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  1. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common cyanotic congenital heart disease encountered in pediatrics with surgical repair being the definitive treatment. Long-term survival after surgical repair has improv...

    Authors: Sylvain Tshilombo, Romeo Bilugan, Amanda Feeney, Jonathan Im, Heather M. Kuntz, Kavita Gandhi, Besh Barcega, Jean Felix Babane, Vincent Ndebwanimana and Mindi Guptill
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:19
  2. Blood gas analysis is integral to assessing emergency department (ED) patients with acute respiratory or metabolic disease. Arterial blood gas (ABG) is the gold standard for oxygenation, ventilation, and acid–...

    Authors: Hari Prasad, Nagasubramanyam Vempalli, Naman Agrawal, U. N. Ajun, Ajmal Salam, Soumya Subhra Datta, Ashutosh Singhal, Nishant Ranjan, P. P. Shabeeba Sherin and G. Sundareshan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:18
  3. Pasteurella multocida-related sepsis can cause purpura fulminans (PF), a rare thrombotic disorder that often presents acutely and is potentially fatal. As a consequence of disseminated intravascular coagulation, ...

    Authors: Aya Fukuhara, Seiko Fushimi, Masatoshi Nakata and Jumpei Takamatsu
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:17
  4. Cardiac disease remains a dominant if not the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with thalassaemia, particularly in those with thalassaemia major. Myocardial infarction and coronary ar...

    Authors: Anuja Premawardhena, Shamila De Silva, Megha Rajapaksha, Vishaka Ratnamalala, Jemimah Nallarajah and Gamini Galappatthy
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:16
  5. Subarachnoid hemorrhage and thyroid storm are similar in their clinical symptomatology, and diagnosis of these conditions, when they occur simultaneously, is difficult. Here, we report a rare case of concurren...

    Authors: Aimi Ohya, Makoto Ohtake, Yusuke Kawamura, Taisuke Akimoto, Masayuki Iwashita, Tetsuya Yamamoto and Ichiro Takeuchi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:15
  6. Biomechanical reduction techniques for shoulder dislocations have demonstrated high reduction success rates with a limited pain experience for the patient. We postulated that the combination of biomechanical r...

    Authors: David N. Baden, Martijn H. Roetman, Tom Boeije, Nieke Mullaart, Ralph Boden, Roderick M. Houwert, Marilyn Heng, Rolf H. H. Groenwold and Olivier A. J. van der Meijden
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:14
  7. In 2021, the Nepal national emergency care system’s assessment (ECSA) identified 39 activities and 11 facility-specific goals to improve care. To support implementation of the ECSA facility-based goals, this p...

    Authors: Ramu Kharel, Ghan B. Thapa, Tamara Voor, Samriddha R. Pant, Samir K. Adhikari, Bimal S. Bist, Pryanka Relan, Timmy Lin, Derek Lubetkin, Giovanna Deluca, Olita Shilpakar, Sanu K. Shrestha, Yagya R. Pokharel, Santosh Paudel, Ajay S. Thapa, Yogendra M. Shakya…
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:13
  8. The Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome represents a critical condition characterized by a septic shock associated with a disseminated intravascular coagulation causing the plugging of the microvascular network v...

    Authors: Giorgio Berlot, Ariella Tomasini, Silvia Zanchi, Edoardo Moro, Maurizio Pinamonti, Sara Mohamed and Eleonora de Bellis
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:12
  9. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused over 6 million deaths worldwide. The elderly accounted for a large proportion of patients with their mortality rate largely higher than the non-elderly. However, limited studie...

    Authors: Chanokporn Puchongmart, Phetsinee Boonmee, Supawich Jirathanavichai, Nutthida Phanprasert, Netiporn Thirawattanasoot, Thawonrat Dorongthom, Apichaya Monsomboon, Nattakarn Praphruetkit and Onlak Ruangsomboon
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:11
  10. This case report presents the case of a man with no known coagulopathy or preceding trauma, who spontaneously developed a spinal epidural hematoma (SEH). This is an uncommon condition which can have variable p...

    Authors: Xue Bi, May Na and Swee Min, Kathleen Khoo
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:10
  11. During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the format of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) management was modified. Therefore, this study compared the response time and survival...

    Authors: Thongpitak Huabbangyang, Rossakorn Klaiangthong, Agasak Silakoon, Suttida Sretimongkol, Sutasinee Sangpakdee, Manit Khiaolueang, Pattama Seancha, Tontrakan Nuansamlee, Anucha Kamsom and Ratree Chaisorn
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:9
  12. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) requires a large amount of economic and human resources. The presence of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was focused on selecting appr...

    Authors: Ryosuke Shimai, Shohei Ouchi, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Koji Hirabayashi, Hiroshi Abe, Kosuke Yabe, Midori Kakihara, Masaaki Maki, Hiroyuki Isogai, Takeshi Wada, Dai Ozaki, Yuki Yasuda, Fuminori Odagiri, Kazuhisa Takamura, Kenji Yaginuma, Ken Yokoyama…
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:8
  13. Spinal ankylosing disorders (SADs) refer to a group of conditions resulting in spontaneous or postsurgical ossification and fusion of the spinal segments. The spine becomes increasingly susceptible to injury o...

    Authors: Takahito Miyake, Hideshi Okada, Norihide Kanda, Yosuke Mizuno, Kodai Suzuki, Tomoaki Doi, Takahiro Yoshida, Shozo Yoshida and Shinji Ogura
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:7
  14. During a 6-year period, several process changes were introduced at the emergency department (ED) to decrease crowding, such as the implementation of a general practitioner cooperative (GPC) and additional medi...

    Authors: M. Christien Van Der Linden, Merel Van Loon-Van Gaalen, John R. Richards, Geesje Van Woerden and Naomi Van Der Linden
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:6
  15. The current war in Ukraine is associated with frequent applications of multiple-launch rocket systems and cruise missiles as well as other various high-energy weapons to cause severe injuries in military perso...

    Authors: Sergiy Golovko, Rostislav Gybalo, Igor Lurin, Igor Taraban, Artem Kobirnichenko, Vitalii Ganiuk, Maksym Gorobeiko and Andrii Dinets
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:5
  16. High-flow nasal cannula has been a promising initial respiratory support measure for patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) in the emergency department (ED). However, delayed detection of HFN...

    Authors: Nattakarn Praphruetkit, Natyada Boonchana, Apichaya Monsomboon and Onlak Ruangsomboon
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:3
  17. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is an effective tool for diagnosing pneumonia; however, this has not been well studied in resource-limited settings where pneumonia is the leading cause of death in children under 5 years...

    Authors: Yogendra Amatya, Frances M. Russell, Suraj Rijal, Sunil Adhikari, Benjamin Nti and Darlene R. House
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023 16:2
  18. Gastrointestinal attacks are frequent symptoms in patients diagnosed with hereditary angioedema (HAE). Cases of self-limited bowel intussusception and unneeded exploratory laparotomy due to lack of knowledge a...

    Authors: Atsuhito Tanaka, Ji Young Huh, Takamasa Yamamoto, Ken Washio and Koichi Ariyoshi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:69
  19. The COVID-19 global pandemic has changed considerably the way time-sensitive disorders are treated. Home isolation, people’s fear of contracting the virus and hospital reorganisation have led to a significant ...

    Authors: Carlo Pegani, Giovanni Buttignon, Annarita Tullio, Marcello Naccarato, Paolo Manganotti, Serena Rakar, Enrico Fabris, Federico Nadalin, Vincenzo Mione, Gian Luigi Gigli, Simone Lorenzut, Leonardo Spedicato, Paolo Passadore, Daniela Pavan, Cristina Lutman, Manila Andrian…
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:68
  20. Different triage systems can be used to screen for sepsis and are often incorporated into local electronic health records. Often the design and interface of these digitalizations are not audited, possibly lead...

    Authors: Ken Dewitte, Elyne Scheurwegs, Sabrina Van Ierssel, Hilde Jansens, Karolien Dams and Ella Roelant
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:67
  21. Early unexpected hospital admission after emergency department (ED) discharge is an important topic regarding effective preventive measures. Reducing avoidable return visits can improve ED effectiveness and em...

    Authors: Pakhawadee Palungwachira, Gunnaree Montimanutt, Khrongwong Musikatavorn and Sorravit Savatmongkorngul
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:66
  22. When central or peripheral intravenous access cannot be achieved in a timely manner, intraosseous (IO) access is recommended as a safe and equally effective alternative for pediatric resuscitation. IO usage an...

    Authors: Meloria Hoskins, Samantha Sefick, Adrian D. Zurca, Vonn Walter, Neal J. Thomas and Conrad Krawiec
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:65
  23. In Bhutan, where the Emergency Medical System is forming and evolving, the number of acutely ill patients requiring critical care, both in the emergency departments and intensive care units, is steadily increa...

    Authors: Sweta Giri, Melanie Watts, Shankar LeVine and Ugyen Tshering
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:64
  24. The spleen is one of the most frequently injured abdominal organs during trauma, which can result in intraperitoneal bleeding of life-threatening magnitude. Although splenic injury secondary to trivial trauma ...

    Authors: B. M. Munasinghe, U. P. M. Fernando, Thileep Kumar, Chamika Huruggamuwa, K. A. R. L. Kuruppu and G. G. C. Hewawasam
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:63
  25. Decreasing healthcare provider (HCP) exposure to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) virus in emergency departments (EDs) is crucial. Approaches include limiting the HCP presence a...

    Authors: Ahmed Taher, Peter Glazer, Chris Culligan, Stephanie Crump, Steven Guirguis, Jennifer Jones, Alia Dharamsi and Lucas B. Chartier
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:62
  26. Emergency medical care, including prehospital treatment, forms an important component of any healthcare system. Like most low-middle-income countries, Nepal has an emergency medical system that can be describe...

    Authors: Kristoffer Lund Hansen, Åsmund Bratholm, Manohar Pradhan, Søren Mikkelsen and Louise Milling
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:61
  27. Severally ill COVID-19 patients may require urgent transport to a specialized facility for advanced care. Prehospital transport is inherently risky; the patient’s health may deteriorate, and potentially fatal ...

    Authors: Lemlem Beza Demisse, Ararso Baru Olani, Micheal Alemayehu and Menbeu Sultan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:60
  28. Patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with acute chest pain should receive a thorough history and exam to rule out rare, life-threatening conditions, such as drug-induced acute aortic dissectio...

    Authors: Erin McDonnell, Yi Zhou, Joshua Chao and Leonard Lee
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:59
  29. Data on the readiness of the general emergency departments (EDs) in Canada to care for children requiring emergency care are limited. Recent evidence suggests an inverse association between pediatric readiness...

    Authors: Alex Aregbesola, Oana Florescu, Clara Tam, Amanda Coyle, Lisa Knisley, Kaitlin Hogue, Darcy Beer, Scott Sawyer and Terry P. Klassen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:58
  30. Liver injury is one of the most common abdominal traumas. The causes of military activity related injuries are gunshot wounds (up to 60–70%), while in peacetime—closed blunt abdominal trauma (up to 45–55%). Th...

    Authors: Igor Lurin Anatoliyovych, Olexander Usenko Yuriyovych and Oleksandr Hrynenko Valentynovych
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:57
  31. We present an unusual and severe case of spontaneous clostridial myonecrosis (SCM) in an elderly patient, with severe skipping lesions spread throughout the body. CT imaging, combined with postmortem available bl...

    Authors: Ellen Van Asbroeck, Ourania Vasileiadou, Sylvie De Laere, Eddy Van Hedent and Katleen Devue
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:56
  32. Blunt trauma to the anterior of the neck may compromise the vital structures like major blood vessels, trachea, larynx, pharynx, thyroid, spine, esophagus, and the cricoid. Laryngeal trauma is rare and account...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Reza Hosseinpour and Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:55
  33. The use of central stimulant drugs causes significant morbidity. We describe poisonings with central stimulant drugs and compare the different central stimulants concerning combinations with other drugs, treat...

    Authors: Erlend Ingebrigtsen, Per Sverre Persett, Mette Brekke, Fridtjof Heyerdahl, Knut Erik Hovda and Odd Martin Vallersnes
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:54
  34. To describe the process of implementing a palliative care team (PCT) in a Brazilian public tertiary university hospital and compare this intervention as an active in-hospital search (strategy I) with the Emerg...

    Authors: Frederica Montanari Lourençato, Carlos Henrique Miranda, Marcos de Carvalho Borges and Antonio Pazin-Filho
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:53
  35. Cardiac arrests in admitted hospital patients with trauma have not been described in the literature. We defined “in-hospital cardiac arrest of a trauma” (IHCAT) patient as “cessation of circulatory activity in...

    Authors: Furqan B. Irfan, Rafael I. G. D. J. Consunji, Ruben Peralta, Ayman El-Menyar, Landric B. Dsouza, Jassim M. Al-Suwaidi, Rajvir Singh, Maaret Castrén, Therese Djärv and Guillaume Alinier
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:52
  36. Many patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) develop intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), which is associated with higher mortality and worse clinical outcome. External ventricular drains (EVDs) are often p...

    Authors: Andrew D. Warren, Qi Li, Kristin Schwab, Brenna McKaig, Alexa N. Goldstein, Steven M. Greenberg, Anand Viswanathan, Christopher Anderson, M. Edip Gurol, Aman Patel and Joshua N. Goldstein
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:51
  37. The SARS-CoV-2 omicron variant produces more symptoms in the upper respiratory tract than in the lower respiratory tract. This form of “common cold” can cause inflammation of the oropharynx and the Eustachian ...

    Authors: Diego Franch-Llasat, Naya Bellaubí-Pallarés, Mar Olga Pérez-Moreno, Elena Chamarro-Martí, Esther García-Rodríguez and Ferran Roche-Campo
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:50
  38. Symptoms caused by cardiac arrhythmia are common problems that lead to presentation to the emergency department. However, the prevalence of pathological heart rhythm in patients triaged for cardiac arrhythmia ...

    Authors: Julia Novotny, Matthias Michael Klein, Magda Haum, Stephanie Raphaela Fichtner and Manuela Bernadette Thienel
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:49
  39. Acupuncture has become a more popular complementary and alternative medicine worldwide. As pneumothorax is a rare acupuncture-related adverse event (AE), it is thought to be under-recognized by acupuncturists ...

    Authors: Francesca Th’ng, Kailing Adriel Rao and Po Yu Huang
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:48
  40. Most Swedish emergency departments (ED) use the triage system Rapid Emergency Triage and Treatment System (RETTS©), which over time has proven to prioritize patients to higher triage levels. When many patients...

    Authors: Samah Habbouche, Tobias Carlson, Daniel Johansson, Schani Kjaerbeck, Mathias Malm, Per-Arne Svensson and Lina Holmqvist
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:47
  41. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and bystander CPR with public-access defibrillation improves OHCA survival outcomes. The COVID-19 pandemic has posed ...

    Authors: Phatthranit Phattharapornjaroen, Waratchaya Nimnuan, Pitsucha Sanguanwit, Pongsakorn Atiksawedparit, Malivan Phontabtim and Yahya Mankong
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:46
  42. Cannabis-related medical consultations are increasing worldwide, a non-negligible public health issue; patients presenting to acute care traditionally complain of abdominal pain and vomiting. Often recurrent, ...

    Authors: Mohammad Razban, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Vincent Della Santa and Eric P. Heymann
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:45
  43. Earthquake is associated with several health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and cardiovascular disease. However, the association between earthquakes and substance use has ...

    Authors: Hadis Amiri, Sevda Riyahifar, Nouzar Nakhaee and Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:44
  44. Previous studies of the effect of sex on after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes focused on survival to hospital discharge and 1-month survival. Studies on the effect of sex on neurological functi...

    Authors: Emad M. Awad, Karin H. Humphries, Brian E. Grunau, Colleen M. Norris and Jim M. Christenson
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:43
  45. Airway management in children with severe burns is difficult because of airway edema and prolonged duration of ventilatory management. There is insufficient evidence to suggest that tracheostomy is beneficial ...

    Authors: Naoki Yogo, Taeko Sasaki, Masato Kozumi, Yuya Kinoshita, Yuichiro Muto, Katsuki Hirai and Yuichiro Yoshino
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:42
  46. Our program implemented East EMWars, a year-long, longitudinal game that added competition to our existing curricular content. We surveyed residents to investigate the impact of gamification in emergency medic...

    Authors: Shayne Gue, Joseph Ray and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:41
  47. Many emergency medical services and out-of-hours systems are facing an increasing demand for primary, ambulance, and secondary care services caused by population aging and a higher prevalence of long-term and ...

    Authors: Nienke D. Zinger, Stig Nikolaj Blomberg, Freddy Lippert, Thomas Krafft and Helle Collatz Christensen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:40
  48. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion procedure has been considered the surgical procedure of choice for the management of degenerative cervical myelopathy. Postoperative paresis is one of the most serious a...

    Authors: Wafa Hasan, Khalid Khan and Najla Alomani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:39

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