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  1. A growing elderly population along with advances in equipment and approaches for pre-hospital resuscitation necessitates up-to-date information when developing policies to improve elderly out-of-hospital cardi...

    Authors: Manabu Akahane, Seizan Tanabe, Soichi Koike, Toshio Ogawa, Hiromasa Horiguchi, Hideo Yasunaga and Tomoaki Imamura
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:41
  2. A major incident has occurred when the number of live casualties, severity, type of incident or location requires extraordinary resources. Major incident management is interdisciplinary and involves triage, tr...

    Authors: Sabina Fattah, Andreas J Krüger, Jan Einar Andersen, Trond Vigerust and Marius Rehn
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:40
  3. Emergency departments (EDs) are the basic units of emergency care. We performed a national inventory of all Singapore EDs and describe their characteristics and capabilities.

    Authors: Leana S Wen, Anantharaman Venkataraman, Ashley F Sullivan and Carlos A Camargo
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:38
  4. A high index of suspicion is required to make the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis (CP) in patients presenting with cirrhosis and volume overload, as they can otherwise go misdiagnosed for years.

    Authors: Michel Toledano and Anjali Bhagra
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:37
  5. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), injuries represent the largest cause of death among people ages 140 –and contribute to a large burden of disease worldwide. The aims of this study were to char...

    Authors: Lauren K Whiteside, Rockefeller Oteng, Patrick Carter, John Amuasi, Ekua Abban, Sarah Rominski, Michelle Nypaver and Rebecca M Cunningham
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:36
  6. We describe and characterize the performance of microEEG compared to that of a commercially available and widely used clinical EEG machine. microEEG is a portable, battery-operated, wireless EEG device, developed...

    Authors: Ahmet Omurtag, Samah G Abdel Baki, Geetha Chari, Roger Q Cracco, Shahriar Zehtabchi, André A Fenton and Arthur C Grant
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:35
  7. A transorbital penetrating intracranial injury is a rare and severe traumatic brain injury. Patients with this type of injury may present dramatically, but often the injury is subtle and therefore easily overl...

    Authors: Willemijn B Huiszoon, Pieter N Noë and Albertus Manten
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:34
  8. Early identification of patients at risk of developing acute lung injury (ALI) is critical for potential preventive strategies. We aimed to derive and validate an acute lung injury prediction score (EDLIPS) in...

    Authors: Marie-Carmelle Elie-Turenne, Peter C Hou, Aya Mitani, Jonathan M Barry, Erica Y Kao, Jason E Cohen, Gyorgy Frendl, Ognjen Gajic and Nina T Gentile
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:33
  9. Lacerations account for a large number of ED visits. Is there a “golden period” beyond which lacerations should not be repaired primarily? What type of relationship exists between time of repair and wound infe...

    Authors: Muhammad Waseem, Viraj Lakdawala, Rohit Patel, Ramnath Kapoor, Mark Leber and Xuming Sun
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:32
  10. The presentation of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is non-specific and highly variable. The diagnosis is made when a compatible history and examination occur in a patient with elevated carboxyhaemoglobin level...

    Authors: Ryan A Stephen, Sheehan W Donal, O’Neill B Siobhain, Clarkson R Michael and Costello J Daniel
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:30
  11. There is limited research on preparation of health care workers for disasters. Prior research addressed systems-level responses rather than specific institutional and individual responses.

    Authors: Chinwe Ogedegbe, Themba Nyirenda, Gary DelMoro, Edward Yamin and Joseph Feldman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:29
  12. Injuries represent a significant and growing public health concern in the developing world, yet their impact on patients and the emergency health-care system in the countries of East Africa has received limite...

    Authors: Erica R Casey, Florida Muro, Nathan M Thielman, Elifuraha Maya, Eric W Ossmann, Michael B Hocker and Charles J Gerardo
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:28
  13. Extension of primary lung tumors into the left atrium via pulmonary veins is a well-documented phenomenon. Peripheral arterial embolism and cerebral embolism originating from a primary lung neoplasm are rare e...

    Authors: Susan M Schreffler, William F Paolo and Brian T Kloss
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:27
  14. Making the diagnosis of acute appendicitis is difficult, and is important for preventing perforation of the appendix and negative appendectomy results. Ultrasound and clinical scoring systems are very helpful ...

    Authors: Shirzad Nasiri, Fatemeh Mohebbi, Nassim Sodagari and Anushiravan Hedayat
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:26
  15. No studies have been performed that evaluate the perceptions of medical students completing an emergency medicine (EM) clerkship. Given the variability of exposure to EM in medical schools nationwide, assessme...

    Authors: Jennifer L Avegno, Heather Murphy-Lavoie, Daryl P Lofaso and Lisa Moreno-Walton
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:25
  16. This study was designed to evaluate emergency physician success and satisfaction using a video-assisted semi-rigid fiberoptic stylet, the Clarus Video System (CVS), during a simulated difficult airway scenario.

    Authors: Derek R Cooney, Norma L Cooney, Harry Wallus and Susan Wojcik
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:24
  17. Intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs throughout the world, and has both short- term and long- term negative health effects. Little is know about the prevalence of IPV in patients presenting to Emergency Depa...

    Authors: Kendra P Parekh, Stephan Russ, David A Amsalem, Navindranauth Rambaran, Shannon Langston and Seth W Wright
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:23
  18. Few emergency department (ED) evaluations on acute lung injury (ALI) have been carried out; hence, we sought to describe a cohort of hospitalized ED patients at risk for ALI development.

    Authors: Peter C Hou, Marie-Carmelle Elie-Turenne, Aya Mitani, Jonathan M Barry, Erica Y Kao, Jason E Cohen, Gyorgy Frendl, Ognjen Gajic and Nina T Gentile
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:22
  19. Emergency department (ED) visits in the US have risen dramatically over the past 2 decades. In order to meet the growing demand, mid-level providers (MLPs) – both physician assistants (PAs) and nurse practitio...

    Authors: David F M Brown, Ashley F Sullivan, Janice A Espinola and Carlos A Camargo Jr
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:21
  20. In The Netherlands, mainly inexperienced physicians work in the ED on all shifts, including the evening and night shifts, when no direct supervision is available. In 2004 a report of the Dutch Health Care Insp...

    Authors: David E Ikkersheim and Harm van de Pas
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:20
  21. Several studies have been conducted on managing migraine headaches and developing effective medications for decreasing migraine-associated pain.

    Authors: Hassan Soleimanpour, Aliakbar Taheraghdam, Rouzbeh Rajaei Ghafouri, Ali Taghizadieh, Karim Marjany and Maryam Soleimanpour
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:19
  22. Because of the increasing age of the population, critical care and emergency medicine physicians have seen an increased number of critically ill patients over the last decade. Moreover, the trend of hospital c...

    Authors: Jahan Porhomayon, Gino Zadeii, Samuel Congello and Nader D Nader
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:18
  23. We wished to compare the San Francisco Syncope Rule (SFSR), Evaluation of Guidelines in Syncope Study (EGSYS) and the Osservatorio Epidemiologico sulla Sincope nel Lazio (OESIL) risk scores and to assess their...

    Authors: Kamil Kayayurt, Haldun Akoglu, Onder Limon, Asım Oktay Ergene, Ozcan Yavasi, Serdar Bayata, Nergiz Vanden Berk and Erden Erol Unluer
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:17
  24. Conventionally, a nebulized short-acting β-2 agonist like salbutamol is often used as the reliever in acute exacerbations of asthma. However, recent worldwide respiratory outbreaks discourage routine use of ne...

    Authors: Keng Sheng Chew, Hamizah Kamarudin and Che Wan Hashim
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:16
  25. Migration is a rare complication of venticuloperitoneal shunts and is thought to be associated with the "memory" of the plastic tubing and the windlass effect of neck flexion and extension. The purpose of this...

    Authors: Brian T Kloss, David M Hart and LaLainia Secreti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:15
  26. Intraorbital foreign bodies are frequently the result of high-velocity injuries with varying clinical presentations. The resultant diagnosis, management, and outcome depend on the type of foreign body present,...

    Authors: Craig N Czyz, Thomas P Petrie, Jonathan D Harder, Kenneth V Cahill and Jill A Foster
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:14
  27. An effective international response to a disaster requires cooperation and coordination with the existing infrastructure. In some cases, however, international relief efforts can compete with the local work fo...

    Authors: Rohini J Haar, Sassan Naderi, John R Acerra, Maxwell Mathias and Kumar Alagappan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:13
  28. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome ( PRES) can present with focal neurologic deficits, mimicking a stroke and can often represent a diagnostic challenge when presenting atypically. A high degree of susp...

    Authors: Vishnumurthy Shushrutha Hedna, Latha Ganti Stead, Sharathchandra Bidari, Akhil Patel, Amareshwari Gottipati, Christopher G Favilla, Arash Salardini, Aunali Khaku, Diana Mora, Ajay Pandey, Het Patel and Michael F Waters
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:12
  29. Malaria is endemic to Indonesia. However, there are few prevalence data available from Aceh Province because of the long-standing separatist conflict and decentralization of the public health system. The Mento...

    Authors: David Muriuki, Sigrid Hahn, Braden Hexom and Richard Allan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:11
  30. Accidental hypothermia is defined as an unintentional decrease in body temperature to below 35°C, and cases in which temperatures drop below 28°C are considered severe and have a high mortality rate. This stud...

    Authors: Keigo Sawamoto, Katsutoshi Tanno, Yoshihiro Takeyama and Yasufumi Asai
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:9
  31. We report a case of profound neurologic and cardiovascular manifestations of tricyclic antidepressant intoxication following self-poisoning with multiple pharmaceuticals including amitriptyline in excess of 43...

    Authors: Martyn Harvey and Grant Cave
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:8
  32. A 41-year-old man suffered hypothermic cardiac arrest after water immersion and was transported to our university hospital by ambulance helicopter for rewarming on cardiopulmonary bypass. He resumed spontaneou...

    Authors: Eckhard Mark, Olaf Jacobsen, Astrid Kjerstad, Torvind Naesheim, Rolf Busund, Ramez Bahar, Jon Kjetil Jensen, Per Kristian Skorpen and Lars J Bjertnaes
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:7
  33. The Manchester Triage System is commonly used as the triage system in emergency departments of the UK. As per the Manchester Triage System, patients presenting with retention of urine to the accident and emerg...

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Bakul Soni, Tun Oo, Peter Hughes, Gurpreet Singh and Kamesh Pulya
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:6
  34. Capsaicin, one of the major active components of cayenne pepper pills, is an over-the-counter substance with sympathomimetic activity used commonly by young individuals for weight loss. Here we report the case...

    Authors: Ozgur Sogut, Halil Kaya, Mehmet Tahir Gokdemir and Yusuf Sezen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:5
  35. Emergency medicine physicians are often faced with the challenging task of differentiating true acute ischemic strokes from stroke mimics. We present a case that was initially diagnosed as acute stroke. Howeve...

    Authors: Waldo R Guerrero, Haitham Dababneh and Stephan Eisenschenk
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:4
  36. To assess relationships between blood pressure hemodynamic measures and outcomes after acute ischemic stroke, including stroke severity, disability and death.

    Authors: Latha Ganti Stead, Sailaja Enduri, M Fernanda Bellolio, Anunaya R Jain, Lekshmi Vaidyanathan, Rachel M Gilmore, Rahul Kashyap, Amy L Weaver and Robert D Brown Jr
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:3
  37. It is important to have a venous line in cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) patients as an emergency treatment measure in prehospital settings, but establishment of a peripheral venous line is difficult in such pati...

    Authors: Kenji Isayama, Toshio Nakatani, Masanobu Tsuda and Akihiko Hirakawa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:2
  38. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy is a clinicopathological disorder characterised by vascular amyloid deposition initially in leptomeningeal and neocortical vessels, and later affecting cortical and subcortical regi...

    Authors: Ahmed-Ramadan Sadek, Nandita K Parmar, Norah-Hager Sadek, Sanjana Jaiganesh, Samer Elkhodair and Thiagarajan Jaiganesh
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012 5:1
  39. A recent important global meeting to set the international action agenda concerning non-communicable diseases (NCDs) failed to draw substantial attention from the emergency medical and surgical community. Advo...

    Authors: Nicholas Risko, Emilie JB Calvello, Sarah Stewart de Ramirez, Mayur Narayan and Jon Mark Hirshon
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:75
  40. We present the case of a patient who attempted to perform a type of body modification known as "pearling" or "genital beading" while in prison. This patient unfortunately caused severe trauma to his penis, req...

    Authors: David P Nguyen, Bobby K Desai and Michael Falgiani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:74
  41. As portability and durability improve, bedside, clinician-performed ultrasound is seeing increasing use in rural, underdeveloped parts of the world. Physicians, nurses and medical officers have demonstrated th...

    Authors: Stephanie Sippel, Krithika Muruganandan, Adam Levine and Sachita Shah
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:72
  42. Mortality from pulmonary embolism (PE) in pregnancy might be related to challenges in targeting the right population for prevention. Such targeting could help ensure that the correct diagnosis is suspected and...

    Authors: Sergio Fasullo, Giorgio Maringhini, Gabriella Terrazzino, Filippo Ganci, Salvatore Paterna and Pietro Di Pasquale
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:69
  43. Abdominal computed tomography scan (CT) is the preferred radiographic study for the diagnosis of appendicitis in the United States, while radiologist-operated ultrasound (US) is often used in Israel. This comp...

    Authors: Betzalel Reich, Todd Zalut and Scott G Weiner
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:68
  44. Cardiac biomarkers may be invaluable in establishing the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the ED setting.

    Authors: Nik Hisamuddin NAR and Ahmad Suhailan M
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2011 4:67

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