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  1. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates remain fairly low through most communities despite multiple interventions through the years. Understanding the attitudes and fears behind CPR training and pe...

    Authors: Susmita Roy Chowdhury and Venkataraman Anantharaman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:54

    Content type: Original Research

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  2. Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is a condition that involves the development of pulmonary hypertension due to the presence of microscopic tumor emboli of the peripheral pulmonary arteries. He...

    Authors: Ryo Kamidani, Keisuke Kumada, Hideshi Okada, Genki Yoshimura, Tomohiro Kanayama, Hiroyuki Tomita, Tomotaka Miura, Hideaki Oiwa, Yosuke Mizuno, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Ryu Yasuda, Tetsuya Fukuta, Takahito Miyake, Tomoaki Doi, Takahiro Yoshida, Shozo Yoshida…

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:53

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The ketogenic (“keto”) diet has been gaining more attention lately in the medical literature and the lay media as a potentially effective method for weight control and management of type 2 diabetes. Though rar...

    Authors: Joseph Choi, Tayler L. Young and Lucas B. Chartier

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:52

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Patients may remain comatose after the resumption of spontaneous circulation with cardiopulmonary resuscitation. A primary neurologic event may precede a cardiac standstill.

    Authors: Sushma Kola, Alexander D. Ginsburg, Laura Harper, Laura E. Walker, Sherri Braksick and Eelco F. M. Wijdicks

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:51

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a novel, life-threatening hyperinflammatory condition that develops in children a few weeks after infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coron...

    Authors: Martina Giacalone, Eric Scheier and Itai Shavit

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:50

    Content type: Review

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  6. Emergency departments (EDs) are reasonably well prepared for external disasters, such as natural disasters, mass casualty incidents, and terrorist attacks.

    Authors: Dennis G. Barten, Vincent W. Klokman, Sigrid Cleef, Nathalie A. L. R. Peters, Edward C. T. H. Tan and Arjen Boin

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:49

    Content type: Review

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  7. The final months of the fourth-year of medical school are variable in educational and clinical experience, and the effect on clinical knowledge and preparedness for residency is unclear. Specialty-specific “bo...

    Authors: Jason J. Lewis, Anne V. Grossestreuer and Edward A. Ullman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:48

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  8. Nephrotic syndrome (NS) was first described in 1827 as the presence of proteinuria of ≥ 3.5 g/24 h, hypoalbuminemia < 3.0 g/dl, peripheral edema, hyperlipidemia, lipiduria, and increased thrombotic risk. Nephr...

    Authors: Mohamed Osman Omar Jeele, Rukia Omar Barei Addow and Mohamed Farah Yusuf Mohamud

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:46

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is an advanced airway skill commonly performed in the pre-hospital setting globally. In South Africa, pre-hospital RSI was first approved for non-physician providers by the Heal...

    Authors: Johanna Catharina Botha, Andrit Lourens and Willem Stassen

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:45

    Content type: Original Research

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  10. A 14-year-old African American female presented to the emergency department with spontaneous, sudden-onset lip swelling for 1 h. On examination, there was significant water-bag edema of the upper lip extending...

    Authors: Helen Lesser and Jason E. Cohn

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:43

    Content type: Clinical Image

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  11. Pediatric emergency medicine training is in its infancy in India. Simulation provides an educational avenue to equip trainees with the skills to improve pediatric care. We hypothesized that a simulation-based ...

    Authors: T. Ahluwalia, S. Toy, C. Gutierrez, K. Boggs and K. Douglass

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:42

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  12. Coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19, as a global public health emergency, has come with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and complications. In this study, we present a unique complication of this dis...

    Authors: Behzad Nematihonar, Shohra Qaderi, Jaffer Shah and Javad zebarjadi Bagherpour

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:40

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Studies comparing the microbiological profiles among sepsis patients identified with either Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score or systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria are limit...

    Authors: Signe Trille Sørensen, S. M. Osama Bin Abdullah, Rune Husås Sørensen, Ram Dessau, Niels Høiby and Finn Erland Nielsen

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:39

    Content type: Original Research

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  14. Diagnostic errors or delays can cause serious consequences for patient safety, especially in the emergency department. Anchoring bias is one of the major factors leading to diagnostic error. During the coronav...

    Authors: Azumi Kawabata, Hiraku Funakoshi, Joji Ito, Takushi Santanda, Yasuhiro Norisue and Hiroyuki Watanabe

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:38

    Content type: Case report

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  15. This work was to study the prehospital time among suspected stroke patients who were transported by an emergency medical service (EMS) system using a national database.

    Authors: Phantakan Tansuwannarat, Pongsakorn Atiksawedparit, Arrug Wibulpolprasert and Natdanai Mankasetkit

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:37

    Content type: Original Research

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  16. Appendicitis is one of the most frequently encountered conditions at the emergency department. Distinction is made between complicated and uncomplicated appendicitis. Complicated appendicitis may cause serious...

    Authors: Jan Arne Arne Deodatus, Sander Ferdinand Emiel Paas, Gerrit Hendrik Johan Wagenvoort and Marije Matilde de Kubber

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:36

    Content type: Case report

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  17. The use of personal protective equipment (PPE) by emergency medical services (EMS) providers requires specific attention, as it takes place in out-of-hospital unsecured settings. The aim of this study was to e...

    Authors: Fabrice Pottier, Charles Groizard, Grégory Briche, Nicolas Haraczaj, Maxime Garnier, Vinciane Loones, Anna Ozguler, Michel Baer, Géraldine Baer and Thomas Loeb

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:35

    Content type: Notes from the field

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  18. Emergency department (ED) visits show a high volatility over time. Therefore, EDs are likely to be crowded at peak-volume moments. ED crowding is a widely reported problem with negative consequences for patien...

    Authors: Nathan Singh Erkamp, Dirk Hendrikus van Dalen and Esther de Vries

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:34

    Content type: Original Research

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  19. COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in significant strain on healthcare resources and this requires diligent resource re-allocation. We aim to describe the incidence and outcomes of in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA...

    Authors: Ting Lyu, Faheem Ahmed Khan, Shanaz Matthew Sajeed, Amit Kansal, Monika Gulati Kansal, Shekhar Dhanvijay, Rou An Tan, Jared D’Souza, Ian Cendana, Patricia Leong and Chee Keat Tan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:33

    Content type: Original Research

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  20. The chief or presenting complaint is the reason for seeking health care, often in the patient’s own words. In limited resource settings, a diagnosis-based approach to quantifying burden of disease is not possi...

    Authors: B. Hansoti, E. Hahn, A. Rao, J. Harris, A. Jenson, N. Markadakis, S. Moonat, V. Osula and A. Pousson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:32

    Content type: Original Research

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  21. Subarachnoid hemorrhage accounts for more than 30,000 cases of stroke annually in North America and encompasses a 4.4% mortality rate. Since a vast number of subarachnoid hemorrhage cases present in a younger ...

    Authors: Sima Patel, Amay Parikh and Okorie Nduka Okorie

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:31

    Content type: Review

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  22. Sabah in Malaysian Borneo is among the Malaysian states which reported a high number of detected COVID-19 cases during the current pandemic. Due to geographical challenges and limited resources, clinicians dev...

    Authors: Phee Kheng Cheah, Evelyn Marie Steven, Khai Keam Ng, Muammar Iqbal Hashim, Mohamed Hakimi Abdul Kadir and Nicholas Paul Roder

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:30

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  23. Cardiac tumors are very uncommon compared to other cardiac diseases. Their clinical symptoms can vary from absent to non-specific. The most common symptoms are arrhythmias, blood flow obstruction due to valvul...

    Authors: Lilla Prenek, Klára Csupor, Péter Beszterczán, Krisztina Boros, Erika Kardos, András Vorobcsuk, Miklós Egyed, Ádám Kellner, Péter Rajnics and Csaba Varga

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:29

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) often face significant challenges related to providing effective pre-hospital care services. Barriers to providing care include lack of financial resources, poor road i...

    Authors: Claire L. Jacobson, Samjhana Basnet, Ajay Bhatt, Shreejesh Parajuli and Sanu Krishna Shrestha

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:28

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  25. Emergency anterior neck access may be performed if intubation and ventilation fail. Practicing this life-saving procedure with manikins before facing a real-life emergency anterior neck access is required to d...

    Authors: Sumidtra Prathep, Wilasinee Jitpakdee, Pittayapon Pitathawatchai and Sittichoke Anuntaseree

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:27

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  26. Tetanus is a rare disease caused by Clostridium tetani, which produces tetanolysin and tetanospasmin. In 2018, there were only approximately ten tetanus cases reported in Indonesia. Despite widespread vaccination...

    Authors: Dzulfikar D. L. Hakim, Ahmad Faried, Adila Nurhadiya, Ericko H. Laymena, Muhammad Z. Arifin, Akhmad Imron and Iwan Abdulrachman

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:25

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may not elicit lifelong protective immunity and reinfection could occur. Liver function impairment is a common manifestation of coronav...

    Authors: Bader Aldossary, Ali Hassan, Mohamed Moussa, Hind S. Alsaif and Dunya Alfaraj

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:24

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Hypoglycemia usually includes various neurological symptoms, which are the consequence of neuroglycopenia. When it is severe, it is associated with altered mental status, even coma.

    Authors: Thomas Loeb, Anna Ozguler, Geraldine Baer and Michel Baer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:23

    Content type: Case report

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  29. The study was done to evaluate levels of missing and invalid values in the Michigan (MI) National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) (MI-EMSIS) and explore possible causes to inform improve...

    Authors: Mahshid Abir, Rekar K. Taymour, Jason E. Goldstick, Rosalie Malsberger, Jane Forman, Stuart Hammond and Kathy Wahl

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:22

    Content type: Original Research

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  30. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a common cause of death worldwide (Neumar et al., Circulation 122:S729–S767, 2010), affecting about 300,000 persons in the USA on an annual basis; 92% of them die (Roge...

    Authors: Mohammed S. Alshahrani and Hassan W. Aldandan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:21

    Content type: Original Research

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  31. Psoas muscle hematoma is defined as a spontaneous or traumatic retroperitoneal collection of blood involving the psoas muscle. Early symptoms of an iliopsoas hematoma include lower abdominal or severe groin pa...

    Authors: Lotfolah Abedini, Saadat Mehrabi, Reza Hosseinpour, Mohammad Bagher Jahantab, Vahid Salehi and Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:20

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed a suboptimal response to this threatening global disaster, including the response to the psychological impact. Both the economic hardship and the continuous media coverage of ...

    Authors: Mohamud Sheek-Hussein, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan and Emmanuel Stip

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:19

    Content type: Review

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  33. The COVID-19 pandemic has generated worldwide scarcity of critical resources to protect against and treat disease. Shortages of face masks and other protective equipment place health workers, already on the fr...

    Authors: Lauren O’Neal, Michele Heisler, Ranit Mishori and Rohini J. Haar

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:18

    Content type: Original Research

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  34. This paper was written to explain the process and steps and to describe the experience with building a women-only operated collegiate emergency medical service (EMS) system in the largest women-only university...

    Authors: Wajdan Alassaf, Sameer Al Hamid, Osama Kentab, Abdullah Al Otaibi and Bandar Al Mufareh

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:16

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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  35. Nasal inhalation of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) seems an effective anti-emetic for the symptomatic treatment of nausea in the emergency department (ED) compared to conventional anti-emetics (Ondansetron and Metocl...

    Authors: Peter Veldhuis, Maartje Melse and Nieke Mullaart

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:15

    Content type: Original Research

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  36. Older patients discharged from the emergency department (ED) are at increased risk for adverse outcomes. Transitional care programs offer close surveillance after discharge, but are costly. Telephone follow-up...

    Authors: Merel van Loon-van Gaalen, Britt van Winsen, M. Christien van der Linden, Jacobijn Gussekloo and Roos C. van der Mast

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:13

    Content type: Review

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  37. The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted traditional global point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) education and training, as a result of travel restrictions. It has also provided an opportunity for innovation using a vi...

    Authors: Onyinyechi F. Eke, Patricia C. Henwood, Grace W. Wanjiku, Abiola Fasina, Sigmund J. Kharasch and Hamid Shokoohi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:12

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  38. Most sudden cardiac arrests occur at home, with low rates of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation being performed. We aimed to assess knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation among individuals in Riyadh C...

    Authors: Reema M. Alhussein, Mansoor M. Albarrak, Abdulaziz A. Alrabiah, Nawfal A. Aljerian, Hashim M. Bin Salleeh, Ahmad S. Hersi, Tariq A. Wani and Zohair A. Al Aseri

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:11

    Content type: Original Research

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  39. Cannabis is the most prevalent illegal drug used and the second most common cause of ED drug-related complaints in the USA. Recently, newer more potent strains, concentrated THC products, and consumption metho...

    Authors: Kevin M. Takakuwa and Raquel M. Schears

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:10

    Content type: Review

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  40. Emergency care is a new but growing specialty across Africa where medical conditions have been estimated to account for 92% of all disability-adjusted life years. This study describes the epidemiology of medic...

    Authors: Katelyn Moretti, Doris Lorette Uwamahoro, Sonya Naganathan, Chantal Uwamahoro, Naz Karim, Menales Nkeshimana and Adam R. Aluisio

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:9

    Content type: Original Research

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  41. The WHO defines a possible case of COVID-19 as a person experiencing fever, cough, shortness of breath, and neurological signs including anosmia, ageusia, or dysgeusia. However, experiences from hospitals all ...

    Authors: Teresa Alvarez-Cisneros, Aldo Lara-Reyes and Stephanie Sansón-Tinoco

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:8

    Content type: Case report

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  42. The liver is the second most injured organ following blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) after the spleen. Although the computed tomography (CT) scan is considered as the gold standard for diagnosing liver injury in ...

    Authors: Anup Shrestha, Harish Chandra Neupane, Kishor Kumar Tamrakar, Abhishek Bhattarai and Gaurav Katwal

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:7

    Content type: Original Research

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  43. Early diagnosis and treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is thought to be critical for improving outcomes. We examined whether racial or ethnic disparities exist in acute care processes in the first hou...

    Authors: Chun Mei Su, Andrew Warren, Cassie Kraus, Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos, Kori S. Zachrison, Anand Viswanathan, Christopher Anderson, M. Edip Gurol, Steven M. Greenberg and Joshua N. Goldstein

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:6

    Content type: Original Research

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  44. To develop comprehensive guidance that captures international impacts, causes, and solutions related to emergency department crowding and access block

    Authors: A. P. Javidan, K. Hansen, I. Higginson, P. Jones and E. Lang

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:4

    Content type: Brief Research Report

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