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  1. Neutropenic enterocolitis (NE), or typhlitis, a condition typically associated with severe neutropenia in the setting of chemotherapy, is highly morbid (50–100%) and benefits from early diagnosis. It has been ...

    Authors: Max Ackerman, Arian Frost and Kimberly Stanford
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:35
  2. Persons experiencing homelessness (PEH) often use hospital Emergency Department (ED) as the only source of healthcare. The aim of this study was to undertake a systematic review to identify the prevalence, cli...

    Authors: Neha Vohra, Vibhu Paudyal and Malcolm J. Price
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:32
  3. Benzyl alcohol is used as stripping agent in paints and other applications, and benzyl alcohol poisoning is indicated by symptoms, such as impaired consciousness, respiratory depression, hypotension, metabolic...

    Authors: Hirotsugu Fukuda, Ryo Kamidani, Hideshi Okada, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Takahiro Yoshida, Shozo Yoshida and Shinji Ogura
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:31
  4. Road traffic injuries are a large and growing cause of morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries, especially in Africa. Systematic data collection for traffic incidents in Kenya is lacking an...

    Authors: J. Austin Lee, Lyndsey Armes and Benjamin W. Wachira
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:30
  5. Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) can present asymptomatically and may be found through routine screening or seen incidentally on imaging. Rupture due to weaking of the aortic wall is the main complication of a...

    Authors: Brigid M. Garrity, Eric Sugarman and Stephen Pulley
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:28
  6. Dyspnea is one of the common symptoms patients present to the emergency department (ED). The broad spectrum of differentials often requires laboratory and radiological testing in addition to clinical evaluatio...

    Authors: Himanshi Baid, Nagasubramanyam Vempalli, Subodh Kumar, Poonam Arora, Rohit Walia, Udit Chauhan, Krishna Shukla, Aakash Verma, Hannah Chawang and Disha Agarwal
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:27
  7. The impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has been of interest worldwide. However, evidence from low-resource emergency medical service systems is ...

    Authors: Sattha Riyapan, Jirayu Chantanakomes, Pakorn Roongsaenthong, Parinya Tianwibool, Borwon Wittayachamnankul, Jirapong Supasaovapak and Wasin Pansiritanachot
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:26
  8. Emergent cricothyrotomy (EC) is a rare and lifesaving procedure to secure a difficult airway when other methods have failed. Many techniques have been discussed in the literature. This study aimed to identify ...

    Authors: Nicholas George, Gabriel Consunji, Jordan Storkersen, Fanglong Dong, Benjamin Archambeau, Richard Vara, Jan Serrano, Reza Hajjafar, Louis Tran and Michael M. Neeki
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:24
  9. Elevated potassium level is a common and reversible peri-arrest condition. Diagnosis and management of hyperkalemia in a short time is critical, where electrocardiogram (ECG) alterations might be helpful. We a...

    Authors: Liqaa A. Raffee, Khaled Z. Alawneh, Muhannad J. Ababneh, Heba H. Hijazi, Rabah M. Al abdi, Mahmoud M. Aboozour, Fadi A. Alghzawi and Abdel-Hameed Al-Mistarehi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:23
  10. There are few data on the clinical outcomes of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in cities over 1000 m above sea level (masl).

    Authors: David Rene Rodriguez Lima, Ángela María Pinzón Rondón, Cristhian Rubio Ramos, Darío Isaías Pinilla Rojas, Maria José Niño Orrego, Mateo Andrés Díaz Quiroz, Nicolás Molano-González, Jorge Enrique Ceballos Quintero, Alex Francisco Arroyo Santos and Ángela María Ruiz Sternberg
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:22
  11. Eczema herpeticum, also known as Kaposi varicelliform eruption, is a potentially life-threatening disseminated cutaneous viral infection. In the majority of cases, this condition develops as a complication in ...

    Authors: Manal Almoalem, Ibrahim AlAlhareth, Hussa Alomer, Azzam Almarri, Awadh Alyami, Rakan Hamzah, Othub Albalawi and Salwa Alnoaimi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:21

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:25

  12. A well-known anesthetic, lidocaine is the most widely used local anesthetic. Local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) is a life-threatening event with common and prominent presentations of central nervous sys...

    Authors: Wei-Chen Chen, Hsien-Yi Chen, Te-I. Weng and Chun-Kuei Chen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:19
  13. Administration of antibiotics to septic patients within 1 h was recommended in 2018 by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) as a strategy to improve survival outcomes. The use of sepsis screening tools in emerg...

    Authors: Karn Suttapanit, Kamonwan Dangprasert, Pitsucha Sanguanwit and Praphaphorn Supatanakij
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:18
  14. Stoma creations are common procedures in surgical specialties. They can be created either as a temporary or a permanent measure. Despite advancements in surgical technique and stoma care, complications are com...

    Authors: Rodrick Babakhanlou, Kelly Larkin, Angel G. Hita, John Stroh and Sai-Ching Yeung
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:17
  15. Acute airway angioedema commonly occurs through two distinct mechanisms: histamine- and bradykinin-dependent. Although they respond to distinct treatments, these two potentially life-threatening states present...

    Authors: Jacques Hébert, Jean-Nicolas Boursiquot, Hugo Chapdelaine, Benoit Laramée, Marylin Desjardins, Rémi Gagnon, Nancy Payette, Oleksandra Lepeshkina and Matthieu Vincent
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:15
  16. Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) is a rare pathologic growth of histologically normal nonencapsulated adipose tissue in the epidural space. It can cause myelopathy or radiculopathy. Etiologies include chronic...

    Authors: Hanae Ramdani, Manal Jidal, Rachida Saouab, Imad-Eddine Sahri, Hassan En-Nouali and Jamal El Fenni
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:14
  17. Appropriate antibiotics prescribing is key to treatment and to preventing mortality in patients with sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the appropriate timing, spectrum, and dose of a...

    Authors: Pitsucha Sanguanwit, Chonpisit Monthonn, Thidathit Prachanukool and Karn Suttapanit
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:13
  18. Patients experiencing cardiac arrest outside medical facilities are at greater risk of death and might have negative neurological outcomes. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration affects neurological outcomes ...

    Authors: Hissah Albinali, Arwa Alumran and Saja Alrayes
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:12
  19. Hypothyroidism can manifest as several important cardiac abnormalities. There are few reports of ventricular dysrhythmias (VDs) in hypothyroidism. We described a rare case of VDs in severe hypothyroidism and r...

    Authors: Berlin Lee, Wei Feng Lee and Beng Leong Lim
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:11
  20. During the COVID-19 pandemic, hospital capacity in the Netherlands has been pushed to its limits. In order to prevent hospitals from collapse due to capacity issues, hospitalized COVID-19 patients were redistr...

    Authors: Dennis G. Barten, Remco van Zijl, Frank W. J. Körver and Nathalie A. L. R. Peters
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:10
  21. Monoclonal antibody (MCA) therapies have been utilized under emergency use authorization (EUA) for high-risk pediatric patients with mild to moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the outpatient setti...

    Authors: Jesse De Los Santos, Donna Bhisitkul, Matthew Carman, Kayla Wilson, Shannon Hasara, Karen Homa, Pedro Reyes, Andrew Bugajski and Andrew Barbera
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:9
  22. Leriche syndrome is caused by atherosclerosis and is often characterized by symptoms such as intermittent claudication and numbness and coldness of the lower limbs. Its exact prevalence and incidence are unkno...

    Authors: Genki Yoshimura, Ryo Kamidani, Tomotaka Miura, Hideaki Oiwa, Yosuke Mizuno, Ryu Yasuda, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Tetsuya Fukuta, Takahito Miyake, Haruka Okamoto, Norihide Kanda, Tomoaki Doi, Hideshi Okada, Takahiro Yoshida, Shozo Yoshida and Shinji Ogura
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:8
  23. Arterial lactate (AL) level is an important predictor of patient prognosis. AL and peripheral venous lactate (PVL) in blood gas analysis have a low concordance rate, and PVL cannot be used as a substitute for ...

    Authors: Yasufumi Oi, Kosuke Mori, Hidehiro Yamagata, Ayako Nogaki, Tomoaki Takeda, Chikara Watanabe, Yusuke Sakaguchi, Fumihiro Ogawa, Takeru Abe, Shouhei Imaki and Ichiro Takeuchi
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:7
  24. Many documented secondary neurologic manifestations are associated with COVID-19, including mild peripheral and central nervous system disorders (such as hypo/anosmia, hypo/ageusia, and cranial nerve VII palsy...

    Authors: Maya Alexandri, Bradford Z. Reynolds, Hunter Smith, Bradley Michael Golden, Hartmut Gross and Jeffrey A. Switzer
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:6
  25. Patient satisfaction is an important indicator of emergency care quality and has been associated with information dispensation at the emergency department (ED). Optimal information dispensation could improve p...

    Authors: Marank de Steenwinkel, Juanita A. Haagsma, Esther C. M. van Berkel, Lotte Rozema, Pleunie P. M. Rood and Marna G. Bouwhuis
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:5
  26. Undergraduate emergency medicine (EM) training is important because all medical graduates are expected to have basic emergency knowledge and skills regardless of their future speciality. EM clerkship should pr...

    Authors: Arif Alper Cevik, Elif Dilek Cakal, David Alao, Margret Elzubeir, Sami Shaban and Fikri Abu-Zidan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:4
  27. Since the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), more and more atypical presentations of COVID-19 are being re...

    Authors: Sofie Moorthamers, Thierry Preseau, Saïd Sanoussi and Marie-Dominique Gazagnes
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:3
  28. The COVID-19 pandemic has pressured post-graduate medical education programs to shift from traditional in-person teaching to remote teaching and learning. Remote learning in medical education has been describe...

    Authors: Joseph D. Ciano, John Acerra and Aimee Tang
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2022 15:2
  29. Emergency medicine (EM) in Brazil has achieved critical steps toward its development in the last decades including its official recognition as a specialty in 2016. In this article, we worked in collaboration w...

    Authors: Lucas Oliveira J. e Silva, Henrique Herpich, Henrique Alencastro Puls, Justin Guy Myers, Daniel Ujakow Correa Schubert, Ana Paula Freitas, Jule Santos, Marcus Vinicius Melo de Andrade and Hélio Penna Guimarães
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:79
  30. Current sepsis screening tools are predominantly based on vital signs. However, patients with serious infections frequently present with normal vital signs and there has been an increased interest to include o...

    Authors: Ulrika Margareta Wallgren, Eric Larsson, Anna Su, Jennifer Short, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson and Lisa Kurland
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:78
  31. Yamakagashi venom is a prothrombin activator, leading to disseminated intravascular coagulation. We report a fatal case of severe coagulopathy from head trauma assumed to be caused by a yamakagashi bite.

    Authors: Daisuke Ueno, Shiino Yasukazu, Jiro Takahashi, Satomi Miyamoto and Takahiro Inoue
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:77
  32. Recently, bone fixation materials have been developed as surgical materials. Bioabsorbable materials offer several advantages over other materials and are widely used. We report a rare case of the fracture of ...

    Authors: Kohei Igarashi, Atsushi Kuge, Hiroshi Homma, Tetsu Yamaki, Rei Kondo, Shinjiro Saito and Yukihiko Sonoda
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:75
  33. Tizanidine, an α-2 adrenoceptor agonist, is widely prescribed for the management of spasticity in adults. Case reports on pediatric tizanidine overdose are limited. Here, we report a case of pediatric tizanidi...

    Authors: Doaa Bader, Ahmed Adam, Mohamed Shaban and Bader Alyahya
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:73
  34. Due to the high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Tanzania, provider-initiated HIV testing for patients attending any health care setting is recommended. However, follow-up and linkage to car...

    Authors: Gimbo M. Hyuha, Hendry R. Sawe, Said Kilindimo, Raya Y. Mussa, Masuma A. Gulamhussein, Shamila S. Rwegoshora, Frida Shayo, Winnie Mdundo, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:72
  35. Workplace violence and abuse in the emergency department (ED) has increasingly become a serious and alarming phenomenon worldwide where health care professionals are more prone to violence compared with other ...

    Authors: Mohammed Alshahrani, Razan Alfaisal, Khalid Alshahrani, Leyan Alotaibi, Hissah Alghoraibi, Eman Alghamdi, Lulwah Almusallam, Zaineh Saffarini, Salihah Alessa, Faten Alwayel, Lubna Saffarini, Ali Alrawdhan, Charlene Mapusao, Laila Perlas Asonto, Amal Alsulaibikh and Mohammed Aljumaan
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:71
  36. We report a peculiar case of acute non-traumatic coma due to neuromuscular hypoventilation syndrome caused by a non-traumatic spinal cord injury (NTSCI). A 21-year-old patient presented to the emergency room c...

    Authors: Ranjana Chandrikasing, Sudeshkoemar Ramnarain, Rakesh Bansie, Harvey Yang, Huibert Ponssen and Navin Ramdhani
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:70
  37. For emergency department (ED) patients with suspected infection, a vital sign-based clinical rule is often calculated shortly after the patient arrives. The clinical rule score (normal or abnormal) provides in...

    Authors: Gideon H. P. Latten, Judith Polak, Audrey H. H. Merry, Jean W. M. Muris, Jan C. Ter Maaten, Tycho J. Olgers, Jochen W. L. Cals and Patricia M. Stassen
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:69
  38. (1) To determine the prevalence of hepatopancreatic injury in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. (2) To correlate hepatopancreatic injury in COVID-19 with mortality, disease severity, and length of ...

    Authors: Vaibhav Rastogi, Ranjit Banwait, Devina Singh, Hale Toklu, Lexie Finer, Dipendra Parajuli and Latha Ganti
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:68
  39. Ureterosciatic hernia is a rare type of pelvic floor herniation that occurs through the sciatic foramen. The resulting ureteral obstruction may lead to hydronephrosis and to further complications including uri...

    Authors: Kohei Kakimoto, Mayu Hikone, Ko Nagai, Jun Yamakawa, Kazuhiro Sugiyama and Yuichi Hamabe
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:67
  40. Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) is an uncommon disease but has to be carefully considered in patients with isolated unilateral upper limb swelling due to its potential to cause devastating complic...

    Authors: Gregory Tan and Mingwei Ng
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:66
  41. Psychosis in pregnancy is rare and could be life-threatening. It requires prompt evaluation and proper management accordingly. Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAr) encephalitis following herpes simp...

    Authors: Lamia Kouba and Dalia Alhosain
    Citation: International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2021 14:65

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