nguyen DV, Romano PS, Chertow GM, Grimes B, Kaysen GA, Johansen KL. Risk factors for infection-related hospitalization in in-center hemodialysis. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2015;10(12):2170–80.
Dalrymple LS, Johansen KL, Chertow GM, Cheng SC, Grimes B, Gold EB, Kaysen GA. Infection-related hospitalizations in older patients with ESRD. Am J Kidney Dis. 2010;56:522–30.
Dalrymple LS, Mu Y, Romano PS, Nguyen DV, Chertow GM, Delgado C, Grimes B, Kaysen GA, Johansen KL. Outcomes of infection-related hospitalization in Medicare beneficiaries receiving in-center hemodialysis. Am J Kidney Dis. 2015;65:754–62.
Skov Dalgaard L, Nørgaard M, Jespersen B, Jensen-Fangel S, Østergaard LJ, Schønheyder HC, et al. Risk and prognosis of bloodstream infections among patients on chronic hemodialysis: a population-based cohort study. PLoS One. 2015;10(4):e0124547. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124547.
Wakasugi M, Kawamura K, Yamamoto S, Kazama JJ, Narita I. High mortality rate of infectious diseases in dialysis patients: a comparison with the general population in Japan. Ther Apher Dial. 2012;16:226–31.
Goodkin DA, Bragg-Gresham JL, Koenig KG, et al. Association of comorbid conditions and mortality in hemodialysis patients in Europe, Japan, and the United States: the Dialysis outcomes and practice patterns study (DOPPS). J Am Soc Nephrol. 2004;14:3270–7.
Powe NR, Jaar B, Furth SL. Septicaemia in dialysis patients: incidence, risk factors, and prognosis. Kidney Int. 1999;55:1081–90.
Churchill DN, Taylor DW, Cook RJ, et al. Canadian hemodialysis morbidity study. Am J Kidney Dis. 1992;19:214–34.
U.S. Renal Data System, USRDS 2013 Annual Data Report: Atlas of End-Stage Renal Disease in the United States, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, 2014.
Heaf J. Current trends in European renal epidemiology. Clin Kidney J. 2017;10(2):149–53. https://doi.org/10.1093/ckj/sfw150.
Lee G. End-stage renal disease in the Asian-Pacific region. Semin Nephrol. 2003;23:107–14.
Jones CA, Krolewski AS, Rogus J, et al. Epidemic of end-stage renal disease in people with diabetes in the United States population: do we know the cause? Kidney Int. 2005;67:1684–91.
Liu FX, Rutherford P, Smoyer-Tomic K, et al. A global overview of renal registries: a systematic review. BMC Nephrol. 2015;16:31.
Loo LW, Liew YX, Choong HL, Tan AL, Chlebicki P. Microbiology and audit of vascular access-associated bloodstream infections in multi-ethnic Asian hemodialysis patients in a tertiary hospital. Infect Dis (Lond). 2015;47:225–30.
Alfandari S, Cabaret P, Nguyen S, Descamps D, Vachée A, Cattoen C, Van Grunderbeeck N. Evaluating the management of 493 patients presenting with bacteremia in 23 northern French hospitals. Med Mal Infect. 2016;46:194–9.
Fram D, Okuno MF, Taminato M, Ponzio V, Manfredi SR, Grothe C, Belasco A, Sesso R, Barbosa D. Risk factors for bloodstream infection in patients at a Brazilian hemodialysis center: a case-control study. BMC Infect Dis. 2015;15:158.
Aslam S, Vaida F, Ritter M, Mehta RL. Systematic review and meta-analysis on management of hemodialysis catheter-related bacteremia. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2014;25:2927–41.
Gales AC, Sader HS, Ribeiro J, Zoccoli C, Barth A, Pignatari AC. Antimicrobial susceptibility of gram-positive bacteria isolated in Brazilian hospitals participating in the SENTRY Program (2005-2008). Braz J Infect Dis. 2009;13:90–8.
Hoen B, Paul-Dauphin A, Hestin D, Epibacdial KM. A multicenter prospective study of risk factors for bacteremia in chronic hemodialysis patients. J Am Soc Nephrol. 1998;9:869–76.
Gulati S, Sahu KM, Avula S, Sharma RK, Ayyagiri A, Pandey CM. Role of vascular access as a risk factor for infections in hemodialysis. Ren Fail. 2003;25(6):967–73.
Ngo JT, Parkins MD, Gregson DB, Pitout JD, Ross T, Church DL, Laupland KB. Population-based assessment of the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of anaerobic bloodstream infections. Infection. 2013;41:41–8.