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  1. The Sultanate of Oman has a relatively young national health care system that could demonstrate its high performance at an international level. Emergency medicine as a specialty has developed rapidly in the co...

    Authors: Nasser Hammad Al-Azri
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:143
  2. Although adding a drug to an emergency department-based automated medication management system is known to increase how frequently it is ordered, little is known about this effect when the added drug does not ...

    Authors: Gregory P. Conners, Daniel P. Hays, Thomas Richardson and Frank L. Zwemer
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:137
  3. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new, fixed, yet individualized dosing regimen of activated prothrombin complex concentrate factor VIII inhibitor bypassing activity (FEIBA) for ...

    Authors: Cezary Wójcik, Michelle L. Schymik and Eric G. Cure
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:125
  4. This study aims to determine if patients who arrive by ambulance with a chief complaint of chest pain have a higher risk of myocardial infarction (MI) than those who arrive via alternate transportation.

    Authors: Scott G. Weiner, John T. Wu, Preety Bhatti and Jessica D. Goetz
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:126
  5. Postintubation chest X-rays (CXR) are standard practice in emergency department (ED) intubations. In the operating room, it is not usually a standard practice to confirm endotracheal tube placement with a CXR.

    Authors: Daniel C. McGillicuddy, Matthew R. Babineau, Jonathan Fisher, Kevin Ban and Leon D. Sanchez
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:133
  6. Lumbar punctures (LP) are regularly and effortlessly used in the emergency medical departments (EMD). LP use and efficiency have not been fully explored in the published literature.

    Authors: Bilal Majed, Hélène Zephir, Valérie Pichonnier-Cassagne, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Philippe Lestavel, Pierre Valette and Patrick Vermersch
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:128
  7. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines and the World Health Organization (WHO) both recommend HIV testing in health-care settings. However, neither organization provides prescriptiv...

    Authors: Christian Arbelaez, Brian Block, Elena Losina, Elizabeth A. Wright, William M. Reichmann, Regina Mikulinsky, Jessica D. Solomon, Matthew M. Dooley and Rochelle P. Walensky
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:123
  8. Analgesic use, particularly opioids in the emergency situation in patients with acute abdominal pain, generally has been avoided in the past; however, newer evidence has shown that the practice should be encou...

    Authors: Babatunde A. Ayoade, Adedayo O. Tade, Babatunde A. Salami and Olayemi Oladapo
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:118
  9. Vascular access is a critical skill for emergency physicians. However, it can be unpredictably challenging in some patients. While ultrasound-guided vascular access has been encouraged in emergency departments...

    Authors: Michael P. Phelan, Chuck Emerman, William F. Peacock, Mathew Karafa, Nora Colburn and Kelly Buchanan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:114
  10. Dubai has rapidly risen to prominence in the Persian Gulf region as a center of global commerce and tourism and as a cultural crossroad between East and West. The health-care infrastructure has undergone rapid...

    Authors: Robert Partridge, Michael Abbo and Alamjit Virk
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:122
  11. In the US, scrofula is generally uncommon, but it may be the manifestation of disseminated tuberculosis in immunocompromised patients. Given the delay to obtain PPD results, AFB results, and cultures for TB, t...

    Authors: Nicolas Forget and Kathryn Challoner
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:117
  12. Developing nations have many challenges to the growth of emergency medical systems. This development in Afghanistan is also complicated by many factors that plague post-conflict countries including an unstable...

    Authors: John R. Acerra, Kara Iskyan, Zubair A. Qureshi and Rahul K. Sharma
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:106
  13. Chest pain is usually a benign presentation in children who present to emergency departments (ED) or primary care centers. Unlike adults, where chest pain is commonly due to cardiac causes, in children the cau...

    Authors: Hisham Alomran, Faisal AlGhamdi and Fadiah AlKhattabi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:104
  14. Logistic regression is the most common statistical model for processing multivariate data in the medical literature. Artificial intelligence models like an artificial neural network (ANN) and genetic algorithm...

    Authors: Cenker Eken, Ugur Bilge, Mutlu Kartal and Oktay Eray
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:103
  15. The workload of emergency departments (ED) continually changes in response to presentations, overcrowding and availability of expertise and investigations.

    Authors: Abraham K. C. Wai, C. M. Chor, Allen T. C. Lee, Yuwares Sittambunka, Colin A. Graham and Timothy H. Rainer
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:98
  16. Carbon monoxide poisoning has been reported as a result of exposure to various sources of smoke, such as car exhaust fumes, home water heaters and tobacco smoke. We describe a case of symptomatic, moderately s...

    Authors: Beng Leong Lim, Ghee Hian Lim and Eillyne Seow
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:97
  17. We present a user-friendly visual representation of The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease and the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network criteria so as to enhance recognition of anaphylaxis an...

    Authors: Veena Manivannan, Wyatt W. Decker, Latha G. Stead, James T. C. Li and Ronna L. Campbell
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:93
  18. Electrolyte values are measured both by arterial blood gas (ABG) analyzers and central laboratory auto-analyzers (AA), but a significant time gap exists between the availability of both these results, with the...

    Authors: Anunaya Jain, Imron Subhan and Mahesh Joshi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:91
  19. The usual method for initial assessment of an acute asthma attack in the emergency room includes the use of peak flow measurement and clinical parameters. Both methods have their own disadvantages such as poor...

    Authors: N. A. R. Nik Hisamuddin, A. Rashidi, K. S. Chew, J. Kamaruddin, Z. Idzwan and A. H. Teo
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:88
  20. Two cases of violent, drug-intoxicated patients who presented considerable problems in management, and were resistant to standard sedative agents, are described. Effective and safe sedation, without the need f...

    Authors: Marten C. Howes and Werner Janse van Rensburg
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:85
  21. Language barriers hinder health care delivery in settings with culturally diverse populations. Interventions to accommodate non-English-speaking patients have been shown to shorten length of stay and reduce no...

    Authors: Alice Han, Humberto Laranjo and Steven M. Friedman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:81
  22. Although several chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) practice guidelines have been published, there is sparse data on the actual emergency department (ED) management of acute exacerbation of COPD (AEC...

    Authors: Chu-Lin Tsai, Adit A. Ginde, Phillip G. Blanc and Carlos A. Camargo Jr
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:89
  23. In 2003, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) published the Recommended Guidelines for Uniform Reporting of Data from Drowning: the “Utstein style” (“Utstein Style for Drowning,” USFD) ...

    Authors: Štefek Grmec, Matej Strnad and Dejan Podgoršek
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:84
  24. Prehospital spinal immobilization criteria are useful in identifying those at risk for spinal fractures, while reducing the number of patients unnecessarily immobilized. The use of immobilization criteria, wit...

    Authors: Lucas A. Myers, Christopher S. Russi, Daniel G. Hankins, Kathleen S. Berns and Scott P. Zietlow
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 2:82
  25. Despite the development of evidence-based practice guidelines in many countries for asthma treatment in children, there is limited evidence that using such guidelines improves patient care.

    Authors: Johann Gildenhuys, Mark Lee and Geoffrey K. Isbister
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008 2:63

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