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  1. PEM-Database.​org is an unaffiliated, not-for-profit website, dedicated to the field’s advancement of pediatric emergency medicine. PEM-Database published the first early access pediatric-related SARS-CoV-2 articl...

    Authors: Oren Feldman, Amit Boukai and Itai Shavit

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:27

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  2. The burden of trauma-related-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in developing countries like Pakistan remains largely unexplored due to a lack of organized pre-hospital systems. In order to estimate the bur...

    Authors: Minaz Mawani, Iqbal Azam, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Zainab Samad and Junaid Abdul Razzak

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:26

    Content type: Original Research

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  3. Mesenteric cysts are intra-abdominal masses of congenital origin, which most frequently occur in children, with an incidence of approximately 1 case per 20,000 pediatric admissions. Its progression can be asym...

    Authors: Rocio del Pilar Pereira-Ospina, Laura Catherine Montoya-Sanchez, Diana María Abella-Morales, Javier Yesid Pinzón-Salamanca, José Miguel Suescún-Vargas and Sergio Rueda-Martínez

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:24

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and life-threatening medical condition with non-specific clinical presentation. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CT-PA) has been the diagnostic modality of choice,...

    Authors: Omran Al Dandan, Ali Hassan, Afnan Alnasr, Mohammed Al Gadeeb, Hossain AbuAlola, Sarah Alshahwan, Malak Al Shammari and Alaa Alzaki

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:23

    Content type: Original Research

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  5. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF), non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is generally recommended and has proven its benefits by reducing endotracheal intub...

    Authors: PE Fubini and L Suppan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:22

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Trauma is a common aetiology of acute pain in the emergency setting, and traumatic injuries have been recognised as a global public health crisis leading to numerous deaths and disabilities. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Andrit Lourens, Romy Parker and Peter Hodkinson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:21

    Content type: Original Research

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  7. Emergency medical services (EMS) is crucial to any healthcare system, especially in urban countries. The Kingdom of Bahrain has always strived to develop healthcare services throughout the Kingdom including EM...

    Authors: Feras H. Abuzeyad, Ghada Al Qasim, Leena Alqasem and Mudhaffar I. Al Farras

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:20

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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  8. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a fundamental skill that should be acquired by all medical community members. This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of junior doctors and medical studen...

    Authors: Zeinab Mohammed, Ahmed Arafa, Yaseen Saleh, Mohamed Dardir, Asmaa Taha, Hassnaa Shaban, Eman Mohammed AbdelSalam and Jon Mark Hirshon

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:19

    Content type: Original Research

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  9. Manual ventilations during cardiac arrest are frequently performed outside of recommended guidelines. Real-time feedback has been shown to improve chest compression quality, but the use of feedback to guide ve...

    Authors: Jeffrey R. Gould, Lisa Campana, Danielle Rabickow, Richard Raymond and Robert Partridge

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:18

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  10. General medicine commonly adopts a strategy based on the analytic approach utilizing the hypothetico-deductive method. Medical emergency care and education have been following similarly the same approach. Howe...

    Authors: Nasser Hammad Al-Azri

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:17

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  11. Large, multicentre studies are required in emergency medicine to advance clinical care and improve patient outcomes. The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine clinical trials network is available to rese...

    Authors: Katie Walker, Shijie Ian Tan, Daniel Fatovich, Gina Watkins, Melanie Stephenson, Joseph Ting, Richard Whittome, Wei Wang and Jonathan Knott

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:16

    Content type: Original Research

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  12. Lung ultrasound is an effective tool for the evaluation of undifferentiated dyspnea in the emergency department. Impact of lung ultrasound on clinical decisions for the evaluation of patients with dyspnea in r...

    Authors: Darlene R. House, Yogendra Amatya, Benjamin Nti and Frances M. Russell

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:14

    Content type: Original Research

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  13. In conjunction with an automated external defibrillator (AED) placement program at various locations within a public university in Malaysia, a series of structured training programs were conducted. The objecti...

    Authors: Siew Yee Liaw, Keng Sheng Chew, Ahmad Zulkarnain, Shirly Siew Ling Wong, Nariman Singmamae, Dev Nath Kaushal and Hiang Chuan Chan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:13

    Content type: Original Research

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  14. Pediatric Advanced Life Support provides guidelines for resuscitating children in cardiopulmonary arrest. However, the role physicians’ attitudes and beliefs play in decision-making when terminating resuscitat...

    Authors: Rashida T. Campwala, Anita R. Schmidt, Todd P. Chang and Alan L. Nager

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:12

    Content type: Original Research

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  15. Dignitary medicine is an emerging field of training that involves the specialized care of diplomats, heads of state, and other high-ranking officials. In an effort to provide guidance on training in this nasce...

    Authors: Mobarak A. Al Mulhim, Robert G. Darling, Ritu Sarin, Alex Hart, Hetaf Kamal, Abdullah Al Hadhirah, Amalia Voskanyan, Lewis Hofmann, Bradley A. Connor, Roger A. Band, James Jones, Richard Tubb, Ronny Jackson, Amado Alejandro Baez, Edward Wasser, Sean Conley…

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:11

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  16. Children with emergency conditions require immediate life-saving intervention and resuscitation. Unlike adults, the pediatric emergency drug dose, equipment sizes, and defibrillation energy doses are calculate...

    Authors: Pukar K.C., Akhilendra Jha, Kamal Ghimire, Roshana Shrestha and Anmol Purna Shrestha

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:9

    Content type: Original Research

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  17. Emergency medicine (EM) in the Netherlands has developed rapidly and initially without central guidance. This has led to heterogeneity in current EM practice. Our aim was to quantify this heterogeneity by answ...

    Authors: Sarah Coppes, Rebekka Veugelers, Roger A. P. A. Hessels, Crispijn L. van den Brand and Menno I. Gaakeer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:8

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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  18. The main aim of emergency medical services (EMS) should be to provide universal emergency medical care which is EMS system available to all those who need it. Most of the developed countries have an integrated...

    Authors: Deepak Bhandari and Nabin Krishna Yadav

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:7

    Content type: Review

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  19. Methanol poisoning usually occurs in a cluster and initial diagnosis can be challenging. Mortality is high without immediate interventions. This paper describes a methanol poisoning outbreak and difficulties i...

    Authors: J. Md Noor, R. Hawari, M. F. Mokhtar, S. J. Yussof, N. Chew, N. A. Norzan, R. Rahimi, Z. Ismail, S. Singh, J. Baladas, N. H. Hashim, M. I. K. Mohamad and M. D. Pathmanathan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:6

    Content type: Original Research

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  20. Although the association of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with mortality in trauma patients has recently been shown, there is a paucity of research on the association with other outcomes. Recent studies...

    Authors: Soulaiman Elias Soulaiman, Dalal Dopa, Al-Batool T. Raad, Walaa Hasan, Niyazi Ibrahim, Al-Ykzan Hasan, Hussam Aldin Sulaiman and Moufid Darwich

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:5

    Content type: Original Research

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  21. To determine the role of previous psychiatric disorders including substance use disorders on emergency department (ED) patients on involuntary holds and compare presentations, treatment, and outcomes based on ...

    Authors: Christian Lachner, Michael J. Maniaci, Tyler F. Vadeboncoeur, Nancy L. Dawson, Teresa A. Rummans, Archana Roy, Lorrina L. Hall and M. Caroline Burton

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:4

    Content type: Original Research

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  22. In these video clinical images, the authors present the cause for an elderly gentleman’s shortness of breath. It was presumed to be an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a condition for whi...

    Authors: Javier Rosario, Rohan Mangal, Jessica Houck, Mary Cate Slome and Latha Ganti

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:3

    Content type: Clinical Image

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  23. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is seen relatively frequently in the emergency department (ED). DKA is characterized by hyperglycemia, acidosis, and ketonemia, and sodium glucose transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) ...

    Authors: Masafumi Fukuda, Masakazu Nabeta, Takanori Muta, Kei Fukami and Osamu Takasu

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:2

    Content type: Case report

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  24. This is a brief report of a 17-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with odynophagia and a foreign body sensation in the throat after choking on a chicken wing. A soft tissue neck radiograph...

    Authors: Jason E. Cohn, Sammy Othman and Karima Sajadi-Ernazarova

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:1

    Content type: Clinical Image

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  25. Diagnosing appendicitis within the pediatric population can be challenging, whether it be a neonate with irritability or a toddler with flank pain. Symptoms may mimic a viral illness, constipation, urinary tra...

    Authors: Gregory M. Taylor, Ethan R. Saffer, Eric L. McDowell and Matthew A. Warpinski

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:41

    Content type: Case report

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  26. The influence of past familial experiences of receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and medical help in various cardiac arrest and nonfatal cardiac events toward willingness to “pay it forward” by help...

    Authors: Keng Sheng Chew, Shazrina Ahmad Razali, Shirly Siew Ling Wong, Aisyah Azizul, Nurul Faizah Ismail, Sharoon Juliet Kun Chyee Ak Robert and Yegharaj A/L Jayaveeran

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:40

    Content type: Original Research

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  27. Tracheobronchial injury is one of the least common injuries in the scenario of blunt chest trauma. However, around 81% of patients with airway injury die immediately or before arriving at the emergency departm...

    Authors: Carime Díaz, Daniel F. Carvajal, Eliana I. Morales, Saveria Sangiovanni and Liliana Fernández-Trujillo

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:39

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Sepsis is a major public health problem, with a growing incidence and mortality rates still close to 30% in severe cases. The speed and adequacy of the treatment administered in the first hours of sepsis, part...

    Authors: Hudson Henrique Gomes Pires, Fábio Fernandes Neves and Antonio Pazin-Filho

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:36

    Content type: Original Research

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  29. In recent years, there has been an increased utilization of emergency departments (EDs) in many countries. Additionally, it is reported that there are major delays in delivering care to ED patients. Longer wai...

    Authors: Nawaf Alhabdan, Faisal Alhusain, Abdulkareem Alharbi, Muatassem Alsadhan, Moath Hakami and Emad Masuadi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:35

    Content type: Original Research

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  30. Primary polydipsia is commonly seen in patients with psychiatric illnesses. Excess water intake is also seen in patient with anorexia and anticholinergic medications. We report a patient who had hyponatraemia ...

    Authors: Sudheera Fernando, Francisca Sivagnanam and Devarajan Rathish

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:34

    Content type: Case report

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  31. This case study’s novelty lies in the potential to link a new sign in pulmonary embolism diagnosis which does not increase cost but could lead to more rapid treatment. Early intervention in these cases is vita...

    Authors: Cain M. Dudek, Kelly R. McCracken and B. James Connolly

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:32

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Cardiopulmonary arrest may result in high mortality rate in hospitals where the rapid response team is not implemented. A rapid response system can recognize patients at high risk of cardiopulmonary arrest and...

    Authors: Awad Al-Omari, Abbas Al Mutair and Fadi Aljamaan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:31

    Content type: Original Research

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  33. By educating laymen, survival after cardiac arrest can increase in society. It is difficult to reach the entire population with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. However, if 15% of the population k...

    Authors: Anna Abelsson and Annette Nygårdh

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:30

    Content type: Original Research

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  34. Hypernatremia is one of the most commonly encountered electrolyte disorders in the emergency department (ED). Few studies have reported the seasonal fluctuations of the prevalence of hypernatremia with conflic...

    Authors: Naohiko Imai, Hirofumi Sumi and Yugo Shibagaki

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:29

    Content type: Original Research

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  35. Traumatic shoulder dislocation is a frequent condition presenting to the emergency department. Due to the anatomy of the shoulder, associated neurovascular damage is not uncommon. Although clinical intuition m...

    Authors: Austin H. Middleton, John Roffers and Dean W. Ziegler

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:28

    Content type: Case report

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  36. The sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are the newest class of anti-hyperglycemic medications used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Their increasing use has been driven by their apparent c...

    Authors: Alexis Diaz-Ramos, Wesley Eilbert and Diego Marquez

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:27

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. Guidelines for the emergency management of mild traumatic brain injury have been used for over a decade and are considered safe. However, they recommend computerized tomography for at least half of these patie...

    Authors: Tomas Vedin, Mathias Karlsson, Marcus Edelhamre, Mikael Bergenheim and Per-Anders Larsson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:26

    Content type: Original Research

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  38. An aortic dissection is an uncommon and potentially catastrophic disease process that carries with it a high morbidity and mortality. The inciting event is a tear in the intimal lining of the aorta. This allow...

    Authors: Gregory M. Taylor, Michael W. Barney and Eric L. McDowell

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:25

    Content type: Case report

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  39. This study’s aim is to measure liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) levels in urine using a rapid semiquantitative assay kit in the emergency department and to investigate whether the onset of acute ...

    Authors: Ginga Suzuki, Ryo Ichibayashi, Saki Yamamoto, Yoshimi Nakamichi, Masayuki Watanabe and Mitsuru Honda

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:24

    Content type: Original Research

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  40. In the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE), the d-dimer threshold is based on studies conducted in Western countries, where the incidence rate is 5 times higher than that in Asian countries, including Japan. If ...

    Authors: Jin Takahashi, Takashi Shiga, Yuita Fukuyama, Yuiko Hoshina, Yosuke Homma, Michiko Mizobe, Kenji Numata, Tetsuya Inoue and Hiraku Funakoshi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:23

    Content type: Original Research

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  41. Subcutaneous penile modifications (SPMs) are more prevalent in Southeast Asian culture and have been growing in popularity in Western culture. SPMs are often made of domino tiles, or other available pieces of ...

    Authors: Cali L. Kirkham, Stormy M. Monks and Scott B. Crawford

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:22

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  42. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of a multimodal intervention on emergency department (ED) crowding and patient flow in a Dutch level 1 trauma center.

    Authors: M. C. (Christien) van der Linden, H. M. E. (Jet) van Ufford and N. (Naomi) van der Linden

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:21

    Content type: Original Research

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  43. Nowruz holidays, as one of the most important holidays in Iran, can lead to changes in the trend of hospital deaths. Due to changes in lifestyle and increased accidents, hospitals become crowded during the hol...

    Authors: Mohadeseh Ghanbari Jahromi, Reza Goudarzi, Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Saeed Amini, Javad Nazari and Mohammadreza Amiresmaili

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:20

    Content type: Original Research

    Published on:

  44. Simulation is well established as an effective strategy to train health care professionals in both technical and nontechnical skills and to prevent errors. Despite its known efficacy, adequate implementation i...

    Authors: Roshana Shrestha, Anmol Purna Shrestha, Sanu Krishna Shrestha, Samjhana Basnet and Alok Pradhan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:19

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  45. Trauma is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in children globally. The burden of injury shows substantial geographical differences, with a significant mortality reduction in children in Norway during the...

    Authors: Eirik Nesje, Nadine Nalini Valøy, Andreas Jorstad Krüger and Oddvar Uleberg

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:18

    Content type: Original Research

    Published on:

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