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  1. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of all pediatric emergency department visits (focusing on mental health-related visits versus total visits) at the University Children’s Hospital of Nice (France) from 1 J...

    Authors: Arnaud Fernandez, Morgane Gindt, Phillipe Babe and Florence Askenazy
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:64
  2. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is a part of emergency medicine (EM) examinations such as the Masters of Medicine in Emergency Medicine (MMed) examination and the equivalent Member of the ...

    Authors: Magdalene Hui Min Lee, Dong Haur Phua and Kenneth Wei Jian Heng
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:62
  3. At the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, early intubation was recommended on the basis of worldwide observations of severe hypoxemia. However, some patients were ultimately able to benefit from high-flow nasal c...

    Authors: Elophe Dubie, François Morin, Dominique Savary, Amaury Serruys and Pascal Usseglio
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:61
  4. Spinal epidural hematomas usually occur under certain conditions; they rarely occur spontaneously. The prevalence of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is ~ 0.1 per 100,000, and the male-to-female ratio is a...

    Authors: Ooi Chin Sheng, Ren-Chieh Wu and I-Hsin Chang
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:60
  5. A binary triage system based on infectivity and facilitated by departmental restructuring was developed to manage suspected COVID-19 patients with an aim to provide effective prevention and control of infectio...

    Authors: Mahathar Abd. Wahab, Sufian Safaai and Ismail Mohd Saiboon
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:59
  6. Patients with acute respiratory failure, impaired consciousness, and impaired airway reflexes will require invasive mechanical ventilation. Monitoring of such patients is important. The use of ventilator scala...

    Authors: Amarja Ashok Havaldar, Abdul Rahim Fazal and Abhilash Chennabasappa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:58
  7. Communication in emergency departments (ED) in India is complicated by the country’s immense language diversity. Prior research has revealed challenges in language and communication as barriers to care. Our ob...

    Authors: Katherine Douglass, Lalit Narayan, Rebecca Allen, Jay Pandya and Zohray Talib
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:57
  8. Clostridium botulinum remains a major threat to a select population of subcutaneous and intramuscular drug users. We conducted a retrospective study of patients who were diagnosed with wound botulism and their...

    Authors: Michael M. Neeki, Fanlong Dong, Chuck Emond, Carol Lee, Arianna S. Neeki, Keeyon Hajjafar, Megan Messinger, Caitlyn O. Anderson, Reza Hajjafar and Rodney Borger
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:56
  9. Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease, common in China. TB bacteria can invade multiple organs throughout the body, but they rarely cause critical illness. We present a complex critically ill case ...

    Authors: Ning Yang, Liping Zhou, Xiaoye Mo, Guoqing Huang and Ping Wu
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:55
  10. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates remain fairly low through most communities despite multiple interventions through the years. Understanding the attitudes and fears behind CPR training and pe...

    Authors: Susmita Roy Chowdhury and Venkataraman Anantharaman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:54
  11. Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is a condition that involves the development of pulmonary hypertension due to the presence of microscopic tumor emboli of the peripheral pulmonary arteries. He...

    Authors: Ryo Kamidani, Keisuke Kumada, Hideshi Okada, Genki Yoshimura, Tomohiro Kanayama, Hiroyuki Tomita, Tomotaka Miura, Hideaki Oiwa, Yosuke Mizuno, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Ryu Yasuda, Tetsuya Fukuta, Takahito Miyake, Tomoaki Doi, Takahiro Yoshida, Shozo Yoshida…
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:53
  12. The ketogenic (“keto”) diet has been gaining more attention lately in the medical literature and the lay media as a potentially effective method for weight control and management of type 2 diabetes. Though rar...

    Authors: Joseph Choi, Tayler L. Young and Lucas B. Chartier
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:52
  13. Patients may remain comatose after the resumption of spontaneous circulation with cardiopulmonary resuscitation. A primary neurologic event may precede a cardiac standstill.

    Authors: Sushma Kola, Alexander D. Ginsburg, Laura Harper, Laura E. Walker, Sherri Braksick and Eelco F. M. Wijdicks
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:51
  14. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a novel, life-threatening hyperinflammatory condition that develops in children a few weeks after infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coron...

    Authors: Martina Giacalone, Eric Scheier and Itai Shavit
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:50
  15. Emergency departments (EDs) are reasonably well prepared for external disasters, such as natural disasters, mass casualty incidents, and terrorist attacks.

    Authors: Dennis G. Barten, Vincent W. Klokman, Sigrid Cleef, Nathalie A. L. R. Peters, Edward C. T. H. Tan and Arjen Boin
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:49
  16. The final months of the fourth-year of medical school are variable in educational and clinical experience, and the effect on clinical knowledge and preparedness for residency is unclear. Specialty-specific “bo...

    Authors: Jason J. Lewis, Anne V. Grossestreuer and Edward A. Ullman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:48
  17. Nephrotic syndrome (NS) was first described in 1827 as the presence of proteinuria of ≥ 3.5 g/24 h, hypoalbuminemia < 3.0 g/dl, peripheral edema, hyperlipidemia, lipiduria, and increased thrombotic risk. Nephr...

    Authors: Mohamed Osman Omar Jeele, Rukia Omar Barei Addow and Mohamed Farah Yusuf Mohamud
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:46
  18. Rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is an advanced airway skill commonly performed in the pre-hospital setting globally. In South Africa, pre-hospital RSI was first approved for non-physician providers by the Heal...

    Authors: Johanna Catharina Botha, Andrit Lourens and Willem Stassen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:45
  19. A 14-year-old African American female presented to the emergency department with spontaneous, sudden-onset lip swelling for 1 h. On examination, there was significant water-bag edema of the upper lip extending...

    Authors: Helen Lesser and Jason E. Cohn
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:43
  20. Pediatric emergency medicine training is in its infancy in India. Simulation provides an educational avenue to equip trainees with the skills to improve pediatric care. We hypothesized that a simulation-based ...

    Authors: T. Ahluwalia, S. Toy, C. Gutierrez, K. Boggs and K. Douglass
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:42
  21. Coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19, as a global public health emergency, has come with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and complications. In this study, we present a unique complication of this dis...

    Authors: Behzad Nematihonar, Shohra Qaderi, Jaffer Shah and Javad zebarjadi Bagherpour
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:40
  22. Studies comparing the microbiological profiles among sepsis patients identified with either Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score or systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria are limit...

    Authors: Signe Trille Sørensen, S. M. Osama Bin Abdullah, Rune Husås Sørensen, Ram Dessau, Niels Høiby and Finn Erland Nielsen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:39
  23. Diagnostic errors or delays can cause serious consequences for patient safety, especially in the emergency department. Anchoring bias is one of the major factors leading to diagnostic error. During the coronav...

    Authors: Azumi Kawabata, Hiraku Funakoshi, Joji Ito, Takushi Santanda, Yasuhiro Norisue and Hiroyuki Watanabe
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:38
  24. This work was to study the prehospital time among suspected stroke patients who were transported by an emergency medical service (EMS) system using a national database.

    Authors: Phantakan Tansuwannarat, Pongsakorn Atiksawedparit, Arrug Wibulpolprasert and Natdanai Mankasetkit
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:37
  25. Appendicitis is one of the most frequently encountered conditions at the emergency department. Distinction is made between complicated and uncomplicated appendicitis. Complicated appendicitis may cause serious...

    Authors: Jan Arne Deodatus, Sander Ferdinand Emiel Paas, Gerrit Hendrik Johan Wagenvoort and Marije Matilde de Kubber
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:36

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:63

  26. The use of personal protective equipment (PPE) by emergency medical services (EMS) providers requires specific attention, as it takes place in out-of-hospital unsecured settings. The aim of this study was to e...

    Authors: Fabrice Pottier, Charles Groizard, Grégory Briche, Nicolas Haraczaj, Maxime Garnier, Vinciane Loones, Anna Ozguler, Michel Baer, Géraldine Baer and Thomas Loeb
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:35
  27. Emergency department (ED) visits show a high volatility over time. Therefore, EDs are likely to be crowded at peak-volume moments. ED crowding is a widely reported problem with negative consequences for patien...

    Authors: Nathan Singh Erkamp, Dirk Hendrikus van Dalen and Esther de Vries
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:34
  28. COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in significant strain on healthcare resources and this requires diligent resource re-allocation. We aim to describe the incidence and outcomes of in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA...

    Authors: Ting Lyu, Faheem Ahmed Khan, Shanaz Matthew Sajeed, Amit Kansal, Monika Gulati Kansal, Shekhar Dhanvijay, Rou An Tan, Jared D’Souza, Ian Cendana, Patricia Leong and Chee Keat Tan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:33
  29. The chief or presenting complaint is the reason for seeking health care, often in the patient’s own words. In limited resource settings, a diagnosis-based approach to quantifying burden of disease is not possi...

    Authors: B. Hansoti, E. Hahn, A. Rao, J. Harris, A. Jenson, N. Markadakis, S. Moonat, V. Osula and A. Pousson
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:32
  30. Subarachnoid hemorrhage accounts for more than 30,000 cases of stroke annually in North America and encompasses a 4.4% mortality rate. Since a vast number of subarachnoid hemorrhage cases present in a younger ...

    Authors: Sima Patel, Amay Parikh and Okorie Nduka Okorie
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:31
  31. Sabah in Malaysian Borneo is among the Malaysian states which reported a high number of detected COVID-19 cases during the current pandemic. Due to geographical challenges and limited resources, clinicians dev...

    Authors: Phee Kheng Cheah, Evelyn Marie Steven, Khai Keam Ng, Muammar Iqbal Hashim, Mohamed Hakimi Abdul Kadir and Nicholas Paul Roder
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:30
  32. Cardiac tumors are very uncommon compared to other cardiac diseases. Their clinical symptoms can vary from absent to non-specific. The most common symptoms are arrhythmias, blood flow obstruction due to valvul...

    Authors: Lilla Prenek, Klára Csupor, Péter Beszterczán, Krisztina Boros, Erika Kardos, András Vorobcsuk, Miklós Egyed, Ádám Kellner, Péter Rajnics and Csaba Varga
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:29
  33. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) often face significant challenges related to providing effective pre-hospital care services. Barriers to providing care include lack of financial resources, poor road i...

    Authors: Claire L. Jacobson, Samjhana Basnet, Ajay Bhatt, Shreejesh Parajuli and Sanu Krishna Shrestha
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:28
  34. Emergency anterior neck access may be performed if intubation and ventilation fail. Practicing this life-saving procedure with manikins before facing a real-life emergency anterior neck access is required to d...

    Authors: Sumidtra Prathep, Wilasinee Jitpakdee, Pittayapon Pitathawatchai and Sittichoke Anuntaseree
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:27
  35. Tetanus is a rare disease caused by Clostridium tetani, which produces tetanolysin and tetanospasmin. In 2018, there were only approximately ten tetanus cases reported in Indonesia. Despite widespread vaccination...

    Authors: Dzulfikar D. L. Hakim, Ahmad Faried, Adila Nurhadiya, Ericko H. Laymena, Muhammad Z. Arifin, Akhmad Imron and Iwan Abdulrachman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:25
  36. Infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may not elicit lifelong protective immunity and reinfection could occur. Liver function impairment is a common manifestation of coronav...

    Authors: Bader Aldossary, Ali Hassan, Mohamed Moussa, Hind S. Alsaif and Dunya Alfaraj
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:24
  37. Hypoglycemia usually includes various neurological symptoms, which are the consequence of neuroglycopenia. When it is severe, it is associated with altered mental status, even coma.

    Authors: Thomas Loeb, Anna Ozguler, Geraldine Baer and Michel Baer
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:23
  38. The study was done to evaluate levels of missing and invalid values in the Michigan (MI) National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) (MI-EMSIS) and explore possible causes to inform improve...

    Authors: Mahshid Abir, Rekar K. Taymour, Jason E. Goldstick, Rosalie Malsberger, Jane Forman, Stuart Hammond and Kathy Wahl
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:22
  39. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a common cause of death worldwide (Neumar et al., Circulation 122:S729–S767, 2010), affecting about 300,000 persons in the USA on an annual basis; 92% of them die (Roge...

    Authors: Mohammed S. Alshahrani and Hassan W. Aldandan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:21
  40. Psoas muscle hematoma is defined as a spontaneous or traumatic retroperitoneal collection of blood involving the psoas muscle. Early symptoms of an iliopsoas hematoma include lower abdominal or severe groin pa...

    Authors: Lotfolah Abedini, Saadat Mehrabi, Reza Hosseinpour, Mohammad Bagher Jahantab, Vahid Salehi and Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:20
  41. The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed a suboptimal response to this threatening global disaster, including the response to the psychological impact. Both the economic hardship and the continuous media coverage of ...

    Authors: Mohamud Sheek-Hussein, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan and Emmanuel Stip
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:19
  42. The COVID-19 pandemic has generated worldwide scarcity of critical resources to protect against and treat disease. Shortages of face masks and other protective equipment place health workers, already on the fr...

    Authors: Lauren O’Neal, Michele Heisler, Ranit Mishori and Rohini J. Haar
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:18
  43. This paper was written to explain the process and steps and to describe the experience with building a women-only operated collegiate emergency medical service (EMS) system in the largest women-only university...

    Authors: Wajdan Alassaf, Sameer Al Hamid, Osama Kentab, Abdullah Al Otaibi and Bandar Al Mufareh
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:16
  44. Nasal inhalation of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) seems an effective anti-emetic for the symptomatic treatment of nausea in the emergency department (ED) compared to conventional anti-emetics (Ondansetron and Metocl...

    Authors: Peter Veldhuis, Maartje Melse and Nieke Mullaart
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:15

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