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  1. In conjunction with an automated external defibrillator (AED) placement program at various locations within a public university in Malaysia, a series of structured training programs were conducted. The objecti...

    Authors: Siew Yee Liaw, Keng Sheng Chew, Ahmad Zulkarnain, Shirly Siew Ling Wong, Nariman Singmamae, Dev Nath Kaushal and Hiang Chuan Chan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:13

    Content type: Original Research

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  2. Pediatric Advanced Life Support provides guidelines for resuscitating children in cardiopulmonary arrest. However, the role physicians’ attitudes and beliefs play in decision-making when terminating resuscitat...

    Authors: Rashida T. Campwala, Anita R. Schmidt, Todd P. Chang and Alan L. Nager

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:12

    Content type: Original Research

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  3. Dignitary medicine is an emerging field of training that involves the specialized care of diplomats, heads of state, and other high-ranking officials. In an effort to provide guidance on training in this nasce...

    Authors: Mobarak A. Al Mulhim, Robert G. Darling, Ritu Sarin, Alex Hart, Hetaf Kamal, Abdullah Al Hadhirah, Amalia Voskanyan, Lewis Hofmann, Bradley A. Connor, Roger A. Band, James Jones, Richard Tubb, Ronny Jackson, Amado Alejandro Baez, Edward Wasser, Sean Conley…

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:11

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  4. Children with emergency conditions require immediate life-saving intervention and resuscitation. Unlike adults, the pediatric emergency drug dose, equipment sizes, and defibrillation energy doses are calculate...

    Authors: Pukar K.C., Akhilendra Jha, Kamal Ghimire, Roshana Shrestha and Anmol Purna Shrestha

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:9

    Content type: Original Research

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  5. Emergency medicine (EM) in the Netherlands has developed rapidly and initially without central guidance. This has led to heterogeneity in current EM practice. Our aim was to quantify this heterogeneity by answ...

    Authors: Sarah Coppes, Rebekka Veugelers, Roger A. P. A. Hessels, Crispijn L. van den Brand and Menno I. Gaakeer

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:8

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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  6. The main aim of emergency medical services (EMS) should be to provide universal emergency medical care which is EMS system available to all those who need it. Most of the developed countries have an integrated...

    Authors: Deepak Bhandari and Nabin Krishna Yadav

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:7

    Content type: Review

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  7. Methanol poisoning usually occurs in a cluster and initial diagnosis can be challenging. Mortality is high without immediate interventions. This paper describes a methanol poisoning outbreak and difficulties i...

    Authors: J. Md Noor, R. Hawari, M. F. Mokhtar, S. J. Yussof, N. Chew, N. A. Norzan, R. Rahimi, Z. Ismail, S. Singh, J. Baladas, N. H. Hashim, M. I. K. Mohamad and M. D. Pathmanathan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:6

    Content type: Original Research

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  8. Although the association of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with mortality in trauma patients has recently been shown, there is a paucity of research on the association with other outcomes. Recent studies...

    Authors: Soulaiman Elias Soulaiman, Dalal Dopa, Al-Batool T. Raad, Walaa Hasan, Niyazi Ibrahim, Al-Ykzan Hasan, Hussam Aldin Sulaiman and Moufid Darwich

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:5

    Content type: Original Research

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  9. To determine the role of previous psychiatric disorders including substance use disorders on emergency department (ED) patients on involuntary holds and compare presentations, treatment, and outcomes based on ...

    Authors: Christian Lachner, Michael J. Maniaci, Tyler F. Vadeboncoeur, Nancy L. Dawson, Teresa A. Rummans, Archana Roy, Lorrina L. Hall and M. Caroline Burton

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:4

    Content type: Original Research

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  10. In these video clinical images, the authors present the cause for an elderly gentleman’s shortness of breath. It was presumed to be an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a condition for whi...

    Authors: Javier Rosario, Rohan Mangal, Jessica Houck, Mary Cate Slome and Latha Ganti

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:3

    Content type: Clinical Image

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  11. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is seen relatively frequently in the emergency department (ED). DKA is characterized by hyperglycemia, acidosis, and ketonemia, and sodium glucose transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) ...

    Authors: Masafumi Fukuda, Masakazu Nabeta, Takanori Muta, Kei Fukami and Osamu Takasu

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:2

    Content type: Case report

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  12. This is a brief report of a 17-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with odynophagia and a foreign body sensation in the throat after choking on a chicken wing. A soft tissue neck radiograph...

    Authors: Jason E. Cohn, Sammy Othman and Karima Sajadi-Ernazarova

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2020 13:1

    Content type: Clinical Image

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  13. Diagnosing appendicitis within the pediatric population can be challenging, whether it be a neonate with irritability or a toddler with flank pain. Symptoms may mimic a viral illness, constipation, urinary tra...

    Authors: Gregory M. Taylor, Ethan R. Saffer, Eric L. McDowell and Matthew A. Warpinski

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:41

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The influence of past familial experiences of receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and medical help in various cardiac arrest and nonfatal cardiac events toward willingness to “pay it forward” by help...

    Authors: Keng Sheng Chew, Shazrina Ahmad Razali, Shirly Siew Ling Wong, Aisyah Azizul, Nurul Faizah Ismail, Sharoon Juliet Kun Chyee Ak Robert and Yegharaj A/L Jayaveeran

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:40

    Content type: Original Research

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  15. Tracheobronchial injury is one of the least common injuries in the scenario of blunt chest trauma. However, around 81% of patients with airway injury die immediately or before arriving at the emergency departm...

    Authors: Carime Díaz, Daniel F. Carvajal, Eliana I. Morales, Saveria Sangiovanni and Liliana Fernández-Trujillo

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:39

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Sepsis is a major public health problem, with a growing incidence and mortality rates still close to 30% in severe cases. The speed and adequacy of the treatment administered in the first hours of sepsis, part...

    Authors: Hudson Henrique Gomes Pires, Fábio Fernandes Neves and Antonio Pazin-Filho

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:36

    Content type: Original Research

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  17. In recent years, there has been an increased utilization of emergency departments (EDs) in many countries. Additionally, it is reported that there are major delays in delivering care to ED patients. Longer wai...

    Authors: Nawaf Alhabdan, Faisal Alhusain, Abdulkareem Alharbi, Muatassem Alsadhan, Moath Hakami and Emad Masuadi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:35

    Content type: Original Research

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  18. Primary polydipsia is commonly seen in patients with psychiatric illnesses. Excess water intake is also seen in patient with anorexia and anticholinergic medications. We report a patient who had hyponatraemia ...

    Authors: Sudheera Fernando, Francisca Sivagnanam and Devarajan Rathish

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:34

    Content type: Case report

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  19. This case study’s novelty lies in the potential to link a new sign in pulmonary embolism diagnosis which does not increase cost but could lead to more rapid treatment. Early intervention in these cases is vita...

    Authors: Cain M. Dudek, Kelly R. McCracken and B. James Connolly

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:32

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Cardiopulmonary arrest may result in high mortality rate in hospitals where the rapid response team is not implemented. A rapid response system can recognize patients at high risk of cardiopulmonary arrest and...

    Authors: Awad Al-Omari, Abbas Al Mutair and Fadi Aljamaan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:31

    Content type: Original Research

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  21. By educating laymen, survival after cardiac arrest can increase in society. It is difficult to reach the entire population with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. However, if 15% of the population k...

    Authors: Anna Abelsson and Annette Nygårdh

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:30

    Content type: Original Research

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  22. Hypernatremia is one of the most commonly encountered electrolyte disorders in the emergency department (ED). Few studies have reported the seasonal fluctuations of the prevalence of hypernatremia with conflic...

    Authors: Naohiko Imai, Hirofumi Sumi and Yugo Shibagaki

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:29

    Content type: Original Research

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  23. Traumatic shoulder dislocation is a frequent condition presenting to the emergency department. Due to the anatomy of the shoulder, associated neurovascular damage is not uncommon. Although clinical intuition m...

    Authors: Austin H. Middleton, John Roffers and Dean W. Ziegler

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:28

    Content type: Case report

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  24. The sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are the newest class of anti-hyperglycemic medications used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Their increasing use has been driven by their apparent c...

    Authors: Alexis Diaz-Ramos, Wesley Eilbert and Diego Marquez

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:27

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Guidelines for the emergency management of mild traumatic brain injury have been used for over a decade and are considered safe. However, they recommend computerized tomography for at least half of these patie...

    Authors: Tomas Vedin, Mathias Karlsson, Marcus Edelhamre, Mikael Bergenheim and Per-Anders Larsson

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:26

    Content type: Original Research

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  26. An aortic dissection is an uncommon and potentially catastrophic disease process that carries with it a high morbidity and mortality. The inciting event is a tear in the intimal lining of the aorta. This allow...

    Authors: Gregory M. Taylor, Michael W. Barney and Eric L. McDowell

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:25

    Content type: Case report

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  27. This study’s aim is to measure liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) levels in urine using a rapid semiquantitative assay kit in the emergency department and to investigate whether the onset of acute ...

    Authors: Ginga Suzuki, Ryo Ichibayashi, Saki Yamamoto, Yoshimi Nakamichi, Masayuki Watanabe and Mitsuru Honda

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:24

    Content type: Original Research

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  28. In the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE), the d-dimer threshold is based on studies conducted in Western countries, where the incidence rate is 5 times higher than that in Asian countries, including Japan. If ...

    Authors: Jin Takahashi, Takashi Shiga, Yuita Fukuyama, Yuiko Hoshina, Yosuke Homma, Michiko Mizobe, Kenji Numata, Tetsuya Inoue and Hiraku Funakoshi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:23

    Content type: Original Research

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  29. Subcutaneous penile modifications (SPMs) are more prevalent in Southeast Asian culture and have been growing in popularity in Western culture. SPMs are often made of domino tiles, or other available pieces of ...

    Authors: Cali L. Kirkham, Stormy M. Monks and Scott B. Crawford

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:22

    Content type: Case report

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  30. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of a multimodal intervention on emergency department (ED) crowding and patient flow in a Dutch level 1 trauma center.

    Authors: M. C. (Christien) van der Linden, H. M. E. (Jet) van Ufford and N. (Naomi) van der Linden

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:21

    Content type: Original Research

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  31. Nowruz holidays, as one of the most important holidays in Iran, can lead to changes in the trend of hospital deaths. Due to changes in lifestyle and increased accidents, hospitals become crowded during the hol...

    Authors: Mohadeseh Ghanbari Jahromi, Reza Goudarzi, Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Saeed Amini, Javad Nazari and Mohammadreza Amiresmaili

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:20

    Content type: Original Research

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  32. Simulation is well established as an effective strategy to train health care professionals in both technical and nontechnical skills and to prevent errors. Despite its known efficacy, adequate implementation i...

    Authors: Roshana Shrestha, Anmol Purna Shrestha, Sanu Krishna Shrestha, Samjhana Basnet and Alok Pradhan

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:19

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  33. Trauma is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in children globally. The burden of injury shows substantial geographical differences, with a significant mortality reduction in children in Norway during the...

    Authors: Eirik Nesje, Nadine Nalini Valøy, Andreas Jorstad Krüger and Oddvar Uleberg

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:18

    Content type: Original Research

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  34. Although emergency medical services (EMS) and pre-hospital care have existed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) since 1934, emergency medicine (EM) is a relatively new medical field in the country that was n...

    Authors: Eyad Khattab, Abdulrahman Sabbagh, Nawfal Aljerian, Hashim Binsalleeh, Mobarak Almulhim, Abdulrahman Alqahtani and Majid Alsalamah

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:16

    Content type: State of International Emergency medicine

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  35. In the patient entrapped after a motor vehicle collision (MVC), advanced airway management may need to be performed before extrication. The aim of this study was to compare four airway management devices utili...

    Authors: Robin Pap and Charl van Loggerenberg

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:15

    Content type: Original Research

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  36. This paper sought to characterize pediatric clonidine ingestions, report trends in incidence, and evaluate outcomes using the Florida Poison Center’s data over a period of 15 years, from 2002 to 2016.

    Authors: Kendra Amico, Rolando Cabrera and Latha Ganti

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:14

    Content type: Original Research

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  37. The authors present seven winning strategies for maintaining a rich academic environment for learners while working in a busy emergency department with expected productivity metrics.

    Authors: Tracy MacIntosh, David C. Lebowitz and Latha Ganti

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:13

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  38. Early discrimination of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) due to a left main trunk (LMT) lesion provided by straightforward electrocardiographic criteria is useful for prompt treatment. The purpose of...

    Authors: Toshiharu Fujii, Misaki Hasegawa, Junichi Miyamoto and Yuji Ikari

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:12

    Content type: Original Research

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  39. Approximately 5% of emergency department (ED) patients with altered mental status (AMS) have non-convulsive seizures (NCS). Patients with NCS should be diagnosed with EEG as soon as possible to initiate antiep...

    Authors: Geetha Chari, Kabir Yadav, Daniel Nishijima, Ahmet Omurtag and Shahriar Zehtabchi

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:11

    Content type: Original Research

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  40. Several scoring systems are used to evaluate the severity of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGB) and the risk of rebleeding or death. The most commonly used scoring systems include the Rockall ...

    Authors: Vladimir Bagin, Evgenii Tarasov, Maria Astafyeva, Evgenii Nishnevich, Vladimir Rudnov and Mikhail Prudkov

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:10

    Content type: Original Research

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  41. Physicians are occasionally faced with patients requesting full resuscitation against medical advice. More commonly, neither patients nor their family members make such a request, but physicians simply presume...

    Authors: Loukas Georgiou and Anastasios Georgiou

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:9

    Content type: Review

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  42. New applications for virtual healthcare have resulted in an expansion of medical care beyond traditional healthcare settings. However, the rapid development of telemedicine as a field has resulted in poor stan...

    Authors: Rahul Sharma, Sapir Nachum, Karina W. Davidson and Michael Nochomovitz

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:8

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  43. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a mode of non-invasive ventilation used to treat a variety of respiratory conditions in the emergency department and intensive care unit. In low-resource settings ...

    Authors: Brendan H. Milliner, Suzanne Bentley and James DuCanto

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:7

    Content type: Practice innovations in emergency medicine

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  44. Team-based learning (TBL) as an instructional pedagogy is increasingly recognized to improve student engagement, value of teamwork, and performance on standardized assessments when compared to traditional lect...

    Authors: Arif Alper Cevik, Margaret ElZubeir, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan and Sami Shaban

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:6

    Content type: Educational advances in emergency medicine

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  45. Triage protocols standardize and improve patient care in accident and emergency departments (A&Es). Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH), the largest public tertiary hospital in East Africa, is resource-limited an...

    Authors: Ali A. Wangara, Katherine M. Hunold, Sarah Leeper, Frederick Ndiawo, Judith Mweu, Shaun Harty, Rachael Fuchs, Ian B. K. Martin, Karen Ekernas, Stephen J. Dunlop, Michèle Twomey, Alice W. Maingi and Justin Guy Myers

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:5

    Content type: Original Research

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  46. Crowding is a major challenge faced by EDs and is associated with poor outcomes.

    Authors: Mahshid Abir, Jason E. Goldstick, Rosalie Malsberger, Andrew Williams, Sebastian Bauhoff, Vikas I. Parekh, Steven Kronick and Jeffrey S. Desmond

    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 12:4

    Content type: Original Research

    Published on:

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