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  1. The Sultanate of Oman has a relatively young national health care system that could demonstrate its high performance at an international level. Emergency medicine as a specialty has developed rapidly in the co...

    Authors: Nasser Hammad Al-Azri

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:143

    Content type: State of International EM

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  2. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new, fixed, yet individualized dosing regimen of activated prothrombin complex concentrate factor VIII inhibitor bypassing activity (FEIBA) for ...

    Authors: Cezary Wójcik, Michelle L. Schymik and Eric G. Cure

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:125

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  3. This study aims to determine if patients who arrive by ambulance with a chief complaint of chest pain have a higher risk of myocardial infarction (MI) than those who arrive via alternate transportation.

    Authors: Scott G. Weiner, John T. Wu, Preety Bhatti and Jessica D. Goetz

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:126

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  4. Postintubation chest X-rays (CXR) are standard practice in emergency department (ED) intubations. In the operating room, it is not usually a standard practice to confirm endotracheal tube placement with a CXR.

    Authors: Daniel C. McGillicuddy, Matthew R. Babineau, Jonathan Fisher, Kevin Ban and Leon D. Sanchez

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:133

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  5. Lumbar punctures (LP) are regularly and effortlessly used in the emergency medical departments (EMD). LP use and efficiency have not been fully explored in the published literature.

    Authors: Bilal Majed, Hélène Zephir, Valérie Pichonnier-Cassagne, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Philippe Lestavel, Pierre Valette and Patrick Vermersch

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:128

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  6. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines and the World Health Organization (WHO) both recommend HIV testing in health-care settings. However, neither organization provides prescriptiv...

    Authors: Christian Arbelaez, Brian Block, Elena Losina, Elizabeth A. Wright, William M. Reichmann, Regina Mikulinsky, Jessica D. Solomon, Matthew M. Dooley and Rochelle P. Walensky

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:123

    Content type: Review Article

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  7. Vascular access is a critical skill for emergency physicians. However, it can be unpredictably challenging in some patients. While ultrasound-guided vascular access has been encouraged in emergency departments...

    Authors: Michael P. Phelan, Chuck Emerman, William F. Peacock, Mathew Karafa, Nora Colburn and Kelly Buchanan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:114

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  8. Dubai has rapidly risen to prominence in the Persian Gulf region as a center of global commerce and tourism and as a cultural crossroad between East and West. The health-care infrastructure has undergone rapid...

    Authors: Robert Partridge, Michael Abbo and Alamjit Virk

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:122

    Content type: State of International EM

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  9. In the US, scrofula is generally uncommon, but it may be the manifestation of disseminated tuberculosis in immunocompromised patients. Given the delay to obtain PPD results, AFB results, and cultures for TB, t...

    Authors: Nicolas Forget and Kathryn Challoner

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:117

    Content type: Original Article

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  10. Developing nations have many challenges to the growth of emergency medical systems. This development in Afghanistan is also complicated by many factors that plague post-conflict countries including an unstable...

    Authors: John R. Acerra, Kara Iskyan, Zubair A. Qureshi and Rahul K. Sharma

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:106

    Content type: State of International EM

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  11. Chest pain is usually a benign presentation in children who present to emergency departments (ED) or primary care centers. Unlike adults, where chest pain is commonly due to cardiac causes, in children the cau...

    Authors: Hisham Alomran, Faisal AlGhamdi and Fadiah AlKhattabi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:104

    Content type: Review Article

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  12. Logistic regression is the most common statistical model for processing multivariate data in the medical literature. Artificial intelligence models like an artificial neural network (ANN) and genetic algorithm...

    Authors: Cenker Eken, Ugur Bilge, Mutlu Kartal and Oktay Eray

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:103

    Content type: Original Article

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  13. The workload of emergency departments (ED) continually changes in response to presentations, overcrowding and availability of expertise and investigations.

    Authors: Abraham K. C. Wai, C. M. Chor, Allen T. C. Lee, Yuwares Sittambunka, Colin A. Graham and Timothy H. Rainer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:98

    Content type: Original Article

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  14. Carbon monoxide poisoning has been reported as a result of exposure to various sources of smoke, such as car exhaust fumes, home water heaters and tobacco smoke. We describe a case of symptomatic, moderately s...

    Authors: Beng Leong Lim, Ghee Hian Lim and Eillyne Seow

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:97

    Content type: Case Report

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  15. We present a user-friendly visual representation of The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease and the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network criteria so as to enhance recognition of anaphylaxis an...

    Authors: Veena Manivannan, Wyatt W. Decker, Latha G. Stead, James T. C. Li and Ronna L. Campbell

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:93

    Content type: Special Communication

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  16. Electrolyte values are measured both by arterial blood gas (ABG) analyzers and central laboratory auto-analyzers (AA), but a significant time gap exists between the availability of both these results, with the...

    Authors: Anunaya Jain, Imron Subhan and Mahesh Joshi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:91

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  17. The usual method for initial assessment of an acute asthma attack in the emergency room includes the use of peak flow measurement and clinical parameters. Both methods have their own disadvantages such as poor...

    Authors: N. A. R. Nik Hisamuddin, A. Rashidi, K. S. Chew, J. Kamaruddin, Z. Idzwan and A. H. Teo

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:88

    Content type: Original Article

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  18. Two cases of violent, drug-intoxicated patients who presented considerable problems in management, and were resistant to standard sedative agents, are described. Effective and safe sedation, without the need f...

    Authors: Marten C. Howes and Werner Janse van Rensburg

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:85

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  19. Language barriers hinder health care delivery in settings with culturally diverse populations. Interventions to accommodate non-English-speaking patients have been shown to shorten length of stay and reduce no...

    Authors: Alice Han, Humberto Laranjo and Steven M. Friedman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:81

    Content type: Innovations in EM Practice

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  20. Although several chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) practice guidelines have been published, there is sparse data on the actual emergency department (ED) management of acute exacerbation of COPD (AEC...

    Authors: Chu-Lin Tsai, Adit A. Ginde, Phillip G. Blanc and Carlos A. Camargo Jr

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:89

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  21. The elderly population is increasing in absolute and relative terms in most developed countries, and this is protected to have a major impact on the delivery of health care, particularly acute and emergency se...

    Authors: Veronica W. T. Yim, Colin A. Graham and Timothy H. Rainer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:87

    Content type: Original Article

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  22. In 2003, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) published the Recommended Guidelines for Uniform Reporting of Data from Drowning: the “Utstein style” (“Utstein Style for Drowning,” USFD) ...

    Authors: Štefek Grmec, Matej Strnad and Dejan Podgoršek

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:84

    Content type: Original Article

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  23. Prehospital spinal immobilization criteria are useful in identifying those at risk for spinal fractures, while reducing the number of patients unnecessarily immobilized. The use of immobilization criteria, wit...

    Authors: Lucas A. Myers, Christopher S. Russi, Daniel G. Hankins, Kathleen S. Berns and Scott P. Zietlow

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:82

    Content type: Original Article

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  24. Despite the development of evidence-based practice guidelines in many countries for asthma treatment in children, there is limited evidence that using such guidelines improves patient care.

    Authors: Johann Gildenhuys, Mark Lee and Geoffrey K. Isbister

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 2:63

    Content type: Original Article

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