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  1. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is an alternative method for patients with reversible causes of cardiac arrest (CA) after conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR). However, cardiop...

    Authors: Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Ibrahim Fawzy Hassan, Farshid Rahimi-Bashar, Hussam Elmelliti, Anzila Akbar, Ahmed Labib Shehata, Abdulsalam Saif Ibrahim and Ali Ait Hssain
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:56
  2. For most acute conditions, the phase prior to emergency department (ED) arrival is largely unexplored. However, this prehospital phase has proven an important part of the acute care chain (ACC) for specific ti...

    Authors: Lieke Claassen, Laura Magdalena Ritter, Gideon Hubertus Petrus Latten, Noortje Zelis, Jochen Willo Lennert Cals and Patricia Maria Stassen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:55
  3. The continual increase in patient attendance at the emergency department (ED) is a worldwide health issue. The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of a secondary prioritization software reduces ...

    Authors: Thomas Lun, Jessica Schiro, Emeline Cailliau, Julien Tchokokam, Melany Liber, Claire de Jorna, Alain Martinot and François Dubos
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:53
  4. Substance use-related emergency department (ED) visits have increased substantially in North America. Screening for substance use in EDs is recommended; best approaches are unclear. This systematic review synt...

    Authors: Jessica Moe, Justin Koh, Jennifer A. Ma, Lulu X. Pei, Eleanor MacLean, James Keech, Kaitlyn Maguire, Claire Ronsley, Mary M. Doyle-Waters and Jeffrey R. Brubacher
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:52
  5. The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated the nursing shortage, which is predicted to continue to worsen with significant numbers of nurses planning to retire within the next 5 years. There remains a lack of published...

    Authors: Nicole R. Hodgson, Richard Kwun, Chad Gorbatkin, Jeanie Davies and Jonathan Fisher
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:51
  6. The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) chat programs has opened two distinct paths, one enhancing interaction and another potentially replacing personal understanding. Ethical and legal concerns arise d...

    Authors: Sharanya Gande, Murdoc Gould and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:50
  7. D-dimer is a marker of coagulation and fibrinolysis widely used in clinical practice for assessing thrombotic activity. While it is commonly ordered in the Emergency Department (ED) for suspected venous thromb...

    Authors: Mohammed Alshalhoub, Faisal Alhusain, Feras Alsulaiman, Abdulaziz Alturki, Saud Aldayel and Majid Alsalamah
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:47
  8. Greece is a parliamentary republic in southeastern Europe populated by over 10 million permanent residents: 9 million reside on the mainland, with almost 4 million in the greater Athens area. The remaining 1 m...

    Authors: Dimitrios Tsiftsis, Andrew Ulrich, George Notas, Anna Patrikakou and Eleanor Reid
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:46
  9. Ondansetron is one of the most commonly used drugs in the emergency department (ED) for treating nausea and vomiting, particularly in intravenous (IV) form. Nevertheless, it has been shown to prolong QT interv...

    Authors: Mohammad Rezaei Zadeh Rukerd, Fatemeh Rafiei Shahrbabaki, Mitra Movahedi, Amin Honarmand, Pouria Pourzand and Amirhossein Mirafzal
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:49
  10. Given the limited specificity of D-dimer, there is a perceived need to discover a more precise marker for diagnosing individuals who are suspected of having pulmonary embolism (PE). In this study, by evaluatin...

    Authors: Alireza Mehrban, Fatemeh Ahmadi Hajikolaei, Mehdi Karimi, Reza Khademi, Akram Ansari, Durdi Qujeq, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki and Mahmood Monadi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:48
  11. Shortages of mechanical ventilation have become a constant problem in Emergency Departments (EDs), thereby affecting the timely deployment of medical interventions that counteract the severe health complicatio...

    Authors: Miguel Ortiz-Barrios, Antonella Petrillo, Sebastián Arias-Fonseca, Sally McClean, Fabio de Felice, Chris Nugent and Sheyla-Ariany Uribe-López
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:45
  12. This case illustrates chest scars after piston-based chest compression device resuscitation and raises the awareness of the potential benefits of following up survivors of critical illness.

    Authors: Viviane Donner, Mathieu Affaticati, Elodie Izydorczyk and Sara Cereghetti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:44
  13. We report a case of anaphylaxis induced by natto (fermented soybeans) allergy that occurred following dermal sensitization from a jellyfish sting.

    Authors: Ayami Shigeno, Tsuyoshi Suzuki, Masakazu Obayashi, Kei Asada and Satoru Matsushima
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:43
  14. Most sepsis patients could potentially experience advantageous outcomes from targeted medical intervention, such as fluid resuscitation, antibiotic administration, respiratory support, and nursing care, prompt...

    Authors: Ming-Shun Hsieh, Kuan-Chih Chiu, Amrita Chattopadhyay, Tzu-Pin Lu, Shu-Hui Liao, Chia-Ming Chang, Yi-Chen Lee, Wei-En Lo, Vivian Chia-Rong Hsieh, Sung-Yuan Hu and Chorng-Kuang How
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:42
  15. Emergency airway management in resource-limited settings presents multifaceted challenges due to shortages in essential medical resources, healthcare professionals, and infrastructure.

    Authors: Gbolahan Olatunji, Emmanuel Kokori, Nicholas Aderinto and Mohammed Alsabri Hussein Alsabri
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:41
  16. Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is an urgent condition arising from restricted blood flow through the SVC, often linked to factors like malignancy, thrombosis, or infections. Typically, confirmation of the d...

    Authors: Noman Ali, Alan Tan and Jordan Chenkin
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:40
  17. In the Emergency Department (ED), patients may present with various injuries that damage muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bony structures. Fractures, joint dislocations, strains, and sprains are prevalent amon...

    Authors: Noman Ali, Alan Tan and Jordan Chenkin
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:39
  18. Jejunogastric intussusception (JGI) is a rare but potentially lethal complication following gastrectomy or gastrojejunostomy surgeries. Diagnosis of this condition can be challenging due to its rarity and non-...

    Authors: Souhaib Atri, Mahdi Hammami, Amine Sebai, Rany Aifia, Meriem Ben Brahim, Youssef Chaker, Fadhel Samir Fteriche and Montassar Kacem
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:38
  19. The ideal pain control approach is typically viewed as titration of analgesia for pain reduction and periodic pain evaluation. However, this method takes time and is not always possible in the crowded Emergenc...

    Authors: Muhammad Baihaqi Oon, Nik Hisamuddin Nik Ab. Rahman, Norhayati Mohd Noor and Mohd Boniami Yazid
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:37

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:54

  20. The assessment of illness severity in the prehospital setting is essential for guiding appropriate medical interventions. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) score is a validated tool common...

    Authors: Michael Eichinger, Sandro Reiterer, Martin Rief, Michael Eichlseder, Alexander Pichler, Philipp Zoidl and Gerhard Prause
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:36
  21. Type C pelvic fractures (AO/OTA) are severe injuries that frequently lead to bleeding and hemodynamic instability. Pelvic binders play a crucial role in their initial management. Placement at the correct level...

    Authors: Maxim Privalov, Malte Junge, Matthias Karl Jung, Sven Yves Vetter, Jochen Franke, Svetlana Hetjens, Paul Alfred Grützner and Holger Stadthalter
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:34
  22. Catheter-related suppurative thrombophlebitis (CRST) is a complication of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI). The microbiology of CRST is similar with the microbiology of CRBSI, but Clostridium perfri...

    Authors: Yasuyoshi Miyamura, Takeshi Shimazaki and Kunihiko Okada
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:33
  23. Our institution has longstanding post-graduate education and training partnership programs in Emergency Medicine (EM) across India. A programmatic challenge has been the integration and uptake of evidence-base...

    Authors: Katherine Douglass, Tania Ahluwalia, Brianna McKiernan, Heena Patel, Natasha Powell, Jacob Keller and Serkan Toy
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:32
  24. Preparedness to endure extreme situations such as natural disasters or military conflicts is not commonplace in healthcare training programs. Moreover, multidisciplinary teams in health services rarely (if eve...

    Authors: Ralph C. Miles, Vivian I. Avelino-Silva, Wilfred Odoke, Jan van den Hombergh, Fernanda F. Fonseca, Mengistu GebreMichael, Yaroslava Lopatina, Win Oo and Adele Schwartz Benzaken
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:31
  25. Expertise in toxicology is essential for acute care providers, as intoxicated patients frequently present to Emergency Departments. These patients can be challenging for care providers because they often prese...

    Authors: Nicole Kraaijvanger, Wouter Raven, Trudy van Dijken and Femke Gresnigt
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:30
  26. In the rapid development in prehospital medicine the awareness of the many challenges in prehospital care is important as it highlights which areas need improvement and where special attention during education...

    Authors: Denise Bäckström and Aida Alvinius
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:28
  27. The use of mechanical chest compression devices on patients in cardiac arrest has not shown benefits in previous trials. This is surprising, given that these devices can deliver consistently high-quality chest...

    Authors: Richard Steffen, Simon Burri, Fredy-Michel Roten, Markus Huber and Jürgen Knapp
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:26
  28. Carbon Monoxide (CO) is one of the most common environmental causes of acute intoxication globally. It can lead to the development of Delayed Neuropsychiatric Sequelae (DNS) which may develop in 2-40 days afte...

    Authors: Nesrin Alharthy, Aljohara Alanazi, Alreem Almoqaytib, Bedour Alharbi, Rakad Alshaibani, Jawaher Albuniyan and Abdullah Alshibani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:25
  29. Unintentional falls are common among the elderly and given the expected increase of the aging population, these falls contribute to a high number of admissions to the emergency department. Relatively low-energ...

    Authors: Roxanne A. W. Ploumen, Martin R. van Wezenbeek, Paul C. P. H. Willems, Suzanne C. Gerretsen and Jan A. Ten Bosch
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:24
  30. In recent decades, opioid overdoses have increased dramatically in the United States and peer countries. Given this, emergency medicine physicians have become adept in reversing and managing complications of a...

    Authors: Terence Hughes, Nicholas Nasser and Avir Mitra
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:23
  31. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is an emergency cardiovascular disease, with clinical and paraclinical manifestations similar to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but it is characterized by reversible systolic ...

    Authors: Alexandru Scafa-Udriste, Ruxandra-Nicoleta Horodinschi, Miruna Babos and Bogdan Dinu
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:22
  32. According to the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Emergency Care Systems Framework, triage is an essential function of emergency departments (EDs). This practice innovation article describes four strategies that...

    Authors: Rob Mitchell, Libby White, Leigh Elton, Cliff Luke, Sarah Bornstein and Vincent Atua
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:21
  33. Monkshood, a toxic plant containing a potent cardio- and neurotoxin called aconitine, can lead to a range of symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, dizziness, seizures, and cardiac arrhythmias. Mortality associ...

    Authors: V. W. Klokman, S. Tempelaar, B. C. W. Kuipers, I. A. G. van Dijk and M. A. M. Moviat
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:19
  34. Aluminum phosphide is a commonly used pesticide, particularly in developing countries where uncontrolled insecticides and pesticides are commonly prevalent. Mortalities have been reported due to accidental and...

    Authors: Pierre Edde, Anthony El Kortbawi, Zeina Halabi, Nancy Sakr, Alondra Barakat and Tharwat El Zahran
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:18
  35. In 2021, a large urban university-based hospital transitioned to a new two-floor emergency department. Despite the new environment, there were usability and workflow challenges with the space. The authors of t...

    Authors: Mikael L. Avery, Jacquelyn L. Arena, Nicholas D. Benson, Neil A. Ray and Marion Leary
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:17
  36. Despite constituting 14% of the general population, older adults make up almost a quarter of all emergency department (ED) visits. These visits often do not adequately address patient needs, with nearly 80% of...

    Authors: Ally Memedovich, Benedicta Asante, Maha Khan, Nkiruka Eze, Brian R. Holroyd, Eddy Lang, Sherri Kashuba and Fiona Clement
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:16
  37. Emergency pericardiocentesis is a life-saving procedure that is performed to aspirate fluid from the pericardial space in patients who have severe pericardial effusion that is causing hemodynamic compromise. T...

    Authors: Najem Abdullah Mohammed, Tanweer A. Al-zubairi and Moad H. Al-soumai
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:15
  38. Cardiopulmonary collapse is a catastrophic event in cesarean section, which leads to adverse outcomes for both the mother and the fetus. Pulmonary embolism is one of the rare etiologies of this entity. We here...

    Authors: Anh Dinh Bao Vuong, Thanh Hai Pham, Van Hoang Bui, Xuan Trang Nguyen, Ngoc Bich Trinh, Yen Oanh Ngoc Nguyen, Dang Khoa Tran Le and Phuc Nhon Nguyen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:14
  39. Pre-hospital trauma life support (PHTLS) training courses have been developed and widely adopted to enhance the proficiency of pre-hospital personnel in handling trauma patients. The objective of this study wa...

    Authors: Mohammad Hadi Kamgar Amaleh, Sara Heydari, Peyman Nazari and Fatemeh Bakhshi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:13
  40. Endotracheal intubation is an essential resuscitative procedure in the emergency setting. Airway assessment parameters such as the Mallampati classification are difficult to perform in an emergency setting. As...

    Authors: Aadya Pillai, Poonam Arora, Ankita Kabi, Udit Chauhan, Reshma Asokan, P. Akhil, Takshak Shankar, D. J. Lalneiruol, Himanshi Baid and Hannah Chawang
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:12
  41. This review paper describes the development of the pre-hospital system in Singapore from the pre-war days. Every country’s prehospital community needs a deep understanding of how they developed over the years,...

    Authors: Gayathri Devi Nadarajan, Nurul Asyikin Binte Mohamed Jalil, Alexander Elgin White, Marcus Ong Eng Hock and Anantharaman Venkataraman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:11
  42. Emergency medicine in Bhutan has made significant progress in the past few decades and continues to evolve. In this article, we provide valuable insights into the history of emergency medicine at Jigme Dorji W...

    Authors: Ugyen Tshering, Erol Kohli, Tashi Tenzin and Oriana Chen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:10
  43. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a life-threatening condition characterized by the weakening and dilation of the abdominal aorta. AAA primarily affects men, smokers, and the elderly, with rupture being a fat...

    Authors: Ihab Alasasfeh, Rawan Abudawood, Bayan E.Hwidi and Raghad Al-Shami
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:9
  44. Urogenital emergencies demand immediate attention within the field of emergency medicine, encompassing a range of critical conditions from ectopic pregnancies to kidney stones. Timely diagnosis and treatment a...

    Authors: Asjad Mallick and Shahan Waheed
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2024 17:8

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