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  1. Early unexpected hospital admission after emergency department (ED) discharge is an important topic regarding effective preventive measures. Reducing avoidable return visits can improve ED effectiveness and em...

    Authors: Pakhawadee Palungwachira, Gunnaree Montimanutt, Khrongwong Musikatavorn and Sorravit Savatmongkorngul
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:66
  2. When central or peripheral intravenous access cannot be achieved in a timely manner, intraosseous (IO) access is recommended as a safe and equally effective alternative for pediatric resuscitation. IO usage an...

    Authors: Meloria Hoskins, Samantha Sefick, Adrian D. Zurca, Vonn Walter, Neal J. Thomas and Conrad Krawiec
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:65
  3. In Bhutan, where the Emergency Medical System is forming and evolving, the number of acutely ill patients requiring critical care, both in the emergency departments and intensive care units, is steadily increa...

    Authors: Sweta Giri, Melanie Watts, Shankar LeVine and Ugyen Tshering
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:64
  4. The spleen is one of the most frequently injured abdominal organs during trauma, which can result in intraperitoneal bleeding of life-threatening magnitude. Although splenic injury secondary to trivial trauma ...

    Authors: B. M. Munasinghe, U. P. M. Fernando, Thileep Kumar, Chamika Huruggamuwa, K. A. R. L. Kuruppu and G. G. C. Hewawasam
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:63
  5. Decreasing healthcare provider (HCP) exposure to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) virus in emergency departments (EDs) is crucial. Approaches include limiting the HCP presence a...

    Authors: Ahmed Taher, Peter Glazer, Chris Culligan, Stephanie Crump, Steven Guirguis, Jennifer Jones, Alia Dharamsi and Lucas B. Chartier
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:62
  6. Emergency medical care, including prehospital treatment, forms an important component of any healthcare system. Like most low-middle-income countries, Nepal has an emergency medical system that can be describe...

    Authors: Kristoffer Lund Hansen, Åsmund Bratholm, Manohar Pradhan, Søren Mikkelsen and Louise Milling
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:61
  7. Severally ill COVID-19 patients may require urgent transport to a specialized facility for advanced care. Prehospital transport is inherently risky; the patient’s health may deteriorate, and potentially fatal ...

    Authors: Lemlem Beza Demisse, Ararso Baru Olani, Micheal Alemayehu and Menbeu Sultan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:60
  8. Patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with acute chest pain should receive a thorough history and exam to rule out rare, life-threatening conditions, such as drug-induced acute aortic dissectio...

    Authors: Erin McDonnell, Yi Zhou, Joshua Chao and Leonard Lee
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:59
  9. Data on the readiness of the general emergency departments (EDs) in Canada to care for children requiring emergency care are limited. Recent evidence suggests an inverse association between pediatric readiness...

    Authors: Alex Aregbesola, Oana Florescu, Clara Tam, Amanda Coyle, Lisa Knisley, Kaitlin Hogue, Darcy Beer, Scott Sawyer and Terry P. Klassen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:58
  10. Liver injury is one of the most common abdominal traumas. The causes of military activity related injuries are gunshot wounds (up to 60–70%), while in peacetime—closed blunt abdominal trauma (up to 45–55%). Th...

    Authors: Igor Lurin Anatoliyovych, Olexander Usenko Yuriyovych and Oleksandr Hrynenko Valentynovych
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:57
  11. We present an unusual and severe case of spontaneous clostridial myonecrosis (SCM) in an elderly patient, with severe skipping lesions spread throughout the body. CT imaging, combined with postmortem available bl...

    Authors: Ellen Van Asbroeck, Ourania Vasileiadou, Sylvie De Laere, Eddy Van Hedent and Katleen Devue
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:56
  12. Blunt trauma to the anterior of the neck may compromise the vital structures like major blood vessels, trachea, larynx, pharynx, thyroid, spine, esophagus, and the cricoid. Laryngeal trauma is rare and account...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Reza Hosseinpour and Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:55
  13. The use of central stimulant drugs causes significant morbidity. We describe poisonings with central stimulant drugs and compare the different central stimulants concerning combinations with other drugs, treat...

    Authors: Erlend Ingebrigtsen, Per Sverre Persett, Mette Brekke, Fridtjof Heyerdahl, Knut Erik Hovda and Odd Martin Vallersnes
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:54
  14. To describe the process of implementing a palliative care team (PCT) in a Brazilian public tertiary university hospital and compare this intervention as an active in-hospital search (strategy I) with the Emerg...

    Authors: Frederica Montanari Lourençato, Carlos Henrique Miranda, Marcos de Carvalho Borges and Antonio Pazin-Filho
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:53
  15. Cardiac arrests in admitted hospital patients with trauma have not been described in the literature. We defined “in-hospital cardiac arrest of a trauma” (IHCAT) patient as “cessation of circulatory activity in...

    Authors: Furqan B. Irfan, Rafael I. G. D. J. Consunji, Ruben Peralta, Ayman El-Menyar, Landric B. Dsouza, Jassim M. Al-Suwaidi, Rajvir Singh, Maaret Castrén, Therese Djärv and Guillaume Alinier
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:52
  16. Many patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) develop intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), which is associated with higher mortality and worse clinical outcome. External ventricular drains (EVDs) are often p...

    Authors: Andrew D. Warren, Qi Li, Kristin Schwab, Brenna McKaig, Alexa N. Goldstein, Steven M. Greenberg, Anand Viswanathan, Christopher Anderson, M. Edip Gurol, Aman Patel and Joshua N. Goldstein
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:51
  17. The SARS-CoV-2 omicron variant produces more symptoms in the upper respiratory tract than in the lower respiratory tract. This form of “common cold” can cause inflammation of the oropharynx and the Eustachian ...

    Authors: Diego Franch-Llasat, Naya Bellaubí-Pallarés, Mar Olga Pérez-Moreno, Elena Chamarro-Martí, Esther García-Rodríguez and Ferran Roche-Campo
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:50
  18. Symptoms caused by cardiac arrhythmia are common problems that lead to presentation to the emergency department. However, the prevalence of pathological heart rhythm in patients triaged for cardiac arrhythmia ...

    Authors: Julia Novotny, Matthias Michael Klein, Magda Haum, Stephanie Raphaela Fichtner and Manuela Bernadette Thienel
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:49
  19. Acupuncture has become a more popular complementary and alternative medicine worldwide. As pneumothorax is a rare acupuncture-related adverse event (AE), it is thought to be under-recognized by acupuncturists ...

    Authors: Francesca Th’ng, Kailing Adriel Rao and Po Yu Huang
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:48
  20. Most Swedish emergency departments (ED) use the triage system Rapid Emergency Triage and Treatment System (RETTS©), which over time has proven to prioritize patients to higher triage levels. When many patients...

    Authors: Samah Habbouche, Tobias Carlson, Daniel Johansson, Schani Kjaerbeck, Mathias Malm, Per-Arne Svensson and Lina Holmqvist
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:47
  21. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and bystander CPR with public-access defibrillation improves OHCA survival outcomes. The COVID-19 pandemic has posed ...

    Authors: Phatthranit Phattharapornjaroen, Waratchaya Nimnuan, Pitsucha Sanguanwit, Pongsakorn Atiksawedparit, Malivan Phontabtim and Yahya Mankong
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:46
  22. Cannabis-related medical consultations are increasing worldwide, a non-negligible public health issue; patients presenting to acute care traditionally complain of abdominal pain and vomiting. Often recurrent, ...

    Authors: Mohammad Razban, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Vincent Della Santa and Eric P. Heymann
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:45
  23. Earthquake is associated with several health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and cardiovascular disease. However, the association between earthquakes and substance use has ...

    Authors: Hadis Amiri, Sevda Riyahifar, Nouzar Nakhaee and Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:44
  24. Previous studies of the effect of sex on after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes focused on survival to hospital discharge and 1-month survival. Studies on the effect of sex on neurological functi...

    Authors: Emad M. Awad, Karin H. Humphries, Brian E. Grunau, Colleen M. Norris and Jim M. Christenson
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:43
  25. Airway management in children with severe burns is difficult because of airway edema and prolonged duration of ventilatory management. There is insufficient evidence to suggest that tracheostomy is beneficial ...

    Authors: Naoki Yogo, Taeko Sasaki, Masato Kozumi, Yuya Kinoshita, Yuichiro Muto, Katsuki Hirai and Yuichiro Yoshino
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:42
  26. Our program implemented East EMWars, a year-long, longitudinal game that added competition to our existing curricular content. We surveyed residents to investigate the impact of gamification in emergency medic...

    Authors: Shayne Gue, Joseph Ray and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:41
  27. Many emergency medical services and out-of-hours systems are facing an increasing demand for primary, ambulance, and secondary care services caused by population aging and a higher prevalence of long-term and ...

    Authors: Nienke D. Zinger, Stig Nikolaj Blomberg, Freddy Lippert, Thomas Krafft and Helle Collatz Christensen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:40
  28. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion procedure has been considered the surgical procedure of choice for the management of degenerative cervical myelopathy. Postoperative paresis is one of the most serious a...

    Authors: Wafa Hasan, Khalid Khan and Najla Alomani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:39
  29. Pain is one of the most common complaints that patients present to the emergency department for; emergency medicine providers are tasked with providing appropriate pain relief while simultaneously limiting the...

    Authors: Fred Blind, James Melton, Juliana Karp, Karen Oldano, Karen Homa, Alexandra Blanco, Reanna Leoni and Anthony Pazanese
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:37
  30. Patient-centered care (PCC) is an emerging priority in many healthcare settings but lacks clarity in the emergency department (ED). It is of interest to know what PCC practices are most important to patients t...

    Authors: Anna Walsh, Elnaz Bodaghkhani, Holly Etchegary, Lindsay Alcock, Christopher Patey, Dorothy Senior and Shabnam Asghari
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:36
  31. Neutropenic enterocolitis (NE), or typhlitis, a condition typically associated with severe neutropenia in the setting of chemotherapy, is highly morbid (50–100%) and benefits from early diagnosis. It has been ...

    Authors: Max Ackerman, Arian Frost and Kimberly Stanford
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:35
  32. Persons experiencing homelessness (PEH) often use hospital Emergency Department (ED) as the only source of healthcare. The aim of this study was to undertake a systematic review to identify the prevalence, cli...

    Authors: Neha Vohra, Vibhu Paudyal and Malcolm J. Price
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:32
  33. Benzyl alcohol is used as stripping agent in paints and other applications, and benzyl alcohol poisoning is indicated by symptoms, such as impaired consciousness, respiratory depression, hypotension, metabolic...

    Authors: Hirotsugu Fukuda, Ryo Kamidani, Hideshi Okada, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Takahiro Yoshida, Shozo Yoshida and Shinji Ogura
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:31
  34. Road traffic injuries are a large and growing cause of morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries, especially in Africa. Systematic data collection for traffic incidents in Kenya is lacking an...

    Authors: J. Austin Lee, Lyndsey Armes and Benjamin W. Wachira
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:30
  35. Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) can present asymptomatically and may be found through routine screening or seen incidentally on imaging. Rupture due to weaking of the aortic wall is the main complication of a...

    Authors: Brigid M. Garrity, Eric Sugarman and Stephen Pulley
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:28
  36. Dyspnea is one of the common symptoms patients present to the emergency department (ED). The broad spectrum of differentials often requires laboratory and radiological testing in addition to clinical evaluatio...

    Authors: Himanshi Baid, Nagasubramanyam Vempalli, Subodh Kumar, Poonam Arora, Rohit Walia, Udit Chauhan, Krishna Shukla, Aakash Verma, Hannah Chawang and Disha Agarwal
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:27
  37. The impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has been of interest worldwide. However, evidence from low-resource emergency medical service systems is ...

    Authors: Sattha Riyapan, Jirayu Chantanakomes, Pakorn Roongsaenthong, Parinya Tianwibool, Borwon Wittayachamnankul, Jirapong Supasaovapak and Wasin Pansiritanachot
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:26
  38. Emergent cricothyrotomy (EC) is a rare and lifesaving procedure to secure a difficult airway when other methods have failed. Many techniques have been discussed in the literature. This study aimed to identify ...

    Authors: Nicholas George, Gabriel Consunji, Jordan Storkersen, Fanglong Dong, Benjamin Archambeau, Richard Vara, Jan Serrano, Reza Hajjafar, Louis Tran and Michael M. Neeki
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:24
  39. Elevated potassium level is a common and reversible peri-arrest condition. Diagnosis and management of hyperkalemia in a short time is critical, where electrocardiogram (ECG) alterations might be helpful. We a...

    Authors: Liqaa A. Raffee, Khaled Z. Alawneh, Muhannad J. Ababneh, Heba H. Hijazi, Rabah M. Al abdi, Mahmoud M. Aboozour, Fadi A. Alghzawi and Abdel-Hameed Al-Mistarehi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:23
  40. There are few data on the clinical outcomes of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in cities over 1000 m above sea level (masl).

    Authors: David Rene Rodriguez Lima, Ángela María Pinzón Rondón, Cristhian Rubio Ramos, Darío Isaías Pinilla Rojas, Maria José Niño Orrego, Mateo Andrés Díaz Quiroz, Nicolás Molano-González, Jorge Enrique Ceballos Quintero, Alex Francisco Arroyo Santos and Ángela María Ruiz Sternberg
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:22
  41. Eczema herpeticum, also known as Kaposi varicelliform eruption, is a potentially life-threatening disseminated cutaneous viral infection. In the majority of cases, this condition develops as a complication in ...

    Authors: Manal Almoalem, Ibrahim AlAlhareth, Hussa Alomer, Azzam Almarri, Awadh Alyami, Rakan Hamzah, Othub Albalawi and Salwa Alnoaimi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:21

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:25

  42. A well-known anesthetic, lidocaine is the most widely used local anesthetic. Local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) is a life-threatening event with common and prominent presentations of central nervous sys...

    Authors: Wei-Chen Chen, Hsien-Yi Chen, Te-I. Weng and Chun-Kuei Chen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:19
  43. Administration of antibiotics to septic patients within 1 h was recommended in 2018 by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) as a strategy to improve survival outcomes. The use of sepsis screening tools in emerg...

    Authors: Karn Suttapanit, Kamonwan Dangprasert, Pitsucha Sanguanwit and Praphaphorn Supatanakij
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:18
  44. Stoma creations are common procedures in surgical specialties. They can be created either as a temporary or a permanent measure. Despite advancements in surgical technique and stoma care, complications are com...

    Authors: Rodrick Babakhanlou, Kelly Larkin, Angel G. Hita, John Stroh and Sai-Ching Yeung
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:17

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