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  1. The goal of this article was to provide an overview of the literature available on carbon dioxide intoxication. Articles were included based on their focus on medical or physiological effects of carbon dioxide...

    Authors: Kris Permentier, Steven Vercammen, Sylvia Soetaert and Christian Schellemans

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:14

    Content type: Review

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  2. Natural disasters affected millions of people worldwide every year. Evaluation of disaster health and health response interventions is faced with several methodological challenges. This study aimed (1) to desc...

    Authors: Karin Hugelius, Mervyn Gifford, Per Örtenwall and Annsofie Adolfsson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:13

    Content type: Original Research

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  3. We report the ultrasound finding of ascariasis in a patient with hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS). Although ascariasis is common in low-resource settings, there has been no previous report associating as...

    Authors: Giles N. Cattermole and Jean-Paul Nzabandora

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:12

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common presentation of type I diabetes mellitus to the emergency departments. Most children with DKA are initially managed in community emergency departments where providers ma...

    Authors: Janine E. Zee-Cheng, Emily C. Webber and Samer Abu-Sultaneh

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:11

    Content type: Original Research

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  5. The concept of emergency medical services (EMS) is new to Sri Lanka. This article describes the development, delivery, and future ideas for EMS in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka also faces frequent natural hazards that ...

    Authors: Kelum Wimalaratne, Jeong IL Lee, Kang Hyun Lee, Hee Young Lee, Jung Hun Lee and In Hye Kang

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:10

    Content type: STATE OF INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY MEDICINE

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  6. The key guidelines in the management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) include the 2010 British Thoracic Society (BTS) Pleural Disease guideline and 2001 American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) Con...

    Authors: Jiyoon Yoon, Parthipan Sivakumar, Kevin O’Kane and Liju Ahmed

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:9

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  7. In several European countries, emergency departments (EDs) now employ a dedicated team of full-time emergency medicine (EM) physicians, with a distinct leadership and bed-side emergency training, in all simila...

    Authors: Pedro Ramos and José Artur Paiva

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:8

    Content type: Original Research

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  8. Stercoral colitis is an inflammatory process involving the colonic wall related to fecal impaction. This rare condition is associated with high morbidity-mortality.

    Authors: Abdelghafour Elkoundi, Mustapha Bensghir and Charki Haimeur

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:7

    Content type: Clinical Image

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  9. Implementing procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department is still is a challenge on an international scale. Here, we describe the Dutch setting of emergency medicine and explain the strategie...

    Authors: Maybritt I. Kuypers, Frans B. Plötz and Francis Mencl

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:6

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  10. Blood product transfusion occurs in a significant percentage of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Pulmonary complications, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), occurring in the setting of tran...

    Authors: Alexander Beyer, Ryan Rees, Christopher Palmer, Brian T. Wessman and Brian M. Fuller

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:5

    Content type: Original Research

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  11. Tension gastrothorax is a kind of obstructive shock with prolapse and distention of the stomach into the thoracic cavity. Progressive gastric distension leads to mediastinal shift, reduced venous return, decre...

    Authors: Naofumi Bunya, Keigo Sawamoto, Shuji Uemura, Takashi Toyohara, Yukino Mori, Ryoko Kyan, Kei Miyata, Hideto Irifune, Keisuke Harada and Eichi Narimatsu

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:4

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Hyperkalemia is a common electrolyte abnormality and has well-recognized early electrocardiographic manifestations including PR prolongation and symmetric T wave peaking. With severe increase in serum potassiu...

    Authors: Shareez Peerbhai, Luke Masha, Adrian DaSilva-DeAbreu and Abhijeet Dhoble

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:3

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Burns occur disproportionately within low-socioeconomic populations. The Western Cape Province of South Africa represents a middle-income setting with a high rate of burns, few specialists and few burn centres...

    Authors: Rachel L. Allgaier, Lucie Laflamme and Lee A. Wallis

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:2

    Content type: Original research

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  14. Although rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is the method of choice in emergency department (ED) airway management, data to support the use of RSI remain scarce. We sought to compare the effectiveness of airway m...

    Authors: Masashi Okubo, Koichiro Gibo, Yusuke Hagiwara, Yukiko Nakayama and Kohei Hasegawa

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2017 10:1

    Content type: Original research

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  15. Afterload reduction with bolus enalaprilat is used by some for management of acute hypertensive heart failure (HF) but existing data on the safety and effectiveness of this practice are limited. The purpose of...

    Authors: Syed Imran Ayaz, Craig M. Sharkey, Gregory M. Kwiatkowski, Suprat Saely Wilson, Reba S. John, Rosa Tolomello, Arushi Mahajan, Scott Millis and Phillip D. Levy

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:28

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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  16. Funding for global health has grown significantly over the past two decades. Numerous funding opportunities for international development and research work exist; however, they can be difficult to navigate. Th...

    Authors: Bhakti Hansoti, Adam Levine, Latha Ganti, Rockefeller Oteng, Taylor DesRosiers, Payal Modi and Jeremy Brown

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:27

    Content type: Letters to the Editor

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  17. Traumatic injuries have become a substantial but neglected epidemic in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), but emergency rooms (ERs) in these countries are often staffed with healthcare providers who hav...

    Authors: Rifat Latifi, Jayleen K. L. Gunn, John A. Stroster, Edmond Zaimi, Fatos Olldashi, Agron Dogjani, Mihal Kerci, Xheladin Draçini, Julian Kuçani, Zhaneta Shatri, Agim Kociraj, Arian Boci and Ross I. Donaldson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:26

    Content type: Original Research

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  18. The teaching modality of “flipping the classroom” has garnered recent attention in medical education. In this model, the lecture and homework components are reversed. The flipped classroom lends itself to more...

    Authors: Edward K. Lew

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:25

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  19. The purpose of this study was to examine the emergency physician (EP) practice of prescribing prophylactic antibiotics for patients with oral lacerations. A secondary outcome measure was the infection rate of ...

    Authors: Suzanne Lilley Katsetos, Roxanne Nagurka, Jaclyn Caffrey, Steven E. Keller and Tiffany Murano

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:24

    Content type: Original Research

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  20. Intracranial abscesses are rare and life-threatening conditions that typically originate from direct extension from nearby structures, hematogenous dissemination or following penetrating cerebral trauma or neu...

    Authors: David Traficante, Alexander Riss and Steven Hochman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:23

    Content type: Clinical image

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  21. Acupuncture is a form of traditional Chinese medicine being increasingly used as complementary therapy in many countries. It is relatively safe and rarely associated with deep infections.

    Authors: Jing Jing Chan and Jen Jen Oh

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:22

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Injuries are a major public health problem worldwide. Despite increasing morbidity and mortality from injuries in Nepal, it is not recognised in the government’s policy and programmes and few population-based ...

    Authors: Santosh Bhatta, Puspa Raj Pant and Julie Mytton

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:21

    Content type: Original Research

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  23. Sepsis has a high mortality. Early recognition and timely treatment are essential for patient survival. The aim of this study is to examine the factors that influence the knowledge and recognition of systemic ...

    Authors: L. C. van den Hengel, T. Visseren, P. E. Meima-Cramer, P. P. M. Rood and S. C. E. Schuit

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:19

    Content type: Original Research

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  24. The objectives of the study is to review and assess the implementation of the applied modified five-level triage and acuity scale triage system in AL-Yarmook Urgent Care Center (UCC), King Abdulaziz Residentia...

    Authors: Abdullah Arafat, Ali Al-Farhan and Hiba Abu Khalil

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:17

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  25. Adequate pain control through sedation and anesthesia for emergency procedures is a crucial aspect of pediatric emergency care. Resources for administering such anesthesia are extremely limited in many low-inc...

    Authors: Kevin R. Schwartz, Karla Fredricks, Zaid Al Tawil, Taylor Kandler, Stella A. Odenyo, Javan Imbamba, Brett D. Nelson and Thomas F. Burke

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:16

    Content type: Original Research

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  26. Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) extend the reach of a tertiary care center significantly. However, its role in septic patients is unclear. Our study was performed to clarify the role of HEMS in se...

    Authors: Rahul Kashyap, Peter W. Anderson, Abhay Vakil, Christopher S. Russi and Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:15

    Content type: Original Research

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  27. Diving is, besides professional reasons, an increasingly popular leisure activity. Whilst statistically compared to other sports safe, diving accidents can result in serious complications. In order to treat th...

    Authors: J. W. Smithuis, E. Gips, T. P. van Rees Vellinga and M. I. Gaakeer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:14

    Content type: Original Research

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  28. “Floating shoulder” is a rare injury complex resulting from high-energy blunt force trauma to the shoulder, resulting in scapulothoracic dissociation. It is commonly associated with catastrophic neurovascular ...

    Authors: Kenneth Heng

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:13

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Locked-in syndrome, although a notoriously famous clinical entity, the rarity of the condition coupled with the variability of clinical features on acute presentation represents a potential diagnostic pitfall ...

    Authors: Lasanthi Aryasinghe, Yasmin Kazim, Hamza F. Obeid and Husnain Hashim

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:12

    Content type: Case Report

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  30. Diaphragmatic hernia is an important cause of emergency hospital admission associated with significant morbidity. It usually results from congenital defect or rupture in the diaphragm due to trauma. Prompt and...

    Authors: Pradeep Kumar Vyas, Chintamani Godbole, Susheel Kumar Bindroo, Rajiv S. Mathur, Bharathi Akula and Nilesh Doctor

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:11

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Progression from nonsevere sepsis—i.e., sepsis without organ failure or shock—to severe sepsis or shock among emergency department (ED) patients has been associated with significant mortality. Early recognitio...

    Authors: Andre L. Holder, Namita Gupta, Elizabeth Lulaj, Miriam Furgiuele, Idaly Hidalgo, Michael P. Jones, Tiphany Jolly, Paul Gennis and Adrienne Birnbaum

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:10

    Content type: Original Research

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  32. Paramedic trainees in developing countries face complex and chaotic clinical environments that demand effective leadership, communication, and teamwork. Providers must rely on non-technical skills (NTS) to man...

    Authors: Aditya Mantha, Nathaniel L. Coggins, Aditya Mahadevan, Rebecca N. Strehlow, Matthew C. Strehlow and S.V. Mahadevan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:9

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  33. We designed this study to expand the usage of ultrasound to detect early occurrence of hypovolemia. We explore the potential use of inferior vena cava (IVC) and abdominal aorta (AA) diameter index (IVC:AA) mea...

    Authors: Nik Hisamuddin NA Rahman, Rashidi Ahmad, Meera Mohaideen Kareem and Mohammad Iqhbal Mohammed

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:8

    Content type: Original Research

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  34. Inpatient hyperglycaemia and diabetes mellitus (DM) are common and are associated with an increased risk of complications and mortality. The severity of hyperglycaemia determines the rate of complications in p...

    Authors: Fernando Gomez-Peralta, Cristina Abreu, Leonor Andreu-Urioste, Ana Cristina Antolí, Carmen Rico-Fontsaré, David Martín-Fernández, Rosa Resina-Rufes, Juan Jesús Pérez-García, Ángela Negrete-Muñoz, Daniel Muñoz-Álvarez and Guillermo E. Umpierrez

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:7

    Content type: Original Research

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  35. Trauma is a major public health concern. Worldwide, injuries resulted in 4.8 million deaths in 2013, an increase of 11 % since 1990. The majority of deaths from trauma in low-and middle-income countries occur ...

    Authors: Cátia Luciana Abdulfattáhe Taibo, Troy D. Moon, Orvalho A. Joaquim, Carlos R. Machado, Amina Merchant, Kelly McQueen, Mohsin Sidat and Elena Folgosa

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:6

    Content type: Original Research

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  36. The specialty of emergency medicine is in its infancy state in the long history of the Indian health sciences education system. Little analytical published data is available at the moment in India regarding th...

    Authors: Sushant Chhabra, Asit Misra, Sumiyah Shah and Tamorish Kole

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:5

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  37. The most common complaint of patients attending the emergency department (ED) is pain, caused by different diseases. Yet the treatment of pain at the ED is suboptimal, and oligoanalgesia remains common. The ob...

    Authors: Geesje Van Woerden, Crispijn L. Van Den Brand, Cornelis F. Den Hartog, Floris J. Idenburg, Diana C. Grootendorst and M. Christien Van Der Linden

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:4

    Content type: Original Research

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  38. Acutely ill patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) constantly require at least one fast and reliable peripheral intravenous (PIV) access. In many conditions (morbid obesity, underweight state, chro...

    Authors: Giancarlo Scoppettuolo, Mauro Pittiruti, Sara Pitoni, Laura Dolcetti, Alessandro Emoli, Alessandro Mitidieri, Ivano Migliorini and Maria Giuseppina Annetta

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:3

    Content type: Original Research

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  39. Multisource feedback (MSF) is an evaluation tool whereby surveys assessing physicians are administered among medical peers and colleagues. Such evaluations provide physicians with non-biased valuations of both...

    Authors: Ahmed Al Ansari, Ahmed Al Meer, Mooza Althawadi, Deyari Henari and Khalid Al Khalifa

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:2

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  40. The Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale is a valid triage system. The system was translated and implemented in the Japanese emergency departments (EDs) from 2012. This system was named the Japanese Triage and Acu...

    Authors: Hiraku Funakoshi, Takashi Shiga, Yosuke Homma, Yoshiyuki Nakashima, Jin Takahashi, Hiroshi Kamura and Masatomi Ikusaka

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:1

    Content type: Research

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  41. This study investigates clinicians’ views of clinician-patient and clinician-clinician communication, including key factors that prevent clinicians from achieving successful communication in a large, high-pres...

    Authors: Jack K.H. Pun, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen, Kristen A. Murray and Diana Slade

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:48

    Content type: Original Research

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  42. In 2003, we published a study on the Israeli workforce in emergency medicine (EM). We repeated the study in 2012 to assess changes in the workforce that have occurred in the interval decade.

    Authors: Michael J. Drescher, Zev Wimpfheimer, Aziz Darawsha, Ryan Sullivan, Aviva Goral and Limor Aharonson-Daniel

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:47

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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  43. To influence self-referral, it is crucial to know a patient’s motives to directly visit the emergency department (ED). The goal of this study is to examine motives for self-referral to the ED and compare these...

    Authors: Nicole Kraaijvanger, Douwe Rijpsma, Henk van Leeuwen and Michael Edwards

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:46

    Content type: Original research

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  44. Global health electives (GHEs) have become a standard offering in many residency programs. Residency electives should aid residents in achieving outcomes in the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Educa...

    Authors: Alison Schroth Hayward, Gabrielle A. Jacquet, Tracy Sanson, Hani Mowafi and Bhakti Hansoti

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:45

    Content type: Review

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