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  1. Capnometry measures carbon dioxide in expired air and provides the clinician with a noninvasive measure of the systemic metabolism, circulation and ventilation. This study was carried out on patients with acut...

    Authors: Nik Hisamuddin Nik Ab Rahman and Amiruddin Fairuz Mamat

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:233

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  2. Spain has universal public health care coverage. Emergency care provisions are offered to patients in different modalities and levels according to the characteristics of the medical complaint: at primary care ...

    Authors: Òscar Miró

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:249

    Content type: State of International EM

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  3. Although unintentional injuries are major causes of morbidity and mortality in less developed countries, they have received scant attention, and injury prevention policies and programs have just begun to be ad...

    Authors: Rifat Rehmani and John C. LeBlanc

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:238

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  4. In adequately resourced clinical environments, diagnosis of hypoxemia via pulse oximetry is routine. Unfortunately, pulse oximetry is rarely utilized in under-resourced hospitals in developing countries.

    Authors: Mark Foran, Roy Ahn, Joseph Novik, Lynda Tyer-Viola, Kennedy Chilufya, Kasseba Katamba and Thomas Burke

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:241

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  5. Acute stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Clinical trials in stroke are challenging because victims often do not have the capacity to provide informed consent, excluding those patients most l...

    Authors: Joshua N. Goldstein, Janice A. Espinola, Jonathan Fisher, Daniel J. Pallin and Carlos A. Camargo Jr.

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:244

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  6. Acute severe methemoglobinaemia is an uncommon but life-threatening condition caused by a variety of oxidizing agents commonly used in both health care and industrial settings. Thus, recognition is important a...

    Authors: Asim Nayeem, Samer Elkhodair and Thiagarajan Jaiganesh

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:250

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. This prospective, randomized double-blind study, conducted over 19 months in a tertiary care ED, sought to determine if a fascia-iliaca regional anesthetic block provides better and safer pain relief than does...

    Authors: Daniel Godoy Monzón, Jorge Vazquez, José R. Jauregui and Kenneth V. Iserson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:234

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  8. There are many combinations of treatments for pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). Different treatments are indicated for different clinical courses of PLA.

    Authors: Yu-Jang Su, Yen-Chun Lai, Yu-Chia Lin and Yu-Hang Yeh

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:232

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  9. There is an extensive critical care literature for central venous catheter and arterial line infection, duration of catheterization, and compliance with infection control procedures. The emergency medicine lit...

    Authors: Christopher H. LeMaster, Ashish T. Agrawal, Peter Hou and Jeremiah D. Schuur

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:225

    Content type: Review Article

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  10. Femoral artery pseudoaneurysm following cardiac catheterization is a serious groin complication requiring careful assessment and prompt intervention.

    Authors: Servan Gokhan, Ozkan Kose, Ayhan Ozhasenekler, Murat Orak, Mehmet Ustundag and Cahfer Guloglu

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:226

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  11. The use and interpretation of electrocardiograms (ECGs) are widely accepted as an essential core skill in Emergency Medicine. It is imperative that emergency physicians are expert in ECG interpretation when th...

    Authors: Japie de Jager, Lee Wallis and David Maritz

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:227

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  12. Hypocalcemia with stridor is a well-known condition in the pediatric age group but has rarely been reported in the elderly. We report an elderly patient who presented with dyspnea and laryngeal stridor attack ...

    Authors: Fatih Büyükcam, Feruza Turan Sönmez and Hayriye Şahinli

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:228

    Content type: Case Report

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  13. Clinical decision rules for the disposition of patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) are typically validated against an outcome of 30-day mortality or disease recurrence. There is little justification for this...

    Authors: Christopher Kabrhel, Weston Sacco, Shan Liu and Praveen Hariharan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:206

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  14. Airway management is an important part of the management of the critically ill and injured patients in the Emergency Department (ED). Numerous studies from developed countries have demonstrated the competency ...

    Authors: Shahridan Mohd. Fathil, Siti Nidzwani Mohd. Mahdi, Zuraidah Che’Man, Azhana Hassan, Zulkernain Ahmad and Ahmad Khaldun Ismail

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:201

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  15. Approximately 10% of patients with AIDS present with some neurological deficit as their initial complaint, and up to 80% will have CNS involvement during the course of their disease. Toxoplasmosis is the most ...

    Authors: Carlos Garcia-Gubern, Carmen R. Fuentes, Lissandra Colon-Rolon and Daniel Masvidal

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:207

    Content type: Case Report

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  16. As millions of emergency department (ED) visits each year include wound care, emergency care providers must remain experts in acute wound management. The variety of acute wounds presenting to the ED challenge ...

    Authors: Bret A. Nicks, Elizabeth A. Ayello, Kevin Woo, Diane Nitzki-George and R. Gary Sibbald

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:217

    Content type: Review Article

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  17. The Australian Medical Association is strongly opposed to the nurse practitioner (NP) role with concerns that NPs may become doctor substitutes without the requisite training and education that the medical rol...

    Authors: Tracey J. Weiland, Claire Mackinlay and George A. Jelinek

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:214

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  18. Patients who are admitted with a suspicion of a severe infection usually enter the hospital through the emergency department (ED). The recognition of prognostic factors in an early stage affects further treatm...

    Authors: Charlotte F. J. van Tuijn, Maria Prins, Jan S. Luitse and Suzanne E. Geerlings

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:220

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  19. The practice of allowing family members to witness on-going active resuscitation has been gaining ground in many developed countries since it was first introduced in the early 1990s. In many Asian countries, t...

    Authors: Chew Keng Sheng, Chee Kean Lim and Ahmad Rashidi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:218

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  20. We sought to measure the self-reported implementation of the crowding solutions outlined in the 2008 American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Boarding Task Force report “Emergency Department Crowding: H...

    Authors: Daniel A. Handel, Adit A. Ginde, Ali S. Raja, John Rogers, Ashley F. Sullivan, Janice A. Espinola and Carlos A. Camargo Jr.

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:216

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  21. We report a case of myopericarditis in a 30-year-old male complaining of shortness of breath. In an emergency department (ED) setting, the symptoms of myopericarditis may overlap with many disease entities and...

    Authors: Kevin M. Takakuwa, Bon S. Ku and Ethan J. Halpern

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:210

    Content type: Case Report

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  22. Bateys are impoverished areas of housing for migrant Haitian sugar cane workers in the Dominican Republic (DR). In these regions, preventative health care is almost non-existent, public service accessibility is l...

    Authors: Heather L. Crouse, Charles G. Macias, Andrea T. Cruz, Kim A. Wilson and Susan B. Torrey

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:198

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  23. Perforation of a Meckel diverticulum (MD) is a rare complication that can often mimic appendicitis. This case report identifies a child who presented to our Emergency Department (ED) with right lower quadrant ...

    Authors: Brian T. Kloss, Claire E. Broton and Anne Marie Sullivan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:213

    Content type: Case Report

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  24. Because of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the Residency Review Committee (RRC) approval timelines, new residency programs cannot use Electronic Residency Application Servi...

    Authors: Steven F. Groke, Troy E. Madsen, Laura Strate, Stuart Knapp, Matt Dawson, Susan Stroud, Stephen Hartsell and Virgil Davis

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:209

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  25. Drug-induced hyperkalemia is not uncommon and may be life-threatening when presenting acutely in the emergency department. We present a case of severe hyperkalemia precipitated acutely by etoricoxib in a patie...

    Authors: Swagata Tripathy and Suresh Chandra Dash

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:208

    Content type: Case Report

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  26. Serotonin syndrome is a potentially life-threatening adverse drug reaction that results from therapeutic drug use, usually of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), intentional excessive use or inter...

    Authors: Bhawana Arora and Nirupama Kannikeswaran

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:195

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  27. Traumatic pneumothoraces are common. Many are managed with tube thoracostomy. However, there is a high complication rate from chest tube placement, particularly in patients with HIV, TB, or both.

    Authors: Zachary D. Tebb, Brad Talley, Marlow Macht and David Richards

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:190

    Content type: Review Article

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  28. The Republic of India, the world’s most populous democracy, has struggled with establishing Emergency Medical Care. However, with the recent recognition of Emergency Medicine as a formal specialty in medical t...

    Authors: Imron Subhan and Anunaya Jain

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:223

    Content type: State of International EM

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  29. A 68-year-old man was referred to the emergency department 6 h after onset of sudden acute dyspnoea. Immediate ECG showed sinus tachycardia with the typical S1-Q3-T3 pattern and incomplete right bundle branch ...

    Authors: Sergio Fasullo, Sebastiano Scalzo, Giorgio Maringhini, Filippo Ganci, Alfonso Giubilato, Sergio Cannizzaro, Roberto Baglini, Debora Cangemi, Gabriella Terrazzino, Salvatore Paterna and Pietro Di Pasquale

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:193

    Content type: Case Report

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  30. Pelvic bleeding from trauma and postpartum hemorrhage is often difficult to treat successfully by emergency providers particularly in low resource environments, when hospital presentation is delayed or there i...

    Authors: Mark Hauswald, Michael R. Williamson, Gillian M. Baty, Nancy L. Kerr and Victoria L. Edgar-Mied

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:191

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  31. Despite the growing burden of injuries in LMICs, there are still limited primary epidemiologic data to guide health policy and health system development. Understanding the epidemiology of injury in developing ...

    Authors: Renee Y. Hsia, Doruk Ozgediz, Milton Mutto, Sudha Jayaraman, Patrick Kyamanywa and Olive C. Kobusingye

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:200

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  32. Life-threatening acute lung injury due to combat and/or terror attacks is associated with high mortality. The successful management includes the use of “rescue” extracorporeal lung assist and early transport b...

    Authors: Thomas Bein, Eric Osborn, Hans Stefan Hofmann, Markus Zimmermann, Alois Philipp, Hans J. Schlitt and Bernhard M. Graf

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:192

    Content type: Innovations in EM Practice

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  33. Subcutaneous emphysema of the face and neck can develop following restorative dentistry, particularly when air turbine drills are used. We present a case in which the dentist mistook the subcutaneous emphysema...

    Authors: David Sainsbury and Thiagarajan Jaiganesh

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:189

    Content type: Case Report

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  34. ‘Preloading’ is a phenomenon where people drink alcohol at a private residence before going out. We aimed to identify whether preloading is a risk factor for alcohol-related emergency department attendance. We...

    Authors: Adrian Boyle, Naomi Wee, Richard Harris, Alison Tompkins, Michael Soper and Chris Porter

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:184

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  35. Emergency Medicine (EM) in South Africa is in its earliest stages of development. There is a paucity of data about emergency department (ED) patient demographics, epidemiology, consultation and admission crite...

    Authors: Rens Hanewinckel, Henri P. Jongman, Lee A. Wallis and Terrence M. Mulligan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:185

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  36. A rare event of a fall causing delayed intrathyroidal hematoma and respiratory distress is reported here. A 75-year-old woman with symptoms of vertigo causing syncope and fall 24 h earlier was seen and dischar...

    Authors: Lucas B. Chartier and Joel P. Turner

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:196

    Content type: Case Report

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  37. Authors: Kael Duprey, Jonathan Rose and Christian Fromm

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:172

    Content type: Clinical Images

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  38. Information technology may improve patient safety, and is a focus of health care reform. A minority of emergency departments (EDs) in Massachusetts, and in academic EDs throughout the US, have electronic healt...

    Authors: Daniel J. Pallin, Ashley F. Sullivan, Rainu Kaushal and Carlos A. Camargo Jr.

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2010 3:170

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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