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  1. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common life-threatening condition with non-specific clinical presentations. The diagnosis of PE depends highly on imaging studies, which may also provide prognostic information. Th...

    Authors: Omran Al Dandan, Ali Hassan, Hossain AbuAlola, Alaa Alzaki, Abrar Alwaheed, Mohannad Alalwan, Malak Al Shammari, Nouf AlShamlan and Hind S. Alsaif
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:47
  2. Fecal impaction may complicate chronic constipation. We report a fatal case of fecal impaction in a patient treated with long-term neuroleptic treatment.

    Authors: Elsa Logre, Lauriane Degravi, Gaëtan Plantefève and Damien Contou
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:46
  3. Hemoptysis is a clinical condition encountered in the emergency department (ED) and must be managed and investigated urgently to maintain the patient’s hemostasis. The management of hemoptysis depends on treat...

    Authors: Fatimah Alabdrabalnabi, Mohammed Alshahrani and Nadia Ismail
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:45
  4. COVID-19 pandemia is a major challenge to worldwide health care systems. Whereas the majority of disease presents with mild symptoms that can be treated as outpatients, severely ill COVID-19 patients and patie...

    Authors: David Fistera, Dirk Pabst, Annalena Härtl, Benedikt Michael Schaarschmidt, Lale Umutlu, Sebastian Dolff, Carola Holzner, Clemens Kill and Joachim Risse
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:44
  5. Chest pain is the most common potentially life-threatening presentation to the emergency department (ED). Furthermore, the identification of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) including its risk stratification and ...

    Authors: Shanaz Matthew Sajeed, Michael P. De Dios, Dan Wei Jun Ong and Amila Clarence Punyadasa
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:43
  6. Kratom is a habit-forming opioid-like substance with an acute toxidrome of various symptoms such as diaphoresis, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. Chronic users require increasing dosages for the analgesic effe...

    Authors: Vir Singh, Nadir Mulla, James Link Wilson, Aaron Umansky, Jenny Lee, Trilok Stead and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:42
  7. Various risk scores have been proposed that are useful for the management of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), which is an important disease in emergency medicine. Few studies have examined the usefulnes...

    Authors: Shinya Kita, Yasuyuki Shirai, Tomoharu Yoshida, Kei Shiraishi, Ayako Nakamura, Michitaka Kawano, Yoshihiro Kinoshita, Tatsuya Noguchi and Syunsuke Ito
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:41
  8. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to 198 countries, with approximately 2.4 million confirmed cases and 150,000 deaths globally as of April 18. Frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) face a substa...

    Authors: Natasha Shaukat, Daniyal Mansoor Ali and Junaid Razzak
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:40
  9. In this paper, the authors review the safety and practicality of elastomeric respirators for protecting themselves and others from the novel coronavirus or COVID-19. They also describe the safe donning and dof...

    Authors: James Chiang, Andrew Hanna, David Lebowitz and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:39
  10. This unblinded randomised crossover study compares two endotracheal tube introducers (ETIs): the FROVA and the “Flexible Tip Bougie” (FTB), in an airway manikin mimicking difficult intubation with a percentage...

    Authors: John Cormack, Bridget Langley, Louisa-Rose Bhanabhai and Roman Kluger
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:38
  11. To create an interactive mass casualty incident (MCI) curriculum for emergency medicine residents and to integrate them into the hospital disaster response, thereby creating a “trainee-specific emergency prepa...

    Authors: Ayanna D. Walker, Nicholas Fusco, Joshua Tsau and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:37
  12. Trauma teams (TTs) improve outcomes in trauma patients. A multidisciplinary TT was conformed in September 2015 in a tertiary level I trauma university hospital in southwestern Colombia, a middle-income war-inf...

    Authors: Sandra Carvajal, Francisco L Uribe-Buritica, Ana Maria Ángel-Isaza, María Camila López-Girón, Andres González, Julian Chica, Manuel Benitez and Alberto F García
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:36
  13. For patients with ischemic stroke, rapid reperfusion therapy is extremely important. In April 2015, our medical center introduced a rapid response-type doctor car (RRC) system. Here, an emergency medical team,...

    Authors: Yuki Yoshioka, Mina Gamo, Ryuhei Yoneda, Naoki Matsunaga, Tadaaki Takada, Yasushi Fukuta and Koichi Sato
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:35
  14. Case management has been shown to reduce the amount of unnecessary emergency department visits among Medicaid or uninsured patients. This study aims to determine whether case management is associated with decr...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Kelly, Cara C. Keller, Megan R. Sax and Rocco A. Rossi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:34
  15. Emergency department (ED) workplace violence is increasingly recognized as an important issue for ED providers. Most studies have occurred in developed countries with established laws and repercussions for vio...

    Authors: Kevin Davey, Veda Ravishankar, Nikita Mehta, Tania Ahluwalia, Janice Blanchard, Jeffrey Smith and Katherine Douglass
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:33
  16. The COVID-19 disease outbreak that first surfaced in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, has taken the world by storm and ravaged almost every country in the world. Emergency departments (ED) in hospitals are on t...

    Authors: Li Juan Joy Quah, Boon Kiat Kenneth Tan, Tzay-Ping Fua, Choon Peng Jeremy Wee, Chin Siah Lim, Gayathri Nadarajan, Nur Diana Zakaria, Shi-En Joanna Chan, Paul Weng Wan, Lin Tess Teo, Ying Ying Chua, Evelyn Wong and Anantharaman Venkataraman
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:32
  17. Immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential for survival from sudden cardiac arrest (CA). Current CPR guidelines recommend that dispatchers assist lay rescuers performing CPR (dispatch...

    Authors: Hidetada Fukushima, Hideki Asai, Tadahiko Seki, Keisuke Takano and Francesco Bolstad
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:31
  18. Paricalcitol is known to attenuate ischemic-reperfusion injury of various organs. However, it is not known whether paricalcitol prevents neuronal injury after global cerebral ischemia. The purpose of this stud...

    Authors: Sung Wook Kim, Joo Suk Oh, Jungtaek Park, Hyun Ho Jeong, Young Min Oh, Semin Choi and Kyoung Ho Choi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:30
  19. Early bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is one of the most important predictors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) survival. There is a dearth of literature on CPR engagement in countries su...

    Authors: Martina Anto-Ocrah, Nick Maxwell, Jeremy Cushman, Emmanuel Acheampong, Ruth-Sally Kodam, Christopher Homan and Timmy Li
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:29
  20. Despite its continued use in many low-volume emergency departments (EDs), 3-level triage systems have not been extensively studied, especially on live triage cases. We have modified from the Australasian Triag...

    Authors: Rex Pui Kin Lam, Shing Lam Kwok, Vi Ka Chaang, Lujie Chen, Eric Ho Yin Lau and Kin Ling Chan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:28
  21. PEM-Database.​org is an unaffiliated, not-for-profit website, dedicated to the field’s advancement of pediatric emergency medicine. PEM-Database published the first early access pediatric-related SARS-CoV-2 articl...

    Authors: Oren Feldman, Amit Boukai and Itai Shavit
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:27
  22. The burden of trauma-related-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in developing countries like Pakistan remains largely unexplored due to a lack of organized pre-hospital systems. In order to estimate the bur...

    Authors: Minaz Mawani, Iqbal Azam, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Zainab Samad and Junaid Abdul Razzak
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:26
  23. Mesenteric cysts are intra-abdominal masses of congenital origin, which most frequently occur in children, with an incidence of approximately 1 case per 20,000 pediatric admissions. Its progression can be asym...

    Authors: Rocio del Pilar Pereira-Ospina, Laura Catherine Montoya-Sanchez, Diana María Abella-Morales, Javier Yesid Pinzón-Salamanca, José Miguel Suescún-Vargas and Sergio Rueda-Martínez
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:24
  24. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and life-threatening medical condition with non-specific clinical presentation. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CT-PA) has been the diagnostic modality of choice,...

    Authors: Omran Al Dandan, Ali Hassan, Afnan Alnasr, Mohammed Al Gadeeb, Hossain AbuAlola, Sarah Alshahwan, Malak Al Shammari and Alaa Alzaki
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:23
  25. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF), non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is generally recommended and has proven its benefits by reducing endotracheal intub...

    Authors: PE Fubini and L Suppan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:22
  26. Trauma is a common aetiology of acute pain in the emergency setting, and traumatic injuries have been recognised as a global public health crisis leading to numerous deaths and disabilities. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Andrit Lourens, Romy Parker and Peter Hodkinson
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:21
  27. Emergency medical services (EMS) is crucial to any healthcare system, especially in urban countries. The Kingdom of Bahrain has always strived to develop healthcare services throughout the Kingdom including EM...

    Authors: Feras H. Abuzeyad, Ghada Al Qasim, Leena Alqasem and Mudhaffar I. Al Farras
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:20

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:55

  28. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a fundamental skill that should be acquired by all medical community members. This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of junior doctors and medical studen...

    Authors: Zeinab Mohammed, Ahmed Arafa, Yaseen Saleh, Mohamed Dardir, Asmaa Taha, Hassnaa Shaban, Eman Mohammed AbdelSalam and Jon Mark Hirshon
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:19
  29. Manual ventilations during cardiac arrest are frequently performed outside of recommended guidelines. Real-time feedback has been shown to improve chest compression quality, but the use of feedback to guide ve...

    Authors: Jeffrey R. Gould, Lisa Campana, Danielle Rabickow, Richard Raymond and Robert Partridge
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:18
  30. General medicine commonly adopts a strategy based on the analytic approach utilizing the hypothetico-deductive method. Medical emergency care and education have been following similarly the same approach. Howe...

    Authors: Nasser Hammad Al-Azri
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:17
  31. Large, multicentre studies are required in emergency medicine to advance clinical care and improve patient outcomes. The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine clinical trials network is available to rese...

    Authors: Katie Walker, Shijie Ian Tan, Daniel Fatovich, Gina Watkins, Melanie Stephenson, Joseph Ting, Richard Whittome, Wei Wang and Jonathan Knott
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:16
  32. Lung ultrasound is an effective tool for the evaluation of undifferentiated dyspnea in the emergency department. Impact of lung ultrasound on clinical decisions for the evaluation of patients with dyspnea in r...

    Authors: Darlene R. House, Yogendra Amatya, Benjamin Nti and Frances M. Russell
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:14
  33. In conjunction with an automated external defibrillator (AED) placement program at various locations within a public university in Malaysia, a series of structured training programs were conducted. The objecti...

    Authors: Siew Yee Liaw, Keng Sheng Chew, Ahmad Zulkarnain, Shirly Siew Ling Wong, Nariman Singmamae, Dev Nath Kaushal and Hiang Chuan Chan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:13
  34. Pediatric Advanced Life Support provides guidelines for resuscitating children in cardiopulmonary arrest. However, the role physicians’ attitudes and beliefs play in decision-making when terminating resuscitat...

    Authors: Rashida T. Campwala, Anita R. Schmidt, Todd P. Chang and Alan L. Nager
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:12
  35. Dignitary medicine is an emerging field of training that involves the specialized care of diplomats, heads of state, and other high-ranking officials. In an effort to provide guidance on training in this nasce...

    Authors: Mobarak A. Al Mulhim, Robert G. Darling, Ritu Sarin, Alex Hart, Hetaf Kamal, Abdullah Al Hadhirah, Amalia Voskanyan, Lewis Hofmann, Bradley A. Connor, Roger A. Band, James Jones, Richard Tubb, Ronny Jackson, Amado Alejandro Baez, Edward Wasser, Sean Conley…
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:11
  36. Children with emergency conditions require immediate life-saving intervention and resuscitation. Unlike adults, the pediatric emergency drug dose, equipment sizes, and defibrillation energy doses are calculate...

    Authors: Pukar K.C., Akhilendra Jha, Kamal Ghimire, Roshana Shrestha and Anmol Purna Shrestha
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:9
  37. Emergency medicine (EM) in the Netherlands has developed rapidly and initially without central guidance. This has led to heterogeneity in current EM practice. Our aim was to quantify this heterogeneity by answ...

    Authors: Sarah Coppes, Rebekka Veugelers, Roger A. P. A. Hessels, Crispijn L. van den Brand and Menno I. Gaakeer
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:8
  38. The main aim of emergency medical services (EMS) should be to provide universal emergency medical care which is EMS system available to all those who need it. Most of the developed countries have an integrated...

    Authors: Deepak Bhandari and Nabin Krishna Yadav
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:7
  39. Methanol poisoning usually occurs in a cluster and initial diagnosis can be challenging. Mortality is high without immediate interventions. This paper describes a methanol poisoning outbreak and difficulties i...

    Authors: J. Md Noor, R. Hawari, M. F. Mokhtar, S. J. Yussof, N. Chew, N. A. Norzan, R. Rahimi, Z. Ismail, S. Singh, J. Baladas, N. H. Hashim, M. I. K. Mohamad and M. D. Pathmanathan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:6
  40. Although the association of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with mortality in trauma patients has recently been shown, there is a paucity of research on the association with other outcomes. Recent studies...

    Authors: Soulaiman Elias Soulaiman, Dalal Dopa, Al-Batool T. Raad, Walaa Hasan, Niyazi Ibrahim, Al-Ykzan Hasan, Hussam Aldin Sulaiman and Moufid Darwich
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:5
  41. To determine the role of previous psychiatric disorders including substance use disorders on emergency department (ED) patients on involuntary holds and compare presentations, treatment, and outcomes based on ...

    Authors: Christian Lachner, Michael J. Maniaci, Tyler F. Vadeboncoeur, Nancy L. Dawson, Teresa A. Rummans, Archana Roy, Lorrina L. Hall and M. Caroline Burton
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:4
  42. In these video clinical images, the authors present the cause for an elderly gentleman’s shortness of breath. It was presumed to be an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a condition for whi...

    Authors: Javier Rosario, Rohan Mangal, Jessica Houck, Mary Cate Slome and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:3
  43. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is seen relatively frequently in the emergency department (ED). DKA is characterized by hyperglycemia, acidosis, and ketonemia, and sodium glucose transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) ...

    Authors: Masafumi Fukuda, Masakazu Nabeta, Takanori Muta, Kei Fukami and Osamu Takasu
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:2
  44. This is a brief report of a 17-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with odynophagia and a foreign body sensation in the throat after choking on a chicken wing. A soft tissue neck radiograph...

    Authors: Jason E. Cohn, Sammy Othman and Karima Sajadi-Ernazarova
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:1
  45. Diagnosing appendicitis within the pediatric population can be challenging, whether it be a neonate with irritability or a toddler with flank pain. Symptoms may mimic a viral illness, constipation, urinary tra...

    Authors: Gregory M. Taylor, Ethan R. Saffer, Eric L. McDowell and Matthew A. Warpinski
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:41
  46. The influence of past familial experiences of receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and medical help in various cardiac arrest and nonfatal cardiac events toward willingness to “pay it forward” by help...

    Authors: Keng Sheng Chew, Shazrina Ahmad Razali, Shirly Siew Ling Wong, Aisyah Azizul, Nurul Faizah Ismail, Sharoon Juliet Kun Chyee Ak Robert and Yegharaj A/L Jayaveeran
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:40
  47. Tracheobronchial injury is one of the least common injuries in the scenario of blunt chest trauma. However, around 81% of patients with airway injury die immediately or before arriving at the emergency departm...

    Authors: Carime Díaz, Daniel F. Carvajal, Eliana I. Morales, Saveria Sangiovanni and Liliana Fernández-Trujillo
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:39

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