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  1. The use of nonionic low-osmolar contrast media has significantly reduced the risk of hypersensitivity reactions. Despite this, severe reactions continue to occur unpredictably. An ischemic stroke in the settin...

    Authors: Takshak Shankar, Nagasubramanyam Vempalli, Reshma Asokan, Aadya Pillai and D. J. Lalneiruol Infimate
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:74
  2. Boarding of critically ill patients in the emergency department (ED) has long been known to compromise patient care and affect outcomes. During the COVID-19 pandemic, multiple hospitals worldwide experienced o...

    Authors: Tharwat El Zahran, Sally Al Hassan, Victoria Al Karaki, Lina Hammoud, Christelle El Helou, Malak Khalifeh, Moustafa Al Hariri, Hani Tamim and Imad El Majzoub
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:73
  3. Elevated intracranial pressure is a devastating complication of catastrophic brain injury. Intracranial hypertension is commonly seen in neurologic injury secondary to traumatic brain injuries. Uncontrolled pr...

    Authors: Sima Patel, Jose Maria-Rios, Amay Parikh and Okorie Nduka Okorie
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:72
  4. Double sequential external defibrillation (DSED) has demonstrated increased survival with good neurological outcome in a recent randomized controlled trial. DSED has not been studied in patients with extracorp...

    Authors: Stephan Katzenschlager, Raphael Heck, Erik Popp, Frank Weilbacher, Markus A. Weigand, Christoph Eisner and Christopher Neuhaus
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:71
  5. Traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) is associated with poor outcomes. Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMSs) are often used to transport critically ill patients to hospitals. However, the role of HEMS in the...

    Authors: Hiroki Nagasawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Ken-ichi Muramatsu, Ikuto Takeuchi, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Kouhei Ishikawa and Youichi Yanagawa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:70
  6. In pre-hospital emergency care, decisions regarding patient non-conveyance emerged as significant determinants of healthcare outcomes and resource utilization. These complex decisions became integral to the pr...

    Authors: Hassan Farhat, Kawther El Aifa, Guillaume Alinier, Abdulqadir Nashwan, Padarath Gangaram, Moncef Khadhraoui, Loua Al-Shaikh, Imed Gargouri and James Laughton
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:69
  7. Hypertension (HTN) is a major global health problem that affects approximately 1.13 billion people worldwide, and 1–2% of this population has hypertensive crisis. Hypertensive crisis is becoming a major health...

    Authors: Hailemariam Gezie, Aklilu Azazh, Birhanu Melaku and Habtam Gelaye
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:68
  8. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a potentially life-saving procedure for bleeding trauma patients. Being a rare and complex procedure performed in extreme situations, repeti...

    Authors: T. Birrenbach, R. Wespi, W. E. Hautz, J. Berger, P. R. Schwab, G. Papagiannakis, A. K. Exadaktylos and T. C. Sauter
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:67
  9. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is becoming more prevalent in recent years for evaluating patients presenting with musculoskeletal injuries in the emergency department (ED). This imaging modality has been uti...

    Authors: Naheed Habibullah, Jamil Dayo, Salman Muhammad Soomar and Noman Ali
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:66
  10. Thrombotic storm is a series of acute to subacute thrombotic events that evolve over a few days to weeks and result in progressive thromboses at multiple sites. There is often a predisposing event to thrombose...

    Authors: Takshak Shankar, Nagasubramanyam Vempalli and Archana Bairwa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:65
  11. To assess differences between patients referred to emergency departments by a primary care physician (PCP) and those presenting directly and the impact of referral on the likelihood of admission.

    Authors: Andreas Umgelter, Markus Faust, Slatomir Wenske, Katrin Umgelter, Roland M. Schmid and Georg Walter
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:64
  12. Previous studies conducted in North America, Europe, and East Asia (Liu et al., EClinicalMedicine 44:101293, 2022; Matsui et al., JAMA Netw Open 2:e195111, 2019; Awad et al., J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open 4:...

    Authors: Emad Awad, Guillaume Alinier, Hassan Farhat, Niki Rumbolt, Adnaan Azizurrahman, Buthaina Mortada and Rakan Shami
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:63
  13. Clinical attempts of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) have increased in recent years; however, it also has life-threatening complicatio...

    Authors: Gun Jik Kim, Kyoung Hoon Lim, Tak-hyuk Oh, Hyun-Joo Lee, Deokbi Hwang and Hanna Jung
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:61
  14. The number of older adults with a high risk of frailty and severe illness continues to increase. Moreover, physiological change and multiple comorbidities are challenging to triage in geriatrics. Therefore, we...

    Authors: Praphaphorn Supatanakij, Kanruethai Imok and Karn Suttapanit
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:60
  15. Disaster medicine is a growing field within the specialty of emergency medicine, but educational training typically focuses on hospital drills or other educational strategies, such as didactics, simulation, or...

    Authors: Shayne Gue, Stephanie Cohen, Maria Tassone, Ayanna Walker, Andy Little, Martin Morales-Cruz, Casey McGillicuddy, David Lebowitz, Robert Pell, Ariel Vera, Steven Nazario, Darielys Mejias, Andrew Bobbett, Drake Dixon, Anines Quinones and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:59
  16. This study examined the conflicts between different generations working in US emergency departments (ED). We sought to record generational differences involving communication preferences, perceived areas of co...

    Authors: Mindi Guptill, Ellen Reibling, Tammy Phan, Bryant Khoo, Stephen Lin, Corbin Donham, Cheryl Wang and E. Lea Walters
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:58
  17. This is a cohort pilot study of senior emergency medicine residents and residency-trained emergency medicine registrars practicing in an urban tertiary academic hospital in Guyana in South America. The primary...

    Authors: Rayal Jhagru, Rajiv Singh and Jordan Rupp
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:57
  18. E-cigarette use, or vaping, is an alternative nicotine delivery system that is becoming increasingly prevalent in adolescents and young adults. There is currently a lack of comprehensive research on the advers...

    Authors: Amir Khorrami, Mohammad Ali Khorrami and Heitham Gheriani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:56
  19. Authors: Anh Dinh Bao Vuong, Thanh Hai Pham, Xuan Trang Nguyen, Ngoc Bich Trinh, Phuc Nhon Nguyen and Quang Nhat Ho
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:55

    The original article was published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:26

  20. Traumatic brain injury causes morbidity, mortality, and at least 2,500,000 yearly emergency department visits in the USA. Computerized tomography of the head is the gold standard to detect traumatic intracrani...

    Authors: Henrik Bergenfeldt, Jakob Lundager Forberg, Riikka Lehtinen, Ebba Anefjäll and Tomas Vedin
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:54
  21. To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the academic and clinical processes of pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellowship training held by the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties (SCHS).

    Authors: Ahmad Khobrani, Osama Kentab, Abdulaziz Algarni, Ahmad AAl Ibrahim, Javid Ahmad Bhat, Ammar Abdulmajeed, Wafa Homaida, Sara El Basheer, Abdullah Akkam and Muna Aljahany
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:53
  22. Severe hypocalcemia may lead to life-threatening arrhythmias. Denosumab is an effective treatment for osteoporosis that allows long intervals between doses. However, there is a risk of hypocalcemia in some pat...

    Authors: Fumito Okuno, Asami Ito-Masui, Atsuya Hane, Keiko Maeyama, Kaoru Ikejiri, Ken Ishikura, Masashi Yanagisawa, Kaoru Dohi and Kei Suzuki
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:52
  23. Gunshot wounds injury to the thorax is common in armed conflicts or war, including the war of Russia against Ukraine. Injury to the chest is associated with a high mortality or physical disability due to damag...

    Authors: Igor Lurin, Eduard Khoroshun, Volodymyr Negoduiko, Volodymyr Makarov, Serhii Shypilov, Volodymyr Boroday, Maksym Gorobeiko and Andrii Dinets
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:51
  24. To assess the effect of a commercial artificial intelligence (AI) solution implementation in the emergency department on clinical outcomes in a single level 1 trauma center.

    Authors: Dmitry Kotovich, Gilad Twig, Zeev Itsekson-Hayosh, Maximiliano Klug, Asaf Ben Simon, Gal Yaniv, Eli Konen, Noam Tau, Daniel Raskin, Paul J. Chang and David Orion
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:50
  25. Many physicians use point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) in their clinical practice to improve their diagnostic capabilities, accuracy, and timeliness. Over the last two decades, the use of PoCUS in the emergency ...

    Authors: Noman Ali, Abdul Ahad Chhotani, Sannia Perwaiz Iqbal, Salman Muhammad Soomar, Ahmed Raheem and Shahan Waheed
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:49
  26. It is estimated that approximately 300,000 people are experiencing homelessness in England. The aim of this study was to evaluate key causes and long-term trends of emergency departments (EDs) and in hospital ...

    Authors: Vibhu Paudyal, Neha Vohra, Malcolm Price, Zahraa Jalal and Karen Saunders
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:48
  27. Female sex workers (FSW) in sub-Saharan Africa are disproportionately affected by HIV and remain a key target population for efforts to reduce transmission. While HIV prevention tools such as PEP and PrEP are ...

    Authors: Amanda Poxon, Maria Leis, Miranda McDermott, Antony Kariri, Rupert Kaul and Joshua Kimani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:47
  28. Electrocardiogram (ECG) is the first diagnostic tool physicians use in diagnosing acute myocardial infarction (MI). In this case report, we present a case where the initial ECG diagnosis was that of an acute a...

    Authors: Indah Sukmawati, Fang Qin Goh, Alfred Yip, Poay Huan Loh and Koo Hui Chan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:46
  29. Lemierre syndrome is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition characterized by septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, most commonly caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum.

    Authors: Naheel A. AlAmer and Wasan F. AlMarzouq
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:45
  30. Basic life support (BLS) training rates vary widely worldwide, and there is a general scarcity of surveys that assess students’ knowledge and awareness of BLS in middle eastern nations. This study aims to eval...

    Authors: Mohamad Shadi Alkarrash, Mohammad Nour Shashaa, Mohammad Nour Kitaz, Roaa Rhayim, Mohammed Ismail, Sarya Swed, Wael Hafez, M. Ihsan Kaadan, Hamzeh Koumakli, Nour Alhisah, Ahmed Al-Haider, Samer Al-salloum and Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:44
  31. The aim of this study was to determine when and how rapid response vehicles (RRVs) make a difference in prehospital care by investigating the number and kinds of RRV assignment dispatches and the prehospital c...

    Authors: Erik Strandqvist, Staffan Olheden, Anders Bäckman, Henrik Jörnvall and Denise Bäckström
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:43
  32. BRASH syndrome (bradycardia, renal failure, atrioventricular nodal blockade, shock, and hyperkalemia) is a rare clinical condition with potentially severe outcomes. Patients with BRASH syndrome can present wit...

    Authors: Marián Sedlák, Kamila Brúsiková, Vladimíra Sobolová and Michal Králik
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:42
  33. Acrylamide poisoning is often reported as chronic poisoning presenting with peripheral neuropathy or carcinogenic action due to long-term exposure to low concentrations. However, there have been few reports of...

    Authors: Rie Yamamoto, Takayuki Yasuoka, Junya Matsushima, Youhei Tsubouchi, Hideaki Kanazashi, Keiji Sakurai, Tomoki Hanazawa, Yoshito Kamijo and Kazuki Akieda
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:41
  34. While emergency medicine (ER)-based emergency care is prevalent in many countries, in Japan, the “department-specific emergency care model” and the “emergency center model” are mainstream. We hypothesized that...

    Authors: Toshiki Sera, Norio Otani, Hideo Bannai, Takanori Hasegawa, Takehiro Umemura, Hideki Honda and Akio Kimura
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:40
  35. The purpose of our investigation is to analyze if emergency epidemiology is randomly variable or predictable. If emergency admissions show a predictable pattern, we can use it for multiple planning purposes, e...

    Authors: Johannes Kolnes, Erlend Hodneland, Audun Lange and Torhild Heggestad
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:39
  36. A patient’s current or previous experience of trauma may have an impact on their health and affect their ability to engage in health care. Every year, millions of patients who have experienced physically or em...

    Authors: Henry Ashworth, Annie Lewis-O’Connor, Samara Grossman, Taylor Brown, Sadie Elisseou and Hanni Stoklosa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:38
  37. Procedural sedation and analgesia are considered a core competency in emergency medicine as patients present to the emergency centre on an unscheduled basis, often with complex complaints that necessitate emer...

    Authors: Cornelle Dunn, Philip Cloete, Colleen Saunders and Katya Evans
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:37
  38. The use of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in COVID-19 patients with hypoxaemia is still under debate. The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of NIPPV (CPAP, HELMET-CPAP or NIV) in COVID-19 pa...

    Authors: Inês Farinha, Alexandra Tenda da Cunha, Ana Rita Nogueira, André Ribeiro, Carlos Silva, João Rua, João Trêpa, José Eduardo Mateus and Filipa Costa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:36
  39. Rhabdomyolysis can occur secondary to infections, trauma, or myotoxic substances. Rhabdomyolysis secondary to autoimmune myositis occurs rarely. Distinguishing autoimmune rhabdomyolysis from rhabdomyolysis sec...

    Authors: Pallavi Patil, Jennifer Davidson and Sundip Patel
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:35
  40. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome is a condition characterized by the persistence of an accessory pathway responsible for ventricular pre-excitation that can lead to symptomatic and potentially severe arrhy...

    Authors: Thierno Hamidou Diallo, Raid Faraj, Safae Hilal, Myriam Lahraoui, Oualid Kisra, Fatima-Azzahra Benmessaoud, Nawal Doghmi, Ibtissam Fellat and Mohamed Cherti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:34
  41. Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS), including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), is a severe rash that often develops 2–6 weeks after the intake of the causative drug; however, its diagnosis is sometim...

    Authors: Hideaki Oiwa, Shozo Yoshida, Hideshi Okada, Masahiro Yasunishi, Ryo Kamidani, Kodai Suzuki, Takahito Miyake, Tomoaki Doi, Takayoshi Shimohata and Shinji Ogura
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:33
  42. Access block and overcrowding are known to adversely impact on patient outcomes, service delivery, and patient experiences within emergency departments (ED) worldwide. There are no studies on access block or o...

    Authors: Tamara Ah Leong-Nowell, Ledua Tamani and Annette Kaspar
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:32
  43. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the top cause of death in Maldives. Our study aims to determine the prehospital delay and its associated factors in AMI patients in Maldives.

    Authors: Madheeh Mohamed Hussain, Kamarul Aryffin Baharuddin, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Mimi Azliha Abu Bakar, Ahmed Ziyan, Aminath Zeyba Ahmed and Mohamed Sunil
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:31
  44. Morbidity and mortality rates related to methamphetamine are on the rise. Simultaneously, social-distancing guidelines were issued in March 2020 to decrease transmission of COVID-19. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Sophie C. Morse, Callan Fockele, Ly Ngoc Huynh, Alina Zatzick and Lauren Kirsten Whiteside
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:30
  45. The Basic Emergency Care: Approach to the acutely ill and injured course was developed to train health care providers to recognize, stabilize, and treat critically ill patients in resource-limited settings. This ...

    Authors: Nichole Michaeli, Giovanna De Luca, Mary Gitau, Justin Myers, Daniel Ojuka, Derick Ouma, Travis Wieland and Grace Wanjiku
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:29
  46. Colloid cysts are rare benign, slowly growing intracranial tumors of endodermal origin. Most colloid cysts are found incidentally and are asymptomatic, but rarely, they can lead to sudden death.

    Authors: Dóra Melicher, Szabolcs Gaál, Tamás Berényi, Bánk Gábor Fenyves, Pál Kaposi Novák, Ambrus Tóth, László Szegedi and Csaba Varga
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:28
  47. Spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy (SHiP) refers to fluid collection in the abdominal cavity with a vague presentation of clinical symptoms. Particularly, SHiP causes a life-threatening condition with the...

    Authors: Anh Dinh Bao Vuong, Thanh Hai Pham, Xuan Trang Nguyen, Ngoc Bich Trinh, Phuc Nhon Nguyen and Quang Nhat Ho
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:26

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:55

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